मैं.NET में एक JSON स्ट्रिंग में C#ऑब्जेक्ट कैसे चालू करूं?




serialization (12)

मेरे पास इस तरह की कक्षाएं हैं:

class MyDate
{
    int year, month, day;
}

class Lad
{
    string firstName;
    string lastName;
    MyDate dateOfBirth;
}

और मैं एक Lad ऑब्जेक्ट को JSON स्ट्रिंग में इस तरह चालू करना चाहता हूं:

{
    "firstName":"Markoff",
    "lastName":"Chaney",
    "dateOfBirth":
    {
        "year":"1901",
        "month":"4",
        "day":"30"
    }
}

(प्रारूपण के बिना)। मुझे यह लिंक मिला, लेकिन यह एक नामस्थान का उपयोग करता है जो .NET 4 में नहीं है। मैंने JSON.NET बारे में भी सुना है, लेकिन उनकी साइट इस समय नीचे प्रतीत होती है, और मैं बाहरी DLL फ़ाइलों का उपयोग करने के लिए उत्सुक नहीं हूं। मैन्युअल रूप से JSON स्ट्रिंग लेखक बनाने के अलावा अन्य विकल्प भी हैं?


यदि वे बहुत बड़े नहीं हैं, तो शायद आपका केस जेसन के रूप में इसे निर्यात करता है। इसके अलावा यह सभी plattforms के बीच पोर्टेबल बनाता है

 using Newtonsoft.Json;
     [TestMethod]
        public void ExportJson()
        {
        double[,] b = new double[,] {
            { 110, 120, 130, 140, 150 },
            { 1110, 1120, 1130, 1140, 1150 },
            { 1000, 1, 5 ,9, 1000},
            {1110, 2, 6 ,10,1110},
            {1220, 3, 7 ,11,1220},
            {1330, 4, 8 ,12,1330} };


        string jsonStr = JsonConvert.SerializeObject(b);

        Console.WriteLine(jsonStr);

        string path = "X:\\Programming\\workspaceEclipse\\PyTutorials\\src\\tensorflow_tutorials\\export.txt";

        File.WriteAllText(path, jsonStr);
    }

सी # कक्षा उत्पन्न करने के लिए इस उपकरण का उपयोग करें

और इस कोड का प्रयोग करें

 var json = new JavaScriptSerializer().Serialize(obj);

आपके ऑब्जेक्ट को क्रमबद्ध करने के लिए


चूंकि हम सभी एक लाइनर से प्यार करते हैं

... यह न्यूटॉन्सॉफ्ट NuGet पैकेज पर निर्भर करता है, जो डिफ़ॉल्ट धारावाहिक से लोकप्रिय और बेहतर है।

Newtonsoft.Json.JsonConvert.SerializeObject(new {foo = "bar"})

प्रलेखन: जेएसओएन को क्रमबद्ध और deserializing


Json.Net लाइब्रेरी का उपयोग करें, आप इसे Nuget पैकेट प्रबंधक से डाउनलोड कर सकते हैं।

जेसन स्ट्रिंग को सीरियल करना:

 var obj = new Lad
        {
            firstName = "Markoff",
            lastName = "Chaney",
            dateOfBirth = new MyDate
            {
                year = 1901,
                month = 4,
                day = 30
            }
        };

var jsonString = Newtonsoft.Json.JsonConvert.SerializeObject(obj);

ऑब्जेक्ट को Deserializing:

var obj = Newtonsoft.Json.JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<Lad>(jsonString );

अपनी कक्षा को सही विशेषता के साथ भी बनाने के लिए सावधानी बरतें:

इस वर्ग को <Serializable> विशेषता के साथ उदाहरण सी # उदाहरण के अनुसार vb.net exmpale के साथ बनाएँ

सी#

using Microsoft.VisualBasic;
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Script.Serialization;
namespace Samples
{
[Serializable()]
public class Customer
{


    private int _idcustomer;
    public int IDCustomer {
        get { return _idcustomer; }
        set { _idcustomer = value; }
    }


    private System.DateTime _RegistrationDate;
    public System.DateTime RegistrationDate {
        get { return _RegistrationDate; }
        set { _RegistrationDate = value; }
    }


    private string _Name;
    public string Name {
        get { return _Name; }
        set { _Name = value; }
    }


    private string _Surname;
    public string Surname {
        get { return _Surname; }
        set { _Surname = value; }
    }
}


[Serializable()]
public class Product
{


    private int _ProductID;
    public int ProductID {
        get { return _ProductID; }
        set { _ProductID = value; }
    }


    private string _ProductName;
    public string ProductName {
        get { return _ProductName; }
        set { _ProductName = value; }
    }


    private int _Price;
    public int Price {
        get { return _Price; }
        set { _Price = value; }
    }


    private bool _inStock;
    public bool inStock {
        get { return _inStock; }
        set { _inStock = value; }
    }
}


[Serializable()]
public class Order
{


    private int _OrderId;
    public int OrderID {
        get { return _OrderId; }
        set { _OrderId = value; }
    }


    private int _customerID;
    public int CustomerID {
        get { return _customerID; }
        set { _customerID = value; }
    }


    private List<Product> _ProductsList;
    public List<Product> ProductsList {
        get { return _ProductsList; }
        set { _ProductsList = value; }
    }


    private System.DateTime _PurchaseDate;
    public System.DateTime PurchaseDate {
        get { return _PurchaseDate; }
        set { _PurchaseDate = value; }
    }


    private string _PaymentMethod;
    public string PaymentMethod {
        get { return _PaymentMethod; }
        set { _PaymentMethod = value; }
    }

    public string ToJson()
    {
        string json = string.Empty;
        JavaScriptSerializer js = new JavaScriptSerializer();
        json = js.Serialize(this);
        js = null;
        return json;
    }

}

}

VBNET उदाहरण

Imports System
Imports System.Web
Imports System.Web.Script.Serialization
Namespace Samples
<Serializable()>
Public Class Customer

    Private _idcustomer As Integer

    Public Property IDCustomer() As Integer
        Get
            Return _idcustomer
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _idcustomer = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _RegistrationDate As Date

    Public Property RegistrationDate() As Date
        Get
            Return _RegistrationDate
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Date)
            _RegistrationDate = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _Name As String

    Public Property Name() As String
        Get
            Return _Name
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            _Name = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _Surname As String

    Public Property Surname() As String
        Get
            Return _Surname
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            _Surname = value
        End Set
    End Property
End Class


<Serializable()>
Public Class Product

    Private _ProductID As Integer

    Public Property ProductID() As Integer
        Get
            Return _ProductID
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _ProductID = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _ProductName As String

    Public Property ProductName() As String
        Get
            Return _ProductName
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            _ProductName = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _Price As Integer

    Public Property Price() As Integer
        Get
            Return _Price
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _Price = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _inStock As Boolean

    Public Property inStock() As Boolean
        Get
            Return _inStock
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Boolean)
            _inStock = value
        End Set
    End Property
End Class


<Serializable>
Public Class Order

    Private _OrderId As Integer

    Public Property OrderID() As Integer
        Get
            Return _OrderId
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _OrderId = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _customerID As Integer

    Public Property CustomerID() As Integer
        Get
            Return _customerID
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _customerID = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _ProductsList As List(Of Product)

    Public Property ProductsList() As List(Of Product)
        Get
            Return _ProductsList
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As List(Of Product))
            _ProductsList = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _PurchaseDate As Date

    Public Property PurchaseDate() As Date
        Get
            Return _PurchaseDate
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Date)
            _PurchaseDate = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _PaymentMethod As String

    Public Property PaymentMethod() As String
        Get
            Return _PaymentMethod
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            _PaymentMethod = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Public Function ToJson() As String
        Dim json As String = String.Empty
        Dim js As New JavaScriptSerializer
        json = js.Serialize(Me)
        js = Nothing
        Return json
    End Function

End Class

एंड नेमस्पेस

दूसरा कदम इस तरह एक सरल परीक्षण डेटा बनाना है:

सी#

  void Main() {
    List<Samples.Product> ListProducts = new List<Samples.Product>();
    ListProducts.Add(new Samples.Product(), With, {.inStock=False,.Price=10, .ProductID=1,.ProductName=BookOne);
    ListProducts.Add(new Samples.Product(), With, {.inStock=False,. Price=10, .ProductID=2, .ProductName=Hotels California);
    ListProducts.Add(new Samples.Product(), With, {.inStock=False,.Price=10,.ProductID=3,.ProductName=Cbr);
    ListProducts.Add(new Samples.Product(), With, {.inStock=False,.Price=10,.ProductID=4,.ProductName=Mustang);
    ListProducts.Add(new Samples.Product(), With, {.inStock=False,.Price=10, .ProductID=15,.ProductName=Anything);
    ListProducts.Add(new Samples.Product(), With, {.inStock=False,.Price=10,.ProductID=38,.ProductName=Monster Truck);
    Samples.Customer Customer = new Samples.Customer();
    // With...
    Customer.IDCustomer = 1;
    Customer.Name = "Customer1";
    Customer.RegistrationDate = Now;
    Customer.Surname = "SurnameCustomer";
    Samples.Order Order = new Samples.Order();
    // With...
    Order.CustomerID = Customer.IDCustomer;
    Order.OrderID = 1;
    Order.PaymentMethod = "PayPal";
    Order.ProductsList = ListProducts;
    Order.PurchaseDate = Now;
    Console.WriteLine(Order.ToJson);
    Console.ReadLine();
}

VB.NET

Sub Main()
    Dim ListProducts As New List(Of Samples.Product)

    ListProducts.Add(New Samples.Product With {.inStock = False, .Price = 10,
                     .ProductID = 1, .ProductName = "BookOne"})
    ListProducts.Add(New Samples.Product With {.inStock = False, .Price = 10,
                     .ProductID = 2, .ProductName = "Hotels California"})
    ListProducts.Add(New Samples.Product With {.inStock = False, .Price = 10,
                     .ProductID = 3, .ProductName = "Cbr"})
    ListProducts.Add(New Samples.Product With {.inStock = False, .Price = 10,
                     .ProductID = 4, .ProductName = "Mustang"})
    ListProducts.Add(New Samples.Product With {.inStock = False, .Price = 10,
                     .ProductID = 15, .ProductName = "Anything"})
    ListProducts.Add(New Samples.Product With {.inStock = False, .Price = 10,
                     .ProductID = 38, .ProductName = "Monster Truck"})

    Dim Customer As New Samples.Customer
    With {.IDCustomer = 1, .Name = "Customer1",.RegistrationDate = Now, .Surname  ="SurnameCustomer"}

    Dim Order As New Samples.Order With {
        .CustomerID = Customer.IDCustomer,
        .OrderID =       1,
        .PaymentMethod = "PayPal",
        .ProductsList = ListProducts,
        .PurchaseDate = Now
    }
    Console.WriteLine(Order.ToJson)
    Console.ReadLine()
End Sub

और यह अंतिम परिणाम है:

{"OrderID":1,"CustomerID":1,"ProductsList":[{"ProductID":1,"ProductName":"BookOn
 e","Price":10,"inStock":false},{"ProductID":2,"ProductName":"Hotels California",
 "Price":10,"inStock":false},{"ProductID":3,"ProductName":"Cbr","Price":10,"inSto
 ck":false},{"ProductID":4,"ProductName":"Mustang","Price":10,"inStock":false},{"
 ProductID":15,"ProductName":"Anything","Price":10,"inStock":false},{"ProductID":
 38,"ProductName":"Monster Truck","Price":10,"inStock":false}],"PurchaseDate":"\/
 Date(1396642206155)\/","PaymentMethod":"PayPal"}

अपने लक्ष्य को प्राप्त करने के लिए system.web.extension.dll का संदर्भ जोड़ने के लिए याद रखें।


यहां वास्तव में निफ्टी उपयोगिता है: http://csharp2json.io/


serializer

 public static void WriteToJsonFile<T>(string filePath, T objectToWrite, bool append = false) where T : new()
{
        var contentsToWriteToFile = JsonConvert.SerializeObject(objectToWrite, new JsonSerializerSettings
        {
            Formatting = Formatting.Indented,
        });
        using (var writer = new StreamWriter(filePath, append))
        {
            writer.Write(contentsToWriteToFile);
        }
}

वस्तु

namespace MyConfig
{
    public class AppConfigurationSettings
    {
        public AppConfigurationSettings()
        {
            /* initialize the object if you want to output a new document
             * for use as a template or default settings possibly when 
             * an app is started.
             */
            if (AppSettings == null) { AppSettings=new AppSettings();}
        }

        public AppSettings AppSettings { get; set; }
    }

    public class AppSettings
    {
        public bool DebugMode { get; set; } = false;
    }
}

कार्यान्वयन

var jsonObject = new AppConfigurationSettings();
WriteToJsonFile<AppConfigurationSettings>(file.FullName, jsonObject);

उत्पादन

{
  "AppSettings": {
    "DebugMode": false
  }
}

मैं सर्विसस्टैक के JSON Serializer के लिए वोट दूंगा:

using ServiceStack.Text

string jsonString = new { FirstName = "James" }.ToJson();

यह .NET के लिए उपलब्ध सबसे तेज़ JSON serializer भी है: http://www.servicestack.net/benchmarks/


Wooou! एक JSON ढांचे का उपयोग कर वास्तव में बेहतर :)

Json.NET ( http://james.newtonking.com/json ) का उपयोग करके मेरा उदाहरण यहां दिया गया है:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using Newtonsoft.Json;
using System.IO;

namespace com.blogspot.jeanjmichel.jsontest.model
{
    public class Contact
    {
        private Int64 id;
        private String name;
        List<Address> addresses;

        public Int64 Id
        {
            set { this.id = value; }
            get { return this.id; }
        }

        public String Name
        {
            set { this.name = value; }
            get { return this.name; }
        }

        public List<Address> Addresses
        {
            set { this.addresses = value; }
            get { return this.addresses; }
        }

        public String ToJSONRepresentation()
        {
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
            JsonWriter jw = new JsonTextWriter(new StringWriter(sb));

            jw.Formatting = Formatting.Indented;
            jw.WriteStartObject();
            jw.WritePropertyName("id");
            jw.WriteValue(this.Id);
            jw.WritePropertyName("name");
            jw.WriteValue(this.Name);

            jw.WritePropertyName("addresses");
            jw.WriteStartArray();

            int i;
            i = 0;

            for (i = 0; i < addresses.Count; i++)
            {
                jw.WriteStartObject();
                jw.WritePropertyName("id");
                jw.WriteValue(addresses[i].Id);
                jw.WritePropertyName("streetAddress");
                jw.WriteValue(addresses[i].StreetAddress);
                jw.WritePropertyName("complement");
                jw.WriteValue(addresses[i].Complement);
                jw.WritePropertyName("city");
                jw.WriteValue(addresses[i].City);
                jw.WritePropertyName("province");
                jw.WriteValue(addresses[i].Province);
                jw.WritePropertyName("country");
                jw.WriteValue(addresses[i].Country);
                jw.WritePropertyName("postalCode");
                jw.WriteValue(addresses[i].PostalCode);
                jw.WriteEndObject();
            }

            jw.WriteEndArray();

            jw.WriteEndObject();

            return sb.ToString();
        }

        public Contact()
        {
        }

        public Contact(Int64 id, String personName, List<Address> addresses)
        {
            this.id = id;
            this.name = personName;
            this.addresses = addresses;
        }

        public Contact(String JSONRepresentation)
        {
            //To do
        }
    }
}

कसौटी:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using com.blogspot.jeanjmichel.jsontest.model;

namespace com.blogspot.jeanjmichel.jsontest.main
{
    public class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            List<Address> addresses = new List<Address>();
            addresses.Add(new Address(1, "Rua Dr. Fernandes Coelho, 85", "15º andar", "São Paulo", "São Paulo", "Brazil", "05423040"));
            addresses.Add(new Address(2, "Avenida Senador Teotônio Vilela, 241", null, "São Paulo", "São Paulo", "Brazil", null));

            Contact contact = new Contact(1, "Ayrton Senna", addresses);

            Console.WriteLine(contact.ToJSONRepresentation());
            Console.ReadKey();
        }
    }
}

परिणाम:

{
  "id": 1,
  "name": "Ayrton Senna",
  "addresses": [
    {
      "id": 1,
      "streetAddress": "Rua Dr. Fernandes Coelho, 85",
      "complement": "15º andar",
      "city": "São Paulo",
      "province": "São Paulo",
      "country": "Brazil",
      "postalCode": "05423040"
    },
    {
      "id": 2,
      "streetAddress": "Avenida Senador Teotônio Vilela, 241",
      "complement": null,
      "city": "São Paulo",
      "province": "São Paulo",
      "country": "Brazil",
      "postalCode": null
    }
  ]
}

अब मैं कन्स्ट्रक्टर विधि को कार्यान्वित करूंगा जो एक JSON स्ट्रिंग प्राप्त करेगा और कक्षा के फ़ील्ड को पॉप्युलेट करेगा।


इस तरह के रूप में आसान, गतिशील वस्तुओं के लिए भी काम करता है (प्रकार वस्तु):

string json = new
System.Web.Script.Serialization.JavaScriptSerializer().Serialize(MYOBJECT);

XML को JSON में कनवर्ट करने के लिए नीचे दिए गए कोड का उपयोग करें।

var json = new JavaScriptSerializer().Serialize(obj);

DataContractJsonSerializer क्लास का उपयोग करें: MSDN1 , MSDN2

मेरा उदाहरण: HERE

यह JSS स्ट्रिंग से ऑब्जेक्ट्स को सुरक्षित रूप से deserialize कर सकते हैं, JavaScriptSerializer Serializer के विपरीत। लेकिन व्यक्तिगत रूप से मैं अभी भी Json.NET . Json.NET पसंद करता Json.NET





serialization