uncommitted - git restore locally deleted file




Find and restore a deleted file in a Git repository (14)

Say I'm in a Git repository. I delete a file and commit that change. I continue working and make some more commits. Then, I find I need to restore that file.

I know I can checkout a file using git checkout HEAD^ foo.bar, but I don't really know when that file was deleted.

  1. What would be the quickest way to find the commit that deleted a given filename?
  2. What would be the easiest way to get that file back into my working copy?

I'm hoping I don't have to manually browse my logs, checkout the entire project for a given SHA and then manually copy that file into my original project checkout.


git undelete path/to/file.ext

  1. Put this in your .bash_profile (or other relevant file that loads when you open a command shell):

    git config --global alias.undelete '!sh -c "git checkout $(git rev-list -n 1 HEAD -- $1)^ -- $1" -'
    
  2. Then use:

    git undelete path/to/file.ext
    

This alias first checks to find the last commit where this file existed, then does a git checkout of that file path from that last commit where this file existed. source


  1. Use git log --diff-filter=D --summary to get all the commits which have deleted files and the files deleted;
  2. Use git checkout $commit~1 filename to restore the deleted file.

Where $commit is the value of the commit you've found at step 1, e.g. e4cf499627


I came to this question looking to restore a file I just deleted but I hadn't yet committed the change. Just in case you find yourself in this situation, all you need to do is the following:

git checkout HEAD -- path/to/file.ext


I had the same question. Without knowing it, I had created a dangling commit.

List dangling commits

git fsck --lost-found

Inspect each dangling commit

git reset --hard <commit id>

My files reappeared when I moved to the dangling commit.

git status for the reason:

“HEAD detached from <commit id where it detached>”


If you know the commit that deleted the file(s), run this command where <SHA1_deletion> is the commit that deleted the file:

git diff --diff-filter=D --name-only <SHA1_deletion>~1 <SHA1_deletion> | xargs git checkout <SHA1_deletion>~1 --

The part before the pipe lists all the files that were deleted in the commit; they are all checkout from the previous commit to restore them.


If you know the filename, this is an easy way with basic commands:

List all the commits for that file.

git log -- path/to/file

The last commit (topmost) is the one that deleted the file. So you need to restore the second to last commit.

git checkout {second to last commit} -- path/to/file

If you’re insane, use git-bisect. Here's what to do:

git bisect start
git bisect bad
git bisect good <some commit where you know the file existed>

Now it's time to run the automated test. The shell command '[ -e foo.bar ]' will return 0 if foo.bar exists, and 1 otherwise. The "run" command of git-bisect will use binary search to automatically find the first commit where the test fails. It starts halfway through the range given (from good to bad) and cuts it in half based on the result of the specified test.

git bisect run '[ -e foo.bar ]'

Now you're at the commit which deleted it. From here, you can jump back to the future and use git-revert to undo the change,

git bisect reset
git revert <the offending commit>

or you could go back one commit and manually inspect the damage:

git checkout HEAD^
cp foo.bar /tmp
git bisect reset
cp /tmp/foo.bar .

In many cases, it can be useful to use coreutils (grep, sed, etc.) in conjunction with Git. I already know these tools quite well, but Git less so. If I wanted to do a search for a deleted file, I would do the following:

git log --raw | grep -B 30 $'D\t.*deleted_file.c'

When I find the revision/commit:

git checkout <rev>^ -- path/to/refound/deleted_file.c

Just like others have stated before me.

The file will now be restored to the state it had before removal. Remember to re-commit it to the working tree if you want to keep it around.


My new favorite alias, based on bonyiii's answer (upvoted), and my own answer about "Pass an argument to a Git alias command":

git config alias.restore '!f() { git checkout $(git rev-list -n 1 HEAD -- $1)~1 -- $(git diff --name-status $(git rev-list -n 1 HEAD -- $1)~1 | grep '^D' | cut -f 2); }; f'

I have lost a file, deleted by mistake a few commits ago?
Quick:

git restore my_deleted_file

Crisis averted.


Robert Dailey proposes in the comments the following alias:

restore-file = !git checkout $(git rev-list -n 1 HEAD -- "$1")^ -- "$1"

And jegan adds in the comments:

For setting the alias from the command line, I used this command:

git config --global alias.restore "\!git checkout \$(git rev-list -n 1 HEAD -- \"\$1\")^ -- \"\$1\"" 

Simple and precise-

First of all, get a latest stable commit in which you have that file by -

git log 

Say you find $commitid 1234567..., then

git checkout <$commitid> $fileName

This will restore the file version which was in that commit.


To restore a deleted and commited file:

git reset HEAD some/path
git checkout -- some/path

It was tested on Git version 1.7.5.4.


To restore all those deleted files in a folder enter the following command.

git ls-files -d | xargs git checkout --

git checkout /path/to/deleted.file





git-checkout