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Como eu crio um UIButton básico programaticamente? (20)

Como posso criar um UIButton básico programaticamente? Por exemplo, no meu controlador de visualização, ao executar o método viewDidLoad , três UIButton s serão criados dinamicamente e seu layout ou propriedades serão configurados.


A partir do Swift 3, várias mudanças foram feitas na sintaxe.

Aqui está como você iria criar um botão básico a partir do Swift 3:

    let button = UIButton(type: UIButtonType.system) as UIButton
    button.frame = CGRect(x: 100, y: 100, width: 100, height: 50)
    button.backgroundColor = UIColor.green
    button.setTitle("Example Button", for: UIControlState.normal)
    self.view.addSubview(button)

Aqui estão as mudanças que foram feitas desde as versões anteriores do Swift:

let button = UIButton(type: UIButtonType.System) as UIButton

// system no longer capitalised

button.frame = CGRectMake(100, 100, 100, 50)

// CGRectMake has been removed as of Swift 3

button.backgroundColor = UIColor.greenColor()

// greenColor replaced with green

button.setTitle("Example Button", forState: UIControlState.Normal)

// normal is no longer capitalised

self.view.addSubview(button)

Aqui está um:

UIButton *button = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeCustom];
[button addTarget:self 
           action:@selector(aMethod:)
 forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
[button setTitle:@"Show View" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
button.frame = CGRectMake(80.0, 210.0, 160.0, 40.0);
[view addSubview:button];

Confira este código:

CGRect frameimg = CGRectMake(15, 46, 55,70);
UIButton  *SelectionButton = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeRoundedRect];
SelectionButton.frame=frameimg;
SelectionButton.tag=i;
[SelectionButton setTitle:[SelectionArray objectAtIndex:0] forState:UIControlStateNormal];
[SelectionButton addTarget:self action:@selector(BtnSelected:)
                  forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
[SelectionButton.titleLabel setFont:[UIFont boldSystemFontOfSize:12.0]];
SelectionButton.titleLabel.lineBreakMode = NSLineBreakByWordWrapping;
SelectionButton.titleLabel.numberOfLines = 2;
SelectionButton.titleLabel.textAlignment = NSTextAlignmentCenter;
[SelectionButton setTitleColor:[UIColor grayColor] forState:(UIControlStateNormal)];
[SelectionButton setTitleColor:[UIColor blueColor] forState:UIControlStateSelected];
[SelectionButton setShowsTouchWhenHighlighted:YES];
[self.view addSubview:SelectionButton];

Espero que você ache este código útil.


Este também é um exemplo para criar três botões. Apenas mova sua localização.

UIImage *buttonOff = [UIImage imageNamed:@"crysBallNorm.png"];
UIImage *buttonOn = [UIImage imageNamed:@"crysBallHigh.png"];

UIButton *predictButton = [UIButton alloc];
predictButton = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeCustom];
predictButton.frame = CGRectMake(180.0, 510.0, 120.0, 30.0);
[predictButton setBackgroundImage:buttonOff forState:UIControlStateNormal];
[predictButton setBackgroundImage:buttonOn forState:UIControlStateHighlighted];
[predictButton setTitle:@"Predict" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
[predictButton setTitleColor:[UIColor purpleColor] forState:UIControlStateNormal];
[predictButton addTarget:self action:@selector(buttonPressed:) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
[self.view addSubview:predictButton];

Para Swift 2.2 (com o com a nova declaração "selector").

let btn = UIButton(type: UIButtonType.System) as UIButton
btn.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, 100, 20) // set any frame you want
btn.setTitle("MyAction", forState: UIControlState.Normal)
btn.addTarget(self, action: #selector(MyClass.myAction(_:)), forControlEvents: UIControlEvents.TouchUpInside)
self.view.addSubview(btn)


func myAction(sender:UIButton!){
  // Some action 
}

Para adicionar um botão programaticamente à visão do seu controlador, use o seguinte:

-(void)viewDidLoad
{
   UIButton * btn = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeRoundedRect];
   btn.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, 100, 50);
   [btn setTitle:@"Hello, world!" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
   [self.view addSubview:btn];
}

Para adicionar três destes, enxágüe e repita.


Para o Swift 3 (código ainda mais curto)

let button = UIButton(type: UIButtonType.custom)
button.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: 200.0, height: 40.0)
button.addTarget(nil, action: #selector(tapButton(_:)), for: UIControlEvents.touchUpInside)
button.tintColor = UIColor.white
button.backgroundColor = UIColor.red
button.setBackgroundImage(UIImage(named: "ImageName"), for: UIControlState.normal)
button.setTitle("MyTitle", for: UIControlState.normal)
button.isEnabled = true

func tapButton(sender: UIButton) {

}

Para o Swift 2.0:

let btnObject : UIButton  = UIButton() 
btnObject.frame = CGRect(x: 8, y: 89, width: 70, height: 22)

btnObject.titleLabel?.font = UIFont(name: "Helvetica Neue", size: 13)
btnObject.titleLabel?.textColor = UIColor.whiteColor()
btnObject.backgroundColor = UIColor(red: 189/255, green: 176/255, blue: 0/255, alpha: 1)
btnObject.titleLabel?.textAlignment = NSTextAlignment.Center
btnObject.addTarget(self, action: "btnbtnObjectClick:", forControlEvents: UIControlEvents.TouchUpInside)
subView.addSubview(btnObject)

Vamos lá, é 2014! Por que a atribuição de avaliação de bloco de código ainda não está sendo usada, já que as tendências mostram que é o futuro!

UIButton* button = ({
    //initialize button with frame
    UIButton* button = [[UIButton alloc] initWithFrame:({
        CGRect frame = CGRectMake(10.0, 10.0, 200.0, 75.0);
        frame;
    })];
    //set button background color
    [button setBackgroundColor:({
        UIColor* color = [UIColor colorWithRed:1.0 green:1.0 blue:0.0 alpha:1.0];
        color;
    })];
    //set button title for state
    [button setTitle:({
        NSString* string = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"title words"];
        string;
    }) forState:({
        UIControlState state = UIControlStateNormal;
        state;
    })];
    //set selector
    [button addTarget:self action:({
        SEL select = @selector(method:);
        select;
    }) forControlEvents:({
        UIControlEvents event = UIControlEventTouchUpInside;
        event;
    })];
    //return button
    button;
});
[self.view addSubview:button];

Uau!

Ou os resultados exatos podem ser realizados como tal:

UIButton* button = [[UIButton alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(10.0, 10.0, 200.0, 75.0)];
[button setBackgroundColor:[UIColor colorWithRed:1.0 green:1.0 blue:0.0 alpha:1.0]];
[button setTitle:@"title words" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
[button addTarget:self action:@selector(method:) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
[self.view addSubview:button];

Versão Swift3 deve ser

let myButton:UIButton = {
            let myButton = UIButton() // if you want to set the type use like UIButton(type: .RoundedRect) or UIButton(type: .Custom)
            myButton.setTitle("Hai Touch Me", for: .normal)
            myButton.setTitleColor(UIColor.blue, for: .normal)
            myButton.frame = CGRect(x: 20, y: 20, width: 100, height: 40)

            myButton.addTarget(self, action: #selector(ViewController.pressedAction(_:)), for: .touchUpInside)
            self.view.addSubview(myButton)

            return myButton

        }()

Você pode implementá-lo no seu método ViewDidLoad :

continuebtn = [[UIButton alloc]initWithFrame:CGRectMake(10, 100, view1.frame.size.width-20, 40)];
    [continuebtn setBackgroundColor:[UIColor grayColor]];
    [continuebtn setTitle:@"Continue" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
    continuebtn.layer.cornerRadius = 10;
    continuebtn.layer.borderWidth =1.0;
    continuebtn.layer.borderColor = [UIColor blackColor].CGColor;
    [continuebtn setTitleColor:[UIColor blackColor] forState:UIControlStateNormal];
    [continuebtn addTarget:self action:@selector(continuetonext) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
    [view1 addSubview:continuebtn];

Onde continuetonext é:

-(void)continuetonext
{
    GeneratePasswordVC *u = [[GeneratePasswordVC alloc]init];
    [self.navigationController pushViewController:u animated:YES];
}

Você pode simplesmente colocar a instância do criador dentro de um loop e adicionar dinamicamente nomes de uma matriz, se desejar.


'action:@selector(aMethod:)' método de gravação como este:

- (void)aMethod:(UIButton*)button
   {
         NSLog(@"Button  clicked.");
  }

Funciona para mim. Obrigado. KS


Objetivo-C

// Create the Button with RoundedRect type
UIButton *mybutton = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeRoundedRect];
// instend of "Click Me" you can write your own message/Label
[mybutton setTitle:@"Click Me" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
// create the Rectangle Frame with specified size
mybutton.frame = CGRectMake(10, 10, 300, 140); // x,y,width,height    [self.view addSubview:mybutton];// add button to your view.

Rápido

let button   = UIButton(type: UIButtonType.System) as UIButton
button.frame = CGRectMake(100, 100, 100, 50)
button.backgroundColor = UIColor.greenColor()
button.setTitle("Test Button", forState: UIControlState.Normal)
self.view.addSubview(button)

-(void)addStuffToView
{
    UIButton *aButton = [[UIButton alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(20, 20, 20, 20)]; //(x, y, width, height of button on screen
    [aButton setTitle:@"Button" forState:UIControlStateNormal];//puts the text on the button
    aButton.titleLabel.font = somefont;//sets the font if one is already stated
    aButton.titleLabel.font = [UIFont fontWithName:@"Arial-MT" size:12];//sets the font type and size
    [aButton addTarget:self action:@selector(back) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];//see back method below
    [aButton setBackgroundImage:[UIImage imageNamed:@"someImage.png"] forState:UIControlStateNormal];//sets the image of the button
    [self.view addSubview:back];
}

-(void)back
{
    UIAlertView *alert = [[UIAlertView alloc]initWithTitle.....]
}

-(void)viewDidLoad
{
    [super viewDidLoad];
    [self addStuffToView];//adds all items built in this method to the view
}

-(UIButton *)addButton:(NSString *)title :(CGRect)frame : (SEL)selector :(UIImage *)image :(int)tag{

UIButton *btn = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeCustom];
btn.frame = frame;
[btn addTarget:self action:selector forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
[btn setTitle:title forState:UIControlStateNormal];
[btn setImage:image forState:UIControlStateNormal];
btn.backgroundColor = [UIColor clearColor];
btn.tag = tag;

return btn;

}

e você pode adicioná-lo à vista:

[self.view addSubview:[self addButton:nil :self.view.frame :@selector(btnAction:) :[UIImage imageNamed:@"img.png"] :1]];

UIButton * tmpBtn = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeCustom];
[tmpBtn addTarget:self action:@selector(clearCart:) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
tmpBtn.tag = k;
tmpBtn.frame = CGRectMake(45, 0, 15, 15);
[tmpBtn setBackgroundImage:[UIImage imageNamed:@"CloseButton.png"] forState:UIControlStateNormal];
[self.view addSubview:tmpBtn];

UIButton *btnname = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeRoundedRect];

[btnname setTitle:@"Click Me" forState:UIControlStateNormal];

btnname.frame = CGRectMake(10, 10, 100, 140);

[self.view addSubview:btnname];

UIButton *button = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeRoundedRect];
[button addTarget:self 
       action:@selector(aMethod:)
 forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchDown];
[button setTitle:@"Show View" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
button.frame = CGRectMake(80.0, 210.0, 160.0, 40.0);
[view addSubview:button];

UIButton *buttonName = [UIButton
buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeRoundedRect];
[buttonName addTarget:self 
    action:@selector(aMethod:)forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchDown];
[buttonName setTitle:@"Show View" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
.frame = CGRectMake(80.0, 210.0, 160.0, 40.0); [view
addSubview:buttonName];




programmatically-created