asp.net-mvc - route - tag helpers asp net core 2




¿Cómo puedo obtener la dirección IP del cliente en ASP.NET MVC? (4)

Cómo considero que mi sitio está detrás de un equilibrador de carga elástica (ELB) de Amazon AWS :

public class GetPublicIp {

    /// <summary>
    /// account for possbility of ELB sheilding the public IP address
    /// </summary>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public static string Execute() {
        try {
            Console.WriteLine(string.Join("|", new List<object> {
                    HttpContext.Current.Request.UserHostAddress,
                    HttpContext.Current.Request.Headers["X-Forwarded-For"],
                    HttpContext.Current.Request.Headers["REMOTE_ADDR"]
                })
            );

            var ip = HttpContext.Current.Request.UserHostAddress;
            if (HttpContext.Current.Request.Headers["X-Forwarded-For"] != null) {
                ip = HttpContext.Current.Request.Headers["X-Forwarded-For"];
                Console.WriteLine(ip + "|X-Forwarded-For");
            }
            else if (HttpContext.Current.Request.Headers["REMOTE_ADDR"] != null) {
                ip = HttpContext.Current.Request.Headers["REMOTE_ADDR"];
                Console.WriteLine(ip + "|REMOTE_ADDR");
            }
            return ip;
        }
        catch (Exception ex) {
            Console.Error.WriteLine(ex.Message);
        }
        return null;
    }
}

Soy totalmente nuevo en la pila MVC de ASP.NET, y me preguntaba qué sucedió con el objeto Page simple y el objeto Request ServerVariables

Básicamente, quiero extraer la dirección IP de la PC cliente, pero no entiendo cómo la estructura actual de MVC ha cambiado todo esto.

Hasta donde puedo entender, la mayoría de los objetos variables han sido reemplazados por las variantes HttpRequest .

¿A alguien le interesa compartir algunos recursos? Realmente hay un mar de cosas que aprender en el mundo MVC de ASP.NET. :)

Por ejemplo, tengo una clase estática con esta función actual. ¿Cómo obtengo el mismo resultado usando ASP.NET MVC?

public static int getCountry(Page page)
{
    return getCountryFromIP(getIPAddress(page));
}

public static string getIPAddress(Page page)
{
    string szRemoteAddr = page.Request.ServerVariables["REMOTE_ADDR"];
    string szXForwardedFor = page.Request.ServerVariables["X_FORWARDED_FOR"];
    string szIP = "";

    if (szXForwardedFor == null)
    {
        szIP = szRemoteAddr;
    }
    else
    {
        szIP = szXForwardedFor;

        if (szIP.IndexOf(",") > 0)
        {
            string [] arIPs = szIP.Split(',');

            foreach (string item in arIPs)
            {
                if (!isPrivateIP(item))
                {
                    return item;
                }
            }
        }
    }
    return szIP;
}

¿Y cómo llamo a esta función desde la página del controlador?


En una clase puedes llamarlo así:

public static string GetIPAddress(HttpRequestBase request) 
{
    string ip;
    try
    {
        ip = request.ServerVariables["HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR"];
        if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(ip))
        {
            if (ip.IndexOf(",") > 0)
            {
                string[] ipRange = ip.Split(',');
                int le = ipRange.Length - 1;
                ip = ipRange[le];
            }
        } else
        {
            ip = request.UserHostAddress;
        }
    } catch { ip = null; }

    return ip; 
}

Utilicé esto en una aplicación de afeitar con grandes resultados.


Mucho del código aquí fue muy útil, pero lo limpié para mis propósitos y agregué algunas pruebas. Esto es lo que terminé con:

using System;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net;
using System.Web;

public class RequestHelpers
{
    public static string GetClientIpAddress(HttpRequestBase request)
    {
        try
        {
            var userHostAddress = request.UserHostAddress;

            // Attempt to parse.  If it fails, we catch below and return "0.0.0.0"
            // Could use TryParse instead, but I wanted to catch all exceptions
            IPAddress.Parse(userHostAddress);

            var xForwardedFor = request.ServerVariables["X_FORWARDED_FOR"];

            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(xForwardedFor))
                return userHostAddress;

            // Get a list of public ip addresses in the X_FORWARDED_FOR variable
            var publicForwardingIps = xForwardedFor.Split(',').Where(ip => !IsPrivateIpAddress(ip)).ToList();

            // If we found any, return the last one, otherwise return the user host address
            return publicForwardingIps.Any() ? publicForwardingIps.Last() : userHostAddress;
        }
        catch (Exception)
        {
            // Always return all zeroes for any failure (my calling code expects it)
            return "0.0.0.0";
        }
    }

    private static bool IsPrivateIpAddress(string ipAddress)
    {
        // http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Private_network
        // Private IP Addresses are: 
        //  24-bit block: 10.0.0.0 through 10.255.255.255
        //  20-bit block: 172.16.0.0 through 172.31.255.255
        //  16-bit block: 192.168.0.0 through 192.168.255.255
        //  Link-local addresses: 169.254.0.0 through 169.254.255.255 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Link-local_address)

        var ip = IPAddress.Parse(ipAddress);
        var octets = ip.GetAddressBytes();

        var is24BitBlock = octets[0] == 10;
        if (is24BitBlock) return true; // Return to prevent further processing

        var is20BitBlock = octets[0] == 172 && octets[1] >= 16 && octets[1] <= 31;
        if (is20BitBlock) return true; // Return to prevent further processing

        var is16BitBlock = octets[0] == 192 && octets[1] == 168;
        if (is16BitBlock) return true; // Return to prevent further processing

        var isLinkLocalAddress = octets[0] == 169 && octets[1] == 254;
        return isLinkLocalAddress;
    }
}

Y aquí hay algunas pruebas NUnit contra ese código (estoy usando Rhino Mocks para simular el HttpRequestBase, que es la llamada M <HttpRequestBase> a continuación):

using System.Web;
using NUnit.Framework;
using Rhino.Mocks;
using Should;

[TestFixture]
public class HelpersTests : TestBase
{
    HttpRequestBase _httpRequest;

    private const string XForwardedFor = "X_FORWARDED_FOR";
    private const string MalformedIpAddress = "MALFORMED";
    private const string DefaultIpAddress = "0.0.0.0";
    private const string GoogleIpAddress = "74.125.224.224";
    private const string MicrosoftIpAddress = "65.55.58.201";
    private const string Private24Bit = "10.0.0.0";
    private const string Private20Bit = "172.16.0.0";
    private const string Private16Bit = "192.168.0.0";
    private const string PrivateLinkLocal = "169.254.0.0";

    [SetUp]
    public void Setup()
    {
        _httpRequest = M<HttpRequestBase>();
    }

    [TearDown]
    public void Teardown()
    {
        _httpRequest = null;
    }

    [Test]
    public void PublicIpAndNullXForwardedFor_Returns_CorrectIp()
    {
        // Arrange
        _httpRequest.Stub(x => x.UserHostAddress).Return(GoogleIpAddress);
        _httpRequest.Stub(x => x.ServerVariables[XForwardedFor]).Return(null);

        // Act
        var ip = RequestHelpers.GetClientIpAddress(_httpRequest);

        // Assert
        ip.ShouldEqual(GoogleIpAddress);
    }

    [Test]
    public void PublicIpAndEmptyXForwardedFor_Returns_CorrectIp()
    {
        // Arrange
        _httpRequest.Stub(x => x.UserHostAddress).Return(GoogleIpAddress);
        _httpRequest.Stub(x => x.ServerVariables[XForwardedFor]).Return(string.Empty);

        // Act
        var ip = RequestHelpers.GetClientIpAddress(_httpRequest);

        // Assert
        ip.ShouldEqual(GoogleIpAddress);
    }

    [Test]
    public void MalformedUserHostAddress_Returns_DefaultIpAddress()
    {
        // Arrange
        _httpRequest.Stub(x => x.UserHostAddress).Return(MalformedIpAddress);
        _httpRequest.Stub(x => x.ServerVariables[XForwardedFor]).Return(null);

        // Act
        var ip = RequestHelpers.GetClientIpAddress(_httpRequest);

        // Assert
        ip.ShouldEqual(DefaultIpAddress);
    }

    [Test]
    public void MalformedXForwardedFor_Returns_DefaultIpAddress()
    {
        // Arrange
        _httpRequest.Stub(x => x.UserHostAddress).Return(GoogleIpAddress);
        _httpRequest.Stub(x => x.ServerVariables[XForwardedFor]).Return(MalformedIpAddress);

        // Act
        var ip = RequestHelpers.GetClientIpAddress(_httpRequest);

        // Assert
        ip.ShouldEqual(DefaultIpAddress);
    }

    [Test]
    public void SingleValidPublicXForwardedFor_Returns_XForwardedFor()
    {
        // Arrange
        _httpRequest.Stub(x => x.UserHostAddress).Return(GoogleIpAddress);
        _httpRequest.Stub(x => x.ServerVariables[XForwardedFor]).Return(MicrosoftIpAddress);

        // Act
        var ip = RequestHelpers.GetClientIpAddress(_httpRequest);

        // Assert
        ip.ShouldEqual(MicrosoftIpAddress);
    }

    [Test]
    public void MultipleValidPublicXForwardedFor_Returns_LastXForwardedFor()
    {
        // Arrange
        _httpRequest.Stub(x => x.UserHostAddress).Return(GoogleIpAddress);
        _httpRequest.Stub(x => x.ServerVariables[XForwardedFor]).Return(GoogleIpAddress + "," + MicrosoftIpAddress);

        // Act
        var ip = RequestHelpers.GetClientIpAddress(_httpRequest);

        // Assert
        ip.ShouldEqual(MicrosoftIpAddress);
    }

    [Test]
    public void SinglePrivateXForwardedFor_Returns_UserHostAddress()
    {
        // Arrange
        _httpRequest.Stub(x => x.UserHostAddress).Return(GoogleIpAddress);
        _httpRequest.Stub(x => x.ServerVariables[XForwardedFor]).Return(Private24Bit);

        // Act
        var ip = RequestHelpers.GetClientIpAddress(_httpRequest);

        // Assert
        ip.ShouldEqual(GoogleIpAddress);
    }

    [Test]
    public void MultiplePrivateXForwardedFor_Returns_UserHostAddress()
    {
        // Arrange
        _httpRequest.Stub(x => x.UserHostAddress).Return(GoogleIpAddress);
        const string privateIpList = Private24Bit + "," + Private20Bit + "," + Private16Bit + "," + PrivateLinkLocal;
        _httpRequest.Stub(x => x.ServerVariables[XForwardedFor]).Return(privateIpList);

        // Act
        var ip = RequestHelpers.GetClientIpAddress(_httpRequest);

        // Assert
        ip.ShouldEqual(GoogleIpAddress);
    }

    [Test]
    public void MultiplePublicXForwardedForWithPrivateLast_Returns_LastPublic()
    {
        // Arrange
        _httpRequest.Stub(x => x.UserHostAddress).Return(GoogleIpAddress);
        const string privateIpList = Private24Bit + "," + Private20Bit + "," + MicrosoftIpAddress + "," + PrivateLinkLocal;
        _httpRequest.Stub(x => x.ServerVariables[XForwardedFor]).Return(privateIpList);

        // Act
        var ip = RequestHelpers.GetClientIpAddress(_httpRequest);

        // Assert
        ip.ShouldEqual(MicrosoftIpAddress);
    }
}

Tuve problemas para usar lo anterior y necesitaba la dirección IP de un controlador. Utilicé lo siguiente al final:

System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Request.UserHostAddress






asp.net-mvc