ios - 스트레인 - swift 해상도




Swift를 사용하여 프로그래밍 방식으로 제약 조건을 추가하는 방법 (10)

나는 지난 주 이후로 어떤 조치도 취하지 않고 이것을 알아 내려고 노력 중이다. 자, UIView 코드를 사용하여 Swift 에서 프로그래밍 방식 으로 몇 가지 제약 조건UIView 에 적용해야합니다.

var new_view:UIView! = UIView(frame: CGRectMake(0, 0, 100, 100));
new_view.backgroundColor = UIColor.redColor();
view.addSubview(new_view);

var constX:NSLayoutConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: new_view, attribute: NSLayoutAttribute.CenterX, relatedBy: NSLayoutRelation.Equal, toItem: self.view, attribute: NSLayoutAttribute.CenterX, multiplier: 1, constant: 0);
self.view.addConstraint(constX);

var constY:NSLayoutConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: new_view, attribute: NSLayoutAttribute.CenterY, relatedBy: NSLayoutRelation.Equal, toItem: self.view, attribute: NSLayoutAttribute.CenterY, multiplier: 1, constant: 0);
self.view.addConstraint(constY);

var constW:NSLayoutConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: new_view, attribute: NSLayoutAttribute.Width, relatedBy: NSLayoutRelation.Equal, toItem: new_view, attribute: NSLayoutAttribute.Width, multiplier: 1, constant: 0);
self.view.addConstraint(constW);

var constH:NSLayoutConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: new_view, attribute: NSLayoutAttribute.Height, relatedBy: NSLayoutRelation.Equal, toItem: new_view, attribute: NSLayoutAttribute.Height, multiplier: 1, constant: 0);
self.view.addConstraint(constH);

그러나 Xcode는이 이상한 결과를 반환합니다.

2014-10-03 09:48:12.657 Test[35088:2454916] Unable to simultaneously satisfy constraints.  Probably at least one of the constraints in the following list is one you don't want. Try this: (1) look at each constraint and try to figure out which you don't expect; (2) find the code that added the unwanted constraint or constraints and fix it. (Note: If you're seeing NSAutoresizingMaskLayoutConstraints that you don't understand, refer to the documentation for the UIView property translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints) 
(
"<NSLayoutConstraint:0x7fa4ea446830 UIView:0x7fa4ea429290.centerX == UIView:0x7fa4ea4470f0.centerX>",
"<NSAutoresizingMaskLayoutConstraint:0x7fa4ea4516c0 h=--& v=--& UIView:0x7fa4ea429290.midX == + 50>",
"<NSLayoutConstraint:0x7fa4ea452830 'UIView-Encapsulated-Layout-Width' H:[UIView:0x7fa4ea4470f0(375)]>",
"<NSAutoresizingMaskLayoutConstraint:0x7fa4ea446db0 h=-&- v=-&- 'UIView-Encapsulated-Layout-Left' H:|-(0)-[UIView:0x7fa4ea4470f0]   (Names: '|':UIWindow:0x7fa4ea444b20 )>"
)

Will attempt to recover by breaking constraint <NSLayoutConstraint:0x7fa4ea446830 UIView:0x7fa4ea429290.centerX == UIView:0x7fa4ea4470f0.centerX>

Make a symbolic breakpoint at UIViewAlertForUnsatisfiableConstraints to catch this in the debugger. The methods in the UIConstraintBasedLayoutDebugging category on UIView listed in
<UIKit/UIView.h> may also be helpful.

2014-10-03 09:48:12.658 Test[35088:2454916] Unable to simultaneously satisfy constraints.  Probably at least one of the constraints in the following list is one you don't want. Try this: (1) look at each constraint and try to figure out which you don't expect; (2) find the code that added the unwanted constraint or constraints and fix it. (Note: If you're seeing NSAutoresizingMaskLayoutConstraints that you don't understand, refer to the documentation for the UIView property translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints)
(
"<NSLayoutConstraint:0x7fa4ea44d160 UIView:0x7fa4ea429290.centerY == UIView:0x7fa4ea4470f0.centerY>",
"<NSAutoresizingMaskLayoutConstraint:0x7fa4ea451b30 h=--& v=--& UIView:0x7fa4ea429290.midY == + 50>",
"<NSLayoutConstraint:0x7fa4ea44cf00 'UIView-Encapsulated-Layout-Height' V:[UIView:0x7fa4ea4470f0(667)]>",
"<NSAutoresizingMaskLayoutConstraint:0x7fa4ea452700 h=-&- v=-&- 'UIView-Encapsulated-Layout-Top' V:|-(0)-[UIView:0x7fa4ea4470f0]  (Names: '|':UIWindow:0x7fa4ea444b20 )>"
)

Will attempt to recover by breaking constraint <NSLayoutConstraint:0x7fa4ea44d160 UIView:0x7fa4ea429290.centerY == UIView:0x7fa4ea4470f0.centerY>

Make a symbolic breakpoint at UIViewAlertForUnsatisfiableConstraints to catch this in the debugger. The methods in the UIConstraintBasedLayoutDebugging category on UIView listed in <UIKit/UIView.h> may also be helpful.

너 나 좀 도와 줄 수있어? 고마워.


그것은 xcode 7.3.1에서 조금 다릅니다. 이게 내가 생각해내는거야.

   // creating the view
        let newView = UIView()
        newView.backgroundColor = UIColor.redColor()
        newView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
        view.addSubview(newView)

        // creating the constraint 

        // attribute and relation cannot be set directyl you need to create a cariable of them
        let layout11 = NSLayoutAttribute.CenterX
        let layout21 = NSLayoutRelation.Equal
        let layout31 = NSLayoutAttribute.CenterY
        let layout41 = NSLayoutAttribute.Width
        let layout51 = NSLayoutAttribute.Height
        let layout61 = NSLayoutAttribute.NotAnAttribute

        // defining all the constraint
        let horizontalConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: layout11, relatedBy: layout21, toItem: view, attribute: layout11, multiplier: 1, constant: 0)
        let verticalConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: layout31, relatedBy: layout21, toItem: view, attribute: layout31, multiplier: 1, constant: 0)
        let widthConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: layout41, relatedBy: layout21, toItem: nil, attribute: layout61, multiplier: 1, constant: 100)
        let heightConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: layout51, relatedBy: layout21, toItem: nil, attribute: layout61, multiplier: 1, constant: 100)

        // adding all the constraint
        NSLayoutConstraint.activateConstraints([horizontalConstraint,verticalConstraint,widthConstraint,heightConstraint])

놀이터에서 여러 개의보기에 대한 제약.

신속한 3+

  var yellowView: UIView!
    var redView: UIView!

    override func loadView() {

        // UI

        let view = UIView()
        view.backgroundColor = .white

        yellowView = UIView()
        yellowView.backgroundColor = .yellow
        view.addSubview(yellowView)

        redView = UIView()
        redView.backgroundColor = .red
        view.addSubview(redView)

        // Layout
        redView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
        yellowView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
        NSLayoutConstraint.activate([
            yellowView.topAnchor.constraint(equalTo: view.topAnchor, constant: 20),
            yellowView.leadingAnchor.constraint(equalTo: view.leadingAnchor, constant: 20),
            yellowView.widthAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: 80),
            yellowView.heightAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: 80),

            redView.bottomAnchor.constraint(equalTo: view.bottomAnchor, constant: -20),
            redView.trailingAnchor.constraint(equalTo: view.trailingAnchor,constant: -20),
            redView.widthAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: 80),
            redView.heightAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: 80)
            ])

        self.view = view
    }

제 생각에는 xcode 놀이터는 프로그래밍 방식으로 제약 조건을 추가하는 학습을위한 최고의 장소입니다.


시각적으로 배우는 데 도움이되므로 보충 답변입니다.

상용구 코드

override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()

    let myView = UIView()
    myView.backgroundColor = UIColor.blue
    myView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
    view.addSubview(myView)

    // Add constraints code here
    // ...
}

다음 예제는 각각 다른 예제와는 독립적입니다.

핀 왼쪽 가장자리

myView.leading = leadingMargin + 20

방법 1 : 앵커 스타일

let margins = view.layoutMarginsGuide
myView.leadingAnchor.constraint(equalTo: margins.leadingAnchor, constant: 20).isActive = true
  • leadingAnchor 외에도 trailingAnchor , topAnchortopAnchor 도 있습니다.

방법 2 : NSLayoutConstraint 스타일

NSLayoutConstraint(item: myView, attribute: NSLayoutAttribute.leading, relatedBy: NSLayoutRelation.equal, toItem: view, attribute: NSLayoutAttribute.leadingMargin, multiplier: 1.0, constant: 20.0).isActive = true
  • .leading 이외에 .trailing , .top.bottom 있습니다.
  • .leadingMargin 외에도 .trailingMargin , .topMargin.bottomMargin 있습니다.

너비 및 높이 설정

width = 200
height = 100

방법 1 : 앵커 스타일

myView.widthAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: 200).isActive = true
myView.heightAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: 100).isActive = true

방법 2 : NSLayoutConstraint 스타일

NSLayoutConstraint(item: myView, attribute: NSLayoutAttribute.width, relatedBy: NSLayoutRelation.equal, toItem: nil, attribute: NSLayoutAttribute.notAnAttribute, multiplier: 1, constant: 200).isActive = true
NSLayoutConstraint(item: myView, attribute: NSLayoutAttribute.height, relatedBy: NSLayoutRelation.equal, toItem: nil, attribute: NSLayoutAttribute.notAnAttribute, multiplier: 1, constant: 100).isActive = true

컨테이너의 중심

myView.centerX = centerX
myView.centerY = centerY

방법 1 : 앵커 스타일

myView.centerXAnchor.constraint(equalTo: view.centerXAnchor).isActive = true
myView.centerYAnchor.constraint(equalTo: view.centerYAnchor).isActive = true

방법 2 : NSLayoutConstraint 스타일

NSLayoutConstraint(item: myView, attribute: NSLayoutAttribute.centerX, relatedBy: NSLayoutRelation.equal, toItem: view, attribute: NSLayoutAttribute.centerX, multiplier: 1, constant: 0).isActive = true
NSLayoutConstraint(item: myView, attribute: NSLayoutAttribute.centerY, relatedBy: NSLayoutRelation.equal, toItem: view, attribute: NSLayoutAttribute.centerY, multiplier: 1, constant: 0).isActive = true

노트

  • 앵커 스타일은 NSLayoutConstraint 스타일보다 선호되는 방법입니다. 그러나 iOS 9에서만 사용할 수 있으므로 iOS 8을 지원한다면 NSLayoutConstraint Style을 사용해야합니다.
  • 위의 예는 초점을 맞추고있는 하나 또는 두 개의 제약 조건을 보여줍니다. 그러나 myView 를 테스트 프로젝트에 적절하게 배치하려면 네 가지 제약 조건이 필요했습니다.

더 읽을 거리


오류 메시지에서 알 수 있듯이 new_view.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints 가 true로 설정되어 있으므로 명시 적 제약 조건과 충돌하는 NSAutoresizingMaskLayoutConstraints 유형의 제약 조건이 있습니다.

이는 코드에서 작성하는보기의 기본 설정입니다. 다음과 같이 해제 할 수 있습니다.

var new_view:UIView! = UIView(frame: CGRectMake(0, 0, 100, 100))
new_view.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false

또한 너비와 높이 제한이 이상합니다. 뷰의 폭을 일정하게하려면, 다음과 같이하십시오.

new_view.addConstraint(NSLayoutConstraint(
    item:new_view, attribute:NSLayoutAttribute.Width,
    relatedBy:NSLayoutRelation.Equal,
    toItem:nil, attribute:NSLayoutAttribute.NotAnAttribute,
    multiplier:0, constant:100))

(원하는 너비로 100을 대체하십시오.)

배포 대상이 iOS 9.0 이상인 경우 다음 단축 코드를 사용할 수 있습니다.

new_view.widthAnchor.constraintEqualToConstant(100).active = true

어쨌든, 이와 같은 레이아웃 (고정 크기 및 부모보기 중심에 위치)을 사용하면 자동 크기 지정 마스크를 사용하고 시스템이 마스크를 제약 조건으로 변환하는 것이 더 간단합니다.

var new_view:UIView! = UIView(frame: CGRectMake(0, 0, 100, 100))
new_view.backgroundColor = UIColor.redColor();
view.addSubview(new_view);

// This is the default setting but be explicit anyway...
new_view.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = true

new_view.autoresizingMask = [ .FlexibleTopMargin, .FlexibleBottomMargin,
    .FlexibleLeftMargin, .FlexibleRightMargin ]

new_view.center = CGPointMake(view.bounds.midX, view.bounds.midY)

자동 크기 조정을 사용하면 자동 레이아웃을 사용하는 경우에도 완벽하게 합법적입니다. (UIKit은 여전히 ​​내부적으로 많은 장소에서 자동 크기 조정을 사용합니다.) 문제는 자동 크기 조정을 사용하는보기에 추가 제약 조건을 적용하는 것이 어렵다는 것입니다.


자동 레이아웃은 이미지에 제약 조건을 적용하여 실현됩니다. NSLayoutConstraint를 사용하십시오. 모든 장치에서 이상적이고 아름다운 디자인을 구현할 수 있습니다. 아래 코드를 사용해보십시오.

import UIKit

class ViewController: UIViewController {

override func viewDidLoad() {
super.viewDidLoad()

let myImageView:UIImageView = UIImageView()
myImageView.backgroundColor = UIColor.red
myImageView.image = UIImage(named:"sample_dog")!
myImageView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
myImageView.layer.borderColor = UIColor.red.cgColor
myImageView.layer.borderWidth = 10
self.view.addSubview(myImageView)

view.removeConstraints(view.constraints)


view.addConstraint(NSLayoutConstraint(
item: myImageView,
attribute: .top,
relatedBy: .equal,
toItem: view,
attribute: .top,
multiplier: 1,
constant:100)

)

view.addConstraint(NSLayoutConstraint(
item: myImageView,
attribute: .centerX,
relatedBy: .equal,
toItem: view,
attribute: .centerX,
multiplier: 1,
constant:0)
)

view.addConstraint(NSLayoutConstraint(
item: myImageView,
attribute: .height,
relatedBy: .equal,
toItem: view,
attribute: .width,
multiplier: 0.5,
constant:40))

view.addConstraint(NSLayoutConstraint(
item: myImageView,
attribute: .width,
relatedBy: .equal,
toItem: view,
attribute: .width,
multiplier: 0.5,
constant:40))

}

override func didReceiveMemoryWarning() {
    super.didReceiveMemoryWarning()
}
}


UIViewControllerUIView 안에 100 너비100 높이 의 제곱 된 UIView 가있을 계획입니까? 그렇다면 6 가지 자동 레이아웃 스타일 (Swift 4.2 / iOS 12) 중 하나를 시도해보십시오.

1. NSLayoutConstraint 초기화 프로그램 사용하기

override func viewDidLoad() {
    let newView = UIView()
    newView.backgroundColor = UIColor.red
    view.addSubview(newView)

    newView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
    let horizontalConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerX, relatedBy: NSLayoutConstraint.Relation.equal, toItem: view, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerX, multiplier: 1, constant: 0)
    let verticalConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerY, relatedBy: NSLayoutConstraint.Relation.equal, toItem: view, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerY, multiplier: 1, constant: 0)
    let widthConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.width, relatedBy: NSLayoutConstraint.Relation.equal, toItem: nil, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.notAnAttribute, multiplier: 1, constant: 100)
    let heightConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.height, relatedBy: NSLayoutConstraint.Relation.equal, toItem: nil, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.notAnAttribute, multiplier: 1, constant: 100)
    view.addConstraints([horizontalConstraint, verticalConstraint, widthConstraint, heightConstraint])
}
override func viewDidLoad() {
    let newView = UIView()
    newView.backgroundColor = UIColor.red
    view.addSubview(newView)

    newView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
    let horizontalConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerX, relatedBy: NSLayoutConstraint.Relation.equal, toItem: view, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerX, multiplier: 1, constant: 0)
    let verticalConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerY, relatedBy: NSLayoutConstraint.Relation.equal, toItem: view, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerY, multiplier: 1, constant: 0)
    let widthConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.width, relatedBy: NSLayoutConstraint.Relation.equal, toItem: nil, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.notAnAttribute, multiplier: 1, constant: 100)
    let heightConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.height, relatedBy: NSLayoutConstraint.Relation.equal, toItem: nil, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.notAnAttribute, multiplier: 1, constant: 100)
    NSLayoutConstraint.activate([horizontalConstraint, verticalConstraint, widthConstraint, heightConstraint])
}
override func viewDidLoad() {
    let newView = UIView()
    newView.backgroundColor = UIColor.red
    view.addSubview(newView)

    newView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
    NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerX, relatedBy: NSLayoutConstraint.Relation.equal, toItem: view, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerX, multiplier: 1, constant: 0).isActive = true
    NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerY, relatedBy: NSLayoutConstraint.Relation.equal, toItem: view, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerY, multiplier: 1, constant: 0).isActive = true
    NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.width, relatedBy: NSLayoutConstraint.Relation.equal, toItem: nil, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.notAnAttribute, multiplier: 1, constant: 100).isActive = true
    NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.height, relatedBy: NSLayoutConstraint.Relation.equal, toItem: nil, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.notAnAttribute, multiplier: 1, constant: 100).isActive = true
}

2. 비주얼 포맷 언어 사용

override func viewDidLoad() {
    let newView = UIView()
    newView.backgroundColor = UIColor.red
    view.addSubview(newView)

    newView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
    let views = ["view": view!, "newView": newView]
    let horizontalConstraints = NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "H:[view]-(<=0)-[newView(100)]", options: NSLayoutConstraint.FormatOptions.alignAllCenterY, metrics: nil, views: views)
    let verticalConstraints = NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "V:[view]-(<=0)-[newView(100)]", options: NSLayoutConstraint.FormatOptions.alignAllCenterX, metrics: nil, views: views)
    view.addConstraints(horizontalConstraints)
    view.addConstraints(verticalConstraints)
}
override func viewDidLoad() {
    let newView = UIView()
    newView.backgroundColor = UIColor.red
    view.addSubview(newView)

    newView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
    let views = ["view": view!, "newView": newView]
    let horizontalConstraints = NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "H:[view]-(<=0)-[newView(100)]", options: NSLayoutConstraint.FormatOptions.alignAllCenterY, metrics: nil, views: views)
    let verticalConstraints = NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "V:[view]-(<=0)-[newView(100)]", options: NSLayoutConstraint.FormatOptions.alignAllCenterX, metrics: nil, views: views)
    NSLayoutConstraint.activate(horizontalConstraints)
    NSLayoutConstraint.activate(verticalConstraints)
}

3. NSLayoutConstraint 이니셜 라이저와 Visual Format Language의 혼합 사용

override func viewDidLoad() {
    let newView = UIView()
    newView.backgroundColor = UIColor.red
    view.addSubview(newView)

    newView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
    let views = ["newView": newView]
    let widthConstraints = NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "H:[newView(100)]", options: NSLayoutConstraint.FormatOptions(rawValue: 0), metrics: nil, views: views)
    let heightConstraints = NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "V:[newView(100)]", options: NSLayoutConstraint.FormatOptions(rawValue: 0), metrics: nil, views: views)
    let horizontalConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerX, relatedBy: NSLayoutConstraint.Relation.equal, toItem: view, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerX, multiplier: 1, constant: 0)
    let verticalConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerY, relatedBy: NSLayoutConstraint.Relation.equal, toItem: view, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerY, multiplier: 1, constant: 0)
    view.addConstraints(widthConstraints)
    view.addConstraints(heightConstraints)
    view.addConstraints([horizontalConstraint, verticalConstraint])
}
override func viewDidLoad() {
    let newView = UIView()
    newView.backgroundColor = UIColor.red
    view.addSubview(newView)

    newView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
    let views = ["newView": newView]
    let widthConstraints = NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "H:[newView(100)]", options: NSLayoutConstraint.FormatOptions(rawValue: 0), metrics: nil, views: views)
    let heightConstraints = NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "V:[newView(100)]", options: NSLayoutConstraint.FormatOptions(rawValue: 0), metrics: nil, views: views)
    let horizontalConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerX, relatedBy: NSLayoutConstraint.Relation.equal, toItem: view, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerX, multiplier: 1, constant: 0)
    let verticalConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerY, relatedBy: NSLayoutConstraint.Relation.equal, toItem: view, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerY, multiplier: 1, constant: 0)
    NSLayoutConstraint.activate(widthConstraints)
    NSLayoutConstraint.activate(heightConstraints)
    NSLayoutConstraint.activate([horizontalConstraint, verticalConstraint])
}
override func viewDidLoad() {
    let newView = UIView()
    newView.backgroundColor = UIColor.red
    view.addSubview(newView)

    newView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
    let views = ["newView": newView]
    let widthConstraints = NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "H:[newView(100)]", options: NSLayoutConstraint.FormatOptions(rawValue: 0), metrics: nil, views: views)
    let heightConstraints = NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "V:[newView(100)]", options: NSLayoutConstraint.FormatOptions(rawValue: 0), metrics: nil, views: views)
    NSLayoutConstraint.activate(widthConstraints)
    NSLayoutConstraint.activate(heightConstraints)
    NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerX, relatedBy: NSLayoutConstraint.Relation.equal, toItem: view, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerX, multiplier: 1, constant: 0).isActive = true
    NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerY, relatedBy: NSLayoutConstraint.Relation.equal, toItem: view, attribute: NSLayoutConstraint.Attribute.centerY, multiplier: 1, constant: 0).isActive = true
}

4. UIView.AutoresizingMask 사용 UIView.AutoresizingMask

참고 : 스프링 및 스트럿은 런타임에 해당 자동 레이아웃 제약 조건으로 변환됩니다.

override func viewDidLoad() {
    let newView = UIView(frame: CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: 100, height: 100))
    newView.backgroundColor = UIColor.red
    view.addSubview(newView)

    newView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = true
    newView.center = CGPoint(x: view.bounds.midX, y: view.bounds.midY)
    newView.autoresizingMask = [UIView.AutoresizingMask.flexibleLeftMargin, UIView.AutoresizingMask.flexibleRightMargin, UIView.AutoresizingMask.flexibleTopMargin, UIView.AutoresizingMask.flexibleBottomMargin]
}

5. NSLayoutAnchor 사용하기

override func viewDidLoad() {
    let newView = UIView()
    newView.backgroundColor = UIColor.red
    view.addSubview(newView)

    newView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
    let horizontalConstraint = newView.centerXAnchor.constraint(equalTo: view.centerXAnchor)
    let verticalConstraint = newView.centerYAnchor.constraint(equalTo: view.centerYAnchor)
    let widthConstraint = newView.widthAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: 100)
    let heightConstraint = newView.heightAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: 100)
    view.addConstraints([horizontalConstraint, verticalConstraint, widthConstraint, heightConstraint])
}
override func viewDidLoad() {
    let newView = UIView()
    newView.backgroundColor = UIColor.red
    view.addSubview(newView)

    newView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
    let horizontalConstraint = newView.centerXAnchor.constraint(equalTo: view.centerXAnchor)
    let verticalConstraint = newView.centerYAnchor.constraint(equalTo: view.centerYAnchor)
    let widthConstraint = newView.widthAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: 100)
    let heightConstraint = newView.heightAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: 100)
    NSLayoutConstraint.activate([horizontalConstraint, verticalConstraint, widthConstraint, heightConstraint])
}
override func viewDidLoad() {
    let newView = UIView()
    newView.backgroundColor = UIColor.red
    view.addSubview(newView)

    newView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
    newView.centerXAnchor.constraint(equalTo: view.centerXAnchor).isActive = true
    newView.centerYAnchor.constraint(equalTo: view.centerYAnchor).isActive = true
    newView.widthAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: 100).isActive = true
    newView.heightAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: 100).isActive = true
}

6. intrinsicContentSizeNSLayoutAnchor

import UIKit

class CustomView: UIView {

    override var intrinsicContentSize: CGSize {
        return CGSize(width: 100, height: 100)
    }

}

class ViewController: UIViewController {

    override func viewDidLoad() {
        let newView = CustomView()
        newView.backgroundColor = UIColor.red
        view.addSubview(newView)

        newView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
        let horizontalConstraint = newView.centerXAnchor.constraint(equalTo: view.centerXAnchor)
        let verticalConstraint = newView.centerYAnchor.constraint(equalTo: view.centerYAnchor)
        NSLayoutConstraint.activate([horizontalConstraint, verticalConstraint])
    }

}

결과:


기본적으로 3 단계

fileprivate func setupName(){ 

lblName.text = "Hello world"

//Step 1
  lblName.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false

//Step 2
  self.view.addSubview(lblName)

//Step 3
  NSLayoutConstraint.activate([
   lblName.centerXAnchor.constraint(equalTo: self.view.centerXAnchor),
   lblName.centerYAnchor.constraint(equalTo: self.view.centerYAnchor)
  ])
}

이렇게하면 "hello world"레이블이 화면 중앙에 배치됩니다.

프로그래밍 방식으로 Autolayout 제약 조건 링크를 참조하십시오.


self.view너비와 높이 제한이 당신에 추가되어야하므로, 틀린 모든 정의 된 제약을 추가하고 있습니다 newView.

또한, 당신은 일정한 너비와 높이를 100 : 100로 설정하기를 원한다는 것을 이해합니다. 이 경우 코드를 다음과 같이 변경해야합니다.

var constW = NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, 
    attribute: .Width, 
    relatedBy: .Equal, 
    toItem: nil, 
    attribute: .NotAnAttribute, 
    multiplier: 1, 
    constant: 100)
newView.addConstraint(constW)

var constH = NSLayoutConstraint(item: newView, 
    attribute: .Height, 
    relatedBy: .Equal, 
    toItem: nil, 
    attribute: .NotAnAttribute, 
    multiplier: 1, 
    constant: 100)
newView.addConstraint(constH)

위가 추악한 것을 발견하면. 제약 조건에 DSL을 사용하는 것을 고려해야합니다. github.com/SnapKit/SnapKit 과 같은 제약 조건 API를 훨씬 더 사용자 친화적으로 만듭니다.

view.snp.makeConstraints { make in
    make.edges.equalToSuperview()
}

    var xCenterConstraint : NSLayoutConstraint!
    var yCenterConstraint: NSLayoutConstraint!

 xCenterConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: self.view, attribute: .CenterX, relatedBy: .Equal, toItem: (Your view NAme), attribute: .CenterX, multiplier: 1, constant: 0)
            self.view.addConstraint(xCenterConstraint)

 yCenterConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: self.view, attribute: .CenterY, relatedBy: .Equal, toItem: (Your view Name), attribute: .CenterY, multiplier: 1, constant: 0)
            self.view.addConstraint(yCenterConstraint)




nslayoutconstraint