html5 캔버스 자바스크립트 - 마우스를 사용하여 HTML5 Canvas에서 그리기




5 Answers

여기에 실제 샘플이 있습니다.

 <html>
    <script type="text/javascript">
    var canvas, ctx, flag = false,
        prevX = 0,
        currX = 0,
        prevY = 0,
        currY = 0,
        dot_flag = false;

    var x = "black",
        y = 2;
    
    function init() {
        canvas = document.getElementById('can');
        ctx = canvas.getContext("2d");
        w = canvas.width;
        h = canvas.height;
    
        canvas.addEventListener("mousemove", function (e) {
            findxy('move', e)
        }, false);
        canvas.addEventListener("mousedown", function (e) {
            findxy('down', e)
        }, false);
        canvas.addEventListener("mouseup", function (e) {
            findxy('up', e)
        }, false);
        canvas.addEventListener("mouseout", function (e) {
            findxy('out', e)
        }, false);
    }
    
    function color(obj) {
        switch (obj.id) {
            case "green":
                x = "green";
                break;
            case "blue":
                x = "blue";
                break;
            case "red":
                x = "red";
                break;
            case "yellow":
                x = "yellow";
                break;
            case "orange":
                x = "orange";
                break;
            case "black":
                x = "black";
                break;
            case "white":
                x = "white";
                break;
        }
        if (x == "white") y = 14;
        else y = 2;
    
    }
    
    function draw() {
        ctx.beginPath();
        ctx.moveTo(prevX, prevY);
        ctx.lineTo(currX, currY);
        ctx.strokeStyle = x;
        ctx.lineWidth = y;
        ctx.stroke();
        ctx.closePath();
    }
    
    function erase() {
        var m = confirm("Want to clear");
        if (m) {
            ctx.clearRect(0, 0, w, h);
            document.getElementById("canvasimg").style.display = "none";
        }
    }
    
    function save() {
        document.getElementById("canvasimg").style.border = "2px solid";
        var dataURL = canvas.toDataURL();
        document.getElementById("canvasimg").src = dataURL;
        document.getElementById("canvasimg").style.display = "inline";
    }
    
    function findxy(res, e) {
        if (res == 'down') {
            prevX = currX;
            prevY = currY;
            currX = e.clientX - canvas.offsetLeft;
            currY = e.clientY - canvas.offsetTop;
    
            flag = true;
            dot_flag = true;
            if (dot_flag) {
                ctx.beginPath();
                ctx.fillStyle = x;
                ctx.fillRect(currX, currY, 2, 2);
                ctx.closePath();
                dot_flag = false;
            }
        }
        if (res == 'up' || res == "out") {
            flag = false;
        }
        if (res == 'move') {
            if (flag) {
                prevX = currX;
                prevY = currY;
                currX = e.clientX - canvas.offsetLeft;
                currY = e.clientY - canvas.offsetTop;
                draw();
            }
        }
    }
    </script>
    <body onload="init()">
        <canvas id="can" width="400" height="400" style="position:absolute;top:10%;left:10%;border:2px solid;"></canvas>
        <div style="position:absolute;top:12%;left:43%;">Choose Color</div>
        <div style="position:absolute;top:15%;left:45%;width:10px;height:10px;background:green;" id="green" onclick="color(this)"></div>
        <div style="position:absolute;top:15%;left:46%;width:10px;height:10px;background:blue;" id="blue" onclick="color(this)"></div>
        <div style="position:absolute;top:15%;left:47%;width:10px;height:10px;background:red;" id="red" onclick="color(this)"></div>
        <div style="position:absolute;top:17%;left:45%;width:10px;height:10px;background:yellow;" id="yellow" onclick="color(this)"></div>
        <div style="position:absolute;top:17%;left:46%;width:10px;height:10px;background:orange;" id="orange" onclick="color(this)"></div>
        <div style="position:absolute;top:17%;left:47%;width:10px;height:10px;background:black;" id="black" onclick="color(this)"></div>
        <div style="position:absolute;top:20%;left:43%;">Eraser</div>
        <div style="position:absolute;top:22%;left:45%;width:15px;height:15px;background:white;border:2px solid;" id="white" onclick="color(this)"></div>
        <img id="canvasimg" style="position:absolute;top:10%;left:52%;" style="display:none;">
        <input type="button" value="save" id="btn" size="30" onclick="save()" style="position:absolute;top:55%;left:10%;">
        <input type="button" value="clear" id="clr" size="23" onclick="erase()" style="position:absolute;top:55%;left:15%;">
    </body>
    </html>

선그리기 프로그램

마우스를 사용하여 HTML Canvas에 그려야합니다 (예 : 서명 그리기, 이름 그리기 ...).

어떻게 도와 드릴까요? 일부 소스 코드를 제공하십시오. 고맙습니다







나는 서명을 위해서도이 방법을 사용하고자했다. http://codetheory.in/ 에서 샘플을 발견했다.

아래 코드를 jsfiddle 추가했습니다.

Html :

<div id="sketch">
    <canvas id="paint"></canvas>
</div>

자바 스크립트 :

 (function() {
    var canvas = document.querySelector('#paint');
    var ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');

    var sketch = document.querySelector('#sketch');
    var sketch_style = getComputedStyle(sketch);
    canvas.width = parseInt(sketch_style.getPropertyValue('width'));
    canvas.height = parseInt(sketch_style.getPropertyValue('height'));

    var mouse = {x: 0, y: 0};
    var last_mouse = {x: 0, y: 0};

    /* Mouse Capturing Work */
    canvas.addEventListener('mousemove', function(e) {
        last_mouse.x = mouse.x;
        last_mouse.y = mouse.y;

        mouse.x = e.pageX - this.offsetLeft;
        mouse.y = e.pageY - this.offsetTop;
    }, false);


    /* Drawing on Paint App */
    ctx.lineWidth = 5;
    ctx.lineJoin = 'round';
    ctx.lineCap = 'round';
    ctx.strokeStyle = 'blue';

    canvas.addEventListener('mousedown', function(e) {
        canvas.addEventListener('mousemove', onPaint, false);
    }, false);

    canvas.addEventListener('mouseup', function() {
        canvas.removeEventListener('mousemove', onPaint, false);
    }, false);

    var onPaint = function() {
        ctx.beginPath();
        ctx.moveTo(last_mouse.x, last_mouse.y);
        ctx.lineTo(mouse.x, mouse.y);
        ctx.closePath();
        ctx.stroke();
    };

}());



여기 내 아주 간단한 작업 캔버스 그리기 및 지우기입니다.

https://jsfiddle.net/richardcwc/d2gxjdva/

//Canvas
var canvas = document.getElementById('canvas');
var ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');
//Variables
var canvasx = $(canvas).offset().left;
var canvasy = $(canvas).offset().top;
var last_mousex = last_mousey = 0;
var mousex = mousey = 0;
var mousedown = false;
var tooltype = 'draw';

//Mousedown
$(canvas).on('mousedown', function(e) {
    last_mousex = mousex = parseInt(e.clientX-canvasx);
	last_mousey = mousey = parseInt(e.clientY-canvasy);
    mousedown = true;
});

//Mouseup
$(canvas).on('mouseup', function(e) {
    mousedown = false;
});

//Mousemove
$(canvas).on('mousemove', function(e) {
    mousex = parseInt(e.clientX-canvasx);
    mousey = parseInt(e.clientY-canvasy);
    if(mousedown) {
        ctx.beginPath();
        if(tooltype=='draw') {
            ctx.globalCompositeOperation = 'source-over';
            ctx.strokeStyle = 'black';
            ctx.lineWidth = 3;
        } else {
            ctx.globalCompositeOperation = 'destination-out';
            ctx.lineWidth = 10;
        }
        ctx.moveTo(last_mousex,last_mousey);
        ctx.lineTo(mousex,mousey);
        ctx.lineJoin = ctx.lineCap = 'round';
        ctx.stroke();
    }
    last_mousex = mousex;
    last_mousey = mousey;
    //Output
    $('#output').html('current: '+mousex+', '+mousey+'<br/>last: '+last_mousex+', '+last_mousey+'<br/>mousedown: '+mousedown);
});

//Use draw|erase
use_tool = function(tool) {
    tooltype = tool; //update
}
canvas {
    cursor: crosshair;
    border: 1px solid #000000;
}
<canvas id="canvas" width="800" height="500"></canvas>
<input type="button" value="draw" onclick="use_tool('draw');" />
<input type="button" value="erase" onclick="use_tool('erase');" />
<div id="output"></div>




이 문제를 구현하는 데 문제가 있으면 알려주십시오. processing.js를 사용하며 색상을 변경하고 그리기 지점을 더 크고 작게 만드는 기능이 있습니다.

<html>
<head>
<!--script librarires-->
<script type="text/javascript" src="processing.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="init.js"></script>

<!--styles -->
<style type="text/css" src="stylesheet.css">
</style> 
</head>
<body>
<!--toolbox -->
<div id="draggable toolbox"></div>
<script type="application/processing">
// new script
int prevx, prevy;
int newx, newy;
boolean cliked;
color c1 = #000000;
int largeur=2;
int ps = 20;
int px = 50;
int py = 50;

void setup() {
size(500,500);
frameRate(25);
background(50);

 prevx = mouseX;
 prevy = mouseY;
 cliked = false;
 }

void draw() {
 //couleur
 noStroke(0);
 fill(#FFFFFF);//blanc
rect(px, py, ps, ps);
 fill(#000000);
 rect(px, py+(ps), ps, ps);
 fill(#FF0000);
 rect(px, py+(ps*2), ps, ps);
 fill(#00FF00);
 rect(px, py+(ps*3), ps, ps);
 fill(#FFFF00);
 rect(px, py+(ps*4), ps, ps);
 fill(#0000FF);
 rect(px, py+(ps*5), ps, ps);
 //largeur
 fill(#FFFFFF);
 rect(px, py+(ps*7), ps, ps);
  fill(#FFFFFF);
 rect(px, py+(ps*8), ps, ps);
 stroke(#000000);
 line(px+2, py+(ps*7)+(ps/2), px+(ps-2), py+(ps*7)+(ps/2));
 line(px+(ps/2), py+(ps*7)+1, px+(ps/2), py+(ps*8)-1);
 line(px+2, py+(ps*8)+(ps/2), px+(ps-2), py+(ps*8)+(ps/2));

 if(cliked==false){
  prevx = mouseX;
 prevy = mouseY;  
 }
 if(mousePressed) { 
  cliked = true;
 newx = mouseX;
  newy = mouseY;
  strokeWeight(largeur);
  stroke(c1);
  line(prevx, prevy, newx, newy);
  prevx = newx;
 prevy = newy;
 }else{
  cliked= false;
  }
}
void mouseClicked() {
 if (mouseX>=px && mouseX<=(px+ps)){
  //couleur
  if (mouseY>=py && mouseY<=py+(ps*6)){ 
   c1 = get(mouseX, mouseY);
  }
   //largeur
  if (mouseY>=py+(ps*7) && mouseY<=py+(ps*8)){ 
   largeur += 2;
  }
 if (mouseY>=py+(ps*8) && mouseY<=py+(ps*9)){ 
   if (largeur>2){
    largeur -= 2;
   }
  }
 }
}
</script><canvas></canvas>
</body>
</html>



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