TortoiseSVN आँकड़ों में लेखक का प्रतिशत क्या है?



(1)

TortoiseSVN के आँकड़े अनुभाग में, कुछ लेखक के नाम से जाना जाता है। यह क्या है? यह कैसे गणना की जाती है? और यह कैसे उपयोगी हो सकता है?


ग्रन्थकारिता का प्रतिशत एक मीट्रिक है, जिसका लक्ष्य प्रत्येक कम्यूटेटर के योगदान को बढ़ाता है

सिद्धांत रूप में, यह वास्तव में लाइन-परिवर्तन होना चाहिए, लेकिन फ़ाइल के पूरे इतिहास के माध्यम से, कम वजन के साथ, एकत्रित होना चाहिए। इसके अतिरिक्त, किसी प्रकार के अनुमानी को केवल सफेद स्थान के वजन को कम करने के लिए लागू किया जा सकता है- केवल ऐसे इंडेंटेशन फिक्स जैसे बदलाव मोटे तौर पर बोलते हुए, इस मीट्रिक को इस सवाल का जवाब देना चाहिए "अगर मैं इस कोड के इस भाग को समझना / ठीक करना चाहता हूं, तो मुझे किस व्यक्ति से बात करनी चाहिए"

अभ्यास में वास्तविक कोड है :

void CStatGraphDlg::GatherData()
{
    // Sanity check
    if ((m_parAuthors==NULL)||(m_parDates==NULL)||(m_parFileChanges==NULL))
        return;
    m_nTotalCommits = m_parAuthors->GetCount();
    m_nTotalFileChanges = 0;

    // Update m_nWeeks and m_minDate
    UpdateWeekCount();

    // Now create a mapping that holds the information per week.
    m_commitsPerUnitAndAuthor.clear();
    m_filechangesPerUnitAndAuthor.clear();
    m_commitsPerAuthor.clear();

    int interval = 0;
    __time64_t d = (__time64_t)m_parDates->GetAt(0);
    int nLastUnit = GetUnit(d);
    double AllContributionAuthor = 0;

    // Now loop over all weeks and gather the info
    for (LONG i=0; i<m_nTotalCommits; ++i)
    {
        // Find the interval number
        __time64_t commitDate = (__time64_t)m_parDates->GetAt(i);
        int u = GetUnit(commitDate);
        if (nLastUnit != u)
            interval++;
        nLastUnit = u;
        // Find the authors name
        CString sAuth = m_parAuthors->GetAt(i);
        if (!m_bAuthorsCaseSensitive)
            sAuth = sAuth.MakeLower();
        tstring author = tstring(sAuth);
        // Increase total commit count for this author
        m_commitsPerAuthor[author]++;
        // Increase the commit count for this author in this week
        m_commitsPerUnitAndAuthor[interval][author]++;
        CTime t = m_parDates->GetAt(i);
        m_unitNames[interval] = GetUnitLabel(nLastUnit, t);
        // Increase the file change count for this author in this week
        int fileChanges = m_parFileChanges->GetAt(i);
        m_filechangesPerUnitAndAuthor[interval][author] += fileChanges;
        m_nTotalFileChanges += fileChanges;

        //calculate Contribution Author
        double  contributionAuthor = CoeffContribution((int)m_nTotalCommits - i -1) * fileChanges;
        AllContributionAuthor += contributionAuthor;
        m_PercentageOfAuthorship[author] += contributionAuthor;
    }

    // Find first and last interval number.
    if (!m_commitsPerUnitAndAuthor.empty())
    {
        IntervalDataMap::iterator interval_it = m_commitsPerUnitAndAuthor.begin();
        m_firstInterval = interval_it->first;
        interval_it = m_commitsPerUnitAndAuthor.end();
        --interval_it;
        m_lastInterval = interval_it->first;
        // Sanity check - if m_lastInterval is too large it could freeze TSVN and take up all memory!!!
        assert(m_lastInterval >= 0 && m_lastInterval < 10000);
    }
    else
    {
        m_firstInterval = 0;
        m_lastInterval = -1;
    }

    // Get a list of authors names
    LoadListOfAuthors(m_commitsPerAuthor);

    // Calculate percent of Contribution Authors
    for (std::list<tstring>::iterator it = m_authorNames.begin(); it != m_authorNames.end(); ++it)
    {
        m_PercentageOfAuthorship[*it] =  (m_PercentageOfAuthorship[*it] *100)/ AllContributionAuthor;
    }

    // All done, now the statistics pages can retrieve the data and
    // extract the information to be shown.

}

मीट्रिक Git आँकड़ों के कुछ विचारों से प्रेरित था (मैं उन्हें यहां कॉपी करता हूं जैसा कि मैं उन्हें दिलचस्प खोजता हूं लेकिन लिंक आसानी से टूटा हुआ है):

Terminology
 There are four types of users: Maintainers, Developers, Bug-fixers, 
 and regular Users. The first three are all Contributors.

Name: Maintainer (Contributor)
Description: The Maintainer reviews commits and branches from other 
Contributors and decided which ones to integrate into a 'master' branch.

Name: Developer (Contributor)
Description: The Developer contributes enhancements to the project, 
e.g. they add new content or improve existing content.

Name: Bug-fixer (Contributor)
Description: The Bug-fixer locates 'bugs' (as something unwanted that 
needs to be corrected) in the content and 'fixes' them.

Name: User
Description: The User uses the content, be it in their daily work or 
every now and then for a specific purpose. 


Use cases

A model where other Contributors review commits is assumed in all use 
cases. When referenced are made to a Contributor addressing another 
Contributor to adjust their behavior as the result of data mined, it
should be kept in mind that the Contributor should foremost be the one 
to do this. Using this information to, say, spend more time checking 
ones own commits for bugs when working on a specific part of the
content on ones own accord is is often more effective then doing
so only after being asked. </disclaimer>? :P

Name: Finding a Contributor that is active in a specific bit of content.
Description:
      Whenever a Contributor needs to know about other Contributors 
that are active in a specific part of the content they query git for
this information. This could be used to figure out whom to send a copy 
of a commit (someone who has recently worked on the content a commit 
modifies is likely to be interested in such a commit). This 
information may be easily gathered with, say, git blame. Aggregating 
it's output (in the background if need be to maintain speedy response
times), it is trivial to determine whether a Contributor has more 
commits/lines of change than a predefined amount. The main difference 
with git blame is that it's output is aggregated over the history of 
the content, for a specific Contributor, whereas git blame only shows 
the latest changes.

Name: Finding which commits touches the parts of the content that a 
      commit touches.
Description:
      There are several reasons that one might want to know which 
commit touches the parts of the content that a commit touches. This 
may be implemented similar to how git blame works only instead of 
'stopping' after having found the author of a line, the search 
continues up to a certain date in the past.

Name: Integrating the found 'bug introducing' commit with the git 
      commit message system.
Description:
      When a Bug-fixer sends out a commit to fix a bug it might be 
useful for them to find out where exactly the bug was introduced. 
Using the 'which commit touched the content this commit touches' 
technique optional candidates may be retrieved. After picking which of
the found commits caused the bug, this information may then 
automatically added to the commit's description. This does not only 
allow the Bug-fixer to make clear the origin of their commit, but also 
make it possible to later unambiguously determine a bug/fix pair. Note 
that this is automated, no user input is required to determine which 
commit caused the bug, only the picking of 'cause' commits requires 
input from the user.

Name: Finding the Author that introduce a lot of/almost no bugs to 
      the content.
Description:
      Contributors might be interested to know which of the Developers 
introduce a lot of bugs, or the contrary, which introduce almost no 
bugs to the content. This information is highly relevant to the 
Maintainer as they may now focus the time they spend on reviewing 
commits on those that stem from Developers that turn out to often
introduce bugs. On the other hand, Developers that usually do not 
introduce bugs need less reviewing time. While such information is 
usually known to the experienced Maintainer (as they know their main 
contributors well), it can be helpful to new maintainers, or as a 
pointer that the opinion of the Maintainer about a specific Developer 
needs to be adjusted. Bug-fixers on the other hand can use this 
information to address the Developer that introduces most of the bugs 
they fix, perhaps with advice on how to prevent future bugs from being
introduced.

Name: Finding the Contributor that accepted a lot of/almost no bugs 
      into the content.
Description:
      Similar to the finding Authors that write the bugs, there are 
other Contributors that 'accept' the commit. Either passively, by not
commenting when the commit is sent out for review, or actively, by 
'acknowledging' (acked-by), 'signing off' (signed-off-by) or 'testing' 
(tested-by) a commit. When actively doing so, this can later be traced
and then be used in the same ways as for Authors.

Name: Finding parts of the content in which a lot of bugs are 
      introduced and fixed
Description:
      When a Developer decides to change part of the content, it would 
be interesting for them to know that many before them introduced bugs 
when working on that part of the content. Knowing this the Developer 
might ask for all such buggy commits to try and learn from the 
mistakes made by others and prevent making the same mistake. A 
Maintainer might use this information to spend extra time reviewing a
commit from a 'bug prone' part of the content. 

Name: Finding parts of the content a particular Contributor introduces
      a lot of/almost no bugs to.
Description:
      When trying to decide whether to ask a specific Contributor to 
work on part of the content it might be useful to not only know how 
active they work on that part of the content, but also if they 
introduced a lot of bugs to that part, or perhaps fixed many. Similar 
to the more general case, this can be split out between modifying 
content and 'accepting' modifications. This information may be used to 
decide to ask a Contributor to spend more time on a specific part of 
the content before sending in a commit for review.

Name: Finding how many bugs were introduced/fixed in a period of time
Description:
      As bugs are recognized by their fixes, it is always possible to 
match a bug to it's fix. Both commits have a time stamp and with those 
the time between bug and fix can be calculated. Aggregating this data 
over all known bug(fixes) the amount of unfixed bugs may be found over 
a specified period of time. For example, finding the amount of fixed 
bugs between two releases, or how many bugs were not fixed within one 
release cycle. This number might then be calculated over several time
frames (say, each release), after which it is possible to track 
'content quality' throughout releases. If this information is then 
graphed one can find extremes in this figure (for example, a release 
cycle in which a lot of bugs were fixed, or one that introduced many). 
Knowing this the Contributors may then determine the cause of such and 
learn from that.

Name: Finding how much work a contributor has done over a period of 
      time.
Description:
      When working in a team in which everybody is expected to do 
approximately the same amount of work it is interesting to see how 
much work each Contributor actually does. This allows the team to 
discuss any extremes and attempt to handle these as to distribute the 
work more evenly. 
      When work is being done by a large group of people it is 
interesting to know the most active Contributors since these usually 
are the ones with most knowledge on the content. The other way around, 
it is possible to determine if a specific Contributor is 'active 
enough' for a specific task (such as mentoring).

Name: Finding whether a Contributor is mostly a Developer or a
      Bug-fixer.
Description:
      To all Contributors it is interesting to know if they spend most
of their time fixing bugs, or contributing enhancements to the content.
This information could also be queried over a specific time frame, for
example 'weekends vs. workdays' or 'holidays vs. non-holidays'.





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