ruby on rails - Gem:: LoadError: सक्रिय नहीं कर सकता pg(~> 0.18), पहले से सक्रिय pg-1.0.0




ruby-on-rails postgresql (2)

पोस्टग्रेस मणि संस्करण 1.0.0 निकलता है जो रेल 5.1.4 के साथ संगत नहीं है । जब मैंने पोस्टग्रेज मणि संस्करण को '~> 0.18' में बदल दिया, तो सब कुछ ठीक रहा:

से बदला गया:

gem 'pg' # Defaults to latest version 1.0.0 (not compatible with Rails 5.1.4).

में परिवर्तित किया गया:

gem 'pg', '~> 0.18'

इस सवाल का पहले से ही यहाँ एक जवाब है:

मैं here पाया गया रेल ट्यूटोरियल कर रहा हूँ और $ rb db: migrate का उपयोग करके टिप्पणियाँ माइग्रेशन माइग्रेट करने में सफल रहा हूँ। इस बिंदु से पहले, मैं अनुच्छेद मॉडल को उत्पन्न करने और लेखों को स्थानांतरित करने में सक्षम हूं, जिसमें कोई समस्या नहीं है। इन दो प्रवासों के बीच, मेरे जेमफाइल में कुछ भी नहीं बदला है, इसलिए मुझे यकीन नहीं है कि यह बुंडलर के साथ क्या समस्या है।

यहां त्रुटियां हैं, इसके बाद मेरे जेमफाइल और स्कीमा.आरबी के साथ-साथ पूरा कमांड-लाइन आउटपुट।

Gem::LoadError: can't activate pg (~> 0.18), already activated pg-1.0.0.

Gem::LoadError: Specified 'postgresql' for database adapter, but the gem is not loaded. Add `gem 'pg'` to your Gemfile (and ensure its version is at the minimum required by ActiveRecord).

पूर्ण कमांड-लाइन आउटपुट

xxx:gangelo: ~/dev/rails/test/blog (master*)   rbenv exec rails db:migrate
rails aborted!
Gem::LoadError: Specified 'postgresql' for database adapter, but the gem is not loaded. Add `gem 'pg'` to your Gemfile (and ensure its version is at the minimum required by ActiveRecord).
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/connection_specification.rb:188:in `rescue in spec'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/connection_specification.rb:185:in `spec'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:880:in `establish_connection'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/connection_handling.rb:58:in `establish_connection'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/railtie.rb:124:in `block (2 levels) in <class:Railtie>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/lazy_load_hooks.rb:69:in `instance_eval'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/lazy_load_hooks.rb:69:in `block in execute_hook'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/lazy_load_hooks.rb:60:in `with_execution_control'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/lazy_load_hooks.rb:65:in `execute_hook'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/lazy_load_hooks.rb:50:in `block in run_load_hooks'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/lazy_load_hooks.rb:49:in `each'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/lazy_load_hooks.rb:49:in `run_load_hooks'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/base.rb:326:in `<module:ActiveRecord>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/base.rb:25:in `<top (required)>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `block in require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:258:in `load_dependency'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/tasks/mysql_database_tasks.rb:6:in `<class:MySQLDatabaseTasks>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/tasks/mysql_database_tasks.rb:3:in `<module:Tasks>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/tasks/mysql_database_tasks.rb:2:in `<module:ActiveRecord>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/tasks/mysql_database_tasks.rb:1:in `<top (required)>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `block in require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:258:in `load_dependency'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/tasks/database_tasks.rb:74:in `<module:DatabaseTasks>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/tasks/database_tasks.rb:35:in `<module:Tasks>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/tasks/database_tasks.rb:2:in `<module:ActiveRecord>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/tasks/database_tasks.rb:1:in `<top (required)>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `block in require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:258:in `load_dependency'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/railtie.rb:34:in `block (3 levels) in <class:Railtie>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/railties-5.1.4/lib/rails/commands/rake/rake_command.rb:21:in `block in perform'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/railties-5.1.4/lib/rails/commands/rake/rake_command.rb:18:in `perform'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/railties-5.1.4/lib/rails/command.rb:46:in `invoke'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/railties-5.1.4/lib/rails/commands.rb:16:in `<top (required)>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/bin/rails:9:in `require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/bin/rails:9:in `<top (required)>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/spring-2.0.2/lib/spring/client/rails.rb:28:in `load'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/spring-2.0.2/lib/spring/client/rails.rb:28:in `call'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/spring-2.0.2/lib/spring/client/command.rb:7:in `call'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/spring-2.0.2/lib/spring/client.rb:30:in `run'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/spring-2.0.2/bin/spring:49:in `<top (required)>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/spring-2.0.2/lib/spring/binstub.rb:31:in `load'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/spring-2.0.2/lib/spring/binstub.rb:31:in `<top (required)>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/bin/spring:15:in `<top (required)>'
bin/rails:3:in `load'
bin/rails:3:in `<main>'

Caused by:
Gem::LoadError: can't activate pg (~> 0.18), already activated pg-1.0.0. Make sure all dependencies are added to Gemfile.
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql_adapter.rb:2:in `<top (required)>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `block in require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:258:in `load_dependency'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/connection_specification.rb:186:in `spec'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:880:in `establish_connection'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/connection_handling.rb:58:in `establish_connection'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/railtie.rb:124:in `block (2 levels) in <class:Railtie>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/lazy_load_hooks.rb:69:in `instance_eval'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/lazy_load_hooks.rb:69:in `block in execute_hook'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/lazy_load_hooks.rb:60:in `with_execution_control'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/lazy_load_hooks.rb:65:in `execute_hook'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/lazy_load_hooks.rb:50:in `block in run_load_hooks'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/lazy_load_hooks.rb:49:in `each'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/lazy_load_hooks.rb:49:in `run_load_hooks'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/base.rb:326:in `<module:ActiveRecord>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/base.rb:25:in `<top (required)>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `block in require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:258:in `load_dependency'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/tasks/mysql_database_tasks.rb:6:in `<class:MySQLDatabaseTasks>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/tasks/mysql_database_tasks.rb:3:in `<module:Tasks>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/tasks/mysql_database_tasks.rb:2:in `<module:ActiveRecord>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/tasks/mysql_database_tasks.rb:1:in `<top (required)>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `block in require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:258:in `load_dependency'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/tasks/database_tasks.rb:74:in `<module:DatabaseTasks>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/tasks/database_tasks.rb:35:in `<module:Tasks>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/tasks/database_tasks.rb:2:in `<module:ActiveRecord>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/tasks/database_tasks.rb:1:in `<top (required)>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `block in require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:258:in `load_dependency'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activesupport-5.1.4/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:292:in `require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/activerecord-5.1.4/lib/active_record/railtie.rb:34:in `block (3 levels) in <class:Railtie>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/railties-5.1.4/lib/rails/commands/rake/rake_command.rb:21:in `block in perform'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/railties-5.1.4/lib/rails/commands/rake/rake_command.rb:18:in `perform'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/railties-5.1.4/lib/rails/command.rb:46:in `invoke'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/railties-5.1.4/lib/rails/commands.rb:16:in `<top (required)>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/bin/rails:9:in `require'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/bin/rails:9:in `<top (required)>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/spring-2.0.2/lib/spring/client/rails.rb:28:in `load'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/spring-2.0.2/lib/spring/client/rails.rb:28:in `call'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/spring-2.0.2/lib/spring/client/command.rb:7:in `call'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/spring-2.0.2/lib/spring/client.rb:30:in `run'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/spring-2.0.2/bin/spring:49:in `<top (required)>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/spring-2.0.2/lib/spring/binstub.rb:31:in `load'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/vendor/bundle/gems/spring-2.0.2/lib/spring/binstub.rb:31:in `<top (required)>'
/Users/gangelo/dev/rails/test/blog/bin/spring:15:in `<top (required)>'
bin/rails:3:in `load'
bin/rails:3:in `<main>'
Tasks: TOP => db:migrate => db:load_config
(See full trace by running task with --trace)

Gemfile

source 'https://rubygems.org'

ruby '2.3.1'

git_source(:github) do |repo_name|
  repo_name = "#{repo_name}/#{repo_name}" unless repo_name.include?("/")
  "https://github.com/#{repo_name}.git"
end


# Bundle edge Rails instead: gem 'rails', github: 'rails/rails'
gem 'rails', '~> 5.1.4'

# Use sqlite3 as the database for Active Record
# gem 'sqlite3'

# Use postgres as the database for Active Record
gem 'pg'

# Use Puma as the app server
gem 'puma', '~> 3.7'
# Use SCSS for stylesheets
gem 'sass-rails', '~> 5.0'
# Use Uglifier as compressor for JavaScript assets
gem 'uglifier', '>= 1.3.0'
# See https://github.com/rails/execjs#readme for more supported runtimes
# gem 'therubyracer', platforms: :ruby

# Use CoffeeScript for .coffee assets and views
gem 'coffee-rails', '~> 4.2'
# Turbolinks makes navigating your web application faster. Read more: https://github.com/turbolinks/turbolinks
gem 'turbolinks', '~> 5'
# Build JSON APIs with ease. Read more: https://github.com/rails/jbuilder
gem 'jbuilder', '~> 2.5'
# Use Redis adapter to run Action Cable in production
# gem 'redis', '~> 3.0'
# Use ActiveModel has_secure_password
# gem 'bcrypt', '~> 3.1.7'

# Use Capistrano for deployment
# gem 'capistrano-rails', group: :development

group :development, :test do
  # Call 'byebug' anywhere in the code to stop execution and get a debugger console
  gem 'byebug', platforms: [:mri, :mingw, :x64_mingw]
  # Adds support for Capybara system testing and selenium driver
  gem 'capybara', '~> 2.13'
  gem 'selenium-webdriver'
end

# gma - start
group :development, :test do
  gem 'rspec-rails', '~> 3.5', '>= 3.5.2'
  gem 'rspec-activemodel-mocks', '~> 1.0', '>= 1.0.3'
  gem 'shoulda-matchers', '~> 3.1', '>= 3.1.1'
  gem 'factory_bot_rails', '~> 4.8', '>= 4.8.2'
  gem 'ffaker', '~> 2.2'
  # gem 'timecop', '~> 0.8.1'
end
# gma - end

group :development do
  # Access an IRB console on exception pages or by using <%= console %> anywhere in the code.
  gem 'web-console', '>= 3.3.0'
  gem 'listen', '>= 3.0.5', '< 3.2'
  # Spring speeds up development by keeping your application running in the background. Read more: https://github.com/rails/spring
  gem 'spring'
  gem 'spring-watcher-listen', '~> 2.0.0'
end

# Windows does not include zoneinfo files, so bundle the tzinfo-data gem
gem 'tzinfo-data', platforms: [:mingw, :mswin, :x64_mingw, :jruby]

Schema.rb

ActiveRecord::Schema.define(version: 20180110153949) do
  # These are extensions that must be enabled in order to support this database
  enable_extension "plpgsql"

  create_table "articles", force: :cascade do |t|
    t.string "title"
    t.text "text"
    t.datetime "created_at", null: false
    t.datetime "updated_at", null: false
  end
end

माइग्रेशन फ़ाइल

class CreateComments < ActiveRecord::Migration[5.1]
  def change
    create_table :comments do |t|
      t.string :commenter
      t.text :body
      t.references :article, foreign_key: true

      t.timestamps
    end
  end
end

लगता है कि पीजी 1.0 फिलहाल रेल के साथ संगत नहीं है। 5.1.4।

gem 'pg', '~> 0.18'

0.18 ने मेरे लिए काम किया।