c# - सी#में एक स्ट्रिंग एन्क्रिप्ट और डिक्रिप्ट करें?




.net encryption (16)

मैं सी # में स्ट्रिंग को एन्क्रिप्ट और डिक्रिप्ट कैसे कर सकता हूं?


आरएसए का उपयोग कर एक उदाहरण यहां दिया गया है।

महत्वपूर्ण: डेटा के आकार की सीमा है जिसे आप आरएसए एन्क्रिप्शन, KeySize - MinimumPadding साथ एन्क्रिप्ट कर सकते हैं। उदाहरण के लिए 256 बाइट्स (2048 बिट कुंजी मानते हैं) - 42 बाइट्स (न्यूनतम ओईएपी पैडिंग) = 214 बाइट्स (अधिकतम सादा टेक्स्ट आकार)

अपनी आरएसए कुंजी के साथ your_rsa_key को बदलें।

var provider = new System.Security.Cryptography.RSACryptoServiceProvider();
provider.ImportParameters(your_rsa_key);

var encryptedBytes = provider.Encrypt(
    System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("Hello World!"), true);

string decryptedTest = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetString(
    provider.Decrypt(encryptedBytes, true));

For more info, visit MSDN - RSACryptoServiceProvider


BouncyCastle is a great Crypto library for .NET, it's available as a Nuget package for install into your projects. I like it a lot more than what's currently available in the System.Security.Cryptography library. It gives you a lot more options in terms of available algorithms, and provides more modes for those algorithms.

This is an example of an implementation of TwoFish , which was written by Bruce Schneier (hero to all us paranoid people out there). It's a symmetric algorithm like the Rijndael (aka AES). It was one of the three finalists for the AES standard and sibling to another famous algorithm written by Bruce Schneier called BlowFish.

First thing with bouncycastle is to create an encryptor class, this will make it easier to implement other block ciphers within the library. The following encryptor class takes in a generic argument T where T implements IBlockCipher and has a default constructor.

UPDATE: Due to popular demand I have decided to implement generating a random IV as well as include an HMAC into this class. Although from a style perspective this goes against the SOLID principle of single responsibility, because of the nature of what this class does I reniged. This class will now take two generic parameters, one for the cipher and one for the digest. It automatically generates the IV using RNGCryptoServiceProvider to provide good RNG entropy, and allows you to use whatever digest algorithm you want from BouncyCastle to generate the MAC.

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Macs;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Modes;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Paddings;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Parameters;

public sealed class Encryptor<TBlockCipher, TDigest>
    where TBlockCipher : IBlockCipher, new()
    where TDigest : IDigest, new()
{
    private Encoding encoding;

    private IBlockCipher blockCipher;

    private BufferedBlockCipher cipher;

    private HMac mac;

    private byte[] key;

    public Encryptor(Encoding encoding, byte[] key, byte[] macKey)
    {
        this.encoding = encoding;
        this.key = key;
        this.Init(key, macKey, new Pkcs7Padding());
    }

    public Encryptor(Encoding encoding, byte[] key, byte[] macKey, IBlockCipherPadding padding)
    {
        this.encoding = encoding;
        this.key = key;
        this.Init(key, macKey, padding);
    }

    private void Init(byte[] key, byte[] macKey, IBlockCipherPadding padding)
    {
        this.blockCipher = new CbcBlockCipher(new TBlockCipher());
        this.cipher = new PaddedBufferedBlockCipher(this.blockCipher, padding);
        this.mac = new HMac(new TDigest());
        this.mac.Init(new KeyParameter(macKey));
    }

    public string Encrypt(string plain)
    {
        return Convert.ToBase64String(EncryptBytes(plain));
    }

    public byte[] EncryptBytes(string plain)
    {
        byte[] input = this.encoding.GetBytes(plain);

        var iv = this.GenerateIV();

        var cipher = this.BouncyCastleCrypto(true, input, new ParametersWithIV(new KeyParameter(key), iv));
        byte[] message = CombineArrays(iv, cipher);

        this.mac.Reset();
        this.mac.BlockUpdate(message, 0, message.Length);
        byte[] digest = new byte[this.mac.GetUnderlyingDigest().GetDigestSize()];
        this.mac.DoFinal(digest, 0);

        var result = CombineArrays(digest, message);
        return result;
    }

    public byte[] DecryptBytes(byte[] bytes)
    {
        // split the digest into component parts
        var digest = new byte[this.mac.GetUnderlyingDigest().GetDigestSize()];
        var message = new byte[bytes.Length - digest.Length];
        var iv = new byte[this.blockCipher.GetBlockSize()];
        var cipher = new byte[message.Length - iv.Length];

        Buffer.BlockCopy(bytes, 0, digest, 0, digest.Length);
        Buffer.BlockCopy(bytes, digest.Length, message, 0, message.Length);
        if (!IsValidHMac(digest, message))
        {
            throw new CryptoException();
        }

        Buffer.BlockCopy(message, 0, iv, 0, iv.Length);
        Buffer.BlockCopy(message, iv.Length, cipher, 0, cipher.Length);

        byte[] result = this.BouncyCastleCrypto(false, cipher, new ParametersWithIV(new KeyParameter(key), iv));
        return result;
    }

    public string Decrypt(byte[] bytes)
    {
        return this.encoding.GetString(DecryptBytes(bytes));
    }

    public string Decrypt(string cipher)
    {
        return this.Decrypt(Convert.FromBase64String(cipher));
    }

    private bool IsValidHMac(byte[] digest, byte[] message)
    {
        this.mac.Reset();
        this.mac.BlockUpdate(message, 0, message.Length);
        byte[] computed = new byte[this.mac.GetUnderlyingDigest().GetDigestSize()];
        this.mac.DoFinal(computed, 0);

        return AreEqual(digest,computed);
    }

    private static bool AreEqual(byte [] digest, byte[] computed)
    {
        if(digest.Length != computed.Length)
        {
            return false;
        }

        int result = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < digest.Length; i++)
        {
            // compute equality of all bytes before returning.
            //   helps prevent timing attacks: 
            //   https://codahale.com/a-lesson-in-timing-attacks/
            result |= digest[i] ^ computed[i];
        }

        return result == 0;
    }

    private byte[] BouncyCastleCrypto(bool forEncrypt, byte[] input, ICipherParameters parameters)
    {
        try
        {
            cipher.Init(forEncrypt, parameters);

            return this.cipher.DoFinal(input);
        }
        catch (CryptoException)
        {
            throw;
        }
    }

    private byte[] GenerateIV()
    {
        using (var provider = new RNGCryptoServiceProvider())
        {
            // 1st block
            byte[] result = new byte[this.blockCipher.GetBlockSize()];
            provider.GetBytes(result);

            return result;
        }
    }

    private static byte[] CombineArrays(byte[] source1, byte[] source2)
    {
        byte[] result = new byte[source1.Length + source2.Length];
        Buffer.BlockCopy(source1, 0, result, 0, source1.Length);
        Buffer.BlockCopy(source2, 0, result, source1.Length, source2.Length);

        return result;
    }
}

Next just call the encrypt and decrypt methods on the new class, here's the example using twofish:

var encrypt = new Encryptor<TwofishEngine, Sha1Digest>(Encoding.UTF8, key, hmacKey);

string cipher = encrypt.Encrypt("TEST");   
string plainText = encrypt.Decrypt(cipher);

It's just as easy to substitute another block cipher like TripleDES:

var des = new Encryptor<DesEdeEngine, Sha1Digest>(Encoding.UTF8, key, hmacKey);

string cipher = des.Encrypt("TEST");
string plainText = des.Decrypt(cipher);

Finally if you want to use AES with SHA256 HMAC you can do the following:

var aes = new Encryptor<AesEngine, Sha256Digest>(Encoding.UTF8, key, hmacKey);

cipher = aes.Encrypt("TEST");
plainText = aes.Decrypt(cipher);

The hardest part about encryption actually deals with the keys and not the algorithms. You'll have to think about where you store your keys, and if you have to, how you exchange them. These algorithms have all withstood the test of time, and are extremely hard to break. Someone who wants to steal information from you isn't going to spend eternity doing cryptanalysis on your messages, they're going to try to figure out what or where your key is. So #1 choose your keys wisely, #2 store them in a safe place, if you use a web.config and IIS then you can encrypt parts of the the web.config , and finally if you have to exchange keys make sure that your protocol for exchanging the key is secure.

Update 2 Changed compare method to mitigate against timing attacks. See more info here http://codahale.com/a-lesson-in-timing-attacks/ . Also updated to default to PKCS7 padding and added new constructor to allow end user the ability to choose which padding they would like to use. Thanks @CodesInChaos for the suggestions.


संपादित करें 2013-अक्टूबर : हालांकि मैंने कमियों को हल करने के लिए समय के साथ इस उत्तर को संपादित किया है, कृपया अधिक मजबूत, सूचित समाधान के लिए jbtule का उत्तर देखें।

https://.com/a/10366194/188474

मूल उत्तर:

"रिजेंडेल प्रबंधित वर्ग" दस्तावेज और एमसीटीएस प्रशिक्षण किट से व्युत्पन्न एक कामकाजी उदाहरण यहां दिया गया है।

2012-अप्रैल संपादित करें : यह उत्तर IV प्रति jbtule के सुझाव को प्री-पेंड करने के लिए संपादित किया गया था और जैसा कि यहां बताया गया है:

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.security.cryptography.aesmanaged%28v=vs.95%29.aspx

सौभाग्य!

public class Crypto
{

    //While an app specific salt is not the best practice for
    //password based encryption, it's probably safe enough as long as
    //it is truly uncommon. Also too much work to alter this answer otherwise.
    private static byte[] _salt = __To_Do__("Add a app specific salt here");

    /// <summary>
    /// Encrypt the given string using AES.  The string can be decrypted using 
    /// DecryptStringAES().  The sharedSecret parameters must match.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="plainText">The text to encrypt.</param>
    /// <param name="sharedSecret">A password used to generate a key for encryption.</param>
    public static string EncryptStringAES(string plainText, string sharedSecret)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(plainText))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("plainText");
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sharedSecret))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("sharedSecret");

        string outStr = null;                       // Encrypted string to return
        RijndaelManaged aesAlg = null;              // RijndaelManaged object used to encrypt the data.

        try
        {
            // generate the key from the shared secret and the salt
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes key = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(sharedSecret, _salt);

            // Create a RijndaelManaged object
            aesAlg = new RijndaelManaged();
            aesAlg.Key = key.GetBytes(aesAlg.KeySize / 8);

            // Create a decryptor to perform the stream transform.
            ICryptoTransform encryptor = aesAlg.CreateEncryptor(aesAlg.Key, aesAlg.IV);

            // Create the streams used for encryption.
            using (MemoryStream msEncrypt = new MemoryStream())
            {
                // prepend the IV
                msEncrypt.Write(BitConverter.GetBytes(aesAlg.IV.Length), 0, sizeof(int));
                msEncrypt.Write(aesAlg.IV, 0, aesAlg.IV.Length);
                using (CryptoStream csEncrypt = new CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    using (StreamWriter swEncrypt = new StreamWriter(csEncrypt))
                    {
                        //Write all data to the stream.
                        swEncrypt.Write(plainText);
                    }
                }
                outStr = Convert.ToBase64String(msEncrypt.ToArray());
            }
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RijndaelManaged object.
            if (aesAlg != null)
                aesAlg.Clear();
        }

        // Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream.
        return outStr;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Decrypt the given string.  Assumes the string was encrypted using 
    /// EncryptStringAES(), using an identical sharedSecret.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="cipherText">The text to decrypt.</param>
    /// <param name="sharedSecret">A password used to generate a key for decryption.</param>
    public static string DecryptStringAES(string cipherText, string sharedSecret)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(cipherText))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("cipherText");
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sharedSecret))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("sharedSecret");

        // Declare the RijndaelManaged object
        // used to decrypt the data.
        RijndaelManaged aesAlg = null;

        // Declare the string used to hold
        // the decrypted text.
        string plaintext = null;

        try
        {
            // generate the key from the shared secret and the salt
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes key = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(sharedSecret, _salt);

            // Create the streams used for decryption.                
            byte[] bytes = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);
            using (MemoryStream msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(bytes))
            {
                // Create a RijndaelManaged object
                // with the specified key and IV.
                aesAlg = new RijndaelManaged();
                aesAlg.Key = key.GetBytes(aesAlg.KeySize / 8);
                // Get the initialization vector from the encrypted stream
                aesAlg.IV = ReadByteArray(msDecrypt);
                // Create a decrytor to perform the stream transform.
                ICryptoTransform decryptor = aesAlg.CreateDecryptor(aesAlg.Key, aesAlg.IV);
                using (CryptoStream csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                {
                    using (StreamReader srDecrypt = new StreamReader(csDecrypt))

                        // Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream
                        // and place them in a string.
                        plaintext = srDecrypt.ReadToEnd();
                }
            }
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RijndaelManaged object.
            if (aesAlg != null)
                aesAlg.Clear();
        }

        return plaintext;
    }

    private static byte[] ReadByteArray(Stream s)
    {
        byte[] rawLength = new byte[sizeof(int)];
        if (s.Read(rawLength, 0, rawLength.Length) != rawLength.Length)
        {
            throw new SystemException("Stream did not contain properly formatted byte array");
        }

        byte[] buffer = new byte[BitConverter.ToInt32(rawLength, 0)];
        if (s.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length) != buffer.Length)
        {
            throw new SystemException("Did not read byte array properly");
        }

        return buffer;
    }
}

A good algorithm to securely hash data is BCrypt :

Besides incorporating a salt to protect against rainbow table attacks, bcrypt is an adaptive function: over time, the iteration count can be increased to make it slower, so it remains resistant to brute-force search attacks even with increasing computation power.

There's a nice .NET implementation of BCrypt that is available also as a NuGet package .


An alternative to BouncyCastle for AES-GCM encryption is libsodium-net . It wraps the libsodium C library. One nice advantage is that it uses the AES-NI extension in CPUs for very fast encryption. The down side is that it won't work at all if the CPU doesn't have the extension. There's no software fall back.


Copied in my answer here from a similar question: Simple two-way encryption for C# .

Based on multiple answers and comments.

  • Random initialization vector prepended to crypto text (@jbtule)
  • Use TransformFinalBlock() instead of MemoryStream (@RenniePet)
  • No pre-filled keys to avoid anyone copy & pasting a disaster
  • Proper dispose and using patterns

कोड:

/// <summary>
/// Simple encryption/decryption using a random initialization vector
/// and prepending it to the crypto text.
/// </summary>
/// <remarks>Based on multiple answers in https://.com/questions/165808/simple-two-way-encryption-for-c-sharp </remarks>
public class SimpleAes : IDisposable
{
    /// <summary>
    ///     Initialization vector length in bytes.
    /// </summary>
    private const int IvBytes = 16;

    /// <summary>
    ///     Must be exactly 16, 24 or 32 characters long.
    /// </summary>
    private static readonly byte[] Key = Convert.FromBase64String("FILL ME WITH 16, 24 OR 32 CHARS");

    private readonly UTF8Encoding _encoder;
    private readonly ICryptoTransform _encryptor;
    private readonly RijndaelManaged _rijndael;

    public SimpleAes()
    {
        _rijndael = new RijndaelManaged {Key = Key};
        _rijndael.GenerateIV();
        _encryptor = _rijndael.CreateEncryptor();
        _encoder = new UTF8Encoding();
    }

    public string Decrypt(string encrypted)
    {
        return _encoder.GetString(Decrypt(Convert.FromBase64String(encrypted)));
    }

    public void Dispose()
    {
        _rijndael.Dispose();
        _encryptor.Dispose();
    }

    public string Encrypt(string unencrypted)
    {
        return Convert.ToBase64String(Encrypt(_encoder.GetBytes(unencrypted)));
    }

    private byte[] Decrypt(byte[] buffer)
    {
        // IV is prepended to cryptotext
        byte[] iv = buffer.Take(IvBytes).ToArray();
        using (ICryptoTransform decryptor = _rijndael.CreateDecryptor(_rijndael.Key, iv))
        {
            return decryptor.TransformFinalBlock(buffer, IvBytes, buffer.Length - IvBytes);
        }
    }

    private byte[] Encrypt(byte[] buffer)
    {
        // Prepend cryptotext with IV
        byte[] inputBuffer = _rijndael.IV.Concat(buffer).ToArray();
        return _encryptor.TransformFinalBlock(inputBuffer, IvBytes, buffer.Length);
    }
}

Encryption

public string EncryptString(string inputString)
{
MemoryStream memStream = null;
try
{
    byte[] key = { };
    byte[] IV = { 12, 21, 43, 17, 57, 35, 67, 27 };
    string encryptKey = "aXb2uy4z"; // MUST be 8 characters
    key = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(encryptKey);
    byte[] byteInput = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(inputString);
    DESCryptoServiceProvider provider = new DESCryptoServiceProvider();
    memStream = new MemoryStream();
    ICryptoTransform transform = provider.CreateEncryptor(key, IV);
    CryptoStream cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memStream, transform, CryptoStreamMode.Write);
    cryptoStream.Write(byteInput, 0, byteInput.Length);
    cryptoStream.FlushFinalBlock();

}
catch (Exception ex)
{
    Response.Write(ex.Message);
}
return Convert.ToBase64String(memStream.ToArray());
}

Decryption:

public string DecryptString(string inputString)
{
MemoryStream memStream = null;
try
{
    byte[] key = { };
    byte[] IV = { 12, 21, 43, 17, 57, 35, 67, 27 };
    string encryptKey = "aXb2uy4z"; // MUST be 8 characters
    key = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(encryptKey);
    byte[] byteInput = new byte[inputString.Length];
    byteInput = Convert.FromBase64String(inputString);
    DESCryptoServiceProvider provider = new DESCryptoServiceProvider();
    memStream = new MemoryStream();
    ICryptoTransform transform = provider.CreateDecryptor(key, IV);
    CryptoStream cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memStream, transform, CryptoStreamMode.Write);
    cryptoStream.Write(byteInput, 0, byteInput.Length);
    cryptoStream.FlushFinalBlock();
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
    Response.Write(ex.Message);
}

Encoding encoding1 = Encoding.UTF8;
return encoding1.GetString(memStream.ToArray());
}

Encryption is a very common matter in programming. I think it is better to install a package to do the task for you. Maybe a simple open source Nuget project like Simple Aes Encryption

The key is in the config file and therefore it is easy to change in the production environment, and I don't see any drawbacks

<MessageEncryption>
  <EncryptionKey KeySize="256" Key="3q2+796tvu/erb7v3q2+796tvu/erb7v3q2+796tvu8="/>
</MessageEncryption>

Here is simple Snippet originally by ASP Snippets

using System.Text;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.IO;


 private string Encrypt(string clearText)
    {
        string EncryptionKey = "yourkey";
        byte[] clearBytes = Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(clearText);
        using (Aes encryptor = Aes.Create())
        {
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes pdb = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(EncryptionKey, new byte[] { 0x49, 0x76, 0x61, 0x6e, 0x20, 0x4d, 0x65, 0x64, 0x76, 0x65, 0x64, 0x65, 0x76 });
            encryptor.Key = pdb.GetBytes(32);
            encryptor.IV = pdb.GetBytes(16);
            using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
            {
                using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, encryptor.CreateEncryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    cs.Write(clearBytes, 0, clearBytes.Length);
                    cs.Close();
                }
                clearText = Convert.ToBase64String(ms.ToArray());
            }
        }
        return clearText;
    }

 private string Decrypt(string cipherText)
    {
        string EncryptionKey = "yourkey";
        cipherText = cipherText.Replace(" ", "+");
        byte[] cipherBytes = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);
        using (Aes encryptor = Aes.Create())
        {
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes pdb = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(EncryptionKey, new byte[] { 0x49, 0x76, 0x61, 0x6e, 0x20, 0x4d, 0x65, 0x64, 0x76, 0x65, 0x64, 0x65, 0x76 });
            encryptor.Key = pdb.GetBytes(32);
            encryptor.IV = pdb.GetBytes(16);
            using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
            {
                using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, encryptor.CreateDecryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    cs.Write(cipherBytes, 0, cipherBytes.Length);
                    cs.Close();
                }
                cipherText = Encoding.Unicode.GetString(ms.ToArray());
            }
        }
        return cipherText;
    }

I want to give you my contribute, with my code for AES Rfc2898DeriveBytes ( here the documentation) algorhytm, written in C# (.NET framework 4) and fully working also for limited platforms, as .NET Compact Framework for Windows Phone 7.0+ (not all platforms support every criptographic method of the .NET framework!).

I hope this can help anyone!

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;

public static class Crypto
{
    private static readonly byte[] IVa = new byte[] { 0x0b, 0x0c, 0x0d, 0x0e, 0x0f, 0x11, 0x11, 0x12, 0x13, 0x14, 0x0e, 0x16, 0x17 };


    public static string Encrypt(this string text, string salt)
    {
        try
        {
            using (Aes aes = new AesManaged())
            {
                Rfc2898DeriveBytes deriveBytes = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(Encoding.UTF8.GetString(IVa, 0, IVa.Length), Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(salt));
                aes.Key = deriveBytes.GetBytes(128 / 8);
                aes.IV = aes.Key;
                using (MemoryStream encryptionStream = new MemoryStream())
                {
                    using (CryptoStream encrypt = new CryptoStream(encryptionStream, aes.CreateEncryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                    {
                        byte[] cleanText = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(text);
                        encrypt.Write(cleanText, 0, cleanText.Length);
                        encrypt.FlushFinalBlock();
                    }

                    byte[] encryptedData = encryptionStream.ToArray();
                    string encryptedText = Convert.ToBase64String(encryptedData);


                    return encryptedText;
                }
            }
        }
        catch
        {
            return String.Empty;
        }
    }

    public static string Decrypt(this string text, string salt)
    {
        try
        {
            using (Aes aes = new AesManaged())
            {
                Rfc2898DeriveBytes deriveBytes = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(Encoding.UTF8.GetString(IVa, 0, IVa.Length), Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(salt));
                aes.Key = deriveBytes.GetBytes(128 / 8);
                aes.IV = aes.Key;

                using (MemoryStream decryptionStream = new MemoryStream())
                {
                    using (CryptoStream decrypt = new CryptoStream(decryptionStream, aes.CreateDecryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                    {
                        byte[] encryptedData = Convert.FromBase64String(text);


                        decrypt.Write(encryptedData, 0, encryptedData.Length);
                        decrypt.Flush();
                    }

                    byte[] decryptedData = decryptionStream.ToArray();
                    string decryptedText = Encoding.UTF8.GetString(decryptedData, 0, decryptedData.Length);


                    return decryptedText;
                }
            }
        }
        catch
        {
            return String.Empty;
        }
        }
    }
}


This is the class that was placed here by Brett. However I made a slight edit since I was receiving the error 'Invalid length for a Base-64 char array' when using it for URL strings to encrypt and decrypt.

public class CryptoURL
{
    private static byte[] _salt = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("Catto_Salt_Enter_Any_Value99");

    /// <summary>
    /// Encrypt the given string using AES.  The string can be decrypted using 
    /// DecryptStringAES().  The sharedSecret parameters must match. 
    /// The SharedSecret for the Password Reset that is used is in the next line
    ///  string sharedSecret = "OneUpSharedSecret9";
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="plainText">The text to encrypt.</param>
    /// <param name="sharedSecret">A password used to generate a key for encryption.</param>
    public static string EncryptString(string plainText, string sharedSecret)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(plainText))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("plainText");
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sharedSecret))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("sharedSecret");

        string outStr = null;                       // Encrypted string to return
        RijndaelManaged aesAlg = null;              // RijndaelManaged object used to encrypt the data.

        try
        {
            // generate the key from the shared secret and the salt
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes key = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(sharedSecret, _salt);

            // Create a RijndaelManaged object
            aesAlg = new RijndaelManaged();
            aesAlg.Key = key.GetBytes(aesAlg.KeySize / 8);

            // Create a decryptor to perform the stream transform.
            ICryptoTransform encryptor = aesAlg.CreateEncryptor(aesAlg.Key, aesAlg.IV);

            // Create the streams used for encryption.
            using (MemoryStream msEncrypt = new MemoryStream())
            {
                // prepend the IV
                msEncrypt.Write(BitConverter.GetBytes(aesAlg.IV.Length), 0, sizeof(int));
                msEncrypt.Write(aesAlg.IV, 0, aesAlg.IV.Length);
                using (CryptoStream csEncrypt = new CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    using (StreamWriter swEncrypt = new StreamWriter(csEncrypt))
                    {
                        //Write all data to the stream.
                        swEncrypt.Write(plainText);
                    }
                }

                outStr = HttpServerUtility.UrlTokenEncode(msEncrypt.ToArray());
                //outStr = Convert.ToBase64String(msEncrypt.ToArray());
                // you may need to add a reference. right click reference in solution explorer => "add Reference" => .NET tab => select "System.Web"
            }
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RijndaelManaged object.
            if (aesAlg != null)
                aesAlg.Clear();
        }

        // Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream.
        return outStr;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Decrypt the given string.  Assumes the string was encrypted using 
    /// EncryptStringAES(), using an identical sharedSecret.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="cipherText">The text to decrypt.</param>
    /// <param name="sharedSecret">A password used to generate a key for decryption.</param>
    public static string DecryptString(string cipherText, string sharedSecret)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(cipherText))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("cipherText");
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sharedSecret))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("sharedSecret");

        // Declare the RijndaelManaged object
        // used to decrypt the data.
        RijndaelManaged aesAlg = null;

        // Declare the string used to hold
        // the decrypted text.
        string plaintext = null;

        byte[] inputByteArray;

        try
        {
            // generate the key from the shared secret and the salt
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes key = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(sharedSecret, _salt);

            // Create the streams used for decryption.                
            //byte[] bytes = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);
            inputByteArray = HttpServerUtility.UrlTokenDecode(cipherText);

            using (MemoryStream msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(inputByteArray))
            {
                // Create a RijndaelManaged object
                // with the specified key and IV.
                aesAlg = new RijndaelManaged();
                aesAlg.Key = key.GetBytes(aesAlg.KeySize / 8);
                // Get the initialization vector from the encrypted stream
                aesAlg.IV = ReadByteArray(msDecrypt);
                // Create a decrytor to perform the stream transform.
                ICryptoTransform decryptor = aesAlg.CreateDecryptor(aesAlg.Key, aesAlg.IV);
                using (CryptoStream csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                {
                    using (StreamReader srDecrypt = new StreamReader(csDecrypt))

                        // Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream
                        // and place them in a string.
                        plaintext = srDecrypt.ReadToEnd();
                }
            }
        }
        catch (System.Exception ex)
        {
            return "ERROR";
            //throw ex;

        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RijndaelManaged object.
            if (aesAlg != null)
                aesAlg.Clear();
        }

        return plaintext;
    }

    static string ConvertStringArrayToString(string[] array)
    {
        //
        // Concatenate all the elements into a StringBuilder.
        //
        StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
        foreach (string value in array)
        {
            builder.Append(value);
            builder.Append('.');
        }
        return builder.ToString();
    }

    private static byte[] ReadByteArray(Stream s)
    {
        byte[] rawLength = new byte[sizeof(int)];
        if (s.Read(rawLength, 0, rawLength.Length) != rawLength.Length)
        {
            throw new SystemException("Stream did not contain properly formatted byte array");
        }

        byte[] buffer = new byte[BitConverter.ToInt32(rawLength, 0)];
        if (s.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length) != buffer.Length)
        {
            throw new SystemException("Did not read byte array properly");
        }

        return buffer;
    }

}

With the reference of Encrypt and Decrypt a String in c# , I found one of good solution :

static readonly string PasswordHash = "[email protected]@Sw0rd";
static readonly string SaltKey = "[email protected]&KEY";
static readonly string VIKey = "@1B2c3D4e5F6g7H8";

For Encrypt

public static string Encrypt(string plainText)
{
    byte[] plainTextBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(plainText);

    byte[] keyBytes = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(PasswordHash, Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(SaltKey)).GetBytes(256 / 8);
    var symmetricKey = new RijndaelManaged() { Mode = CipherMode.CBC, Padding = PaddingMode.Zeros };
    var encryptor = symmetricKey.CreateEncryptor(keyBytes, Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(VIKey));

    byte[] cipherTextBytes;

    using (var memoryStream = new MemoryStream())
    {
        using (var cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memoryStream, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
        {
            cryptoStream.Write(plainTextBytes, 0, plainTextBytes.Length);
            cryptoStream.FlushFinalBlock();
            cipherTextBytes = memoryStream.ToArray();
            cryptoStream.Close();
        }
        memoryStream.Close();
    }
    return Convert.ToBase64String(cipherTextBytes);
}

For Decrypt

public static string Decrypt(string encryptedText)
{
    byte[] cipherTextBytes = Convert.FromBase64String(encryptedText);
    byte[] keyBytes = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(PasswordHash, Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(SaltKey)).GetBytes(256 / 8);
    var symmetricKey = new RijndaelManaged() { Mode = CipherMode.CBC, Padding = PaddingMode.None };

    var decryptor = symmetricKey.CreateDecryptor(keyBytes, Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(VIKey));
    var memoryStream = new MemoryStream(cipherTextBytes);
    var cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memoryStream, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read);
    byte[] plainTextBytes = new byte[cipherTextBytes.Length];

    int decryptedByteCount = cryptoStream.Read(plainTextBytes, 0, plainTextBytes.Length);
    memoryStream.Close();
    cryptoStream.Close();
    return Encoding.UTF8.GetString(plainTextBytes, 0, decryptedByteCount).TrimEnd("\0".ToCharArray());
}

You have to use the namespace using System.Security.Cryptography; and useHashing is a bool type either true or false. String variable "key" should be same for Encryption and for Decryption

//Encryption
public string EncryptText(string toEncrypt, bool useHashing)
    {
        try
        {
            byte[] keyArray;
            byte[] toEncryptArray = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(toEncrypt);

            string key = "String Key Value"; //Based on this key stirng is encrypting
            //System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show(key);
            //If hashing use get hashcode regards to your key
            if (useHashing)
            {
                MD5CryptoServiceProvider hashmd5 = new MD5CryptoServiceProvider();
                keyArray = hashmd5.ComputeHash(UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key));
                //Always release the resources and flush data
                //of the Cryptographic service provide. Best Practice

                hashmd5.Clear();
            }
            else
                keyArray = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key);

            TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider tdes = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();
            //set the secret key for the tripleDES algorithm
            tdes.Key = keyArray;
            //mode of operation. there are other 4 modes. We choose ECB(Electronic code Book)
            tdes.Mode = CipherMode.ECB;
            //padding mode(if any extra byte added)
            tdes.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;

            ICryptoTransform cTransform = tdes.CreateEncryptor();
            //transform the specified region of bytes array to resultArray
            byte[] resultArray = cTransform.TransformFinalBlock(toEncryptArray, 0,          toEncryptArray.Length);
            //Release resources held by TripleDes Encryptor
            tdes.Clear();
            //Return the encrypted data into unreadable string format
            return Convert.ToBase64String(resultArray, 0, resultArray.Length);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            throw e;
        }
    }

    //Decryption
    public string DecryptText(string cipherString, bool useHashing)
    {

        try
        {
            byte[] keyArray;
            //get the byte code of the string

            byte[] toEncryptArray = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherString);

            string key = "String Key Value"; //Based on this key string is decrypted

            if (useHashing)
            {
                //if hashing was used get the hash code with regards to your key
                MD5CryptoServiceProvider hashmd5 = new MD5CryptoServiceProvider();
                keyArray = hashmd5.ComputeHash(UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key));
                //release any resource held by the MD5CryptoServiceProvider

                hashmd5.Clear();
            }
            else
            {
                //if hashing was not implemented get the byte code of the key
                keyArray = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key);
            }

            TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider tdes = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();
            //set the secret key for the tripleDES algorithm
            tdes.Key = keyArray;
            //mode of operation. there are other 4 modes.
            //We choose ECB(Electronic code Book)

            tdes.Mode = CipherMode.ECB;
            //padding mode(if any extra byte added)
            tdes.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;

            ICryptoTransform cTransform = tdes.CreateDecryptor();
            byte[] resultArray = cTransform.TransformFinalBlock
                    (toEncryptArray, 0, toEncryptArray.Length);
            //Release resources held by TripleDes Encryptor
            tdes.Clear();
            //return the Clear decrypted TEXT
            return UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetString(resultArray);
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            throw ex;
        }
    }

            using System;
            using System.Collections.Generic;
            using System.Text;
            using System.Text.RegularExpressions;  // This is for password validation
            using System.Security.Cryptography;
            using System.Configuration;  // This is where the hash functions reside

            namespace BullyTracker.Common
            {
                public class HashEncryption
                {
                    //public string GenerateHashvalue(string thisPassword)
                    //{
                    //    MD5CryptoServiceProvider md5 = new MD5CryptoServiceProvider();
                    //    byte[] tmpSource;
                    //    byte[] tmpHash;

                    //    tmpSource = ASCIIEncoding.ASCII.GetBytes(thisPassword); // Turn password into byte array
                    //    tmpHash = md5.ComputeHash(tmpSource);

                    //    StringBuilder sOutput = new StringBuilder(tmpHash.Length);
                    //    for (int i = 0; i < tmpHash.Length; i++)
                    //    {
                    //        sOutput.Append(tmpHash[i].ToString("X2"));  // X2 formats to hexadecimal
                    //    }
                    //    return sOutput.ToString();
                    //}
                    //public Boolean VerifyHashPassword(string thisPassword, string thisHash)
                    //{
                    //    Boolean IsValid = false;
                    //    string tmpHash = GenerateHashvalue(thisPassword); // Call the routine on user input
                    //    if (tmpHash == thisHash) IsValid = true;  // Compare to previously generated hash
                    //    return IsValid;
                    //}
                    public string GenerateHashvalue(string toEncrypt, bool useHashing)
                    {
                        byte[] keyArray;
                        byte[] toEncryptArray = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(toEncrypt);

                        System.Configuration.AppSettingsReader settingsReader = new AppSettingsReader();
                        // Get the key from config file
                        string key = (string)settingsReader.GetValue("SecurityKey", typeof(String));
                        //System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show(key);
                        if (useHashing)
                        {
                            MD5CryptoServiceProvider hashmd5 = new MD5CryptoServiceProvider();
                            keyArray = hashmd5.ComputeHash(UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key));
                            hashmd5.Clear();
                        }
                        else
                            keyArray = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key);

                        TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider tdes = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();
                        tdes.Key = keyArray;
                        tdes.Mode = CipherMode.ECB;
                        tdes.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;

                        ICryptoTransform cTransform = tdes.CreateEncryptor();
                        byte[] resultArray = cTransform.TransformFinalBlock(toEncryptArray, 0, toEncryptArray.Length);
                        tdes.Clear();
                        return Convert.ToBase64String(resultArray, 0, resultArray.Length);
                    }
                    /// <summary>
                    /// DeCrypt a string using dual encryption method. Return a DeCrypted clear string
                    /// </summary>
                    /// <param name="cipherString">encrypted string</param>
                    /// <param name="useHashing">Did you use hashing to encrypt this data? pass true is yes</param>
                    /// <returns></returns>
                    public string Decrypt(string cipherString, bool useHashing)
                    {
                        byte[] keyArray;
                        byte[] toEncryptArray = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherString);

                        System.Configuration.AppSettingsReader settingsReader = new AppSettingsReader();
                        //Get your key from config file to open the lock!
                        string key = (string)settingsReader.GetValue("SecurityKey", typeof(String));

                        if (useHashing)
                        {
                            MD5CryptoServiceProvider hashmd5 = new MD5CryptoServiceProvider();
                            keyArray = hashmd5.ComputeHash(UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key));
                            hashmd5.Clear();
                        }
                        else
                            keyArray = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key);

                        TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider tdes = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();
                        tdes.Key = keyArray;
                        tdes.Mode = CipherMode.ECB;
                        tdes.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;

                        ICryptoTransform cTransform = tdes.CreateDecryptor();
                        byte[] resultArray = cTransform.TransformFinalBlock(toEncryptArray, 0, toEncryptArray.Length);

                        tdes.Clear();
                        return UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetString(resultArray);
                    }


                }

            }

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Text;
using System.Security.Cryptography;

namespace Encription
{
    class CryptorEngine
    {
        public static string Encrypt(string ToEncrypt, bool useHasing)
        {
            byte[] keyArray;
            byte[] toEncryptArray = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(ToEncrypt);
            //System.Configuration.AppSettingsReader settingsReader = new     AppSettingsReader();
           string Key = "Bhagwati";
            if (useHasing)
            {
                MD5CryptoServiceProvider hashmd5 = new MD5CryptoServiceProvider();
                keyArray = hashmd5.ComputeHash(UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(Key));
                hashmd5.Clear();  
            }
            else
            {
                keyArray = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(Key);
            }
            TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider tDes = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();
            tDes.Key = keyArray;
            tDes.Mode = CipherMode.ECB;
            tDes.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;
            ICryptoTransform cTransform = tDes.CreateEncryptor();
            byte[] resultArray = cTransform.TransformFinalBlock(toEncryptArray, 0,     toEncryptArray.Length);
            tDes.Clear();
            return Convert.ToBase64String(resultArray, 0, resultArray.Length);
        }
        public static string Decrypt(string cypherString, bool useHasing)
        {
            byte[] keyArray;
            byte[] toDecryptArray = Convert.FromBase64String(cypherString);
            //byte[] toEncryptArray = Convert.FromBase64String(cypherString);
            //System.Configuration.AppSettingsReader settingReader = new     AppSettingsReader();
            string key = "Bhagwati";
            if (useHasing)
            {
                MD5CryptoServiceProvider hashmd = new MD5CryptoServiceProvider();
                keyArray = hashmd.ComputeHash(UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key));
                hashmd.Clear();
            }
            else
            {
                keyArray = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key);
            }
            TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider tDes = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();
            tDes.Key = keyArray;
            tDes.Mode = CipherMode.ECB;
            tDes.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;
            ICryptoTransform cTransform = tDes.CreateDecryptor();
            try
            {
                byte[] resultArray = cTransform.TransformFinalBlock(toDecryptArray, 0,         toDecryptArray.Length);

                tDes.Clear();
                return UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetString(resultArray,0,resultArray.Length);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                throw ex;
             }
        }
    }
}




cryptography