ruby on rails रेल संघों-has_many=>: के माध्यम से-लेकिन एक ही मॉडल




ruby-on-rails associations (2)

मैं क्या करने की कोशिश कर रहा हूँ:

मेरा एक ब्लॉग है और मैं मुख्य पोस्ट के नीचे संबंधित पोस्ट दिखाना चाहता हूं।

class Post < ActiveRecord::Base

  has_many :related_posts
  has_many :posts, :through => :related_posts

end

और फिर join model / table में

class RelatedPost < ActiveRecord::Base

  belongs_to :post

end

और निश्चित रूप से एक तालिका है, जिसे दो पोस्ट कॉलम के साथ related_posts कहा जाता है।

जाहिर है कि इसके साथ कई खामियां हैं, मुझे यकीन नहीं है कि इस एसोसिएशन को रेल में कैसे काम करना है।


यह एक दिलचस्प सवाल था।

मैंने आपके उपयोग के मामले के लिए सिर्फ एक काम करने वाला ऐप बनाया है।

post.related_posts आपको पोस्ट से संबंधित सभी पोस्ट देगा, जबकि पोस्ट.inverse_related_posts आपको पोस्ट से संबंधित सभी पोस्ट देगा।

यहाँ मेरे मॉडल क्या दिखते हैं:

class Post < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :related_posts_association, :class_name => "RelatedPost"
  has_many :related_posts, :through => :related_posts_association, :source => :related_post
  has_many :inverse_related_posts_association, :class_name => "RelatedPost", :foreign_key => "related_post_id"
  has_many :inverse_related_posts, :through => :inverse_related_posts_association, :source => :post
end

class RelatedPost < ActiveRecord::Base
  belongs_to :post
  belongs_to :related_post, :class_name => "Post"
end

मेरा स्कीमा:

ActiveRecord::Schema.define(:version => 20110702194300) do

  create_table "posts", :force => true do |t|
    t.string   "name"
    t.datetime "created_at"
    t.datetime "updated_at"
  end

  create_table "related_posts", :force => true do |t|
    t.integer  "post_id"
    t.integer  "related_post_id"
    t.datetime "created_at"
    t.datetime "updated_at"
  end

end

यहाँ कंसोल सत्र का एक डंप है जो संबंध प्रदर्शित करता है।

ruby-1.9.2-p180:001:0>> p = Post.create! name: "Hello"
  SQL (23.5ms)  INSERT INTO "posts" ("created_at", "name", "updated_at") VALUES (?, ?, ?)  [["created_at", Sat, 02 Jul 2011 20:03:43 UTC +00:00], ["name", "Hello"], ["updated_at", Sat, 02 Jul 2011 20:03:43 UTC +00:00]]
# => #<Post id: 1, name: "Hello", created_at: "2011-07-02 20:03:43", updated_at: "2011-07-02 20:03:43">
ruby-1.9.2-p180:002:0>> p2 = Post.create! name: "World"
  SQL (1.0ms)  INSERT INTO "posts" ("created_at", "name", "updated_at") VALUES (?, ?, ?)  [["created_at", Sat, 02 Jul 2011 20:03:48 UTC +00:00], ["name", "World"], ["updated_at", Sat, 02 Jul 2011 20:03:48 UTC +00:00]]
# => #<Post id: 2, name: "World", created_at: "2011-07-02 20:03:48", updated_at: "2011-07-02 20:03:48">
ruby-1.9.2-p180:003:0>> p.related_posts
  Post Load (0.2ms)  SELECT "posts".* FROM "posts" INNER JOIN "related_posts" ON "posts"."id" = "related_posts"."related_post_id" WHERE "related_posts"."post_id" = 1
# => []
ruby-1.9.2-p180:004:0>> p2.related_posts
  Post Load (0.4ms)  SELECT "posts".* FROM "posts" INNER JOIN "related_posts" ON "posts"."id" = "related_posts"."related_post_id" WHERE "related_posts"."post_id" = 2
# => []
ruby-1.9.2-p180:005:0>> p.related_posts << p2
  SQL (0.7ms)  INSERT INTO "related_posts" ("created_at", "post_id", "related_post_id", "updated_at") VALUES (?, ?, ?, ?)  [["created_at", Sat, 02 Jul 2011 20:04:01 UTC +00:00], ["post_id", 1], ["related_post_id", 2], ["updated_at", Sat, 02 Jul 2011 20:04:01 UTC +00:00]]
# => [#<Post id: 2, name: "World", created_at: "2011-07-02 20:03:48", updated_at: "2011-07-02 20:03:48">]
ruby-1.9.2-p180:006:0>> RelatedPost.all
  RelatedPost Load (0.4ms)  SELECT "related_posts".* FROM "related_posts" 
# => [#<RelatedPost id: 1, post_id: 1, related_post_id: 2, created_at: "2011-07-02 20:04:01", updated_at: "2011-07-02 20:04:01">]
ruby-1.9.2-p180:007:0>> p2.inverse_related_posts
  Post Load (0.2ms)  SELECT "posts".* FROM "posts" INNER JOIN "related_posts" ON "posts"."id" = "related_posts"."post_id" WHERE "related_posts"."related_post_id" = 2
# => [#<Post id: 1, name: "Hello", created_at: "2011-07-02 20:03:43", updated_at: "2011-07-02 20:03:43">]
ruby-1.9.2-p180:008:0>> p = Post.first
  Post Load (0.5ms)  SELECT "posts".* FROM "posts" LIMIT 1
# => #<Post id: 1, name: "Hello", created_at: "2011-07-02 20:03:43", updated_at: "2011-07-02 20:03:43">
ruby-1.9.2-p180:009:0>> p2.related_posts << p
  SQL (25.7ms)  INSERT INTO "related_posts" ("created_at", "post_id", "related_post_id", "updated_at") VALUES (?, ?, ?, ?)  [["created_at", Sat, 02 Jul 2011 20:05:29 UTC +00:00], ["post_id", 2], ["related_post_id", 1], ["updated_at", Sat, 02 Jul 2011 20:05:29 UTC +00:00]]
  Post Load (0.3ms)  SELECT "posts".* FROM "posts" INNER JOIN "related_posts" ON "posts"."id" = "related_posts"."related_post_id" WHERE "related_posts"."post_id" = 2
# => [#<Post id: 1, name: "Hello", created_at: "2011-07-02 20:03:43", updated_at: "2011-07-02 20:03:43">]
ruby-1.9.2-p180:010:0>> p2.related_posts
# => [#<Post id: 1, name: "Hello", created_at: "2011-07-02 20:03:43", updated_at: "2011-07-02 20:03:43">]
ruby-1.9.2-p180:011:0>> exit


Loading development environment (Rails 3.1.0.rc4)
ruby-1.9.2-p180:001:0>> Post.first.related_posts
  Post Load (0.3ms)  SELECT "posts".* FROM "posts" LIMIT 1
  Post Load (0.2ms)  SELECT "posts".* FROM "posts" INNER JOIN "related_posts" ON "posts"."id" = "related_posts"."related_post_id" WHERE "related_posts"."post_id" = 1
# => [#<Post id: 2, name: "World", created_at: "2011-07-02 20:03:48", updated_at: "2011-07-02 20:03:48">]
ruby-1.9.2-p180:002:0>> Post.last.related_posts
  Post Load (0.2ms)  SELECT "posts".* FROM "posts" ORDER BY "posts"."id" DESC LIMIT 1
  Post Load (0.2ms)  SELECT "posts".* FROM "posts" INNER JOIN "related_posts" ON "posts"."id" = "related_posts"."related_post_id" WHERE "related_posts"."post_id" = 2
# => [#<Post id: 1, name: "Hello", created_at: "2011-07-02 20:03:43", updated_at: "2011-07-02 20:03:43">]

आप सेल्फ रेफरेंशियल एसोसिएशन की तलाश कर रहे हैं।

मेरा सुझाव है कि आप here. प्रेरणा लें here.







has-many-through