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Comment faire une requête HTTP dans Swift? (9)

J'ai lu le langage de programmation Swift par Apple dans iBooks, mais ne peux pas comprendre comment faire une demande http (quelque chose comme CURL) dans Swift. Ai-je besoin d'importer des classes Obj-C ou dois-je simplement importer des bibliothèques par défaut? Ou n'est-il pas possible de faire une requête HTTP basée sur le code swift natif?


J'appelle le json sur le bouton de connexion cliquez

@IBAction func loginClicked(sender : AnyObject) {

    var request = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: NSURL(string: kLoginURL)) // Here, kLogin contains the Login API.

    var session = NSURLSession.sharedSession()

    request.HTTPMethod = "POST"

    var err: NSError?
    request.HTTPBody = NSJSONSerialization.dataWithJSONObject(self.criteriaDic(), options: nil, error: &err) // This Line fills the web service with required parameters.
    request.addValue("application/json", forHTTPHeaderField: "Content-Type")
    request.addValue("application/json", forHTTPHeaderField: "Accept")

    var task = session.dataTaskWithRequest(request, completionHandler: {data, response, error -> Void in
        var strData = NSString(data: data, encoding: NSUTF8StringEncoding)
        var err1: NSError?
        var json2 = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(strData.dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding), options: .MutableLeaves, error:&err1 ) as NSDictionary

        println("json2 :\(json2)")

        if(err) {
            println(err!.localizedDescription)
        }
        else {
            var success = json2["success"] as? Int
            println("Success: \(success)")
        }
    })

    task.resume()
}

Ici, j'ai fait un dictionnaire séparé pour les paramètres.

var params = ["format":"json", "MobileType":"IOS","MIN":"f8d16d98ad12acdbbe1de647414495ec","UserName":emailTxtField.text,"PWD":passwordTxtField.text,"SigninVia":"SH"]as NSDictionary
    return params
}

// You can add your own sets of parameter here.

Détails

Xcode 9.2, Swift 4

Solution

import Foundation

class Data {

    static fileprivate let queue = DispatchQueue(label: "requests.queue", qos: .utility)
    static fileprivate let mainQueue = DispatchQueue.main

    fileprivate class func make(session: URLSession = URLSession.shared, request: URLRequest, closure: @escaping (_ json: [String: Any]?, _ error: Error?)->()) {
            let task = session.dataTask(with: request) { data, response, error in
                queue.async {
                    guard error == nil else {
                        return
                    }
                    guard let data = data else {
                        return
                    }

                    do {
                        if let json = try JSONSerialization.jsonObject(with: data, options: .mutableContainers) as? [String: Any] {
                            mainQueue.async {
                                closure(json, nil)
                            }
                        }
                    } catch let error {
                        print(error.localizedDescription)
                        mainQueue.async {
                            closure(nil, error)
                        }
                    }
                }
            }

            task.resume()
    }

    class func searchRequest(term: String, closure: @escaping (_ json: [String: Any]?, _ error: Error?)->()) {
        let url = URL(string: "https://itunes.apple.com/search?term=\(term.replacingOccurrences(of: " ", with: "+"))")
        let request = URLRequest(url: url!)
        Data.make(request: request) { json, error in
            closure(json, error)
        }
    }
}

Usage

Data.searchRequest(term: "jack johnson") { json, error  in
      print(error ?? "nil")
      print(json ?? "nil")
      print("Update views")
}

Résultats


J'ai fait HTTP Request Both méthodes GET & POST avec JSON Parsing de cette façon:

sur viewDidLoad () :

override func viewDidLoad() {
super.viewDidLoad()

    makeGetRequest()
    makePostRequest()

}

func makePostRequest(){

    let urlPath: String = "http://www.swiftdeveloperblog.com/http-post-example-script/"
    var url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    var request: NSMutableURLRequest = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: url)

    request.HTTPMethod = "POST"
    var stringPost="firstName=James&lastName=Bond" // Key and Value

    let data = stringPost.dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)

    request.timeoutInterval = 60
    request.HTTPBody=data
    request.HTTPShouldHandleCookies=false

    let queue:NSOperationQueue = NSOperationQueue()

    NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request, queue: NSOperationQueue(), completionHandler:{ (response:NSURLResponse!, data: NSData!, error: NSError!) -> Void in
        var error: AutoreleasingUnsafeMutablePointer<NSError?> = nil
        let jsonResult: NSDictionary! = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data, options:NSJSONReadingOptions.MutableContainers, error: error) as? NSDictionary

         if (jsonResult != nil) {
            // Success
           println(jsonResult)

           let message = jsonResult["Message"] as! NSString

           println(message)
         }else {
            // Failed
            println("Failed")
        }

    })

}

func makeGetRequest(){
    var url : String = "http://api.androidhive.info/contacts/"
    var request : NSMutableURLRequest = NSMutableURLRequest()
    request.URL = NSURL(string: url)
    request.HTTPMethod = "GET"
    request.timeoutInterval = 60

    NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request, queue: NSOperationQueue(), completionHandler:{ (response:NSURLResponse!, data: NSData!, error: NSError!) -> Void in
        var error: AutoreleasingUnsafeMutablePointer<NSError?> = nil
        let jsonResult: NSDictionary! = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data, options:NSJSONReadingOptions.MutableContainers, error: error) as? NSDictionary

        if (jsonResult != nil) {
            // Success
            println(jsonResult)

            let dataArray = jsonResult["contacts"] as! NSArray;

            for item in dataArray { // loop through data items

                let obj = item as! NSDictionary

                for (key, value) in obj {

                    println("Key: \(key) - Value: \(value)")

                    let phone = obj["phone"] as! NSDictionary;

                    let mobile = phone["mobile"] as! NSString
                    println(mobile)
                    let home = phone["home"] as! NSString
                    println(home)
                    let office = phone["office"] as! NSString
                    println(office)
                }
            }

        } else {
            // Failed
            println("Failed")
        }

    })
}

Terminé


J'utilise l'emballage de ce gars avec de bons résultats jusqu'à présent https://github.com/daltoniam/swiftHTTP . Pas de grandes abstractions qui fuient jusqu'ici

Exemple

    do {
        let opt = try HTTP.GET("https://google.com")
        opt.start { response in
            if let err = response.error {
                print("error: \(err.localizedDescription)")
                return //also notify app of failure as needed
            }
            print("opt finished: \(response.description)")
            //print("data is: \(response.data)") access the response of the data with response.data
        }
    } catch let error {
        print("got an error creating the request: \(error)")
    }

Une autre option est la librairie Alamofire qui propose des méthodes de requête / réponse en chaîne.

https://github.com/Alamofire/Alamofire

Faire une demande

import Alamofire

Alamofire.request(.GET, "http://httpbin.org/get")

Réponse Manipulation

Alamofire.request(.GET, "http://httpbin.org/get", parameters: ["foo": "bar"])
         .response { request, response, data, error in
              print(request)
              print(response)
              print(error)
          }

Vérifiez les codes ci-dessous:

1. SynchonousRequest

Swift 1.2

    let urlPath: String = "YOUR_URL_HERE"
    var url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    var request1: NSURLRequest = NSURLRequest(URL: url)
    var response: AutoreleasingUnsafeMutablePointer<NSURLResponse?>=nil
    var dataVal: NSData =  NSURLConnection.sendSynchronousRequest(request1, returningResponse: response, error:nil)!
    var err: NSError
    println(response)
    var jsonResult: NSDictionary = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(dataVal, options: NSJSONReadingOptions.MutableContainers, error: &err) as? NSDictionary
    println("Synchronous\(jsonResult)")

Swift 2.0 +

let urlPath: String = "YOUR_URL_HERE"
    let url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    let request1: NSURLRequest = NSURLRequest(URL: url)
    let response: AutoreleasingUnsafeMutablePointer<NSURLResponse?>=nil


    do{

        let dataVal = try NSURLConnection.sendSynchronousRequest(request1, returningResponse: response)

            print(response)
            do {
                if let jsonResult = try NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(dataVal, options: []) as? NSDictionary {
                    print("Synchronous\(jsonResult)")
                }
            } catch let error as NSError {
                print(error.localizedDescription)
            }



    }catch let error as NSError
    {
         print(error.localizedDescription)
    }

2. AsynchonousRequest

Swift 1.2

let urlPath: String = "YOUR_URL_HERE"
    var url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    var request1: NSURLRequest = NSURLRequest(URL: url)
    let queue:NSOperationQueue = NSOperationQueue()
    NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request1, queue: queue, completionHandler:{ (response: NSURLResponse!, data: NSData!, error: NSError!) -> Void in
        var err: NSError
        var jsonResult: NSDictionary = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data, options: NSJSONReadingOptions.MutableContainers, error: nil) as NSDictionary
        println("Asynchronous\(jsonResult)")
       })

Swift 2.0 +

let urlPath: String = "YOUR_URL_HERE"
    let url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    let request1: NSURLRequest = NSURLRequest(URL: url)
    let queue:NSOperationQueue = NSOperationQueue()

    NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request1, queue: queue, completionHandler:{ (response: NSURLResponse?, data: NSData?, error: NSError?) -> Void in

        do {
            if let jsonResult = try NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data!, options: []) as? NSDictionary {
                print("ASynchronous\(jsonResult)")
            }
        } catch let error as NSError {
            print(error.localizedDescription)
        }


    })

3. Comme d'habitude connexion à l'URL

Swift 1.2

    var dataVal = NSMutableData()
    let urlPath: String = "YOUR URL HERE"
    var url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    var request: NSURLRequest = NSURLRequest(URL: url)
    var connection: NSURLConnection = NSURLConnection(request: request, delegate: self, startImmediately: true)!
    connection.start()

alors

 func connection(connection: NSURLConnection!, didReceiveData data: NSData!){
    self.dataVal?.appendData(data)
}


func connectionDidFinishLoading(connection: NSURLConnection!)
{
    var error: NSErrorPointer=nil

    var jsonResult: NSDictionary = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(dataVal!, options: NSJSONReadingOptions.MutableContainers, error: error) as NSDictionary

    println(jsonResult)



}

Swift 2.0 +

   var dataVal = NSMutableData()
    let urlPath: String = "YOUR URL HERE"
    var url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    var request: NSURLRequest = NSURLRequest(URL: url)
    var connection: NSURLConnection = NSURLConnection(request: request, delegate: self, startImmediately: true)!
    connection.start()

alors

func connection(connection: NSURLConnection!, didReceiveData data: NSData!){
    dataVal.appendData(data)
}


func connectionDidFinishLoading(connection: NSURLConnection!)
{

    do {
        if let jsonResult = try NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(dataVal, options: []) as? NSDictionary {
            print(jsonResult)
        }
    } catch let error as NSError {
        print(error.localizedDescription)
    }

}

4. Demande POST asynchrone

Swift 1.2

    let urlPath: String = "YOUR URL HERE"
    var url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    var request1: NSMutableURLRequest = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: url)

    request1.HTTPMethod = "POST"
     var stringPost="deviceToken=123456" // Key and Value

    let data = stringPost.dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)

    request1.timeoutInterval = 60
    request1.HTTPBody=data
    request1.HTTPShouldHandleCookies=false

    let queue:NSOperationQueue = NSOperationQueue()

     NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request1, queue: queue, completionHandler:{ (response: NSURLResponse!, data: NSData!, error: NSError!) -> Void in


        var err: NSError

        var jsonResult: NSDictionary = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data, options: NSJSONReadingOptions.MutableContainers, error: nil) as NSDictionary
        println("AsSynchronous\(jsonResult)")


        })

Swift 2.0 +

let urlPath: String = "YOUR URL HERE"
    let url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    let request1: NSMutableURLRequest = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: url)

    request1.HTTPMethod = "POST"
    let stringPost="deviceToken=123456" // Key and Value

    let data = stringPost.dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)

    request1.timeoutInterval = 60
    request1.HTTPBody=data
    request1.HTTPShouldHandleCookies=false

    let queue:NSOperationQueue = NSOperationQueue()

    NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request1, queue: queue, completionHandler:{ (response: NSURLResponse?, data: NSData?, error: NSError?) -> Void in

        do {
            if let jsonResult = try NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data!, options: []) as? NSDictionary {
                print("ASynchronous\(jsonResult)")
            }
        } catch let error as NSError {
            print(error.localizedDescription)
        }


    })

5. Demande GET Asynchonous

Swift 1.2

    let urlPath: String = "YOUR URL HERE"
    var url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    var request1: NSMutableURLRequest = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: url)

    request1.HTTPMethod = "GET"
    request1.timeoutInterval = 60
    let queue:NSOperationQueue = NSOperationQueue()

     NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request1, queue: queue, completionHandler:{ (response: NSURLResponse!, data: NSData!, error: NSError!) -> Void in


        var err: NSError

        var jsonResult: NSDictionary = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data, options: NSJSONReadingOptions.MutableContainers, error: nil) as NSDictionary
        println("AsSynchronous\(jsonResult)")


        })

Swift 2.0 +

let urlPath: String = "YOUR URL HERE"
    let url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    let request1: NSMutableURLRequest = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: url)

    request1.HTTPMethod = "GET"
    let queue:NSOperationQueue = NSOperationQueue()

    NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request1, queue: queue, completionHandler:{ (response: NSURLResponse?, data: NSData?, error: NSError?) -> Void in

        do {
            if let jsonResult = try NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data!, options: []) as? NSDictionary {
                print("ASynchronous\(jsonResult)")
            }
        } catch let error as NSError {
            print(error.localizedDescription)
        }


    })

6. Téléchargement d'image (fichier)

Swift 2.0 +

  let mainURL = "YOUR_URL_HERE"

    let url = NSURL(string: mainURL)
    let request = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: url!)
    let boundary = "78876565564454554547676"
    request.addValue("multipart/form-data; boundary=\(boundary)", forHTTPHeaderField: "Content-Type")


    request.HTTPMethod = "POST" // POST OR PUT What you want
    let session = NSURLSession(configuration:NSURLSessionConfiguration.defaultSessionConfiguration(), delegate: nil, delegateQueue: nil)

    let imageData = UIImageJPEGRepresentation(UIImage(named: "Test.jpeg")!, 1)





    var body = NSMutableData()

    body.appendData("--\(boundary)\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)

    // Append your parameters

    body.appendData("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"name\"\r\n\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)
    body.appendData("PREMKUMAR\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding, allowLossyConversion: true)!)
    body.appendData("--\(boundary)\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)

    body.appendData("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"description\"\r\n\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)
    body.appendData("IOS_DEVELOPER\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding, allowLossyConversion: true)!)
    body.appendData("--\(boundary)\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)


    // Append your Image/File Data

    var imageNameval = "HELLO.jpg"

    body.appendData("--\(boundary)\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)
    body.appendData("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"profile_photo\"; filename=\"\(imageNameval)\"\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)
    body.appendData("Content-Type: image/jpeg\r\n\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)
    body.appendData(imageData!)
    body.appendData("\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)

    body.appendData("--\(boundary)--\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)

    request.HTTPBody = body




    let dataTask = session.dataTaskWithRequest(request) { (data, response, error) -> Void in

        if error != nil {

            //handle error


        }
        else {




            let outputString : NSString = NSString(data:data!, encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding)!
            print("Response:\(outputString)")


        }
    }
    dataTask.resume()

Vous pouvez utiliser URL , URLRequest et URLSession ou NSURLConnection comme vous le feriez normalement dans Objective-C. Notez que pour iOS 7.0 et URLSession ultérieures, URLSession est préférable.

Utilisation de URLSession

Initialiser un objet URL et un URLSessionDataTask partir d' URLSession . Ensuite, exécutez la tâche avec resume() .

let url = URL(string: "http://www..com")

let task = URLSession.shared.dataTask(with: url!) {(data, response, error) in
    print(NSString(data: data!, encoding: String.Encoding.utf8))
}

task.resume()

Utiliser NSURLConnection

Commencez par initialiser une URL et un URLRequest :

let url = URL(string: "http://www..com")
let request = URLRequest(URL: url!)
request.HTTPMethod = "POST" 

Ensuite, vous pouvez charger la requête de manière asynchrone avec:

NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request, queue: NSOperationQueue.mainQueue()) {(response, data, error) in
    print(NSString(data: data!, encoding: NSUTF8StringEncoding))
}

Ou vous pouvez initialiser un NSURLConnection :

let connection = NSURLConnection(request: request, delegate:nil, startImmediately: true)

Assurez-vous simplement de définir votre délégué sur autre chose que nil et utilisez les méthodes déléguées pour travailler avec la réponse et les données reçues.

Pour plus de détails, consultez la documentation du protocole NSURLConnectionDataDelegate

Test sur un terrain de jeu Xcode

Si vous voulez essayer ce code sur un terrain de jeu Xcode, ajoutez import XCPlayground à votre terrain de jeu, ainsi que l'appel suivant:

XCPSetExecutionShouldContinueIndefinitely()

Cela vous permettra d'utiliser du code asynchrone dans les terrains de jeux.


Demande de données Swift 3 à l'aide de l'API URLSession

   //create the url with NSURL
   let url = URL(string: "https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/todos/1")! //change the url

   //create the session object
   let session = URLSession.shared

   //now create the URLRequest object using the url object
   let request = URLRequest(url: url)

   //create dataTask using the session object to send data to the server
   let task = session.dataTask(with: request as URLRequest, completionHandler: { data, response, error in

       guard error == nil else {
           return
       }

       guard let data = data else {
           return
       }

      do {
         //create json object from data
         if let json = try JSONSerialization.jsonObject(with: data, options: .mutableContainers) as? [String: Any] {
            print(json)
         }
      } catch let error {
        print(error.localizedDescription)
      }
   })

   task.resume()

 var post:NSString = "api=myposts&userid=\(uid)&page_no=0&limit_no=10"

    NSLog("PostData: %@",post);

    var url1:NSURL = NSURL(string: url)!

    var postData:NSData = post.dataUsingEncoding(NSASCIIStringEncoding)!

    var postLength:NSString = String( postData.length )

    var request:NSMutableURLRequest = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: url1)
    request.HTTPMethod = "POST"
    request.HTTPBody = postData
    request.setValue(postLength, forHTTPHeaderField: "Content-Length")
    request.setValue("application/x-www-form-urlencoded", forHTTPHeaderField: "Content-Type")
    request.setValue("application/json", forHTTPHeaderField: "Accept")

    var reponseError: NSError?
    var response: NSURLResponse?

    var urlData: NSData? = NSURLConnection.sendSynchronousRequest(request, returningResponse:&response, error:&reponseError)

    if ( urlData != nil ) {
        let res = response as NSHTTPURLResponse!;

        NSLog("Response code: %ld", res.statusCode);

        if (res.statusCode >= 200 && res.statusCode < 300)
        {
            var responseData:NSString  = NSString(data:urlData!, encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding)!

            NSLog("Response ==> %@", responseData);

            var error: NSError?

            let jsonData:NSDictionary = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(urlData!, options:NSJSONReadingOptions.MutableContainers , error: &error) as NSDictionary

            let success:NSInteger = jsonData.valueForKey("error") as NSInteger

            //[jsonData[@"success"] integerValue];

            NSLog("Success: %ld", success);

            if(success == 0)
            {
                NSLog("Login SUCCESS");

                self.dataArr = jsonData.valueForKey("data") as NSMutableArray
                self.table.reloadData()

            } else {

                NSLog("Login failed1");
                ZAActivityBar.showErrorWithStatus("error", forAction: "Action2")
            }

        } else {

            NSLog("Login failed2");
            ZAActivityBar.showErrorWithStatus("error", forAction: "Action2")

        }
    } else {

        NSLog("Login failed3");
        ZAActivityBar.showErrorWithStatus("error", forAction: "Action2")
}

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