geolocation 구글 - Android에서 프로그래밍 방식으로 현재 GPS 위치를 얻으려면 어떻게해야하나요?




정보 사용 (18)

GPS 위치 정보 가져 오기 -

LocationManager locationManager = (LocationManager) context.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

LocationListener locationListener = new LocationListener() 
{

            @Override
            public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub

            }

            @Override
            public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub

            }

            @Override
            public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub

            }

            @Override
            public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                double latitude = location.getLatitude();
                double longitude = location.getLongitude();
                double speed = location.getSpeed(); //spedd in meter/minute
                speed = (speed*3600)/1000;      // speed in km/minute               Toast.makeText(GraphViews.this, "Current speed:" + location.getSpeed(),Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
        };

        locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locationListener);

}

프로그래밍 방식으로 GPS를 사용하여 현재 위치를 가져와야합니다. 나는 그것을 어떻게 성취 할 수 있는가?


가장 간단한 방법을 찾을 수 있습니다.

   package com.javapapers.android.geolocationfinder;

    import android.os.Bundle;
    import android.app.Activity;
    import android.content.Context;
    import android.location.Location;
    import android.location.LocationListener;
    import android.location.LocationManager;
    import android.widget.TextView;

    import android.util.Log;

    public class MainActivity extends Activity implements LocationListener{
    protected LocationManager locationManager;
    protected LocationListener locationListener;
    protected Context context;
    TextView txtLat;
    String lat;
    String provider;
    protected String latitude,longitude; 
    protected boolean gps_enabled,network_enabled;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
    txtLat = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.textview1);

    locationManager = (LocationManager) getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);
    locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 0, 0, this);
    }
    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
    txtLat = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.textview1);
    txtLat.setText("Latitude:" + location.getLatitude() + ", Longitude:" + location.getLongitude());
    }

    @Override
    public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
    Log.d("Latitude","disable");
    }

    @Override
    public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
    Log.d("Latitude","enable");
    }

    @Override
    public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
    Log.d("Latitude","status");
    }
    }

간단하고 쉬운 방법,

https://github.com/sachinvarma/EasyLocation 사용하여 위치 정보를 가져 https://github.com/sachinvarma/EasyLocation .

1 단계 : 그냥 전화하기.

new EasyLocationInit(MainActivity.this, timeInterval, fastestTimeInterval, runAsBackgroundService);

timeInterval -> setInterval (long) (inMilliSeconds) - 위치를 가져올 간격을 설정합니다.

fastestTimeInterval -> setFastestInterval (long) (inMilliSeconds) - 위치를 더 빨리 얻을 수 있다면 가져올 수 있습니다. (즉, 다른 앱이 위치 서비스를 사용하고 있습니다).

runAsBackgroundService = True -> (서비스가 백그라운드에서 실행되고 (timeInterval 및 fastestTimeInterval에 따라) 빈번하게 업데이트 됨) runAsBackgroundService = False -> (성공적인 위치 업데이트 후 서비스가 getDestroyed 됨)

2 단계 : EventBus 가입자 준비 : 구독 방법 선언 및 주석 달기, 선택적으로 스레드 모드 지정 :

예 :

     @Override
     public void onStart() {
         super.onStart();
         EventBus.getDefault().register(this);
     }

     @Override
     public void onStop() {
         super.onStop();
         EventBus.getDefault().unregister(this);
     }

  @SuppressLint("SetTextI18n")
  @Subscribe
  public void getEvent(final Event event) {

    if (event instanceof LocationEvent) {
      if (((LocationEvent) event).location != null) {
        ((TextView) findViewById(R.id.tvLocation)).setText("The Latitude is "
          + ((LocationEvent) event).location.getLatitude()
          + " and the Longitude is "
          + ((LocationEvent) event).location.getLongitude());
      }
    }
  }

그게 다야.

미래에 도움이되기를 바랍니다.


Android 용 새 위치 프로젝트를 만드는 경우 새로운 Google Play 위치 서비스를 사용해야합니다 . 사용법이 훨씬 정확하고 훨씬 간단합니다.

저는 오픈 소스 GPS 트래커 프로젝트 인 GpsTracker를 몇 년 동안 사용해 왔습니다. 최근 Android, iOS, Windows Phone 및 Java ME 휴대 전화의 정기 업데이트를 처리하도록 업데이트했습니다 . 그것은 완벽하게 작동하며 필요한 것을 수행하며 MIT 라이센스를 가지고 있습니다.

GpsTracker의 Android 프로젝트는 새로운 Google Play 서비스를 사용하며, 두 개의 서버 스택 ( ASP.NETPHP )을 사용하여 해당 전화를 추적 할 수 있습니다.


LocationManager는 마지막에 알고있는 위치를 얻는 빌드 메소드를 제공하는 클래스입니다.

1 단계 : 아래와 같이 LocationManager 객체를 생성하십시오.

LocationManager locationManager = (위치 관리자) context.getSystemService (Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

2 단계 : 기준 추가

*Criteria is use for setting accuracy*

Criteria criteria = new Criteria();
int currentapiVersion = android.os.Build.VERSION.SDK_INT;

if (currentapiVersion >= android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.HONEYCOMB) {

    criteria.setSpeedAccuracy(Criteria.ACCURACY_HIGH);
    criteria.setAccuracy(Criteria.ACCURACY_FINE);
    criteria.setAltitudeRequired(true);
    criteria.setBearingRequired(true);
    criteria.setSpeedRequired(true);

}

3 단계 : 유효한 공급자를 얻으십시오

Threre는 두 가지 유형의 제공 업체 GPS 및 네트워크입니다.

 String provider = locationManager.getBestProvider(criteria, true);

4 단계 : 가장 최근 위치 파악

Location location = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(provider);

5 단계 : 위도 및 경도 가져 오기

location 객체가 null 인 경우, 메소드 아래에서 호출을 시도하지 않습니다.

getLatitude and getLongitude is methods which returns double values


이미 많은 해답이 있지만 Google API를 사용하여 위치를 가져 오는 최신 방법을 보여주고 싶기 때문에 새로운 프로그래머는 새로운 방법을 사용할 수 있습니다.

내 블로그 demonuts.com 에서 안드로이드의 현재 위치에 대한 자세한 자습서를 작성했습니다. 또한 Android Studio로 개발 된 전체 소스 코드를 찾을 수 있습니다.

우선,이 파일을 gradle 파일에 넣으십시오.

 compile 'com.google.android.gms:play-services:9.0.2'

필요한 인터페이스를 구현한다.

public class MainActivity  extends BaseActivitiy implements GoogleApiClient.ConnectionCallbacks, GoogleApiClient.OnConnectionFailedListener, com.google.android.gms.location.LocationListener

인스턴스 선언

  private GoogleApiClient mGoogleApiClient;
  private Location mLocation;
  private LocationManager locationManager;
  private LocationRequest mLocationRequest;

이것을 onCreate() 에 넣으십시오.

 mGoogleApiClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(this)
                .addConnectionCallbacks(this)
                .addOnConnectionFailedListener(this)
                .addApi(LocationServices.API)
                .build();
        locationManager = (LocationManager) getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

마지막으로, 필요한 메소드를 오버라이드 (override)합니다.

 @Override
    public void onConnected(Bundle bundle) {
        if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED && ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            // TODO: Consider calling
            //    ActivityCompat#requestPermissions
            // here to request the missing permissions, and then overriding
            //   public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, String[] permissions,
            //                                          int[] grantResults)
            // to handle the case where the user grants the permission. See the documentation
            // for ActivityCompat#requestPermissions for more details.
            return;
        } startLocationUpdates();
        mLocation = LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.getLastLocation(mGoogleApiClient);
        if(mLocation == null){
            startLocationUpdates();
        }
        if (mLocation != null) {
            double latitude = mLocation.getLatitude();
            double longitude = mLocation.getLongitude();
        } else {
            // Toast.makeText(this, "Location not Detected", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
    }

    protected void startLocationUpdates() {
        // Create the location request
        mLocationRequest = LocationRequest.create()
                .setPriority(LocationRequest.PRIORITY_HIGH_ACCURACY)
                .setInterval(UPDATE_INTERVAL)
                .setFastestInterval(FASTEST_INTERVAL);
        // Request location updates
        if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED && ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            // TODO: Consider calling
            //    ActivityCompat#requestPermissions
            // here to request the missing permissions, and then overriding
            //   public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, String[] permissions,
            //                                          int[] grantResults)
            // to handle the case where the user grants the permission. See the documentation
            // for ActivityCompat#requestPermissions for more details.
            return;
        }
        LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.requestLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient,
                mLocationRequest, this);
        Log.d("reque", "--->>>>");
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionSuspended(int i) {
        Log.i(TAG, "Connection Suspended");
        mGoogleApiClient.connect();
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionFailed(ConnectionResult connectionResult) {
        Log.i(TAG, "Connection failed. Error: " + connectionResult.getErrorCode());
    }

    @Override
    public void onStart() {
        super.onStart();
        mGoogleApiClient.connect();
    }

    @Override
    public void onStop() {
        super.onStop();
        if (mGoogleApiClient.isConnected()) {
            mGoogleApiClient.disconnect();
        }
    }
    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {

    }

앱을 실행하기 전에 기기에서 GPS를 시작하는 것을 잊지 마십시오.


Android에서 위치 데이터를 쉽게 가져올 수있는 작은 라이브러리를 게시했으며 Android M 런타임 권한도 처리합니다.

여기에서 확인할 수 있습니다 : https://github.com/julioromano/RxLocation 및 구현을위한 예제로 소스 코드 또는 소스 코드를 사용하십시오.


다른 답변에 대한 추가 정보가 있습니다.

Android는

GPS_PROVIDER and NETWORK_PROVIDER

onLocationChanged(Location location) 에서 가져 오기 이벤트를 두 개에서 동시에 시작할 수 있습니다. 여태까지는 그런대로 잘됐다. 이제 우리는 두 가지 결과가 필요하거나 최선을 다해야합니다. GPS_PROVIDER 결과가 NETWORK_PROVIDER 보다 더 정확합니다.

Location 필드를 정의합시다.

private Location currentBestLocation = null;

위치 변경을 시작하기 전에 다음 메소드를 구현합니다. 이 메소드는 GPS와 네트워크 사이의 마지막 위치를 반환합니다. 이 방법을 사용하는 것이 가장 좋습니다.

/**
 * @return the last know best location
 */
private Location getLastBestLocation() {
    Location locationGPS = mLocationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
    Location locationNet = mLocationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);

    long GPSLocationTime = 0;
    if (null != locationGPS) { GPSLocationTime = locationGPS.getTime(); }

    long NetLocationTime = 0;

    if (null != locationNet) {
        NetLocationTime = locationNet.getTime();
    }

    if ( 0 < GPSLocationTime - NetLocationTime ) {
        return locationGPS;
    }
    else {
        return locationNet;
    }
}

새로운 위치를 검색 할 때마다 이전 위치와 비교할 것입니다.

...
static final int TWO_MINUTES = 1000 * 60 * 2;
...

onLocationChanged 새 메서드를 추가합니다.

@override
public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {

    makeUseOfNewLocation(location);

    if(currentBestLocation == null){
        currentBestLocation = location;
    }

    ....
}


/**
 * This method modify the last know good location according to the arguments.
 *
 * @param location The possible new location.
 */
void makeUseOfNewLocation(Location location) {
    if ( isBetterLocation(location, currentBestLocation) ) {
        currentBestLocation = location;
    }
}

....

/** Determines whether one location reading is better than the current location fix
 * @param location  The new location that you want to evaluate
 * @param currentBestLocation  The current location fix, to which you want to compare the new one.
 */
protected boolean isBetterLocation(Location location, Location currentBestLocation) {
    if (currentBestLocation == null) {
        // A new location is always better than no location
        return true;
    }

    // Check whether the new location fix is newer or older
    long timeDelta = location.getTime() - currentBestLocation.getTime();
    boolean isSignificantlyNewer = timeDelta > TWO_MINUTES;
    boolean isSignificantlyOlder = timeDelta < -TWO_MINUTES;
    boolean isNewer = timeDelta > 0;

    // If it's been more than two minutes since the current location, use the new location,
    // because the user has likely moved.
    if (isSignificantlyNewer) {
        return true;
        // If the new location is more than two minutes older, it must be worse.
    } else if (isSignificantlyOlder) {
        return false;
    }

    // Check whether the new location fix is more or less accurate
    int accuracyDelta = (int) (location.getAccuracy() - currentBestLocation.getAccuracy());
    boolean isLessAccurate = accuracyDelta > 0;
    boolean isMoreAccurate = accuracyDelta < 0;
    boolean isSignificantlyLessAccurate = accuracyDelta > 200;

    // Check if the old and new location are from the same provider
    boolean isFromSameProvider = isSameProvider(location.getProvider(),
                                                currentBestLocation.getProvider());

    // Determine location quality using a combination of timeliness and accuracy
    if (isMoreAccurate) {
        return true;
    } else if (isNewer && !isLessAccurate) {
        return true;
    } else if (isNewer && !isSignificantlyLessAccurate && isFromSameProvider) {
        return true;
    }
    return false;
}

/** Checks whether two providers are the same */
private boolean isSameProvider(String provider1, String provider2) {
    if (provider1 == null) {
        return provider2 == null;
    }
    return provider1.equals(provider2);
}

....

I have made a project from which we can get the accurate location using Google Play Services, GPS and Network providers. This project can be found here .

Strategy in finding the best location is that first get the location from google play services if location is found then check weather it is better or not, if location found is null restart google play services and try to fetch the location from Android Location API. Register the location on change listeners and when ever the better location is found the call back returns it to the main activity.

우리가 예를 포함해야 할 두 클래스를 사용하여 코드에서 구현하기가 매우 간단 LocationManagerInterface하고 SmartLocationManager, LocationActivity인터페이스를 구현하고 위치를 가져 SmartLocationManager을 사용하고 있습니다.

/**
 * Created by Syed Raza Mehdi Naqvi on 8/10/2016.
 */
public interface LocationManagerInterface {
    String TAG = LocationManagerInterface.class.getSimpleName();

    void locationFetched(Location mLocation, Location oldLocation, String time, String locationProvider);

}

위치 관리자 클래스가 있습니다.

import android.Manifest;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.DialogInterface;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.content.IntentSender;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.location.Location;
import android.location.LocationManager;
import android.os.Build;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v4.app.ActivityCompat;
import android.support.v4.content.ContextCompat;
import android.support.v7.app.AlertDialog;
import android.util.Log;
import android.widget.Toast;

import com.google.android.gms.common.ConnectionResult;
import com.google.android.gms.common.GooglePlayServicesUtil;
import com.google.android.gms.common.api.GoogleApiClient;
import com.google.android.gms.location.LocationListener;
import com.google.android.gms.location.LocationRequest;
import com.google.android.gms.location.LocationServices;

import java.text.DateFormat;
import java.util.Date;

/**
 * Created by Syed Raza Mehdi Naqvi on 8/9/2016.
 */
public class SmartLocationManager implements
        GoogleApiClient.ConnectionCallbacks, GoogleApiClient.OnConnectionFailedListener, LocationListener {

    private static final String TAG = SmartLocationManager.class.getSimpleName();

    private static final int TWO_MINUTES = 1000 * 60 * 2;
    private static final int PERMISSION_REQUEST_CODE = 1000;
    private static final int CONNECTION_FAILURE_RESOLUTION_REQUEST = 9000;

    // default value is false but user can change it
    private String mLastLocationUpdateTime;                                                         // fetched location time
    private String locationProvider;                                                                // source of fetched location

    private Location mLastLocationFetched;                                                          // location fetched
    private Location mLocationFetched;                                                              // location fetched
    private Location networkLocation;
    private Location gpsLocation;

    private int mLocationPiority;
    private long mLocationFetchInterval;
    private long mFastestLocationFetchInterval;

    private Context mContext;                                                                       // application context
    private Activity mActivity;                                                                     // activity context
    private LocationRequest mLocationRequest;
    private GoogleApiClient mGoogleApiClient;
    private LocationManagerInterface mLocationManagerInterface;

    private android.location.LocationManager locationManager;
    private android.location.LocationListener locationListener;

    boolean isGPSEnabled;
    boolean isNetworkEnabled;

    private int mProviderType;
    public static final int NETWORK_PROVIDER = 1;
    public static final int ALL_PROVIDERS = 0;
    public static final int GPS_PROVIDER = 2;

//    private final double STANDARD_LOCATION_ACCURACY = 100.0;
//    private final double STANDARD_LOCATION_SEED_LIMIT = 6.95;

    public static final int LOCATION_PROVIDER_ALL_RESTICTION = 1;
    public static final int LOCATION_PROVIDER_RESTRICTION_NONE = 0;
    public static final int LOCATION_PROVIDER_GPS_ONLY_RESTICTION = 2;
    public static final int LOCATION_PROVIDER_NETWORK_ONLY_RESTICTION = 3;
    private int mForceNetworkProviders = 0;

    public SmartLocationManager(Context context, Activity activity, LocationManagerInterface locationInterface, int providerType, int locationPiority, long locationFetchInterval, long fastestLocationFetchInterval, int forceNetworkProviders) {
        mContext = context;
        mActivity = activity;
        mProviderType = providerType;

        mLocationPiority = locationPiority;
        mForceNetworkProviders = forceNetworkProviders;
        mLocationFetchInterval = locationFetchInterval;
        mFastestLocationFetchInterval = fastestLocationFetchInterval;

        mLocationManagerInterface = locationInterface;

        initSmartLocationManager();
    }


    public void initSmartLocationManager() {

        // 1) ask for permission for Android 6 above to avoid crash
        // 2) check if gps is available
        // 3) get location using awesome strategy

        askLocationPermission();                            // for android version 6 above
        checkNetworkProviderEnable(mForceNetworkProviders);                       //

        if (isGooglePlayServicesAvailable())                // if googleplay services available
            initLocationObjts();                            // init obj for google play service and start fetching location
        else
            getLocationUsingAndroidAPI();                   // otherwise get location using Android API
    }

    private void initLocationObjts() {
        // Create the LocationRequest object
        mLocationRequest = LocationRequest.create()
                .setPriority(mLocationPiority)
                .setInterval(mLocationFetchInterval)                    // 10 seconds, in milliseconds
                .setFastestInterval(mFastestLocationFetchInterval);     // 1 second, in milliseconds

        if (mGoogleApiClient == null) {
            mGoogleApiClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(mActivity)
                    .addConnectionCallbacks(this)
                    .addOnConnectionFailedListener(this)
                    .addApi(LocationServices.API)
                    .build();
        }

        startLocationFetching();                                        // connect google play services to fetch location
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnected(Bundle connectionHint) {
        Location location = LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.getLastLocation(mGoogleApiClient);
        startLocationUpdates();
        if (location == null) {
            LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.requestLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient, mLocationRequest, this);
            getLocationUsingAndroidAPI();
        } else {
            setNewLocation(getBetterLocation(location, mLocationFetched), mLocationFetched);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
        if (location == null) {
            getLastKnownLocation();
        } else {
            setNewLocation(getBetterLocation(location, mLocationFetched), mLocationFetched);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionSuspended(int i) {
        Log.i(TAG, "Connection suspended");
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionFailed(ConnectionResult connectionResult) {
        if (connectionResult.hasResolution()) {
            try {
                connectionResult.startResolutionForResult(mActivity, CONNECTION_FAILURE_RESOLUTION_REQUEST); // Start an Activity that tries to resolve the error
                getLocationUsingAndroidAPI();                                                                // try to get location using Android API locationManager
            } catch (IntentSender.SendIntentException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        } else {
            Log.i(TAG, "Location services connection failed with code " + connectionResult.getErrorCode());
        }
    }

    private void setNewLocation(Location location, Location oldLocation) {
        if (location != null) {
            mLastLocationFetched = oldLocation;
            mLocationFetched = location;
            mLastLocationUpdateTime = DateFormat.getTimeInstance().format(new Date());
            locationProvider = location.getProvider();
            mLocationManagerInterface.locationFetched(location, mLastLocationFetched, mLastLocationUpdateTime, location.getProvider());
        }
    }

    private void getLocationUsingAndroidAPI() {
        // Acquire a reference to the system Location Manager
        locationManager = (LocationManager) mContext.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

        setLocationListner();
        captureLocation();
    }

    public void captureLocation() {
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23 &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            return;
        }
        try {
            if (mProviderType == SmartLocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER) {
                locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locationListener);
            } else if (mProviderType == SmartLocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER) {
                locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locationListener);
            } else {
                locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locationListener);
                locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locationListener);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            Log.e(TAG, e.getMessage());
        }
    }

    private void setLocationListner() {
        // Define a listener that responds to location updates
        locationListener = new android.location.LocationListener() {
            public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
                // Called when a new location is found by the network location provider.
                if (location == null) {
                    getLastKnownLocation();
                } else {
                    setNewLocation(getBetterLocation(location, mLocationFetched), mLocationFetched);
//                    if (isLocationAccurate(location) && location.getAccuracy() < STANDARD_LOCATION_ACCURACY && location.getSpeed() < STANDARD_LOCATION_SEED_LIMIT) {// no use of this if
//                        setNewLocation(getBetterLocation(location, mLocationFetched), mLocationFetched);
//                    } else {
//                        setNewLocation(getBetterLocation(location, mLocationFetched), mLocationFetched);
//                    }
                }
            }

            public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
            }

            public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
            }

            public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
            }
        };
    }

    public Location getAccurateLocation() {
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23 &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            return null;
        }
        try {
            gpsLocation = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
            networkLocation = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);
            Location newLocalGPS, newLocalNetwork;
            if (gpsLocation != null || networkLocation != null) {
                newLocalGPS = getBetterLocation(mLocationFetched, gpsLocation);
                newLocalNetwork = getBetterLocation(mLocationFetched, networkLocation);
                setNewLocation(getBetterLocation(newLocalGPS, newLocalNetwork), mLocationFetched);
            }
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            Log.e(TAG, ex.getMessage());
        }
        return mLocationFetched;
    }

    protected void startLocationUpdates() {
        LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.requestLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient, mLocationRequest, this);
    }

    public void startLocationFetching() {
        mGoogleApiClient.connect();
        if (mGoogleApiClient.isConnected()) {
            startLocationUpdates();
        }
    }

    public void pauseLocationFetching() {
        if (mGoogleApiClient.isConnected()) {
            LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.removeLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient, this);
            mGoogleApiClient.disconnect();
        }

    }

    public void abortLocationFetching() {
        mGoogleApiClient.disconnect();

        // Remove the listener you previously added
        if (locationManager != null && locationListener != null) {
            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23 &&
                    ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED &&
                    ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                return;
            }
            try {
                locationManager.removeUpdates(locationListener);
                locationManager = null;
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                Log.e(TAG, ex.getMessage());

            }
        }
    }

    public void resetLocation() {
        mLocationFetched = null;
        mLastLocationFetched = null;
        networkLocation = null;
        gpsLocation = null;
    }

    //  Android M Permission check
    public void askLocationPermission() {

        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {


            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mActivity, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED
                    || ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mActivity, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED
                    ) {
                if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(mActivity, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION)
                        || ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(mActivity, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION)) {

                    final AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(mActivity);
                    builder.setMessage("Please allow all permissions in App Settings for additional functionality.")
                            .setCancelable(false)
                            .setPositiveButton("Allow", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                                public void onClick(@SuppressWarnings("unused") final DialogInterface dialog, @SuppressWarnings("unused") final int id) {
                                    Toast.makeText(mContext, "Welcome", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                                }
                            })
                            .setNegativeButton("Deny", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                                public void onClick(final DialogInterface dialog, @SuppressWarnings("unused") final int id) {
                                    mActivity.finish();
                                }
                            });
                    final AlertDialog alert = builder.create();
                    alert.show();

                } else
                    ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(mActivity, new String[]{Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION
                            , Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION
                    }, PERMISSION_REQUEST_CODE);

            }
        }
    }

    public void checkNetworkProviderEnable(int enforceActive) {
        locationManager = (LocationManager) mContext.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

        isGPSEnabled = locationManager.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
        isNetworkEnabled = locationManager.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);

        if (!isGPSEnabled && !isNetworkEnabled) {
            buildAlertMessageTurnOnLocationProviders("Your location providers seems to be disabled, please enable it", "OK", "Cancel");
        } else if (!isGPSEnabled && mForceNetworkProviders == LOCATION_PROVIDER_GPS_ONLY_RESTICTION) {
            buildAlertMessageTurnOnLocationProviders("Your GPS seems to be disabled, please enable it", "OK", "Cancel");
        } else if (!isNetworkEnabled && mForceNetworkProviders == LOCATION_PROVIDER_NETWORK_ONLY_RESTICTION) {
            buildAlertMessageTurnOnLocationProviders("Your Network location provider seems to be disabled, please enable it", "OK", "Cancel");
        }
        // getting network status

        if (!isGPSEnabled && !isNetworkEnabled) {
            Toast.makeText(mContext, "Location can't be fetched!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show(); // show alert
            mActivity.finish();
        }
    }

    private void buildAlertMessageTurnOnLocationProviders(String message, String positiveButtonText, String negativeButtonText) {
        final AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(mActivity);
        builder.setMessage(message)
                .setCancelable(false)
                .setPositiveButton(positiveButtonText, new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                    public void onClick(@SuppressWarnings("unused") final DialogInterface dialog, @SuppressWarnings("unused") final int id) {
                        Intent mIntent = new Intent(android.provider.Settings.ACTION_LOCATION_SOURCE_SETTINGS);
                        mIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
                        mContext.startActivity(mIntent);
                    }
                })
                .setNegativeButton(negativeButtonText, new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                    public void onClick(final DialogInterface dialog, @SuppressWarnings("unused") final int id) {
                        mActivity.finish();
                    }
                });
        final AlertDialog alert = builder.create();
        alert.show();
    }


    public Location getLastKnownLocation() {
        locationProvider = LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER;
        Location lastKnownLocation = null;
        // Or use LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23 &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            return lastKnownLocation;
        }
        try {
            lastKnownLocation = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(locationProvider);
            return lastKnownLocation;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            Log.e(TAG, e.getMessage());
        }
        return lastKnownLocation;
    }

    public boolean isGooglePlayServicesAvailable() {
        int status = GooglePlayServicesUtil.isGooglePlayServicesAvailable(mContext);

        if (status == ConnectionResult.SUCCESS) {
            return true;
        } else {
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Determines whether one Location reading is better than the current Location fix
     *
     * @param location            The new Location that you want to evaluate
     * @param currentBestLocation The current Location fix, to which you want to compare the new one
     */
    protected Location getBetterLocation(Location location, Location currentBestLocation) {
        if (currentBestLocation == null) {
            // A new location is always better than no location
            return location;
        }

        // Check whether the new location fix is newer or older
        long timeDelta = location.getTime() - currentBestLocation.getTime();
        boolean isSignificantlyNewer = timeDelta > TWO_MINUTES;
        boolean isSignificantlyOlder = timeDelta < -TWO_MINUTES;
        boolean isNewer = timeDelta > 0;

        // If it's been more than two minutes since the current location, use the new location
        // because the user has likely moved
        if (isSignificantlyNewer) {
            return location;
            // If the new location is more than two minutes older, it must be worse
        } else if (isSignificantlyOlder) {
            return currentBestLocation;
        }

        // Check whether the new location fix is more or less accurate
        int accuracyDelta = (int) (location.getAccuracy() - currentBestLocation.getAccuracy());
        boolean isLessAccurate = accuracyDelta > 0;
        boolean isMoreAccurate = accuracyDelta < 0;
        boolean isSignificantlyLessAccurate = accuracyDelta > 200;

        // Check if the old and new location are from the same provider
        boolean isFromSameProvider = isSameProvider(location.getProvider(),
                currentBestLocation.getProvider());

        // Determine location quality using a combination of timeliness and accuracy
        if (isMoreAccurate) {
            return location;
        } else if (isNewer && !isLessAccurate) {
            return location;
        } else if (isNewer && !isSignificantlyLessAccurate && isFromSameProvider) {
            return location;
        }
        return currentBestLocation;
    }

    /**
     * Checks whether two providers are the same
     */

    private boolean isSameProvider(String provider1, String provider2) {
        if (provider1 == null) {
            return provider2 == null;
        }
        return provider1.equals(provider2);
    }

    public boolean isLocationAccurate(Location location) {
        if (location.hasAccuracy()) {
            return true;
        } else {
            return false;
        }
    }

    public Location getStaleLocation() {
        if (mLastLocationFetched != null) {
            return mLastLocationFetched;
        }
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23 &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            return null;
        }
        if (mProviderType == SmartLocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER) {
            return locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
        } else if (mProviderType == SmartLocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER) {
            return locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);
        } else {
            return getBetterLocation(locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER), locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER));
        }
    }
}

우리는 그것을 활동이나 단편과 함께 사용할 수 있습니다. 여기서는 활동과 함께 사용하고 있습니다.

import android.location.Location;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

import com.example.raza.locationaware.location.LocationManagerInterface;
import com.example.raza.locationaware.location.SmartLocationManager;
import com.google.android.gms.location.LocationRequest;

public class LocationActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements LocationManagerInterface {

    public static final String TAG = LocationActivity.class.getSimpleName();

    SmartLocationManager mLocationManager;
    TextView mLocalTV, mLocationProviderTV, mlocationTimeTV;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_location);
        mLocationManager = new SmartLocationManager(getApplicationContext(), this, this, SmartLocationManager.ALL_PROVIDERS, LocationRequest.PRIORITY_HIGH_ACCURACY, 10 * 1000, 1 * 1000, SmartLocationManager.LOCATION_PROVIDER_RESTRICTION_NONE); // init location manager
        mLocalTV = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.locationDisplayTV);
        mLocationProviderTV = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.locationProviderTV);
        mlocationTimeTV = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.locationTimeFetchedTV);
    }

    protected void onStart() {
        super.onStart();
        mLocationManager.startLocationFetching();
    }

    protected void onStop() {
        super.onStop();
        mLocationManager.abortLocationFetching();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPause() {
        super.onPause();
        mLocationManager.pauseLocationFetching();
    }

    @Override
    public void locationFetched(Location mLocal, Location oldLocation, String time, String locationProvider) {
        Toast.makeText(getApplication(), "Lat : " + mLocal.getLatitude() + " Lng : " + mLocal.getLongitude(), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
        mLocalTV.setText("Lat : " + mLocal.getLatitude() + " Lng : " + mLocal.getLongitude());
        mLocationProviderTV.setText(locationProvider);
        mlocationTimeTV.setText(time);
    }
}

그것이 도움이 되었으면 here . 개선 사항을 친절하게 here 게시 할 것을 제안 할 수 있다면 도움이되기를 바랍니다 . 감사.


FusedLocationProviderClient를 사용하여 매우 정확한 위치를 얻었습니다
( Google Play 서비스 필요 ).

필요한 사용 권한

android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION

android.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION

의존

'com.google.android.gms : play-services-location : 15.0.0'

코 틀린 코드

val client = FusedLocationProviderClient(this)
val location = client.lastLocation
location.addOnCompleteListener {
    // this is a lambda expression and we get an 'it' iterator to access the 'result'
    // it.result.latitude gives the latitude
    // it.result.longitude gives the longitude 
    val geocoder = Geocoder(applicationContext, Locale.getDefault())
    val address = geocoder.getFromLocation(it.result.latitude, it.result.longitude, 1)
    if (address != null && address.size > 0) {
        // Get the current city
        city = address[0].locality
    }
}
location.addOnFailureListener {
    // Some error in getting the location, let's log it
    Log.d("xtraces", it.message)
}

다른 답변의 일부 코드가 마음에 들지 않아서 여기 간단한 해결책이 있습니다. 이 솔루션은 활동 또는 서비스에서 위치를 추적하는 데 사용할 수 있습니다. 오래된 데이터를 명시 적으로 요청하지 않으면 너무 오래된 데이터를 반환하지 않습니다. 콜백 모드에서 실행되면 업데이트를받을 수 있고 폴 모드에서는 최신 정보를 폴링 할 수 있습니다.

일반 LocationTracker 인터페이스. 여러 유형의 위치 추적기를 사용하고 적절한 위치 추적기를 쉽게 연결할 수 있습니다.

package com.gabesechan.android.reusable.location;

import android.location.Location;

public interface LocationTracker {
    public interface LocationUpdateListener{
        public void onUpdate(Location oldLoc, long oldTime, Location newLoc, long newTime);
    }

    public void start();
    public void start(LocationUpdateListener update);

    public void stop();

    public boolean hasLocation();

    public boolean hasPossiblyStaleLocation();

    public Location getLocation();

    public Location getPossiblyStaleLocation();

}

ProviderLocationTracker-이 클래스는 GPS 또는 NETWORK의 위치를 ​​추적합니다.

package com.gabesechan.android.reusable.location;

import android.content.Context;
import android.location.Location;
import android.location.LocationListener;
import android.location.LocationManager;
import android.os.Bundle;

public class ProviderLocationTracker implements LocationListener, LocationTracker {

    // The minimum distance to change Updates in meters
    private static final long MIN_UPDATE_DISTANCE = 10; 

    // The minimum time between updates in milliseconds
    private static final long MIN_UPDATE_TIME = 1000 * 60; 

    private LocationManager lm;

    public enum ProviderType{
        NETWORK,
        GPS
    };    
    private String provider;

    private Location lastLocation;
    private long lastTime;

    private boolean isRunning;

    private LocationUpdateListener listener;

    public ProviderLocationTracker(Context context, ProviderType type) {
        lm = (LocationManager)context.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);
        if(type == ProviderType.NETWORK){
            provider = LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER;
        }
        else{
            provider = LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER;
        }
    }

    public void start(){
        if(isRunning){
            //Already running, do nothing
            return;
        }

        //The provider is on, so start getting updates.  Update current location
        isRunning = true;
        lm.requestLocationUpdates(provider, MIN_UPDATE_TIME, MIN_UPDATE_DISTANCE, this);
        lastLocation = null;
        lastTime = 0;
        return;
    }

    public void start(LocationUpdateListener update) {
        start();
        listener = update;

    }


    public void stop(){
        if(isRunning){
            lm.removeUpdates(this);
            isRunning = false;
            listener = null;
        }
    }

    public boolean hasLocation(){
        if(lastLocation == null){
            return false;
        }
        if(System.currentTimeMillis() - lastTime > 5 * MIN_UPDATE_TIME){
            return false; //stale
        }
        return true;
    }

    public boolean hasPossiblyStaleLocation(){
        if(lastLocation != null){
            return true;
        }
        return lm.getLastKnownLocation(provider)!= null;
    }

    public Location getLocation(){
        if(lastLocation == null){
            return null;
        }
        if(System.currentTimeMillis() - lastTime > 5 * MIN_UPDATE_TIME){
            return null; //stale
        }
        return lastLocation;
    }

    public Location getPossiblyStaleLocation(){
        if(lastLocation != null){
            return lastLocation;
        }
        return lm.getLastKnownLocation(provider);
    }

    public void onLocationChanged(Location newLoc) {
        long now = System.currentTimeMillis();
        if(listener != null){
            listener.onUpdate(lastLocation, lastTime, newLoc, now);
        }
        lastLocation = newLoc;
        lastTime = now;
    }

    public void onProviderDisabled(String arg0) {

    }

    public void onProviderEnabled(String arg0) {

    }

    public void onStatusChanged(String arg0, int arg1, Bundle arg2) {
    }
}

GPS와 네트워크 모두에서 추적하고 더 정확한 위치를 사용하는 FallbackLocationTracker가 있습니다.

package com.gabesechan.android.reusable.location;

import android.content.Context;
import android.location.Location;
import android.location.LocationManager;

public class FallbackLocationTracker  implements LocationTracker, LocationTracker.LocationUpdateListener {


    private boolean isRunning;

    private ProviderLocationTracker gps;
    private ProviderLocationTracker net;

    private LocationUpdateListener listener;

    Location lastLoc;
    long lastTime;

    public FallbackLocationTracker(Context context) {
        gps = new ProviderLocationTracker(context, ProviderLocationTracker.ProviderType.GPS);
        net = new ProviderLocationTracker(context, ProviderLocationTracker.ProviderType.NETWORK);
    }

    public void start(){
        if(isRunning){
            //Already running, do nothing
            return;
        }

        //Start both
        gps.start(this);
        net.start(this);
        isRunning = true;
    }

    public void start(LocationUpdateListener update) {
        start();
        listener = update;
    }


    public void stop(){
        if(isRunning){
            gps.stop();
            net.stop();
            isRunning = false;
            listener = null;
        }
    }

    public boolean hasLocation(){
        //If either has a location, use it
        return gps.hasLocation() || net.hasLocation();
    }

    public boolean hasPossiblyStaleLocation(){
        //If either has a location, use it
        return gps.hasPossiblyStaleLocation() || net.hasPossiblyStaleLocation();
    }

    public Location getLocation(){
        Location ret = gps.getLocation();
        if(ret == null){
            ret = net.getLocation();
        }
        return ret;
    }

    public Location getPossiblyStaleLocation(){
        Location ret = gps.getPossiblyStaleLocation();
        if(ret == null){
            ret = net.getPossiblyStaleLocation();
        }
        return ret;
    }

    public void onUpdate(Location oldLoc, long oldTime, Location newLoc, long newTime) {
        boolean update = false;

        //We should update only if there is no last location, the provider is the same, or the provider is more accurate, or the old location is stale
        if(lastLoc == null){
            update = true;
        }
        else if(lastLoc != null && lastLoc.getProvider().equals(newLoc.getProvider())){
            update = true;
        }
        else if(newLoc.getProvider().equals(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER)){
            update = true;
        }
        else if (newTime - lastTime > 5 * 60 * 1000){
            update = true;
        }

        if(update){
            if(listener != null){
                listener.onUpdate(lastLoc, lastTime, newLoc, newTime);                  
            }
            lastLoc = newLoc;
            lastTime = newTime;
        }

    }
}

두 가지 모두 LocationTracker 인터페이스를 구현하므로 사용하려는 인터페이스를 쉽게 변경할 수 있습니다. 폴링 모드에서 클래스를 실행하려면 start ()를 호출하면됩니다. 업데이트 모드에서 실행하려면 start (Listener)를 호출하십시오.

또한 코드에 대한 내 블로그 게시물 을 살펴보십시오.


Google Play 위치 서비스 가 제공되었으므로 개발자는 새로운 통합 위치 제공 업체를 사용하는 것이 좋습니다. 사용하기가 쉽고 정확합니다. 새로운 Google Play 위치 서비스 API를 만든 두 사람이 Google I / O 동영상 인 블루 닷 너머 : Android 위치의 새로운 기능을 시청하시기 바랍니다.

여러 모바일 플랫폼에서 위치 API를 사용하여 작업 해 왔으며이 두 사람의 작업이 실제로 혁명적이라고 생각합니다. 그것은 다양한 공급자를 사용하는 엄청난 양의 복잡성을 제거합니다. 스택 오버플로는 사용할 공급자, 마지막으로 알려진 위치를 사용할지 여부, LocationManager에서 다른 속성을 설정하는 방법 등에 대해 질문이 깔려 있습니다.이 새 API는 이러한 불확실성의 대부분을 제거하고 위치 서비스를 즐겁게 만듭니다. 용도.

필자는 Google Play 위치 서비스를 사용하여 주기적으로 위치 정보를 가져 와서 데이터베이스에 저장되고 Google지도에서 볼 수있는 위치에 웹 서버에 위치 정보를 전송하는 Android 앱을 작성했습니다. 클라이언트 소프트웨어 (Android, iOS, Windows Phone 및 Java ME 용 )와 서버 소프트웨어 (ASP.NET 및 SQL Server 또는 PHPMySQL )를 모두 작성했습니다. 이 소프트웨어는 각 플랫폼의 모국어로 작성되었으며 각각의 배경에서 올바르게 작동합니다. 마지막으로, 소프트웨어에는 MIT 라이센스가 있습니다. Android 클라이언트는 다음 위치에서 찾을 수 있습니다.

https://github.com/nickfox/GpsTracker/tree/master/phoneClients/android


위치 확인을 위해서 다음 코드를 사용할 수 있습니다. 주 활동의 onStart ()에 넣을 수 있으며 false가 반환되면 경고 대화 상자를 표시 할 수 있습니다.

private boolean isLocationAccurate()
    {
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT)
        {
            String provider = Settings.Secure
                    .getString(getContentResolver(), Settings.Secure.LOCATION_PROVIDERS_ALLOWED);
            if (provider != null && !provider.contains("gps"))
            {
                return false;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            try
            {
                int status = Settings.Secure
                        .getInt(this.getContentResolver(), Settings.Secure.LOCATION_MODE);
                if (status != Settings.Secure.LOCATION_MODE_HIGH_ACCURACY)
                {
                    return false;
                }
            }
            catch (Settings.SettingNotFoundException e)
            {
                Log.e(TAG, e.getMessage());
            }
        }

        return true;
    }

위치 찾기 방법에 간단한 코드 쓰기 작성

public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
    if (mCurrLocationMarker != null) {
        mCurrLocationMarker.remove();
    }


    //Place current location marker
    LatLng latLng = new LatLng(location.getLatitude(), location.getLongitude());
    MarkerOptions markerOptions = new MarkerOptions();
    markerOptions.position(latLng);
    markerOptions.title("Current Position");
    markerOptions.icon(BitmapDescriptorFactory.defaultMarker(BitmapDescriptorFactory.HUE_RED));
    mCurrLocationMarker = mMap.addMarker(markerOptions);

    //move map camera
    mMap.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLng(latLng));
    mMap.animateCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.zoomTo(18));

    PolylineOptions pOptions = new PolylineOptions()
            .width(5)
            .color(Color.GREEN)
            .geodesic(true);
    for (int z = 0; z < routePoints.size(); z++) {
        LatLng point = routePoints.get(z);
        pOptions.add(point);
    }
    line = mMap.addPolyline(pOptions);
    routePoints.add(latLng);
}

스마트 위치 라이브러리 사용을 권장합니다. 사용
하기가 매우 쉽고 위치 로직을 멋지게 감쌀 수 있습니다.

위치 서비스 시작 :

SmartLocation.with(context).location()
    .start(new OnLocationUpdatedListener() { ... });

단일 위치 (주기적이 아닌)를 얻으려면 oneFix 한정자를 사용할 수 있습니다. 예:

SmartLocation.with(context).location()
    .oneFix()
    .start(new OnLocationUpdatedListener() { ... });

GPS_PROVIDER or NETWORK_PROVIDER 통해 위치를 찾을 수 있습니다.

Android에서의 위치 서비스 개요.

다음은 GPS를 사용하여 위치를 찾는 예입니다. GPS를 사용할 수없는 경우 네트워크를 사용하여 위치를 찾으십시오.

GPSTracker.java

 public class GPSTracker extends Service implements LocationListener {

    private final Context mContext;

    // Flag for GPS status
    boolean isGPSEnabled = false;

    // Flag for network status
    boolean isNetworkEnabled = false;

    // Flag for GPS status
    boolean canGetLocation = false;

    Location location; // Location
    double latitude; // Latitude
    double longitude; // Longitude

    // The minimum distance to change Updates in meters
    private static final long MIN_DISTANCE_CHANGE_FOR_UPDATES = 10; // 10 meters

    // The minimum time between updates in milliseconds
    private static final long MIN_TIME_BW_UPDATES = 1000 * 60 * 1; // 1 minute

    // Declaring a Location Manager
    protected LocationManager locationManager;

    public GPSTracker(Context context) {
        this.mContext = context;
        getLocation();
    }

    public Location getLocation() {
        try {
            locationManager = (LocationManager) mContext
                    .getSystemService(LOCATION_SERVICE);

            // Getting GPS status
            isGPSEnabled = locationManager
                    .isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);

            // Getting network status
            isNetworkEnabled = locationManager
                    .isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);

            if (!isGPSEnabled && !isNetworkEnabled) {
                // No network provider is enabled
            } else {
                this.canGetLocation = true;
                if (isNetworkEnabled) {
                    locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(
                            LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER,
                            MIN_TIME_BW_UPDATES,
                            MIN_DISTANCE_CHANGE_FOR_UPDATES, this);
                    Log.d("Network", "Network");
                    if (locationManager != null) {
                        location = locationManager
                                .getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);
                        if (location != null) {
                            latitude = location.getLatitude();
                            longitude = location.getLongitude();
                        }
                    }
                }
                // If GPS enabled, get latitude/longitude using GPS Services
                if (isGPSEnabled) {
                    if (location == null) {
                        locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(
                                LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER,
                                MIN_TIME_BW_UPDATES,
                                MIN_DISTANCE_CHANGE_FOR_UPDATES, this);
                        Log.d("GPS Enabled", "GPS Enabled");
                        if (locationManager != null) {
                            location = locationManager
                                    .getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
                            if (location != null) {
                                latitude = location.getLatitude();
                                longitude = location.getLongitude();
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return location;
    }


    /**
     * Stop using GPS listener
     * Calling this function will stop using GPS in your app.
     * */
    public void stopUsingGPS(){
        if(locationManager != null){
            locationManager.removeUpdates(GPSTracker.this);
        }
    }


    /**
     * Function to get latitude
     * */
    public double getLatitude(){
        if(location != null){
            latitude = location.getLatitude();
        }

        // return latitude
        return latitude;
    }


    /**
     * Function to get longitude
     * */
    public double getLongitude(){
        if(location != null){
            longitude = location.getLongitude();
        }

        // return longitude
        return longitude;
    }

    /**
     * Function to check GPS/Wi-Fi enabled
     * @return boolean
     * */
    public boolean canGetLocation() {
        return this.canGetLocation;
    }


    /**
     * Function to show settings alert dialog.
     * On pressing the Settings button it will launch Settings Options.
     * */
    public void showSettingsAlert(){
        AlertDialog.Builder alertDialog = new AlertDialog.Builder(mContext);

        // Setting Dialog Title
        alertDialog.setTitle("GPS is settings");

        // Setting Dialog Message
        alertDialog.setMessage("GPS is not enabled. Do you want to go to settings menu?");

        // On pressing the Settings button.
        alertDialog.setPositiveButton("Settings", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog,int which) {
                Intent intent = new Intent(Settings.ACTION_LOCATION_SOURCE_SETTINGS);
                mContext.startActivity(intent);
            }
        });

        // On pressing the cancel button
        alertDialog.setNegativeButton("Cancel", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
            dialog.cancel();
            }
        });

        // Showing Alert Message
        alertDialog.show();
    }


    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
    }


    @Override
    public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
    }


    @Override
    public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
    }


    @Override
    public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
    }


    @Override
    public IBinder onBind(Intent arg0) {
        return null;
    }
}

활동 -AndroidGPSTrackingActivity.java

    public class AndroidGPSTrackingActivity extends Activity {

    Button btnShowLocation;

    // GPSTracker class
    GPSTracker gps;

    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);

        btnShowLocation = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btnShowLocation);

        // Show location button click event
        btnShowLocation.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

            @Override
            public void onClick(View arg0) {
                // Create class object
                gps = new GPSTracker(AndroidGPSTrackingActivity.this);

                // Check if GPS enabled
                if(gps.canGetLocation()) {

                    double latitude = gps.getLatitude();
                    double longitude = gps.getLongitude();

                    // \n is for new line
                    Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Your Location is - \nLat: " + latitude + "\nLong: " + longitude, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                } else {
                    // Can't get location.
                    // GPS or network is not enabled.
                    // Ask user to enable GPS/network in settings.
                    gps.showSettingsAlert();
                }
            }
        });
    }
}

레이아웃 - main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <Button android:id="@+id/btnShowLocation"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Show Location"
        android:layout_centerVertical="true"
        android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"/>
</RelativeLayout>

AndroidManifest.xml

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />

class MyLocation {
    Timer timer1;
    LocationManager lm;
    LocationResult locationResult;
    boolean gps_enabled = false;
    boolean network_enabled = false;

    public boolean getLocation(Context context, LocationResult result) {
        // I use LocationResult callback class to pass location value from
        // MyLocation to user code.
        locationResult = result;
        if (lm == null)
            lm = (LocationManager) context
                    .getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

        // Exceptions will be thrown if the provider is not permitted.
        try {
            gps_enabled = lm.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
        }
        catch (Exception ex) {
        }
        try {
            network_enabled = lm
                    .isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);
        }
        catch (Exception ex) {
        }

        // Don't start listeners if no provider is enabled.
        if (!gps_enabled && !network_enabled)
            return false;

        if (gps_enabled)
            lm.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 0, 0,
                    locationListenerGps);
        if (network_enabled)
            lm.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER, 0, 0,
                    locationListenerNetwork);
        timer1 = new Timer();
        timer1.schedule(new GetLastLocation(), 5000);
        return true;
    }

    LocationListener locationListenerGps = new LocationListener() {
        public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
            timer1.cancel();
            locationResult.gotLocation(location);
            lm.removeUpdates(this);
            lm.removeUpdates(locationListenerNetwork);
        }

        public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
        }

        public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
        }

        public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
        }
    };

    LocationListener locationListenerNetwork = new LocationListener() {
        public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
            timer1.cancel();
            locationResult.gotLocation(location);
            lm.removeUpdates(this);
            lm.removeUpdates(locationListenerGps);
        }

        public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
        }

        public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
        }

        public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
        }
    };

    class GetLastLocation extends TimerTask {
        @Override
        public void run() {
            lm.removeUpdates(locationListenerGps);
            lm.removeUpdates(locationListenerNetwork);

            Location net_loc = null, gps_loc = null;
            if (gps_enabled)
                gps_loc = lm.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
            if (network_enabled)
                net_loc = lm
                        .getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);

            // If there are both values, use the latest one.
            if (gps_loc != null && net_loc != null) {
                if (gps_loc.getTime() > net_loc.getTime())
                    locationResult.gotLocation(gps_loc);
                else
                    locationResult.gotLocation(net_loc);
                return;
            }

            if (gps_loc != null) {
                locationResult.gotLocation(gps_loc);
                return;
            }
            if (net_loc != null) {
                locationResult.gotLocation(net_loc);
                return;
            }
            locationResult.gotLocation(null);
        }
    }

    public static abstract class LocationResult {
        public abstract void gotLocation(Location location);
    }
}

이게 너를 도울 수 있기를 바란다.


현재 시간에 당신은 Java에서 표준 인 System.currentTimeMillis() 를 사용할 수 있습니다. 그런 다음 그것을 사용하여 날짜를 만들 수 있습니다.

Date currentDate = new Date(System.currentTimeMillis());

그리고 시간을 만들기 위해 다른 사람들이 언급 한 것처럼

Time currentTime = new Time();
currentTime.setToNow();




android geolocation gps location