with - w3schools javascript window




Como encontrar a versão do sistema operacional usando JavaScript? (9)

Como posso encontrar o nome do sistema operacional e a versão do sistema operacional usando JavaScript?


A solução do @Ludwig foi brilhante. Algumas correções (que não tinham a ver com o sistema operacional, e eu não pude colocar como comentário em sua postagem original porque isso é muito longo):

  1. O IE 11 não se identifica mais como o MS IE.
  2. Chrome no IOS se auto-falsifica como Safari

Aqui estão eles:

(function (window) {
    {
    /* test cases
        alert(
            'browserInfo result: OS: ' + browserInfo.os +' '+ browserInfo.osVersion + '\n'+
                'Browser: ' + browserInfo.browser +' '+ browserInfo.browserVersion + '\n' +
                'Mobile: ' + browserInfo.mobile + '\n' +
                'Cookies: ' + browserInfo.cookies + '\n' +
                'Screen Size: ' + browserInfo.screen
        );
    */
        var unknown = 'Unknown';

        // screen
        var screenSize = '';
        if (screen.width) {
            width = (screen.width) ? screen.width : '';
            height = (screen.height) ? screen.height : '';
            screenSize += '' + width + " x " + height;
        }

        //browser
        var nVer = navigator.appVersion;
        var nAgt = navigator.userAgent;
        var browser = navigator.appName;
        var version = '' + parseFloat(navigator.appVersion);
        var majorVersion = parseInt(navigator.appVersion, 10);
        var nameOffset, verOffset, ix;

        // Opera
        if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Opera')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Opera';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 6);
            if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Version')) != -1) {
                version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 8);
            }
        }
        // MSIE
        else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('MSIE')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Microsoft Internet Explorer';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 5);
        }

        //IE 11 no longer identifies itself as MS IE, so trap it
        //http://.com/questions/17907445/how-to-detect-ie11
        else if ((browser == 'Netscape') && (nAgt.indexOf('Trident/') != -1)) {

            browser = 'Microsoft Internet Explorer';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 5);
            if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('rv:')) != -1) {
                version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 3);
            }

        }

        // Chrome
        else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Chrome')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Chrome';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 7);
        }
        // Safari
        else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Safari')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Safari';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 7);
            if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Version')) != -1) {
                version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 8);
            }

            // Chrome on iPad identifies itself as Safari. Actual results do not match what Google claims
            //  at: https://developers.google.com/chrome/mobile/docs/user-agent?hl=ja
            //  No mention of chrome in the user agent string. However it does mention CriOS, which presumably
            //  can be keyed on to detect it.
            if (nAgt.indexOf('CriOS') != -1) {
                //Chrome on iPad spoofing Safari...correct it.
                browser = 'Chrome';
                //Don't believe there is a way to grab the accurate version number, so leaving that for now.
            }
        }
        // Firefox
        else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Firefox')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Firefox';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 8);
        }
        // Other browsers
        else if ((nameOffset = nAgt.lastIndexOf(' ') + 1) < (verOffset = nAgt.lastIndexOf('/'))) {
            browser = nAgt.substring(nameOffset, verOffset);
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 1);
            if (browser.toLowerCase() == browser.toUpperCase()) {
                browser = navigator.appName;
            }
        }
        // trim the version string
        if ((ix = version.indexOf(';')) != -1) version = version.substring(0, ix);
        if ((ix = version.indexOf(' ')) != -1) version = version.substring(0, ix);
        if ((ix = version.indexOf(')')) != -1) version = version.substring(0, ix);

        majorVersion = parseInt('' + version, 10);
        if (isNaN(majorVersion)) {
            version = '' + parseFloat(navigator.appVersion);
            majorVersion = parseInt(navigator.appVersion, 10);
        }

        // mobile version
        var mobile = /Mobile|mini|Fennec|Android|iP(ad|od|hone)/.test(nVer);

        // cookie
        var cookieEnabled = (navigator.cookieEnabled) ? true : false;

        if (typeof navigator.cookieEnabled == 'undefined' && !cookieEnabled) {
            document.cookie = 'testcookie';
            cookieEnabled = (document.cookie.indexOf('testcookie') != -1) ? true : false;
        }

        // system
        var os = unknown;
        var clientStrings = [
            {s:'Windows 3.11', r:/Win16/},
            {s:'Windows 95', r:/(Windows 95|Win95|Windows_95)/},
            {s:'Windows ME', r:/(Win 9x 4.90|Windows ME)/},
            {s:'Windows 98', r:/(Windows 98|Win98)/},
            {s:'Windows CE', r:/Windows CE/},
            {s:'Windows 2000', r:/(Windows NT 5.0|Windows 2000)/},
            {s:'Windows XP', r:/(Windows NT 5.1|Windows XP)/},
            {s:'Windows Server 2003', r:/Windows NT 5.2/},
            {s:'Windows Vista', r:/Windows NT 6.0/},
            {s:'Windows 7', r:/(Windows 7|Windows NT 6.1)/},
            {s:'Windows 8.1', r:/(Windows 8.1|Windows NT 6.3)/},
            {s:'Windows 8', r:/(Windows 8|Windows NT 6.2)/},
            {s:'Windows NT 4.0', r:/(Windows NT 4.0|WinNT4.0|WinNT|Windows NT)/},
            {s:'Windows ME', r:/Windows ME/},
            {s:'Android', r:/Android/},
            {s:'Open BSD', r:/OpenBSD/},
            {s:'Sun OS', r:/SunOS/},
            {s:'Linux', r:/(Linux|X11)/},
            {s:'iOS', r:/(iPhone|iPad|iPod)/},
            {s:'Mac OS X', r:/Mac OS X/},
            {s:'Mac OS', r:/(MacPPC|MacIntel|Mac_PowerPC|Macintosh)/},
            {s:'QNX', r:/QNX/},
            {s:'UNIX', r:/UNIX/},
            {s:'BeOS', r:/BeOS/},
            {s:'OS/2', r:/OS\/2/},
            {s:'Search Bot', r:/(nuhk|Googlebot|Yammybot|Openbot|Slurp|MSNBot|Ask Jeeves\/Teoma|ia_archiver)/}
        ];
        for (var id in clientStrings) {
            var cs = clientStrings[id];
            if (cs.r.test(nAgt)) {
                os = cs.s;
                break;
            }
        }

        var osVersion = unknown;

        if (/Windows/.test(os)) {
            osVersion = /Windows (.*)/.exec(os)[1];
            os = 'Windows';
        }

        switch (os) {
            case 'Mac OS X':
                osVersion = /Mac OS X (10[\.\_\d]+)/.exec(nAgt)[1];
                break;

            case 'Android':
                osVersion = /Android ([\.\_\d]+)/.exec(nAgt)[1];
                break;

            case 'iOS':
                osVersion = /OS (\d+)_(\d+)_?(\d+)?/.exec(nVer);
                osVersion = osVersion[1] + '.' + osVersion[2] + '.' + (osVersion[3] | 0);
                break;

        }
    }

    window.browserInfo = {
        screen: screenSize,
        browser: browser,
        browserVersion: version,
        mobile: mobile,
        os: os,
        osVersion: osVersion,
        cookies: cookieEnabled
    };
}(this));

Comecei a escrever um script para ler a versão do sistema operacional e do navegador que pode ser testado no Fiddle . Sinta-se livre para usar e ampliar.

/**
 * JavaScript Client Detection
 * (C) viazenetti GmbH (Christian Ludwig)
 */
(function (window) {
    {
        var unknown = '-';

        // screen
        var screenSize = '';
        if (screen.width) {
            width = (screen.width) ? screen.width : '';
            height = (screen.height) ? screen.height : '';
            screenSize += '' + width + " x " + height;
        }

        // browser
        var nVer = navigator.appVersion;
        var nAgt = navigator.userAgent;
        var browser = navigator.appName;
        var version = '' + parseFloat(navigator.appVersion);
        var majorVersion = parseInt(navigator.appVersion, 10);
        var nameOffset, verOffset, ix;

        // Opera
        if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Opera')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Opera';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 6);
            if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Version')) != -1) {
                version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 8);
            }
        }
        // Opera Next
        if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('OPR')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Opera';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 4);
        }
        // Edge
        else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Edge')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Microsoft Edge';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 5);
        }
        // MSIE
        else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('MSIE')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Microsoft Internet Explorer';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 5);
        }
        // Chrome
        else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Chrome')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Chrome';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 7);
        }
        // Safari
        else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Safari')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Safari';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 7);
            if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Version')) != -1) {
                version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 8);
            }
        }
        // Firefox
        else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Firefox')) != -1) {
            browser = 'Firefox';
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 8);
        }
        // MSIE 11+
        else if (nAgt.indexOf('Trident/') != -1) {
            browser = 'Microsoft Internet Explorer';
            version = nAgt.substring(nAgt.indexOf('rv:') + 3);
        }
        // Other browsers
        else if ((nameOffset = nAgt.lastIndexOf(' ') + 1) < (verOffset = nAgt.lastIndexOf('/'))) {
            browser = nAgt.substring(nameOffset, verOffset);
            version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 1);
            if (browser.toLowerCase() == browser.toUpperCase()) {
                browser = navigator.appName;
            }
        }
        // trim the version string
        if ((ix = version.indexOf(';')) != -1) version = version.substring(0, ix);
        if ((ix = version.indexOf(' ')) != -1) version = version.substring(0, ix);
        if ((ix = version.indexOf(')')) != -1) version = version.substring(0, ix);

        majorVersion = parseInt('' + version, 10);
        if (isNaN(majorVersion)) {
            version = '' + parseFloat(navigator.appVersion);
            majorVersion = parseInt(navigator.appVersion, 10);
        }

        // mobile version
        var mobile = /Mobile|mini|Fennec|Android|iP(ad|od|hone)/.test(nVer);

        // cookie
        var cookieEnabled = (navigator.cookieEnabled) ? true : false;

        if (typeof navigator.cookieEnabled == 'undefined' && !cookieEnabled) {
            document.cookie = 'testcookie';
            cookieEnabled = (document.cookie.indexOf('testcookie') != -1) ? true : false;
        }

        // system
        var os = unknown;
        var clientStrings = [
            {s:'Windows 10', r:/(Windows 10.0|Windows NT 10.0)/},
            {s:'Windows 8.1', r:/(Windows 8.1|Windows NT 6.3)/},
            {s:'Windows 8', r:/(Windows 8|Windows NT 6.2)/},
            {s:'Windows 7', r:/(Windows 7|Windows NT 6.1)/},
            {s:'Windows Vista', r:/Windows NT 6.0/},
            {s:'Windows Server 2003', r:/Windows NT 5.2/},
            {s:'Windows XP', r:/(Windows NT 5.1|Windows XP)/},
            {s:'Windows 2000', r:/(Windows NT 5.0|Windows 2000)/},
            {s:'Windows ME', r:/(Win 9x 4.90|Windows ME)/},
            {s:'Windows 98', r:/(Windows 98|Win98)/},
            {s:'Windows 95', r:/(Windows 95|Win95|Windows_95)/},
            {s:'Windows NT 4.0', r:/(Windows NT 4.0|WinNT4.0|WinNT|Windows NT)/},
            {s:'Windows CE', r:/Windows CE/},
            {s:'Windows 3.11', r:/Win16/},
            {s:'Android', r:/Android/},
            {s:'Open BSD', r:/OpenBSD/},
            {s:'Sun OS', r:/SunOS/},
            {s:'Linux', r:/(Linux|X11)/},
            {s:'iOS', r:/(iPhone|iPad|iPod)/},
            {s:'Mac OS X', r:/Mac OS X/},
            {s:'Mac OS', r:/(MacPPC|MacIntel|Mac_PowerPC|Macintosh)/},
            {s:'QNX', r:/QNX/},
            {s:'UNIX', r:/UNIX/},
            {s:'BeOS', r:/BeOS/},
            {s:'OS/2', r:/OS\/2/},
            {s:'Search Bot', r:/(nuhk|Googlebot|Yammybot|Openbot|Slurp|MSNBot|Ask Jeeves\/Teoma|ia_archiver)/}
        ];
        for (var id in clientStrings) {
            var cs = clientStrings[id];
            if (cs.r.test(nAgt)) {
                os = cs.s;
                break;
            }
        }

        var osVersion = unknown;

        if (/Windows/.test(os)) {
            osVersion = /Windows (.*)/.exec(os)[1];
            os = 'Windows';
        }

        switch (os) {
            case 'Mac OS X':
                osVersion = /Mac OS X (10[\.\_\d]+)/.exec(nAgt)[1];
                break;

            case 'Android':
                osVersion = /Android ([\.\_\d]+)/.exec(nAgt)[1];
                break;

            case 'iOS':
                osVersion = /OS (\d+)_(\d+)_?(\d+)?/.exec(nVer);
                osVersion = osVersion[1] + '.' + osVersion[2] + '.' + (osVersion[3] | 0);
                break;
        }

        // flash (you'll need to include swfobject)
        /* script src="//ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/swfobject/2.2/swfobject.js" */
        var flashVersion = 'no check';
        if (typeof swfobject != 'undefined') {
            var fv = swfobject.getFlashPlayerVersion();
            if (fv.major > 0) {
                flashVersion = fv.major + '.' + fv.minor + ' r' + fv.release;
            }
            else  {
                flashVersion = unknown;
            }
        }
    }

    window.jscd = {
        screen: screenSize,
        browser: browser,
        browserVersion: version,
        browserMajorVersion: majorVersion,
        mobile: mobile,
        os: os,
        osVersion: osVersion,
        cookies: cookieEnabled,
        flashVersion: flashVersion
    };
}(this));

alert(
    'OS: ' + jscd.os +' '+ jscd.osVersion + '\n' +
    'Browser: ' + jscd.browser +' '+ jscd.browserMajorVersion +
      ' (' + jscd.browserVersion + ')\n' + 
    'Mobile: ' + jscd.mobile + '\n' +
    'Flash: ' + jscd.flashVersion + '\n' +
    'Cookies: ' + jscd.cookies + '\n' +
    'Screen Size: ' + jscd.screen + '\n\n' +
    'Full User Agent: ' + navigator.userAgent
);

Eu bato o código @Ludwig e removo a necessidade do swfobject .

Eu apenas uso o código swfobject para detectar a versão flash.

/**
 * JavaScript Client Detection
 * (C) viazenetti GmbH (Christian Ludwig)
 */
(function (window) {
    {
    var unknown = '-';

    // screen
    var screenSize = '';
    if (screen.width) {
        width = (screen.width) ? screen.width : '';
        height = (screen.height) ? screen.height : '';
        screenSize += '' + width + " x " + height;
    }

    //browser
    var nVer = navigator.appVersion;
    var nAgt = navigator.userAgent;
    var browser = navigator.appName;
    var version = '' + parseFloat(navigator.appVersion);
    var majorVersion = parseInt(navigator.appVersion, 10);
    var nameOffset, verOffset, ix;

    // Opera
    if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Opera')) != -1) {
        browser = 'Opera';
        version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 6);
        if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Version')) != -1) {
        version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 8);
        }
    }
    // MSIE
    else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('MSIE')) != -1) {
        browser = 'Microsoft Internet Explorer';
        version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 5);
    }
    // Chrome
    else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Chrome')) != -1) {
        browser = 'Chrome';
        version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 7);
    }
    // Safari
    else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Safari')) != -1) {
        browser = 'Safari';
        version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 7);
        if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Version')) != -1) {
        version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 8);
        }
    }
    // Firefox
    else if ((verOffset = nAgt.indexOf('Firefox')) != -1) {
        browser = 'Firefox';
        version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 8);
    }
    // MSIE 11+
    else if (nAgt.indexOf('Trident/') != -1) {
        browser = 'Microsoft Internet Explorer';
        version = nAgt.substring(nAgt.indexOf('rv:') + 3);
    }
    // Other browsers
    else if ((nameOffset = nAgt.lastIndexOf(' ') + 1) < (verOffset = nAgt.lastIndexOf('/'))) {
        browser = nAgt.substring(nameOffset, verOffset);
        version = nAgt.substring(verOffset + 1);
        if (browser.toLowerCase() == browser.toUpperCase()) {
        browser = navigator.appName;
        }
    }
    // trim the version string
    if ((ix = version.indexOf(';')) != -1) version = version.substring(0, ix);
    if ((ix = version.indexOf(' ')) != -1) version = version.substring(0, ix);
    if ((ix = version.indexOf(')')) != -1) version = version.substring(0, ix);

    majorVersion = parseInt('' + version, 10);
    if (isNaN(majorVersion)) {
        version = '' + parseFloat(navigator.appVersion);
        majorVersion = parseInt(navigator.appVersion, 10);
    }

    // mobile version
    var mobile = /Mobile|mini|Fennec|Android|iP(ad|od|hone)/.test(nVer);

    // cookie
    var cookieEnabled = (navigator.cookieEnabled) ? true : false;

    if (typeof navigator.cookieEnabled == 'undefined' && !cookieEnabled) {
        document.cookie = 'testcookie';
        cookieEnabled = (document.cookie.indexOf('testcookie') != -1) ? true : false;
    }

    // system
    var os = unknown;
    var clientStrings = [
        {s:'Windows 10', r:/(Windows 10.0|Windows NT 10.0)/},
        {s:'Windows 8.1', r:/(Windows 8.1|Windows NT 6.3)/},
        {s:'Windows 8', r:/(Windows 8|Windows NT 6.2)/},
        {s:'Windows 7', r:/(Windows 7|Windows NT 6.1)/},
        {s:'Windows Vista', r:/Windows NT 6.0/},
        {s:'Windows Server 2003', r:/Windows NT 5.2/},
        {s:'Windows XP', r:/(Windows NT 5.1|Windows XP)/},
        {s:'Windows 2000', r:/(Windows NT 5.0|Windows 2000)/},
        {s:'Windows ME', r:/(Win 9x 4.90|Windows ME)/},
        {s:'Windows 98', r:/(Windows 98|Win98)/},
        {s:'Windows 95', r:/(Windows 95|Win95|Windows_95)/},
        {s:'Windows NT 4.0', r:/(Windows NT 4.0|WinNT4.0|WinNT|Windows NT)/},
        {s:'Windows CE', r:/Windows CE/},
        {s:'Windows 3.11', r:/Win16/},
        {s:'Android', r:/Android/},
        {s:'Open BSD', r:/OpenBSD/},
        {s:'Sun OS', r:/SunOS/},
        {s:'Linux', r:/(Linux|X11)/},
        {s:'iOS', r:/(iPhone|iPad|iPod)/},
        {s:'Mac OS X', r:/Mac OS X/},
        {s:'Mac OS', r:/(MacPPC|MacIntel|Mac_PowerPC|Macintosh)/},
        {s:'QNX', r:/QNX/},
        {s:'UNIX', r:/UNIX/},
        {s:'BeOS', r:/BeOS/},
        {s:'OS/2', r:/OS\/2/},
        {s:'Search Bot', r:/(nuhk|Googlebot|Yammybot|Openbot|Slurp|MSNBot|Ask Jeeves\/Teoma|ia_archiver)/}
    ];
    for (var id in clientStrings) {
        var cs = clientStrings[id];
        if (cs.r.test(nAgt)) {
        os = cs.s;
        break;
        }
    }

    var osVersion = unknown;

    if (/Windows/.test(os)) {
        osVersion = /Windows (.*)/.exec(os)[1];
        os = 'Windows';
    }

    switch (os) {
        case 'Mac OS X':
        osVersion = /Mac OS X (10[\.\_\d]+)/.exec(nAgt)[1];
        break;

        case 'Android':
        osVersion = /Android ([\.\_\d]+)/.exec(nAgt)[1];
        break;

        case 'iOS':
        osVersion = /OS (\d+)_(\d+)_?(\d+)?/.exec(nVer);
        osVersion = osVersion[1] + '.' + osVersion[2] + '.' + (osVersion[3] | 0);
        break;
    }

    var flashVersion = 'no check', d, fv = [];
    if (typeof navigator.plugins !== 'undefined' && typeof navigator.plugins["Shockwave Flash"] === "object") {
        d = navigator.plugins["Shockwave Flash"].description;
        if (d && !(typeof navigator.mimeTypes !== 'undefined' && navigator.mimeTypes["application/x-shockwave-flash"] && !navigator.mimeTypes["application/x-shockwave-flash"].enabledPlugin)) { // navigator.mimeTypes["application/x-shockwave-flash"].enabledPlugin indicates whether plug-ins are enabled or disabled in Safari 3+
        d = d.replace(/^.*\s+(\S+\s+\S+$)/, "$1");
        fv[0] = parseInt(d.replace(/^(.*)\..*$/, "$1"), 10);
        fv[1] = parseInt(d.replace(/^.*\.(.*)\s.*$/, "$1"), 10);
        fv[2] = /[a-zA-Z]/.test(d) ? parseInt(d.replace(/^.*[a-zA-Z]+(.*)$/, "$1"), 10) : 0;
        }
    } else if (typeof window.ActiveXObject !== 'undefined') {
        try {
        var a = new ActiveXObject("ShockwaveFlash.ShockwaveFlash");
        if (a) { // a will return null when ActiveX is disabled
            d = a.GetVariable("$version");
            if (d) {
            d = d.split(" ")[1].split(",");
            fv = [parseInt(d[0], 10), parseInt(d[1], 10), parseInt(d[2], 10)];
            }
        }
        }
        catch(e) {}
    }
    if (fv.length) {
        flashVersion = fv[0] + '.' + fv[1] + ' r' + fv[2];
    }    
    }

    window.jscd = {
    screen: screenSize,
    browser: browser,
    browserVersion: version,
    mobile: mobile,
    os: os,
    osVersion: osVersion,
    cookies: cookieEnabled,
    flashVersion: flashVersion
    };
}(this));

alert(
    'OS: ' + jscd.os +' '+ jscd.osVersion + '\n'+
    'Browser: ' + jscd.browser +' '+ jscd.browserVersion + '\n' + 
    'Mobile: ' + jscd.mobile + '\n' +
    'Flash: ' + jscd.flashVersion + '\n' +
    'Cookies: ' + jscd.cookies + '\n' +
    'Screen Size: ' + jscd.screen + '\n\n' +
    'Full User Agent: ' + navigator.userAgent
);

Eu criei uma biblioteca para analisar as strings do User Agent chamadas Voodoo . Mas esteja ciente de que isso não deve ser usado em vez da detecção de recursos.

O que a Voodoo faz é que ela analisa a string userAgent, que é encontrada no objeto Navigator (window.navigator). Nem todos os navegadores passam uma string userAgent confiável, portanto, embora seja a maneira normal de fazer isso, o userAgent nem sempre pode ser confiável.


O JavaScript tem acesso ao window.navigator.platform - uma string representando a plataforma do navegador: https://developer.mozilla.org/en/DOM/window.navigator.platform

Use-o para extrair os detalhes que você precisa (e pode). Observe que não há garantias de que o cliente realmente use essa plataforma, pois isso pode ser facilmente modificado de várias maneiras.


Use o detectOS.js :

var Detect = {
    init: function () {
        this.OS = this.searchString(this.dataOS);
    },
    searchString: function (data) {
        for (var i=0;i<data.length;i++) {
            var dataString = data[i].string;
            var dataProp = data[i].prop;
            if (dataString) {
                if (dataString.indexOf(data[i].subString) != -1)
                    return data[i].identity;
            }
            else if (dataProp)
                return data[i].identity;
        }
    },
    dataOS : [
        {
            string: navigator.platform,
            subString: 'Win',
            identity: 'Windows'
        },
        {
            string: navigator.platform,
            subString: 'Mac',
            identity: 'macOS'
        },
        {
            string: navigator.userAgent,
            subString: 'iPhone',
            identity: 'iOS'
        },
        {
            string: navigator.userAgent,
            subString: 'iPad',
            identity: 'iOS'
        },
        {
            string: navigator.userAgent,
            subString: 'iPod',
            identity: 'iOS'
        },
        {
            string: navigator.userAgent,
            subString: 'Android',
            identity: 'Android'
        },
        {
            string: navigator.platform,
            subString: 'Linux',
            identity: 'Linux'
        }
    ]
};

Detect.init();

console.log("We know your OS – it's " + Detect.OS + ". We know everything about you.");

Você pode usar essa função de javascript para verificar o sistema operacional dos usuários

  function getOS() {
  var userAgent = window.navigator.userAgent,
      platform = window.navigator.platform,
      macosPlatforms = ['Macintosh', 'MacIntel', 'MacPPC', 'Mac68K'],
      windowsPlatforms = ['Win32', 'Win64', 'Windows', 'WinCE'],
      iosPlatforms = ['iPhone', 'iPad', 'iPod'],
      os = null;

  if (macosPlatforms.indexOf(platform) !== -1) {
    os = 'Mac OS';
  } else if (iosPlatforms.indexOf(platform) !== -1) {
    os = 'iOS';
  } else if (windowsPlatforms.indexOf(platform) !== -1) {
    os = 'Windows';
  } else if (/Android/.test(userAgent)) {
    os = 'Android';
  } else if (!os && /Linux/.test(platform)) {
    os = 'Linux';
  }

  return os;
}

alert(getOS());

platform.js parece uma boa biblioteca de arquivos para fazer isso.

Exemplo de uso:

// on IE10 x86 platform preview running in IE7 compatibility mode on Windows 7 64 bit edition
platform.name; // 'IE'
platform.version; // '10.0'
platform.layout; // 'Trident'
platform.os; // 'Windows Server 2008 R2 / 7 x64'
platform.description; // 'IE 10.0 x86 (platform preview; running in IE 7 mode) on Windows Server 2008 R2 / 7 x64'

// or on an iPad
platform.name; // 'Safari'
platform.version; // '5.1'
platform.product; // 'iPad'
platform.manufacturer; // 'Apple'
platform.layout; // 'WebKit'
platform.os; // 'iOS 5.0'
platform.description; // 'Safari 5.1 on Apple iPad (iOS 5.0)'

// or parsing a given UA string
var info = platform.parse('Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.7.2; en; rv:2.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/4.0 Opera 11.52');
info.name; // 'Opera'
info.version; // '11.52'
info.layout; // 'Presto'
info.os; // 'Mac OS X 10.7.2'
info.description; // 'Opera 11.52 (identifying as Firefox 4.0) on Mac OS X 10.7.2'

var OSName = "Unknown";
if (window.navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Windows NT 10.0")!= -1) OSName="Windows 10";
if (window.navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Windows NT 6.2") != -1) OSName="Windows 8";
if (window.navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Windows NT 6.1") != -1) OSName="Windows 7";
if (window.navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Windows NT 6.0") != -1) OSName="Windows Vista";
if (window.navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Windows NT 5.1") != -1) OSName="Windows XP";
if (window.navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Windows NT 5.0") != -1) OSName="Windows 2000";
if (window.navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Mac")            != -1) OSName="Mac/iOS";
if (window.navigator.userAgent.indexOf("X11")            != -1) OSName="UNIX";
if (window.navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Linux")          != -1) OSName="Linux";




user-agent