ios - tutorial - uitableviewcell programmatically




Como personalizar as cores de fundo/borda de uma célula de exibição de tabela agrupada? (8)

Gostaria de personalizar o fundo e a cor da borda de um UITableView de estilo agrupado.

Consegui personalizar a cor do plano de fundo usando o seguinte:

tableView.contentView.backgroundColor = [UIColor greenColor];

Mas a cor da borda ainda é algo que não sei mudar.

Como eu personalizo esses dois aspectos da exibição de tabela de estilo agrupado?


Esta tarefa pode ser facilmente feita usando PrettyKit , adicionando cerca de 5 linhas de código. Se você usar arquivos nib ou storyboard , também não se esqueça de aplicar este pequeno hack . Quando você usa essa abordagem, você deve subclasse seu celular de PrettyTableViewCell :

#import <PrettyKit/PrettyKit.h>

@class RRSearchHistoryItem;

@interface RRSearchHistoryCell : PrettyTableViewCell

Este é o exemplo do meu cellForRowAtIndexPath :

- (UITableViewCell *)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView cellForRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
{
  static NSString *cellIdentifier = @"RRSearchHistoryCell";

  RRSearchHistoryCell *cell = (RRSearchHistoryCell *)[tableView dequeueReusableCellWithIdentifier:cellIdentifier];

  if ( cell == nil ) {

    NSArray *topLevelObjects = [[NSBundle mainBundle] loadNibNamed:@"RRSearchHistoryCell" owner:self options:nil];
    cell = topLevelObjects[0];
    cell.gradientStartColor = RGB(0xffffff);
    cell.gradientEndColor = RGB(0xf3f3f3);

  }

  RRSearchHistoryItem *item = _historyTableData[indexPath.row];
  [cell setHistoryItem:item];


  [cell prepareForTableView:tableView indexPath:indexPath];

  return cell;
}

Eu sei que as respostas estão relacionadas à mudança de células de tabelas agrupadas, mas no caso de alguém querer também alterar a cor de fundo da tableview:

Você não precisa apenas definir:

tableview.backgroundColor = color;

Você também precisa mudar ou se livrar da visão de fundo:

tableview.backgroundView = nil;  

Muito obrigado a todos que postaram seu código. Isso é muito útil.

Eu derivado de uma solução semelhante para alterar a cor de destaque para células de exibição de tabela agrupada. Basicamente o selectedBackgroundView do UITableViewCell (não o backgroundView). Que mesmo no iPhone OS 3.0 ainda precisa desta solução PITA, tanto quanto eu posso dizer ...

O código abaixo tem as alterações para renderizar o destaque com um gradiente em vez de uma cor sólida. Além disso, a renderização de borda é removida. Apreciar.

//
//  CSCustomCellBackgroundView.h
//

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>

typedef enum  
{
    CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionTop, 
    CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionMiddle, 
    CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionBottom,
    CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionSingle,
    CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionPlain
} CustomCellBackgroundViewPosition;

@interface CSCustomCellBackgroundView : UIView 
{
    CustomCellBackgroundViewPosition position;
 CGGradientRef gradient;
}

@property(nonatomic) CustomCellBackgroundViewPosition position;

@end



//
//  CSCustomCellBackgroundView.m
//

#import "CSCustomCellBackgroundView.h"



#define ROUND_SIZE 10


static void addRoundedRectToPath(CGContextRef context, CGRect rect,
         float ovalWidth,float ovalHeight);


@implementation CSCustomCellBackgroundView


@synthesize position;

- (BOOL) isOpaque 
{
    return NO;
}

- (id)initWithFrame:(CGRect)frame 
{
    if (self = [super initWithFrame:frame]) 
 {
        // Initialization code
  const float* topCol = CGColorGetComponents([[UIColor redColor] CGColor]);
  const float* bottomCol = CGColorGetComponents([[UIColor blueColor] CGColor]);

  CGColorSpaceRef rgb = CGColorSpaceCreateDeviceRGB();
  /*
  CGFloat colors[] =
  {
   5.0 / 255.0, 140.0 / 255.0, 245.0 / 255.0, 1.00,
   1.0 / 255.0,  93.0 / 255.0, 230.0 / 255.0, 1.00,
  };*/
  CGFloat colors[]=
  {
   topCol[0], topCol[1], topCol[2], topCol[3],
   bottomCol[0], bottomCol[1], bottomCol[2], bottomCol[3]
  };
  gradient = CGGradientCreateWithColorComponents(rgb, colors, NULL, sizeof(colors)/(sizeof(colors[0])*4));
  CGColorSpaceRelease(rgb);
    }
    return self;
}


-(void)drawRect:(CGRect)rect 
{
    // Drawing code

    CGContextRef c = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();

    if (position == CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionTop) 
 {

        CGFloat minx = CGRectGetMinX(rect) , midx = CGRectGetMidX(rect), maxx = CGRectGetMaxX(rect) ;
        CGFloat miny = CGRectGetMinY(rect) , maxy = CGRectGetMaxY(rect) ;
        minx = minx + 1;
        miny = miny + 1;

        maxx = maxx - 1;
        maxy = maxy ;

        CGContextMoveToPoint(c, minx, maxy);
        CGContextAddArcToPoint(c, minx, miny, midx, miny, ROUND_SIZE);
        CGContextAddArcToPoint(c, maxx, miny, maxx, maxy, ROUND_SIZE);
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(c, maxx, maxy);

        // Close the path
        CGContextClosePath(c);

  CGContextSaveGState(c);
  CGContextClip(c);
  CGContextDrawLinearGradient(c, gradient, CGPointMake(minx,miny), CGPointMake(minx,maxy), kCGGradientDrawsBeforeStartLocation | kCGGradientDrawsAfterEndLocation);
  CGContextRestoreGState(c);

        return;
    } 
 else if (position == CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionBottom) 
 {

        CGFloat minx = CGRectGetMinX(rect) , midx = CGRectGetMidX(rect), maxx = CGRectGetMaxX(rect) ;
        CGFloat miny = CGRectGetMinY(rect) , maxy = CGRectGetMaxY(rect) ;
        minx = minx + 1;
        miny = miny + 1;

        maxx = maxx - 1;
        maxy = maxy - 1;

        CGContextMoveToPoint(c, minx, miny);
        CGContextAddArcToPoint(c, minx, maxy, midx, maxy, ROUND_SIZE);
        CGContextAddArcToPoint(c, maxx, maxy, maxx, miny, ROUND_SIZE);
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(c, maxx, miny);
        // Close the path
        CGContextClosePath(c);

  CGContextSaveGState(c);
  CGContextClip(c);
  CGContextDrawLinearGradient(c, gradient, CGPointMake(minx,miny), CGPointMake(minx,maxy), kCGGradientDrawsBeforeStartLocation | kCGGradientDrawsAfterEndLocation);
  CGContextRestoreGState(c);

        return;
    } 
 else if (position == CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionMiddle) 
 {
        CGFloat minx = CGRectGetMinX(rect) , maxx = CGRectGetMaxX(rect) ;
        CGFloat miny = CGRectGetMinY(rect) , maxy = CGRectGetMaxY(rect) ;
        minx = minx + 1;
        miny = miny + 1;

        maxx = maxx - 1;
        maxy = maxy ;

        CGContextMoveToPoint(c, minx, miny);
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(c, maxx, miny);
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(c, maxx, maxy);
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(c, minx, maxy);
  // Close the path
        CGContextClosePath(c);

  CGContextSaveGState(c);
  CGContextClip(c);
  CGContextDrawLinearGradient(c, gradient, CGPointMake(minx,miny), CGPointMake(minx,maxy), kCGGradientDrawsBeforeStartLocation | kCGGradientDrawsAfterEndLocation);
  CGContextRestoreGState(c);

        return;
    }
 else if (position == CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionSingle)
 {
        CGFloat minx = CGRectGetMinX(rect) , midx = CGRectGetMidX(rect), maxx = CGRectGetMaxX(rect) ;
        CGFloat miny = CGRectGetMinY(rect) , midy = CGRectGetMidY(rect) , maxy = CGRectGetMaxY(rect) ;
        minx = minx + 1;
        miny = miny + 1;

        maxx = maxx - 1;
        maxy = maxy - 1;

        CGContextMoveToPoint(c, minx, midy);
        CGContextAddArcToPoint(c, minx, miny, midx, miny, ROUND_SIZE);
        CGContextAddArcToPoint(c, maxx, miny, maxx, midy, ROUND_SIZE);
        CGContextAddArcToPoint(c, maxx, maxy, midx, maxy, ROUND_SIZE);
        CGContextAddArcToPoint(c, minx, maxy, minx, midy, ROUND_SIZE);
        // Close the path
        CGContextClosePath(c);              

  CGContextSaveGState(c);
  CGContextClip(c);
  CGContextDrawLinearGradient(c, gradient, CGPointMake(minx,miny), CGPointMake(minx,maxy), kCGGradientDrawsBeforeStartLocation | kCGGradientDrawsAfterEndLocation);
  CGContextRestoreGState(c);

        return;         
 } 
 else if (position == CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionPlain) {
    CGFloat minx = CGRectGetMinX(rect);
    CGFloat miny = CGRectGetMinY(rect), maxy = CGRectGetMaxY(rect) ;
    CGContextDrawLinearGradient(c, gradient, CGPointMake(minx,miny), CGPointMake(minx,maxy), kCGGradientDrawsBeforeStartLocation | kCGGradientDrawsAfterEndLocation);
    return;
}

}

- (void)dealloc 
{
    CGGradientRelease(gradient);
    [super dealloc];
}


- (void) setPosition:(CustomCellBackgroundViewPosition)inPosition
{
 if(position != inPosition)
 {
  position = inPosition;
  [self setNeedsDisplay];
 }
}

@end


static void addRoundedRectToPath(CGContextRef context, CGRect rect,
         float ovalWidth,float ovalHeight)

{
    float fw, fh;

    if (ovalWidth == 0 || ovalHeight == 0) {// 1
        CGContextAddRect(context, rect);
        return;
    }

    CGContextSaveGState(context);// 2

    CGContextTranslateCTM (context, CGRectGetMinX(rect),// 3
         CGRectGetMinY(rect));
    CGContextScaleCTM (context, ovalWidth, ovalHeight);// 4
    fw = CGRectGetWidth (rect) / ovalWidth;// 5
    fh = CGRectGetHeight (rect) / ovalHeight;// 6

    CGContextMoveToPoint(context, fw, fh/2); // 7
    CGContextAddArcToPoint(context, fw, fh, fw/2, fh, 1);// 8
    CGContextAddArcToPoint(context, 0, fh, 0, fh/2, 1);// 9
    CGContextAddArcToPoint(context, 0, 0, fw/2, 0, 1);// 10
    CGContextAddArcToPoint(context, fw, 0, fw, fh/2, 1); // 11
    CGContextClosePath(context);// 12

    CGContextRestoreGState(context);// 13
}

Obrigado pelo código, é exatamente o que eu estava procurando. Eu também adicionei o seguinte código ao código da Vimal, para implementar o caso de uma célula CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionSingle. (Todos os quatro cantos são arredondados.)


else if (position == CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionSingle)
{
        CGFloat minx = CGRectGetMinX(rect) , midx = CGRectGetMidX(rect), maxx = CGRectGetMaxX(rect) ;
        CGFloat miny = CGRectGetMinY(rect) , midy = CGRectGetMidY(rect) , maxy = CGRectGetMaxY(rect) ;
        minx = minx + 1;
        miny = miny + 1;

        maxx = maxx - 1;
        maxy = maxy - 1;

        CGContextMoveToPoint(c, minx, midy);
        CGContextAddArcToPoint(c, minx, miny, midx, miny, ROUND_SIZE);
        CGContextAddArcToPoint(c, maxx, miny, maxx, midy, ROUND_SIZE);
        CGContextAddArcToPoint(c, maxx, maxy, midx, maxy, ROUND_SIZE);
        CGContextAddArcToPoint(c, minx, maxy, minx, midy, ROUND_SIZE);

        // Close the path
        CGContextClosePath(c);
        // Fill & stroke the path
        CGContextDrawPath(c, kCGPathFillStroke);                
        return;     
}

Para alterar a cor da borda da exibição de tabela:

In.h:

#import <QuartzCore/QuartzCore.h>

Em m:

tableView.layer.masksToBounds=YES;
tableView.layer.borderWidth = 1.0f;
tableView.layer.borderColor = [UIColor whiteColor].CGColor;

Primeiramente, obrigado por este código. Eu fiz algumas alterações de desenho nesta função para remover problema de canto do desenho.

-(void)drawRect:(CGRect)rect 
{
    // Drawing code

    CGContextRef c = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();
    CGContextSetFillColorWithColor(c, [fillColor CGColor]);
    CGContextSetStrokeColorWithColor(c, [borderColor CGColor]);
    CGContextSetLineWidth(c, 2);

    if (position == CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionTop) {

        CGFloat minx = CGRectGetMinX(rect) , midx = CGRectGetMidX(rect), maxx = CGRectGetMaxX(rect) ;
        CGFloat miny = CGRectGetMinY(rect) , maxy = CGRectGetMaxY(rect) ;
        minx = minx + 1;
        miny = miny + 1;

        maxx = maxx - 1;
        maxy = maxy ;

        CGContextMoveToPoint(c, minx, maxy);
        CGContextAddArcToPoint(c, minx, miny, midx, miny, ROUND_SIZE);
        CGContextAddArcToPoint(c, maxx, miny, maxx, maxy, ROUND_SIZE);
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(c, maxx, maxy);

        // Close the path
        CGContextClosePath(c);
        // Fill & stroke the path
        CGContextDrawPath(c, kCGPathFillStroke);        
        return;
    } else if (position == CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionBottom) {

        CGFloat minx = CGRectGetMinX(rect) , midx = CGRectGetMidX(rect), maxx = CGRectGetMaxX(rect) ;
        CGFloat miny = CGRectGetMinY(rect) , maxy = CGRectGetMaxY(rect) ;
        minx = minx + 1;
        miny = miny ;

        maxx = maxx - 1;
        maxy = maxy - 1;

        CGContextMoveToPoint(c, minx, miny);
        CGContextAddArcToPoint(c, minx, maxy, midx, maxy, ROUND_SIZE);
        CGContextAddArcToPoint(c, maxx, maxy, maxx, miny, ROUND_SIZE);
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(c, maxx, miny);
        // Close the path
        CGContextClosePath(c);
        // Fill & stroke the path
        CGContextDrawPath(c, kCGPathFillStroke);    
        return;
    } else if (position == CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionMiddle) {
        CGFloat minx = CGRectGetMinX(rect) , maxx = CGRectGetMaxX(rect) ;
        CGFloat miny = CGRectGetMinY(rect) , maxy = CGRectGetMaxY(rect) ;
        minx = minx + 1;
        miny = miny ;

        maxx = maxx - 1;
        maxy = maxy ;

        CGContextMoveToPoint(c, minx, miny);
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(c, maxx, miny);
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(c, maxx, maxy);
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(c, minx, maxy);

        CGContextClosePath(c);
        // Fill & stroke the path
        CGContextDrawPath(c, kCGPathFillStroke);    
        return;
    }
}

Você pode personalizar a cor da borda definindo

tableView.separatorColor

ATUALIZAÇÃO: No iPhone OS 3.0 e posterior, o UITableViewCell agora possui uma propriedade backgroundColor que torna isso realmente fácil (especialmente em combinação com o [UIColor colorWithPatternImage:] ). Mas vou deixar a versão 2.0 da resposta aqui para qualquer um que precise dela ...

É mais difícil do que deveria ser. Aqui está como eu fiz isso quando tive que fazer isso:

Você precisa definir a propriedade backgroundView do UITableViewCell como um UIView personalizado que desenhe a borda e o próprio plano de fundo nas cores apropriadas. Essa visualização precisa ser capaz de desenhar as bordas em quatro modos diferentes, arredondados na parte superior da primeira célula de uma seção, arredondados na parte inferior da última célula de uma seção, sem cantos arredondados para células no meio de uma seção. e arredondado em todos os 4 cantos para seções que contêm uma célula.

Infelizmente, não consegui descobrir como definir esse modo automaticamente, então tive que defini-lo no método -cellForRowAtIndexPath do UITableViewDataSource.

É uma verdadeira PITA, mas confirmei com os engenheiros da Apple que este é atualmente o único caminho.

Atualização Aqui está o código para essa visualização personalizada. Há um bug de desenho que faz os cantos arredondados parecerem um pouco engraçados, mas nós mudamos para um design diferente e descartamos os planos de fundo personalizados antes que eu tivesse a chance de consertá-lo. Ainda assim, isso provavelmente será muito útil para você:

//
//  CustomCellBackgroundView.h
//
//  Created by Mike Akers on 11/21/08.
//  Copyright 2008 __MyCompanyName__. All rights reserved.
//

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>

typedef enum  {
    CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionTop, 
    CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionMiddle, 
    CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionBottom,
    CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionSingle
} CustomCellBackgroundViewPosition;

@interface CustomCellBackgroundView : UIView {
    UIColor *borderColor;
    UIColor *fillColor;
    CustomCellBackgroundViewPosition position;
}

    @property(nonatomic, retain) UIColor *borderColor, *fillColor;
    @property(nonatomic) CustomCellBackgroundViewPosition position;
@end

//
//  CustomCellBackgroundView.m
//
//  Created by Mike Akers on 11/21/08.
//  Copyright 2008 __MyCompanyName__. All rights reserved.
//

#import "CustomCellBackgroundView.h"

static void addRoundedRectToPath(CGContextRef context, CGRect rect,
                                 float ovalWidth,float ovalHeight);

@implementation CustomCellBackgroundView
@synthesize borderColor, fillColor, position;

- (BOOL) isOpaque {
    return NO;
}

- (id)initWithFrame:(CGRect)frame {
    if (self = [super initWithFrame:frame]) {
        // Initialization code
    }
    return self;
}

- (void)drawRect:(CGRect)rect {
    // Drawing code
    CGContextRef c = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();
    CGContextSetFillColorWithColor(c, [fillColor CGColor]);
    CGContextSetStrokeColorWithColor(c, [borderColor CGColor]);

    if (position == CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionTop) {
        CGContextFillRect(c, CGRectMake(0.0f, rect.size.height - 10.0f, rect.size.width, 10.0f));
        CGContextBeginPath(c);
        CGContextMoveToPoint(c, 0.0f, rect.size.height - 10.0f);
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(c, 0.0f, rect.size.height);
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(c, rect.size.width, rect.size.height);
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(c, rect.size.width, rect.size.height - 10.0f);
        CGContextStrokePath(c);
        CGContextClipToRect(c, CGRectMake(0.0f, 0.0f, rect.size.width, rect.size.height - 10.0f));
    } else if (position == CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionBottom) {
        CGContextFillRect(c, CGRectMake(0.0f, 0.0f, rect.size.width, 10.0f));
        CGContextBeginPath(c);
        CGContextMoveToPoint(c, 0.0f, 10.0f);
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(c, 0.0f, 0.0f);
        CGContextStrokePath(c);
        CGContextBeginPath(c);
        CGContextMoveToPoint(c, rect.size.width, 0.0f);
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(c, rect.size.width, 10.0f);
        CGContextStrokePath(c);
        CGContextClipToRect(c, CGRectMake(0.0f, 10.0f, rect.size.width, rect.size.height));
    } else if (position == CustomCellBackgroundViewPositionMiddle) {
        CGContextFillRect(c, rect);
        CGContextBeginPath(c);
        CGContextMoveToPoint(c, 0.0f, 0.0f);
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(c, 0.0f, rect.size.height);
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(c, rect.size.width, rect.size.height);
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(c, rect.size.width, 0.0f);
        CGContextStrokePath(c);
        return; // no need to bother drawing rounded corners, so we return
    }

    // At this point the clip rect is set to only draw the appropriate
    // corners, so we fill and stroke a rounded rect taking the entire rect

    CGContextBeginPath(c);
    addRoundedRectToPath(c, rect, 10.0f, 10.0f);
    CGContextFillPath(c);  

    CGContextSetLineWidth(c, 1);  
    CGContextBeginPath(c);
    addRoundedRectToPath(c, rect, 10.0f, 10.0f);  
    CGContextStrokePath(c); 
}


- (void)dealloc {
    [borderColor release];
    [fillColor release];
    [super dealloc];
}


@end

static void addRoundedRectToPath(CGContextRef context, CGRect rect,
                                float ovalWidth,float ovalHeight)

{
    float fw, fh;

    if (ovalWidth == 0 || ovalHeight == 0) {// 1
        CGContextAddRect(context, rect);
        return;
    }

    CGContextSaveGState(context);// 2

    CGContextTranslateCTM (context, CGRectGetMinX(rect),// 3
                           CGRectGetMinY(rect));
    CGContextScaleCTM (context, ovalWidth, ovalHeight);// 4
    fw = CGRectGetWidth (rect) / ovalWidth;// 5
    fh = CGRectGetHeight (rect) / ovalHeight;// 6

    CGContextMoveToPoint(context, fw, fh/2); // 7
    CGContextAddArcToPoint(context, fw, fh, fw/2, fh, 1);// 8
    CGContextAddArcToPoint(context, 0, fh, 0, fh/2, 1);// 9
    CGContextAddArcToPoint(context, 0, 0, fw/2, 0, 1);// 10
    CGContextAddArcToPoint(context, fw, 0, fw, fh/2, 1); // 11
    CGContextClosePath(context);// 12

    CGContextRestoreGState(context);// 13
}




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