ios - tirar - print screen ipad mini




Como faço para tirar uma foto da tela de um UIView? (10)

Eu estou querendo saber como meu aplicativo para iPhone pode tirar uma captura de tela de um UIView específico como um UIImage .

Eu tentei este código, mas tudo que eu recebo é uma imagem em branco.

UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(CGSizeMake(320,480));
CGContextRef context = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();
[myUIView.layer drawInContext:context];
UIImage *screenShot = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
UIGraphicsEndImageContext();

myUIView tem dimensões 320x480 an e tem algumas sub-vistas. Qual é a maneira correta de fazer isso?


Detalhes

xCode 8.2.1, Swift 3

Captura de tela do UIView em Swift

import UIKit

extension UIView {

    var screenShot: UIImage?  {
        UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(bounds.size, false, 1.0);
        if let _ = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext() {
            drawHierarchy(in: bounds, afterScreenUpdates: true)
            let screenshot = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext()
            UIGraphicsEndImageContext()
            return screenshot
        }
        return nil
    }
}

Uso

screenShotRenderer.image = viewForScreenShot.screenShot

Exemplo incompleto do uso

View controller com extensão UIView

import UIKit

class ViewController: UIViewController {

    @IBOutlet var viewForScreenShot: UIView!
    @IBOutlet var screenShotRenderer: UIImageView!

    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()
        // Do any additional setup after loading the view, typically from a nib.
    }

    @IBAction func makeViewScreenShotButtonTapped2(_ sender: UIButton) {
        screenShotRenderer.image = viewForScreenShot.screenShot
    }
}

extension UIView {

    var screenShot: UIImage?  {
        UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(bounds.size, false, 1.0);
        if let _ = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext() {
            drawHierarchy(in: bounds, afterScreenUpdates: true)
            let screenshot = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext()
            UIGraphicsEndImageContext()
            return screenshot
        }
        return nil
    }
}

Main.storyboard

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<document type="com.apple.InterfaceBuilder3.CocoaTouch.Storyboard.XIB" version="3.0" toolsVersion="11762" systemVersion="16C67" targetRuntime="iOS.CocoaTouch" propertyAccessControl="none" useAutolayout="YES" useTraitCollections="YES" colorMatched="YES" initialViewController="BYZ-38-t0r">
    <device id="retina4_7" orientation="portrait">
        <adaptation id="fullscreen"/>
    </device>
    <dependencies>
        <deployment identifier="iOS"/>
        <plugIn identifier="com.apple.InterfaceBuilder.IBCocoaTouchPlugin" version="11757"/>
        <capability name="documents saved in the Xcode 8 format" minToolsVersion="8.0"/>
    </dependencies>
    <scenes>
        <!--View Controller-->
        <scene sceneID="tne-QT-ifu">
            <objects>
                <viewController id="BYZ-38-t0r" customClass="ViewController" customModule="_2214957" customModuleProvider="target" sceneMemberID="viewController">
                    <layoutGuides>
                        <viewControllerLayoutGuide type="top" id="y3c-jy-aDJ"/>
                        <viewControllerLayoutGuide type="bottom" id="wfy-db-euE"/>
                    </layoutGuides>
                    <view key="view" contentMode="scaleToFill" id="8bC-Xf-vdC">
                        <rect key="frame" x="0.0" y="0.0" width="375" height="667"/>
                        <autoresizingMask key="autoresizingMask" widthSizable="YES" heightSizable="YES"/>
                        <subviews>
                            <view contentMode="scaleToFill" translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints="NO" id="Acg-GO-mMN">
                                <rect key="frame" x="67" y="28" width="240" height="128"/>
                                <subviews>
                                    <textField opaque="NO" clipsSubviews="YES" contentMode="scaleToFill" contentHorizontalAlignment="left" contentVerticalAlignment="center" borderStyle="roundedRect" textAlignment="natural" minimumFontSize="17" translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints="NO" id="4Fr-O3-56t">
                                        <rect key="frame" x="72" y="49" width="96" height="30"/>
                                        <constraints>
                                            <constraint firstAttribute="height" constant="30" id="cLv-es-h7Q"/>
                                            <constraint firstAttribute="width" constant="96" id="ytF-FH-gdm"/>
                                        </constraints>
                                        <nil key="textColor"/>
                                        <fontDescription key="fontDescription" type="system" pointSize="14"/>
                                        <textInputTraits key="textInputTraits"/>
                                    </textField>
                                </subviews>
                                <color key="backgroundColor" red="0.0" green="0.47843137250000001" blue="1" alpha="0.49277611300000002" colorSpace="custom" customColorSpace="sRGB"/>
                                <color key="tintColor" white="0.66666666666666663" alpha="1" colorSpace="calibratedWhite"/>
                                <constraints>
                                    <constraint firstItem="4Fr-O3-56t" firstAttribute="centerX" secondItem="Acg-GO-mMN" secondAttribute="centerX" id="egj-rT-Gz5"/>
                                    <constraint firstItem="4Fr-O3-56t" firstAttribute="centerY" secondItem="Acg-GO-mMN" secondAttribute="centerY" id="ymi-Ll-WIV"/>
                                </constraints>
                            </view>
                            <button opaque="NO" contentMode="scaleToFill" contentHorizontalAlignment="center" contentVerticalAlignment="center" buttonType="roundedRect" lineBreakMode="middleTruncation" translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints="NO" id="SQq-IE-pvj">
                                <rect key="frame" x="109" y="214" width="157" height="30"/>
                                <state key="normal" title="make view screen shot"/>
                                <connections>
                                    <action selector="makeViewScreenShotButtonTapped2:" destination="BYZ-38-t0r" eventType="touchUpInside" id="KSY-ec-uvA"/>
                                </connections>
                            </button>
                            <imageView userInteractionEnabled="NO" contentMode="scaleAspectFit" horizontalHuggingPriority="251" verticalHuggingPriority="251" translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints="NO" id="CEZ-Ju-Tpq">
                                <rect key="frame" x="67" y="269" width="240" height="128"/>
                                <constraints>
                                    <constraint firstAttribute="width" constant="240" id="STo-iJ-rM4"/>
                                    <constraint firstAttribute="height" constant="128" id="tfi-zF-zdn"/>
                                </constraints>
                            </imageView>
                        </subviews>
                        <color key="backgroundColor" red="0.95941069162436543" green="0.95941069162436543" blue="0.95941069162436543" alpha="1" colorSpace="custom" customColorSpace="sRGB"/>
                        <constraints>
                            <constraint firstItem="CEZ-Ju-Tpq" firstAttribute="top" secondItem="SQq-IE-pvj" secondAttribute="bottom" constant="25" id="6x1-iB-gKF"/>
                            <constraint firstItem="Acg-GO-mMN" firstAttribute="leading" secondItem="CEZ-Ju-Tpq" secondAttribute="leading" id="LUp-Be-FiC"/>
                            <constraint firstItem="SQq-IE-pvj" firstAttribute="top" secondItem="Acg-GO-mMN" secondAttribute="bottom" constant="58" id="Qu0-YT-k9O"/>
                            <constraint firstItem="Acg-GO-mMN" firstAttribute="centerX" secondItem="8bC-Xf-vdC" secondAttribute="centerX" id="Qze-zd-ajY"/>
                            <constraint firstItem="Acg-GO-mMN" firstAttribute="trailing" secondItem="CEZ-Ju-Tpq" secondAttribute="trailing" id="b1d-sp-GHD"/>
                            <constraint firstItem="SQq-IE-pvj" firstAttribute="centerX" secondItem="CEZ-Ju-Tpq" secondAttribute="centerX" id="qCL-AF-Cro"/>
                            <constraint firstItem="Acg-GO-mMN" firstAttribute="top" secondItem="y3c-jy-aDJ" secondAttribute="bottom" constant="8" symbolic="YES" id="u5Y-eh-oSG"/>
                            <constraint firstItem="CEZ-Ju-Tpq" firstAttribute="centerY" secondItem="8bC-Xf-vdC" secondAttribute="centerY" id="vkx-JQ-pOF"/>
                        </constraints>
                    </view>
                    <connections>
                        <outlet property="screenShotRenderer" destination="CEZ-Ju-Tpq" id="8QB-OE-ib6"/>
                        <outlet property="viewForScreenShot" destination="Acg-GO-mMN" id="jgL-yn-8kk"/>
                    </connections>
                </viewController>
                <placeholder placeholderIdentifier="IBFirstResponder" id="dkx-z0-nzr" sceneMemberID="firstResponder"/>
            </objects>
            <point key="canvasLocation" x="32.799999999999997" y="37.331334332833585"/>
        </scene>
    </scenes>
</document>

Resultado



Eu criei esta extensão para salvar uma captura de tela do UIView

extension UIView {
func saveImageFromView(path path:String) {
    UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(bounds.size, false, UIScreen.mainScreen().scale)
    drawViewHierarchyInRect(bounds, afterScreenUpdates: true)
    let image = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext()
    UIGraphicsEndImageContext()
    UIImageJPEGRepresentation(image, 0.4)?.writeToFile(path, atomically: true)

}}

ligar :

let pathDocuments = NSSearchPathForDirectoriesInDomains(NSSearchPathDirectory.DocumentDirectory, NSSearchPathDomainMask.UserDomainMask, true).first!
let pathImage = "\(pathDocuments)/\(user!.usuarioID.integerValue).jpg"
reportView.saveImageFromView(path: pathImage)

Se você quiser criar um png deve mudar:

UIImageJPEGRepresentation(image, 0.4)?.writeToFile(path, atomically: true)

por

UIImagePNGRepresentation(image)?.writeToFile(path, atomically: true)

Eu criei uma extensão utilizável para o UIView para capturar imagens no Swift:

extension UIView{

var screenshot: UIImage{

    UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(self.bounds.size);
    let context = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();
    self.layer.renderInContext(context)
    let screenShot = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
    UIGraphicsEndImageContext();
    return screenShot
}
}

Para usá-lo basta digitar:

let screenshot = view.screenshot

O iOS 7 tem um novo método que permite desenhar uma hierarquia de visualizações no contexto gráfico atual. Isso pode ser usado para obter um UIImage muito rápido.

Eu implementei um método de categoria no UIView para obter a visão como um UIImage :

- (UIImage *)pb_takeSnapshot {
    UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(self.bounds.size, NO, [UIScreen mainScreen].scale);

    [self drawViewHierarchyInRect:self.bounds afterScreenUpdates:YES];

    // old style [self.layer renderInContext:UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext()];

    UIImage *image = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
    UIGraphicsEndImageContext();
    return image;
}

É consideravelmente mais rápido do que o método renderInContext: existente.

Referência: https://developer.apple.com/library/content/qa/qa1817/_index.html

ATUALIZAÇÃO PARA SWIFT : uma extensão que faz o mesmo:

extension UIView {

    func pb_takeSnapshot() -> UIImage {
        UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(bounds.size, false, UIScreen.mainScreen().scale)

        drawViewHierarchyInRect(self.bounds, afterScreenUpdates: true)

        // old style: layer.renderInContext(UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext())

        let image = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext()
        UIGraphicsEndImageContext()
        return image
    }
}

ATUALIZAÇÃO PARA O SWIFT 3

    UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(bounds.size, false, UIScreen.main.scale)

    drawHierarchy(in: self.bounds, afterScreenUpdates: true)

    let image = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext()!
    UIGraphicsEndImageContext()
    return image

O snippet a seguir é usado para capturar imagens:

UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(self.muUIView.bounds.size);

[myUIView.layer renderInContext:UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext()];

UIImage *screenShot = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
UIGraphicsEndImageContext();

Use o método renderInContext: vez de drawInContext:

renderInContext: método renderInContext: processa o receptor e suas subcamadas no contexto atual. Este método é processado diretamente da árvore de camadas.


Você precisa capturar a janela principal para uma captura de tela ou um UIView. Você pode fazê-lo em Resolução de Retina usando UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions e definir seu parâmetro de escala 0.0f. Ele sempre captura em resolução nativa (retina para iPhone 4 e posterior).

Este faz um screenshot em tela cheia (janela da tecla)

UIWindow *keyWindow = [[UIApplication sharedApplication] keyWindow];
CGRect rect = [keyWindow bounds];
UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(rect.size,YES,0.0f);
CGContextRef context = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();
[keyWindow.layer renderInContext:context];   
UIImage *capturedScreen = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
UIGraphicsEndImageContext();

Este código captura um UIView em resolução nativa

CGRect rect = [captureView bounds];
UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(rect.size,YES,0.0f);
CGContextRef context = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();
[captureView.layer renderInContext:context];   
UIImage *capturedImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
UIGraphicsEndImageContext();

Isso salva o UIImage no formato jpg com 95% de qualidade na pasta de documentos do aplicativo, se você precisar fazer isso.

NSString  *imagePath = [NSHomeDirectory() stringByAppendingPathComponent:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"Documents/capturedImage.jpg"]];    
[UIImageJPEGRepresentation(capturedImage, 0.95) writeToFile:imagePath atomically:YES];


-(UIImage *)convertViewToImage
{
    UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(self.bounds.size);
    [self drawViewHierarchyInRect:self.bounds afterScreenUpdates:YES];
    UIImage *image = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
    UIGraphicsEndImageContext();

  return image;
}

- (void)drawRect:(CGRect)rect {
  UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(self.bounds.size);    
  [self.view.layer renderInContext:UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext()];
  UIImage *viewImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
  UIGraphicsEndImageContext();
  UIImageWriteToSavedPhotosAlbum(viewImage, nil, nil, nil);  
}

Esse método pode colocar em sua classe de controlador.





screenshot