r - Создайте дискретную цветную полосу с различной шириной интервала и без промежутков между уровнями легенды




ggplot2 colors (2)

Я хотел бы воспроизвести эту цветовую шкалу в ggplot2 : ( Source )

В прошлом я found что создание дискретных цветовых шкал с промежуточными ggplot2 в ggplot2 может быть непростым ggplot2 .

Можно ли это сделать вообще? Подобный, но не полностью идентичный вопрос, который я недавно задал, является this .


Благодаря ответу Tjebo мне удалось создать функцию, которая отображает симпатичную цветную полосу, которая будет добавлена ​​к cowplot с помощью cowplot , cowplot или других подобных пакетов, как в его примере.

Вот это: РЕДАКТИРОВАТЬ: вы можете найти его также на github

plot_discrete_cbar = function(
    breaks, # Vector of breaks. If +-Inf are used, triangles will be added to the sides of the color bar
    palette = "Greys", # RColorBrewer palette to use
    colors = RColorBrewer::brewer.pal(length(breaks) - 1, palette), # Alternatively, manually set colors
    direction = 1, # Flip colors? Can be 1 or -1
    spacing = "natural", # Spacing between labels. Can be "natural" or "constant"
    border_color = NA, # NA = no border color
    legend_title = NULL,
    legend_direction = "horizontal", # Can be "horizontal" or "vertical"
    font_size = 5,
    expand_size = 1, # Controls spacing around legend plot
    spacing_scaling = 1, # Multiplicative factor for label and legend title spacing
    width = 0.1, # Thickness of color bar
    triangle_size = 0.1 # Relative width of +-Inf triangles
) {
    require(ggplot2)
    if (!(spacing %in% c("natural", "constant"))) stop("spacing must be either 'natural' or 'constant'")
    if (!(direction %in% c(1, -1))) stop("direction must be either 1 or -1")
    if (!(legend_direction %in% c("horizontal", "vertical"))) stop("legend_direction must be either 'horizontal' or 'vertical'")
    breaks = as.numeric(breaks)
    new_breaks = sort(unique(breaks))
    if (any(new_breaks != breaks)) warning("Wrong order or duplicated breaks")
    breaks = new_breaks
    if (class(colors) == "function") colors = colors(length(breaks) - 1)
    if (length(colors) != length(breaks) - 1) stop("Number of colors (", length(colors), ") must be equal to number of breaks (", length(breaks), ") minus 1")
    if (!missing(colors)) warning("Ignoring RColorBrewer palette '", palette, "', since colors were passed manually")

    if (direction == -1) colors = rev(colors)

    inf_breaks = which(is.infinite(breaks))
    if (length(inf_breaks) != 0) breaks = breaks[-inf_breaks]
    plotcolors = colors

    n_breaks = length(breaks)

    labels = breaks

    if (spacing == "constant") {
        breaks = 1:n_breaks
    }

    r_breaks = range(breaks)

    cbar_df = data.frame(stringsAsFactors = FALSE,
        y = breaks,
        yend = c(breaks[-1], NA),
        color = as.character(1:n_breaks)
    )[-n_breaks,]

    xmin = 1 - width/2
    xmax = 1 + width/2

    cbar_plot = ggplot(cbar_df, aes(xmin=xmin, xmax = xmax, ymin = y, ymax = yend, fill = factor(color, levels = 1:length(colors)))) +
        geom_rect(show.legend = FALSE,
                  color=border_color)

    if (any(inf_breaks == 1)) { # Add < arrow for -Inf
        firstv = breaks[1]
        polystart = data.frame(
            x = c(xmin, xmax, 1),
            y = c(rep(firstv, 2), firstv - diff(r_breaks) * triangle_size)
        )
        plotcolors = plotcolors[-1]
        cbar_plot = cbar_plot +
            geom_polygon(data=polystart, aes(x=x, y=y),
                        show.legend = FALSE,
                        inherit.aes = FALSE,
                        fill = colors[1],
                        color=border_color)
    }
    if (any(inf_breaks > 1)) { # Add > arrow for +Inf
        lastv = breaks[n_breaks]
        polyend = data.frame(
            x = c(xmin, xmax, 1),
            y = c(rep(lastv, 2), lastv + diff(r_breaks) * triangle_size)
        )
        plotcolors = plotcolors[-length(plotcolors)]
        cbar_plot = cbar_plot +
            geom_polygon(data=polyend, aes(x=x, y=y),
                        show.legend = FALSE,
                        inherit.aes = FALSE,
                        fill = colors[length(colors)],
                        color=border_color)
    }

    if (legend_direction == "horizontal") { #horizontal legend
        mul = 1
        x = xmin
        xend = xmax
        cbar_plot = cbar_plot + coord_flip()
        angle = 0
        legend_position = xmax + 0.1 * spacing_scaling
    } else { # vertical legend
        mul = -1
        x = xmax
        xend = xmin
        angle = -90
        legend_position = xmax + 0.2 * spacing_scaling
    }

    cbar_plot = cbar_plot +
        geom_segment(data=data.frame(y = breaks, yend = breaks),
            aes(y=y, yend=yend),
            x = x - 0.05 * mul * spacing_scaling, xend = xend,
            inherit.aes = FALSE) +
        annotate(geom = 'text', x = x - 0.1 * mul * spacing_scaling, y = breaks,
                label = labels,
                size = font_size) +
        scale_x_continuous(expand = c(expand_size,expand_size)) +
        scale_fill_manual(values=plotcolors) +
        theme_void()

    if (!is.null(legend_title)) { # Add legend title
        cbar_plot = cbar_plot +
            annotate(geom = 'text', x = legend_position, y = mean(r_breaks),
                label = legend_title,
                angle = angle,
                size = font_size)
    }

    cbar_plot
}

Пример использования:

plot_discrete_cbar(c(1:10))

plot_discrete_cbar(c(0,2,5,10,20, Inf), palette="Reds")

plot_discrete_cbar(c(0,2,5,10,20, Inf), colors=rainbow, legend_direction="vertical", legend_title="A title! WOW!", border_color="red")

plot_discrete_cbar(c(-Inf, -8, -4, -2, -1, 1, 2, 4, 8, Inf), palette="BrBG", legend_title="Precipitation bias (mm/day)")

plot_discrete_cbar(c(-Inf, -8, -4, -2, -1, 1, 2, 4, 8, Inf), palette="BrBG", legend_title="Precipitation bias (mm/day)", spacing="constant")


Вдохновленный ответом @Henrik на этот вопрос , возможный обходной путь - создать сюжет, похожий на легенду :)

require(ggplot2)
require(cowplot)


values <- c(0,1,2,5,10) # this vector is needed not only for the data frame cbar, but also for plotting
group <- letters[1:5]
diff_values <- c(0, diff(values))
cbar_df <- data.frame(x = 1, y = values, diff_values,group,  stringsAsFactors = FALSE)
#that's for the fake legend

iris2 <- iris #don't want to mess with your iris data set
              #I used iris because you hadn't provided data
iris2$cuts <- cut(iris2$Petal.Length, values) #the already offered 'cut-approach' 


p1  <- ggplot(iris2, aes(Sepal.Length, y = Sepal.Width, color = cuts))+ 
          geom_point() +
          scale_color_brewer("", palette = "Reds")

cbar_plot <- ggplot(cbar_df, aes(x, y = diff_values, fill = c(NA, rev(group[2:5])))) + 
  # I had to do implement this 'fill=' workaround 
  # in creating a new vector introducing an NA, 
  # and I had to flip the fills in order to fit to the scale... 
    geom_col(width = 0.1, show.legend = FALSE)  +
    geom_segment(y = values, yend = values, x = 0.9, xend = 1.05) +
    annotate(geom = 'text', x = 0.85, y = values, label = values) +
  # the numbers are quasi-randomly chosen but define the length of your ticks, obviously
    scale_x_continuous(expand = c(1,1)) + 
  # you might need to play around with the expand argument for the width of your legend
    scale_fill_brewer("", palette = "Reds", direction = -1) +  
  # don't know why you have to flip this again... 
    coord_flip() +
    theme_void()

plot_grid(p1, cbar_plot, nrow = 2)

Я имею в виду - безусловно, есть много возможностей для совершенствования (уменьшение сюжета легенды и т. Д.). Но что вы думаете?

#P.S. 
sessionInfo() 
cowplot_0.9.2 ggplot2_2.2.1




colors