c# подсказка - Водяной знак / текст подсказки / заполнитель TextBox




watermark wpf (25)

Я создал реалистичную реализацию только для кода, которая отлично подходит для WPF и Silverlight:

using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Data;
using System.Windows.Media;

public class TextBoxWatermarked : TextBox
{
    #region [ Dependency Properties ]

    public static DependencyProperty WatermarkProperty = DependencyProperty.Register("Watermark",
                                                                             typeof(string),
                                                                             typeof(TextBoxWatermarked),
                                                                             new PropertyMetadata(new PropertyChangedCallback(OnWatermarkChanged)));


    #endregion


    #region [ Fields ]

    private bool _isWatermarked;
    private Binding _textBinding;

    #endregion


    #region [ Properties ]

    protected new Brush Foreground
    {
        get { return base.Foreground; }
        set { base.Foreground = value; }
    }

    public string Watermark
    {
        get { return (string)GetValue(WatermarkProperty); }
        set { SetValue(WatermarkProperty, value); }
    }

    #endregion


    #region [ .ctor ]

    public TextBoxWatermarked()
    {
        Loaded += (s, ea) => ShowWatermark();
    }

    #endregion


    #region [ Event Handlers ]

    protected override void OnGotFocus(RoutedEventArgs e)
    {
        base.OnGotFocus(e);
        HideWatermark();
    }

    protected override void OnLostFocus(RoutedEventArgs e)
    {
        base.OnLostFocus(e);
        ShowWatermark();
    }

    private static void OnWatermarkChanged(DependencyObject sender, DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs ea)
    {
        var tbw = sender as TextBoxWatermarked;
        if (tbw == null) return;
        tbw.ShowWatermark();
    }

    #endregion


    #region [ Methods ]

    private void ShowWatermark()
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(base.Text))
        {
            _isWatermarked = true;
            base.Foreground = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Gray);
            var bindingExpression = GetBindingExpression(TextProperty);
            _textBinding = bindingExpression == null ? null : bindingExpression.ParentBinding;
            if (bindingExpression != null)
                bindingExpression.UpdateSource();
            SetBinding(TextProperty, new Binding());
            base.Text = Watermark;
        }
    }

    private void HideWatermark()
    {
        if (_isWatermarked)
        {
            _isWatermarked = false;
            ClearValue(ForegroundProperty);
            base.Text = "";
            SetBinding(TextProperty, _textBinding ?? new Binding());
        }
    }

    #endregion
}

Использование:

<TextBoxWatermarked Watermark="Some text" />

Как я могу поместить некоторый текст в текстовое поле, которое автоматически удаляется, когда пользователь вводит что-то в нем? (В WPF)


Настройте текстовое поле с текстом-заполнителем в мягком цвете ...

public MainWindow ( )
{
    InitializeComponent ( );
    txtInput.Text = "Type something here...";
    txtInput.Foreground = Brushes.DimGray;
}

Когда текстовое поле получает фокус, очистите его и измените цвет текста

private void txtInput_GotFocus ( object sender, EventArgs e )
{
    MessageBox.Show ( "got focus" );
    txtInput.Text = "";
    txtInput.Foreground = Brushes.Red;
}

@Veton - Мне очень нравится простота вашего решения, но моя репутация недостаточно высока, чтобы поднять вас.

@Tim Murphy - для того, чтобы «двусторонняя привязка требовала Path или XPath», ошибка была простым исправлением ... обновленный код, включая некоторые другие небольшие хитрости (только WPF):

using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Data;
using System.Windows.Media;

public class TextBoxWatermarked : TextBox
{
  public string Watermark
  {
    get { return (string)GetValue(WaterMarkProperty); }
    set { SetValue(WaterMarkProperty, value); }
  }
  public static readonly DependencyProperty WaterMarkProperty =
      DependencyProperty.Register("Watermark", typeof(string), typeof(TextBoxWatermarked), new PropertyMetadata(new PropertyChangedCallback(OnWatermarkChanged)));

  private bool _isWatermarked = false;
  private Binding _textBinding = null;

  public TextBoxWatermarked()
  {
    Loaded += (s, ea) => ShowWatermark();
  }

  protected override void OnGotFocus(RoutedEventArgs e)
  {
    base.OnGotFocus(e);
    HideWatermark();
  }

  protected override void OnLostFocus(RoutedEventArgs e)
  {
    base.OnLostFocus(e);
    ShowWatermark();
  }

  private static void OnWatermarkChanged(DependencyObject sender, DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs ea)
  {
    var tbw = sender as TextBoxWatermarked;
    if (tbw == null || !tbw.IsLoaded) return; //needed to check IsLoaded so that we didn't dive into the ShowWatermark() routine before initial Bindings had been made
    tbw.ShowWatermark();
  }

  private void ShowWatermark()
  {
    if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(Text) && !String.IsNullOrEmpty(Watermark))
    {
      _isWatermarked = true;

      //save the existing binding so it can be restored
      _textBinding = BindingOperations.GetBinding(this, TextProperty);

      //blank out the existing binding so we can throw in our Watermark
      BindingOperations.ClearBinding(this, TextProperty);

      //set the signature watermark gray
      Foreground = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Gray);

      //display our watermark text
      Text = Watermark;
    }
  }

  private void HideWatermark()
  {
    if (_isWatermarked)
    {
      _isWatermarked = false;
      ClearValue(ForegroundProperty);
      Text = "";
      if (_textBinding != null) SetBinding(TextProperty, _textBinding);
    }
  }

}

<TextBox    Grid.Column="0" Name="TextBox_SearchBar" AcceptsReturn="False" AcceptsTab="False" TextWrapping="Wrap" KeyUp="TextBox_SearchBar_KeyUp" />
<TextBox    Grid.Column="0" Name="TextBox_Watermark" Text="Search Test Sets" Foreground="Gray" GotFocus="TextBox_Watermark_GotFocus" />

private void TextBox_Watermark_GotFocus( object sender, RoutedEventArgs e ) {
    TextBox_Watermark.Visibility = Visibility.Hidden;
    TextBox_SearchBar.Focus();
}

Ну вот моя: не обязательно лучшая, но как это просто, легко отредактировать на свой вкус.

<UserControl x:Class="WPFControls.ShadowedTextBox"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="clr-namespace:WPFControls"
    Name="Root">
<UserControl.Resources>
    <local:ShadowConverter x:Key="ShadowConvert"/>
</UserControl.Resources>
<Grid>
    <TextBox Name="textBox" 
             Foreground="{Binding ElementName=Root, Path=Foreground}"
             Text="{Binding ElementName=Root, Path=Text, UpdateSourceTrigger=PropertyChanged}"
             TextChanged="textBox_TextChanged"
             TextWrapping="Wrap"
             VerticalContentAlignment="Center"/>
    <TextBlock Name="WaterMarkLabel"
           IsHitTestVisible="False"
           Foreground="{Binding ElementName=Root,Path=Foreground}"
           FontWeight="Thin"
           Opacity=".345"
           FontStyle="Italic"
           Text="{Binding ElementName=Root, Path=Watermark}"
           VerticalAlignment="Center"
           TextWrapping="Wrap"
           TextAlignment="Center">
        <TextBlock.Visibility>
            <MultiBinding Converter="{StaticResource ShadowConvert}">
                <Binding ElementName="textBox" Path="Text"/>
            </MultiBinding>
        </TextBlock.Visibility> 
    </TextBlock>
</Grid>

Преобразователь, как написано сейчас, не обязательно, что это MultiConverter, но в этом случае его можно легко расширить

using System;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Data;

namespace WPFControls
{
    class ShadowConverter:IMultiValueConverter
    {
        #region Implementation of IMultiValueConverter

        public object Convert(object[] values, Type targetType, object parameter, CultureInfo culture)
        {
            var text = (string) values[0];
            return text == string.Empty
                       ? Visibility.Visible
                       : Visibility.Collapsed;
        }

        public object[] ConvertBack(object value, Type[] targetTypes, object parameter, CultureInfo culture)
        {
            return new object[0];
        }

        #endregion
    }
}

и, наконец, код:

using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;

namespace WPFControls
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Interaction logic for ShadowedTextBox.xaml
    /// </summary>
    public partial class ShadowedTextBox : UserControl
    {
        public event TextChangedEventHandler TextChanged;

        public ShadowedTextBox()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

        public static readonly DependencyProperty WatermarkProperty =
            DependencyProperty.Register("Watermark",
                                        typeof (string),
                                        typeof (ShadowedTextBox),
                                        new UIPropertyMetadata(string.Empty));

        public static readonly DependencyProperty TextProperty =
            DependencyProperty.Register("Text",
                                        typeof (string),
                                        typeof (ShadowedTextBox),
                                        new UIPropertyMetadata(string.Empty));

        public static readonly DependencyProperty TextChangedProperty =
            DependencyProperty.Register("TextChanged",
                                        typeof (TextChangedEventHandler),
                                        typeof (ShadowedTextBox),
                                        new UIPropertyMetadata(null));

        public string Watermark
        {
            get { return (string)GetValue(WatermarkProperty); }
            set
            {
                SetValue(WatermarkProperty, value);
            }
        }

        public string Text
        {
            get { return (string) GetValue(TextProperty); }
            set{SetValue(TextProperty,value);}
        }

        private void textBox_TextChanged(object sender, TextChangedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (TextChanged != null) TextChanged(this, e);
        }

        public void Clear()
        {
            textBox.Clear();
        }

    }
}

Мое решение довольно простое.

В моем окне входа в систему. xaml выглядит следующим образом.

 <DockPanel HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Center" Height="80" Width="300" LastChildFill="True">
        <Button Margin="5,0,0,0" Click="login_Click" DockPanel.Dock="Right"  VerticalAlignment="Center" ToolTip="Login to system">
            Login
        </Button>
        <StackPanel>
            <TextBox x:Name="userNameWatermarked" Height="25" Foreground="Gray" Text="UserName" GotFocus="userNameWatermarked_GotFocus"></TextBox>
            <TextBox x:Name="userName" Height="25"  TextChanged="loginElement_TextChanged" Visibility="Collapsed" LostFocus="userName_LostFocus" ></TextBox>
            <TextBox x:Name="passwordWatermarked" Height="25" Foreground="Gray" Text="Password"  Margin="0,5,0,5" GotFocus="passwordWatermarked_GotFocus"></TextBox>
            <PasswordBox x:Name="password" Height="25" PasswordChanged="password_PasswordChanged" KeyUp="password_KeyUp" LostFocus="password_LostFocus" Margin="0,5,0,5" Visibility="Collapsed"></PasswordBox>
            <TextBlock x:Name="loginError" Visibility="Hidden" Foreground="Red" FontSize="12"></TextBlock>
        </StackPanel>
    </DockPanel>

код выглядит следующим образом.

private void userNameWatermarked_GotFocus(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
    {
        userNameWatermarked.Visibility = System.Windows.Visibility.Collapsed;
        userName.Visibility = System.Windows.Visibility.Visible;
        userName.Focus();
    }

    private void userName_LostFocus(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(this.userName.Text))
        {
            userName.Visibility = System.Windows.Visibility.Collapsed;
            userNameWatermarked.Visibility = System.Windows.Visibility.Visible;
        }
    }

    private void passwordWatermarked_GotFocus(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
    {
        passwordWatermarked.Visibility = System.Windows.Visibility.Collapsed;
        password.Visibility = System.Windows.Visibility.Visible;
        password.Focus();
    }

    private void password_LostFocus(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(this.password.Password))
        {
            password.Visibility = System.Windows.Visibility.Collapsed;
            passwordWatermarked.Visibility = System.Windows.Visibility.Visible;
        }
    }

Просто решите скрыть или показать текстовое поле водяного знака. Хотя и не красиво, но хорошо работает.


Я не могу поверить, что никто не опубликовал очевидный расширенный WPF Toolkit - WatermarkTextBox от Xceed. Он работает достаточно хорошо и с открытым исходным кодом, если вы хотите настроить его.


Этот метод использует свойство Background для отображения / скрытия текстового поля-заполнителя.
Заполнитель - это событие, когда текстовое поле имеет фокус

Как это устроено:

  • Когда пустым, фон TextBox установлен на «Прозрачный», чтобы отобразить текст PlaceHolder.
  • Когда пустой фон не установлен на белый, чтобы закрыть текст PlaceHolder.

Вот основной пример. Для моих целей я превратил это в UserControl.

<Grid>
    <Grid.Resources>
        <ux:NotEmptyConverter x:Key="NotEmptyConverter" />

        <Style TargetType="{x:Type Control}" x:Key="DefaultStyle">
            <Setter Property="FontSize" Value="20" />
            <Setter Property="Margin" Value="10"/>
            <Setter Property="VerticalAlignment" Value="Center"></Setter>
            <Setter Property="VerticalContentAlignment" Value="Center"></Setter>
        </Style>

        <Style TargetType="{x:Type TextBox}" BasedOn="{StaticResource DefaultStyle}"></Style>

    </Grid.Resources>

    <Grid.RowDefinitions>
        <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
    </Grid.RowDefinitions>
    <TextBox Grid.Row="0" Text="Placeholder Text Is Here" Foreground="DarkGray" />
    <TextBox Grid.Row="0" Name="TextBoxEdit" 
            Text="{Binding Path=FirstName, Mode=TwoWay, UpdateSourceTrigger=PropertyChanged}" >
        <TextBox.Style>
            <Style TargetType="{x:Type TextBox}" BasedOn="{StaticResource DefaultStyle}">
                <Style.Triggers>
                    <DataTrigger Binding="{Binding Path=FirstName.Length, FallbackValue=0, TargetNullValue=0}" Value="0">
                        <Setter Property="Background" Value="Transparent"/>
                    </DataTrigger>
                    <DataTrigger Binding="{Binding Path=FirstName, FallbackValue=0, TargetNullValue=0, Converter={StaticResource NotEmptyConverter}}" Value="false">
                        <Setter Property="Background" Value="White"/>
                    </DataTrigger>
                </Style.Triggers>
            </Style>
        </TextBox.Style>
    </TextBox>
</Grid>

Здесь ValueConverter обнаруживает непустые строки в DataTrigger.

public class NotEmptyConverter : IValueConverter
{
    public object Convert(object value, Type targetType, object parameter, System.Globalization.CultureInfo culture)
    {
        var s = value as string;
        return string.IsNullOrEmpty(s);
    }
    public object ConvertBack(object value, Type targetType, object parameter, System.Globalization.CultureInfo culture)
    {
        return null;
    }
}

namespace PlaceholderForRichTexxBoxInWPF
{
public MainWindow()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
            Application.Current.MainWindow.WindowState = WindowState.Maximized;// maximize window on load

            richTextBox1.GotKeyboardFocus += new KeyboardFocusChangedEventHandler(rtb_GotKeyboardFocus);
            richTextBox1.LostKeyboardFocus += new KeyboardFocusChangedEventHandler(rtb_LostKeyboardFocus);
            richTextBox1.AppendText("Place Holder");
            richTextBox1.Foreground = Brushes.Gray;
        }
 private void rtb_GotKeyboardFocus(object sender, KeyboardFocusChangedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (sender is RichTextBox)
            {
                TextRange textRange = new TextRange(richTextBox1.Document.ContentStart, richTextBox1.Document.ContentEnd); 

                if (textRange.Text.Trim().Equals("Place Holder"))
                {
                    ((RichTextBox)sender).Foreground = Brushes.Black;
                    richTextBox1.Document.Blocks.Clear();
                }
            }
        }


        private void rtb_LostKeyboardFocus(object sender, KeyboardFocusChangedEventArgs e)
        {
            //Make sure sender is the correct Control.
            if (sender is RichTextBox)
            {
                //If nothing was entered, reset default text.
                TextRange textRange = new TextRange(richTextBox1.Document.ContentStart, richTextBox1.Document.ContentEnd); 

                if (textRange.Text.Trim().Equals(""))
                {
                    ((RichTextBox)sender).Foreground = Brushes.Gray;
                    ((RichTextBox)sender).AppendText("Place Holder");
                }
            }
        }
}

В CodeProject есть статья о том, как это сделать в «3 строках XAML».

<Grid Background="{StaticResource brushWatermarkBackground}">
  <TextBlock Margin="5,2" Text="Type something..."
             Foreground="{StaticResource brushForeground}"
             Visibility="{Binding ElementName=txtUserEntry, Path=Text.IsEmpty,
                          Converter={StaticResource BooleanToVisibilityConverter}}" />
  <TextBox Name="txtUserEntry" Background="Transparent"
           BorderBrush="{StaticResource brushBorder}" />
</Grid>

Хорошо, это может быть не 3 строки формата XAML, но это довольно просто.

Следует отметить, однако, что он использует нестандартный метод расширения в свойстве Text, называемом «IsEmpty». Вам нужно реализовать это самостоятельно, однако статья, похоже, не упоминает об этом.



<TextBox x:Name="OrderTxt" HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Top" VerticalContentAlignment="Center" Margin="10,10,0,0" Width="188" Height="32"/>

<Label IsHitTestVisible="False" Content="Order number" DataContext="{Binding ElementName=OrderTxt}" Foreground="DarkGray">
    <Label.Style>
        <Style TargetType="{x:Type Label}">
            <Setter Property="Visibility" Value="Collapsed"/>
            <Setter Property="Width" Value="{Binding Width}"/>
            <Setter Property="Height" Value="{Binding Height}"/>
            <Setter Property="Margin" Value="{Binding Margin}"/>
            <Setter Property="VerticalAlignment" Value="{Binding VerticalAlignment}"/>
            <Setter Property="HorizontalAlignment" Value="{Binding HorizontalAlignment}"/>
            <Setter Property="VerticalContentAlignment" Value="{Binding VerticalContentAlignment}"/>
            <Style.Triggers>
                <DataTrigger Binding="{Binding Text}" Value="">
                    <Setter Property="Visibility" Value="Visible"/>
                </DataTrigger>
            </Style.Triggers>
        </Style>
    </Label.Style>
</Label>

вы можете использовать GetFocus()и LostFocus()события для этого

вот пример:

    private void txtData1_GetFocus(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
    {
        if (txtData1.Text == "TextBox1abc")
        {
            txtData1.Text = string.Empty;
        }
    }

    private void txtData1_LostFocus(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
    {
        if (txtData1.Text == string.Empty)
        {
            txtData1.Text = "TextBox1abc";
        }
    }

Вот простейшее решение:

            <Grid>
                <Label Content="Placeholder text" VerticalAlignment="Center" Margin="10">
                    <Label.Style>
                        <Style TargetType="Label">
                            <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="Transparent"/>
                            <Style.Triggers>
                                <DataTrigger Binding="{Binding Expression}" Value="">
                                    <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="Gray"/>
                                </DataTrigger>
                            </Style.Triggers>
                        </Style>
                    </Label.Style>
                </Label>
                <TextBox HorizontalAlignment="Stretch" Margin="5" Background="Transparent"
                 Text="{Binding Expression, UpdateSourceTrigger=PropertyChanged}" VerticalAlignment="Center" Padding="5">
                </TextBox>
        </Grid>

Это текстовое поле с прозрачным backgound, накладывающим ярлык. Серого текста ярлыка становится прозрачным с помощью триггера данных, который срабатывает всякий раз, когда связанный текст является чем-то отличным от пустой строки.


Я видел решение Джона Мичека и его комментарии о совместимости с ComboBox и PasswordBox , поэтому я улучшил решение John Myczek, и вот он:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Controls.Primitives;
using System.Windows.Documents;

/// <summary>
/// Class that provides the Watermark attached property
/// </summary>
public static class WatermarkService
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Watermark Attached Dependency Property
    /// </summary>
    public static readonly DependencyProperty WatermarkProperty = DependencyProperty.RegisterAttached(
       "Watermark",
       typeof(object),
       typeof(WatermarkService),
       new FrameworkPropertyMetadata((object)null, new PropertyChangedCallback(OnWatermarkChanged)));

    #region Private Fields

    /// <summary>
    /// Dictionary of ItemsControls
    /// </summary>
    private static readonly Dictionary<object, ItemsControl> itemsControls = new Dictionary<object, ItemsControl>();

    #endregion

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets the Watermark property.  This dependency property indicates the watermark for the control.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="d"><see cref="DependencyObject"/> to get the property from</param>
    /// <returns>The value of the Watermark property</returns>
    public static object GetWatermark(DependencyObject d)
    {
        return (object)d.GetValue(WatermarkProperty);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Sets the Watermark property.  This dependency property indicates the watermark for the control.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="d"><see cref="DependencyObject"/> to set the property on</param>
    /// <param name="value">value of the property</param>
    public static void SetWatermark(DependencyObject d, object value)
    {
        d.SetValue(WatermarkProperty, value);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Handles changes to the Watermark property.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="d"><see cref="DependencyObject"/> that fired the event</param>
    /// <param name="e">A <see cref="DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs"/> that contains the event data.</param>
    private static void OnWatermarkChanged(DependencyObject d, DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        Control control = (Control)d;
        control.Loaded += Control_Loaded;

        if (d is TextBox || d is PasswordBox)
        {
            control.GotKeyboardFocus += Control_GotKeyboardFocus;
            control.LostKeyboardFocus += Control_Loaded;
        }
        else if (d is ComboBox)
        {
            control.GotKeyboardFocus += Control_GotKeyboardFocus;
            control.LostKeyboardFocus += Control_Loaded;
            (d as ComboBox).SelectionChanged += new SelectionChangedEventHandler(SelectionChanged);
        }
        else if (d is ItemsControl)
        {
            ItemsControl i = (ItemsControl)d;

            // for Items property  
            i.ItemContainerGenerator.ItemsChanged += ItemsChanged;
            itemsControls.Add(i.ItemContainerGenerator, i);

            // for ItemsSource property  
            DependencyPropertyDescriptor prop = DependencyPropertyDescriptor.FromProperty(ItemsControl.ItemsSourceProperty, i.GetType());
            prop.AddValueChanged(i, ItemsSourceChanged);
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Event handler for the selection changed event
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="sender">The source of the event.</param>
    /// <param name="e">A <see cref="ItemsChangedEventArgs"/> that contains the event data.</param>
    private static void SelectionChanged(object sender, SelectionChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        Control control = (Control)sender;
        if (ShouldShowWatermark(control))
        {
            ShowWatermark(control);
        }
        else
        {
            RemoveWatermark(control);
        }
    }

    #region Event Handlers

    /// <summary>
    /// Handle the GotFocus event on the control
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="sender">The source of the event.</param>
    /// <param name="e">A <see cref="RoutedEventArgs"/> that contains the event data.</param>
    private static void Control_GotKeyboardFocus(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
    {
        Control c = (Control)sender;
        if (ShouldShowWatermark(c))
        {
            RemoveWatermark(c);
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Handle the Loaded and LostFocus event on the control
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="sender">The source of the event.</param>
    /// <param name="e">A <see cref="RoutedEventArgs"/> that contains the event data.</param>
    private static void Control_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
    {
        Control control = (Control)sender;
        if (ShouldShowWatermark(control))
        {
            ShowWatermark(control);
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Event handler for the items source changed event
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="sender">The source of the event.</param>
    /// <param name="e">A <see cref="EventArgs"/> that contains the event data.</param>
    private static void ItemsSourceChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        ItemsControl c = (ItemsControl)sender;
        if (c.ItemsSource != null)
        {
            if (ShouldShowWatermark(c))
            {
                ShowWatermark(c);
            }
            else
            {
                RemoveWatermark(c);
            }
        }
        else
        {
            ShowWatermark(c);
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Event handler for the items changed event
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="sender">The source of the event.</param>
    /// <param name="e">A <see cref="ItemsChangedEventArgs"/> that contains the event data.</param>
    private static void ItemsChanged(object sender, ItemsChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        ItemsControl control;
        if (itemsControls.TryGetValue(sender, out control))
        {
            if (ShouldShowWatermark(control))
            {
                ShowWatermark(control);
            }
            else
            {
                RemoveWatermark(control);
            }
        }
    }

    #endregion

    #region Helper Methods

    /// <summary>
    /// Remove the watermark from the specified element
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="control">Element to remove the watermark from</param>
    private static void RemoveWatermark(UIElement control)
    {
        AdornerLayer layer = AdornerLayer.GetAdornerLayer(control);

        // layer could be null if control is no longer in the visual tree
        if (layer != null)
        {
            Adorner[] adorners = layer.GetAdorners(control);
            if (adorners == null)
            {
                return;
            }

            foreach (Adorner adorner in adorners)
            {
                if (adorner is WatermarkAdorner)
                {
                    adorner.Visibility = Visibility.Hidden;
                    layer.Remove(adorner);
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Show the watermark on the specified control
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="control">Control to show the watermark on</param>
    private static void ShowWatermark(Control control)
    {
        AdornerLayer layer = AdornerLayer.GetAdornerLayer(control);

        // layer could be null if control is no longer in the visual tree
        if (layer != null)
        {
            layer.Add(new WatermarkAdorner(control, GetWatermark(control)));
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Indicates whether or not the watermark should be shown on the specified control
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="c"><see cref="Control"/> to test</param>
    /// <returns>true if the watermark should be shown; false otherwise</returns>
    private static bool ShouldShowWatermark(Control c)
    {
        if (c is ComboBox)
        {
            return (c as ComboBox).SelectedItem == null;
            //return (c as ComboBox).Text == string.Empty;
        }
        else if (c is TextBoxBase)
        {
            return (c as TextBox).Text == string.Empty;
        }
        else if (c is PasswordBox)
        {
            return (c as PasswordBox).Password == string.Empty;
        }
        else if (c is ItemsControl)
        {
            return (c as ItemsControl).Items.Count == 0;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    #endregion
}

Теперь ComboBox можно Editable , а PasswordBox может добавлять водяной знак. Не забудьте использовать комментарий JoanComasFdz выше, чтобы решить проблему с полями.

И, конечно же, все заслуга Джона Мичека.


Простое решение с использованием стиля:

<TextBox>
    <TextBox.Style>
        <Style TargetType="TextBox" xmlns:sys="clr-namespace:System;assembly=mscorlib">
            <Style.Resources>
                <VisualBrush x:Key="CueBannerBrush" AlignmentX="Left" AlignmentY="Center" Stretch="None">
                    <VisualBrush.Visual>
                        <Label Content="MM:SS:HH AM/PM" Foreground="LightGray" />
                    </VisualBrush.Visual>
                </VisualBrush>
            </Style.Resources>
            <Style.Triggers>
                <Trigger Property="Text" Value="{x:Static sys:String.Empty}">
                    <Setter Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource CueBannerBrush}" />
                </Trigger>
                <Trigger Property="Text" Value="{x:Null}">
                    <Setter Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource CueBannerBrush}" />
                </Trigger>
                <Trigger Property="IsKeyboardFocused" Value="True">
                    <Setter Property="Background" Value="White" />
                </Trigger>
            </Style.Triggers>
        </Style>
    </TextBox.Style>
</TextBox>

Отличное решение:

https://code.msdn.microsoft.com/windowsdesktop/In-place-hit-messages-for-18db3a6c


Вы можете сохранить отдельное значение для введенного текста, и вы можете установить его вместе с полем «Текст» текстового поля в событиях «GotFocus» и «LostFocus». Когда вы получаете фокус, вам нужно очистить текстовое поле, если нет значения. И когда вы потеряете фокус, вам нужно установить значение «Текст» из текстового поля, а затем сбросить значение «Текст» текстового поля на место, если оно пустое.

private String username = "";

private void usernameTextBox_GotFocus(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e) {
  if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(username)) {
    usernameTextBox.Text = "";
  }
}

private void usernameTextBox_LostFocus(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e) {
  username = usernameTextBox.Text;
  if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(usernameTextBox.Text)) {
    usernameTextBox.Text = "Username";
  }
}

Затем вам нужно только убедиться, что значение «Текст» текстового поля инициализируется текстом владельца места.

<TextBox x:Name="usernameTextBox" Text="Username" GotFocus="usernameTextBox_GotFocus" LostFocus="usernameTextBox_LostFocus" />

Вы также можете извлечь это в класс, который расширяет класс «TextBox», а затем повторно использует его в своем проекте.

namespace UI {
  public class PlaceholderTextBox : TextBox {
    public String Value { get; set; }
    public String PlaceholderText { get; set; }
    public Brush PlaceholderBrush { get; set; }
    private Brush ValuedBrush { get; set; }

    public PlaceholderTextBox() : base() {}

    protected override void OnInitialized(EventArgs e) {
      base.OnInitialized(e);

      ValuedBrush = this.Foreground;

      if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(this.Text)) {
        this.Text = PlaceholderText;
        this.Foreground = PlaceholderBrush;
      }
    }

    protected override void OnGotFocus(System.Windows.RoutedEventArgs e) {
      this.Foreground = ValuedBrush;
      if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(Value)) {
        this.Text = "";
      }

      base.OnGotFocus(e);
    }

    protected override void OnLostFocus(System.Windows.RoutedEventArgs e) {
      Value = this.Text;
      if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(this.Text)) {
        this.Text = PlaceholderText;
        this.Foreground = PlaceholderBrush;
      }

      base.OnLostFocus(e);
    }
  }
}

И тогда это можно добавить непосредственно в xaml.

<Window x:Class="UI.LoginWindow"
        xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
        xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
        xmlns:m="clr-namespace:UI"
        Initialized="Window_Initialized">
    <Grid>
        <m:PlaceholderTextBox x:Name="usernameTextBox" PlaceholderText="Username" PlaceholderBrush="Gray" />
    </Grid>
</Window>

Если вместо того, чтобы видимость водяного знака зависела от состояния фокусировки элемента управления, вы хотите, чтобы он зависел от того, ввел ли пользователь какой-либо текст, вы можете обновить ответ Джона Майча (от OnWatermarkChangedвниз) до

static void OnWatermarkChanged(DependencyObject d, DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs e) {
    var textbox = (TextBox)d;
    textbox.Loaded += UpdateWatermark;
    textbox.TextChanged += UpdateWatermark;
}

static void UpdateWatermark(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e) {
    var textbox = (TextBox)sender;
    var layer = AdornerLayer.GetAdornerLayer(textbox);
    if (layer != null) {
        if (textbox.Text == string.Empty) {
            layer.Add(new WatermarkAdorner(textbox, GetWatermark(textbox)));
        } else {
            var adorners = layer.GetAdorners(textbox);
            if (adorners == null) {
                return;
            }

            foreach (var adorner in adorners) {
                if (adorner is WatermarkAdorner) {
                    adorner.Visibility = Visibility.Hidden;
                    layer.Remove(adorner);
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

Это имеет смысл, если ваше текстовое поле автоматически фокусируется при отображении формы или при привязке данных к свойству Text.

Также, если ваш водяной знак всегда просто строка, и вам нужен стиль водяного знака в соответствии со стилем текстового поля, тогда в Adorner выполните:

contentPresenter = new ContentPresenter {
    Content = new TextBlock {
        Text = (string)watermark,
        Foreground = Control.Foreground,
        Background = Control.Background,
        FontFamily = Control.FontFamily,
        FontSize = Control.FontSize,
        ...
    },
    ...
}

Это образец, который демонстрирует, как создать текстовое поле водяного знака в WPF:

<Window x:Class="WaterMarkTextBoxDemo.Window1"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="clr-namespace:WaterMarkTextBoxDemo"
    Height="200" Width="400">

    <Window.Resources>

        <SolidColorBrush x:Key="brushWatermarkBackground" Color="White" />
        <SolidColorBrush x:Key="brushWatermarkForeground" Color="LightSteelBlue" />
        <SolidColorBrush x:Key="brushWatermarkBorder" Color="Indigo" />

        <BooleanToVisibilityConverter x:Key="BooleanToVisibilityConverter" />
        <local:TextInputToVisibilityConverter x:Key="TextInputToVisibilityConverter" />

        <Style x:Key="EntryFieldStyle" TargetType="Grid" >
            <Setter Property="HorizontalAlignment" Value="Stretch" />
            <Setter Property="VerticalAlignment" Value="Center" />
            <Setter Property="Margin" Value="20,0" />
        </Style>

    </Window.Resources>


    <Grid Background="LightBlue">

        <Grid.RowDefinitions>
            <RowDefinition />
            <RowDefinition />
            <RowDefinition />
        </Grid.RowDefinitions>

        <Grid Grid.Row="0" Background="{StaticResource brushWatermarkBackground}" Style="{StaticResource EntryFieldStyle}" >
            <TextBlock Margin="5,2" Text="This prompt dissappears as you type..." Foreground="{StaticResource brushWatermarkForeground}"
                       Visibility="{Binding ElementName=txtUserEntry, Path=Text.IsEmpty, Converter={StaticResource BooleanToVisibilityConverter}}" />
            <TextBox Name="txtUserEntry" Background="Transparent" BorderBrush="{StaticResource brushWatermarkBorder}" />
        </Grid>

        <Grid Grid.Row="1" Background="{StaticResource brushWatermarkBackground}" Style="{StaticResource EntryFieldStyle}" >
            <TextBlock Margin="5,2" Text="This dissappears as the control gets focus..." Foreground="{StaticResource brushWatermarkForeground}" >
                <TextBlock.Visibility>
                    <MultiBinding Converter="{StaticResource TextInputToVisibilityConverter}">
                        <Binding ElementName="txtUserEntry2" Path="Text.IsEmpty" />
                        <Binding ElementName="txtUserEntry2" Path="IsFocused" />
                    </MultiBinding>
                </TextBlock.Visibility>
            </TextBlock>
            <TextBox Name="txtUserEntry2" Background="Transparent" BorderBrush="{StaticResource brushWatermarkBorder}" />
        </Grid>

    </Grid>

</Window>

TextInputToVisibilityConverter определяется как:

using System;
using System.Windows.Data;
using System.Windows;

namespace WaterMarkTextBoxDemo
{
    public class TextInputToVisibilityConverter : IMultiValueConverter
    {
        public object Convert( object[] values, Type targetType, object parameter, System.Globalization.CultureInfo culture )
        {
            // Always test MultiValueConverter inputs for non-null
            // (to avoid crash bugs for views in the designer)
            if (values[0] is bool && values[1] is bool)
            {
                bool hasText = !(bool)values[0];
                bool hasFocus = (bool)values[1];

                if (hasFocus || hasText)
                    return Visibility.Collapsed;
            }

            return Visibility.Visible;
        }


        public object[] ConvertBack( object value, Type[] targetTypes, object parameter, System.Globalization.CultureInfo culture )
        {
            throw new NotImplementedException();
        }
    }
}

Примечание. Это не мой код. Я нашел его here , но я думаю, что это лучший подход.


Я решил решить это с помощью Поведения. Он использует Hintсвойство для определения отображаемого текста (также может быть объектом, если вы предпочитаете), и Valueсвойство для оценки того, что подсказка должна быть видимой или нет.

Поведение объявляется следующим образом:

using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Data;
using System.Windows.Interactivity;
using System.Windows.Media;

    public class HintBehavior : Behavior<ContentControl>
    {
        public static readonly DependencyProperty HintProperty = DependencyProperty
            .Register("Hint", typeof (string), typeof (HintBehavior)
            //, new FrameworkPropertyMetadata(null, OnHintChanged)
            );

        public string Hint
        {
            get { return (string) GetValue(HintProperty); }
            set { SetValue(HintProperty, value); }
        }

        public static readonly DependencyProperty ValueProperty = DependencyProperty
            .Register("Value", typeof (object), typeof (HintBehavior)
                , new FrameworkPropertyMetadata(null, OnValueChanged));

        private static void OnValueChanged(DependencyObject d, DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs e)
        {
            var visible = e.NewValue == null;
            d.SetValue(VisibilityProperty, visible ? Visibility.Visible : Visibility.Collapsed);
        }

        public object Value
        {
            get { return GetValue(ValueProperty); }
            set { SetValue(ValueProperty, value); }
        }

        public static readonly DependencyProperty VisibilityProperty = DependencyProperty
            .Register("Visibility", typeof (Visibility), typeof (HintBehavior)
                , new FrameworkPropertyMetadata(Visibility.Visible
                    //, new PropertyChangedCallback(OnVisibilityChanged)
                    ));

        public Visibility Visibility
        {
            get { return (Visibility) GetValue(VisibilityProperty); }
            set { SetValue(VisibilityProperty, value); }
        }

        public static readonly DependencyProperty ForegroundProperty = DependencyProperty
            .Register("Foreground", typeof (Brush), typeof (HintBehavior)
                , new FrameworkPropertyMetadata(new SolidColorBrush(Colors.DarkGray)
                    //, new PropertyChangedCallback(OnForegroundChanged)
                    ));

        public Brush Foreground
        {
            get { return (Brush) GetValue(ForegroundProperty); }
            set { SetValue(ForegroundProperty, value); }
        }

        public static readonly DependencyProperty MarginProperty = DependencyProperty
            .Register("Margin", typeof (Thickness), typeof (HintBehavior)
                , new FrameworkPropertyMetadata(new Thickness(4, 5, 0, 0)
                    //, new PropertyChangedCallback(OnMarginChanged)
                    ));

        public Thickness Margin
        {
            get { return (Thickness) GetValue(MarginProperty); }
            set { SetValue(MarginProperty, value); }
        }


        private static ResourceDictionary _hintBehaviorResources;

        public static ResourceDictionary HintBehaviorResources
        {
            get
            {
                if (_hintBehaviorResources == null)
                {
                    var res = new ResourceDictionary
                    {
                        Source = new Uri("/Mayflower.Client.Core;component/Behaviors/HintBehaviorResources.xaml",
                            UriKind.RelativeOrAbsolute)
                    };
                    _hintBehaviorResources = res;
                }
                return _hintBehaviorResources;
            }
        }


        protected override void OnAttached()
        {
            base.OnAttached();
            var t = (ControlTemplate) HintBehaviorResources["HintBehaviorWrapper"];
            AssociatedObject.Template = t;
            AssociatedObject.Loaded += OnLoaded;
        }

        private void OnLoaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            AssociatedObject.Loaded -= OnLoaded;
            var label = (Label) AssociatedObject.Template.FindName("PART_HintLabel", AssociatedObject);
            label.DataContext = this;
            //label.Content = "Hello...";
            label.SetBinding(UIElement.VisibilityProperty, new Binding("Visibility") {Source = this, Mode = BindingMode.OneWay});
            label.SetBinding(ContentControl.ContentProperty, new Binding("Hint") {Source = this, Mode = BindingMode.OneWay});
            label.SetBinding(Control.ForegroundProperty, new Binding("Foreground") {Source = this, Mode = BindingMode.OneWay});
            label.SetBinding(FrameworkElement.MarginProperty, new Binding("Margin") {Source = this, Mode = BindingMode.OneWay});
        }
    }

Он обертывает цель своим собственным шаблоном, добавляя к нему ярлык:

<ResourceDictionary xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
                    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml">
    <ControlTemplate x:Key="HintBehaviorWrapper" TargetType="{x:Type ContentControl}">
        <Grid>
            <ContentPresenter Content="{TemplateBinding Content}" />
            <Label x:Name="PART_HintLabel" IsHitTestVisible="False" Padding="0" />
        </Grid>
    </ControlTemplate>
</ResourceDictionary>

Чтобы использовать его, просто добавьте его как поведение и привяжите свои значения (в моем случае я добавляю его в ControlTemplate, следовательно, привязка):

<ContentControl>
    <i:Interaction.Behaviors>
        <behaviors:HintBehavior Value="{Binding Property, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                                                        Hint="{Binding Hint, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" />
    </i:Interaction.Behaviors>
    <TextBox ... />
</ContentControl>

Мне бы хотелось получить обратную связь, если это считается чистым решением. Он не требует статических словарей и, следовательно, не имеет утечки памяти.


Я столкнулся с небольшими трудностями при использовании code @ john-myczek со связанным TextBox. Поскольку TextBox не создает фокусное событие при его обновлении, водяной знак останется видимым под новым текстом. Чтобы исправить это, я просто добавил еще один обработчик событий:

if (d is ComboBox || d is TextBox)
{
    control.GotKeyboardFocus += Control_GotKeyboardFocus;
    control.LostKeyboardFocus += Control_Loaded;

    if (d is TextBox)
        (d as TextBox).TextChanged += Control_TextChanged;
}


private static void Control_TextChanged(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    var tb = (TextBox)sender;
    if (ShouldShowWatermark(tb))
    {
        ShowWatermark(tb);
    }
    else
    {
        RemoveWatermark(tb);
    }
}

Вы можете создать водяной знак, который можно добавить в любой TextBox блок с прикрепленным свойством. Вот источник для Attached Property:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Controls.Primitives;
using System.Windows.Documents;

/// <summary>
/// Class that provides the Watermark attached property
/// </summary>
public static class WatermarkService
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Watermark Attached Dependency Property
    /// </summary>
    public static readonly DependencyProperty WatermarkProperty = DependencyProperty.RegisterAttached(
       "Watermark",
       typeof(object),
       typeof(WatermarkService),
       new FrameworkPropertyMetadata((object)null, new PropertyChangedCallback(OnWatermarkChanged)));

    #region Private Fields

    /// <summary>
    /// Dictionary of ItemsControls
    /// </summary>
    private static readonly Dictionary<object, ItemsControl> itemsControls = new Dictionary<object, ItemsControl>();

    #endregion

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets the Watermark property.  This dependency property indicates the watermark for the control.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="d"><see cref="DependencyObject"/> to get the property from</param>
    /// <returns>The value of the Watermark property</returns>
    public static object GetWatermark(DependencyObject d)
    {
        return (object)d.GetValue(WatermarkProperty);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Sets the Watermark property.  This dependency property indicates the watermark for the control.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="d"><see cref="DependencyObject"/> to set the property on</param>
    /// <param name="value">value of the property</param>
    public static void SetWatermark(DependencyObject d, object value)
    {
        d.SetValue(WatermarkProperty, value);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Handles changes to the Watermark property.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="d"><see cref="DependencyObject"/> that fired the event</param>
    /// <param name="e">A <see cref="DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs"/> that contains the event data.</param>
    private static void OnWatermarkChanged(DependencyObject d, DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        Control control = (Control)d;
        control.Loaded += Control_Loaded;

        if (d is ComboBox)
        {
            control.GotKeyboardFocus += Control_GotKeyboardFocus;
            control.LostKeyboardFocus += Control_Loaded;
        }
        else if (d is TextBox)
        {
            control.GotKeyboardFocus += Control_GotKeyboardFocus;
            control.LostKeyboardFocus += Control_Loaded;
            ((TextBox)control).TextChanged += Control_GotKeyboardFocus;
        }

        if (d is ItemsControl && !(d is ComboBox))
        {
            ItemsControl i = (ItemsControl)d;

            // for Items property  
            i.ItemContainerGenerator.ItemsChanged += ItemsChanged;
            itemsControls.Add(i.ItemContainerGenerator, i);

            // for ItemsSource property  
            DependencyPropertyDescriptor prop = DependencyPropertyDescriptor.FromProperty(ItemsControl.ItemsSourceProperty, i.GetType());
            prop.AddValueChanged(i, ItemsSourceChanged);
        }
    }

    #region Event Handlers

    /// <summary>
    /// Handle the GotFocus event on the control
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="sender">The source of the event.</param>
    /// <param name="e">A <see cref="RoutedEventArgs"/> that contains the event data.</param>
    private static void Control_GotKeyboardFocus(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
    {
        Control c = (Control)sender;
        if (ShouldShowWatermark(c))
        {
            ShowWatermark(c);
        }
        else
        {
            RemoveWatermark(c);
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Handle the Loaded and LostFocus event on the control
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="sender">The source of the event.</param>
    /// <param name="e">A <see cref="RoutedEventArgs"/> that contains the event data.</param>
    private static void Control_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
    {
        Control control = (Control)sender;
        if (ShouldShowWatermark(control))
        {
            ShowWatermark(control);
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Event handler for the items source changed event
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="sender">The source of the event.</param>
    /// <param name="e">A <see cref="EventArgs"/> that contains the event data.</param>
    private static void ItemsSourceChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        ItemsControl c = (ItemsControl)sender;
        if (c.ItemsSource != null)
        {
            if (ShouldShowWatermark(c))
            {
                ShowWatermark(c);
            }
            else
            {
                RemoveWatermark(c);
            }
        }
        else
        {
            ShowWatermark(c);
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Event handler for the items changed event
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="sender">The source of the event.</param>
    /// <param name="e">A <see cref="ItemsChangedEventArgs"/> that contains the event data.</param>
    private static void ItemsChanged(object sender, ItemsChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        ItemsControl control;
        if (itemsControls.TryGetValue(sender, out control))
        {
            if (ShouldShowWatermark(control))
            {
                ShowWatermark(control);
            }
            else
            {
                RemoveWatermark(control);
            }
        }
    }

    #endregion

    #region Helper Methods

    /// <summary>
    /// Remove the watermark from the specified element
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="control">Element to remove the watermark from</param>
    private static void RemoveWatermark(UIElement control)
    {
        AdornerLayer layer = AdornerLayer.GetAdornerLayer(control);

        // layer could be null if control is no longer in the visual tree
        if (layer != null)
        {
            Adorner[] adorners = layer.GetAdorners(control);
            if (adorners == null)
            {
                return;
            }

            foreach (Adorner adorner in adorners)
            {
                if (adorner is WatermarkAdorner)
                {
                    adorner.Visibility = Visibility.Hidden;
                    layer.Remove(adorner);
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Show the watermark on the specified control
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="control">Control to show the watermark on</param>
    private static void ShowWatermark(Control control)
    {
        AdornerLayer layer = AdornerLayer.GetAdornerLayer(control);

        // layer could be null if control is no longer in the visual tree
        if (layer != null)
        {
            layer.Add(new WatermarkAdorner(control, GetWatermark(control)));
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Indicates whether or not the watermark should be shown on the specified control
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="c"><see cref="Control"/> to test</param>
    /// <returns>true if the watermark should be shown; false otherwise</returns>
    private static bool ShouldShowWatermark(Control c)
    {
        if (c is ComboBox)
        {
            return (c as ComboBox).Text == string.Empty;
        }
        else if (c is TextBoxBase)
        {
            return (c as TextBox).Text == string.Empty;
        }
        else if (c is ItemsControl)
        {
            return (c as ItemsControl).Items.Count == 0;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    #endregion
}

Attached Property использует класс WatermarkAdorner , вот этот источник:

using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Data;
using System.Windows.Documents;
using System.Windows.Media;

/// <summary>
/// Adorner for the watermark
/// </summary>
internal class WatermarkAdorner : Adorner
{
    #region Private Fields

    /// <summary>
    /// <see cref="ContentPresenter"/> that holds the watermark
    /// </summary>
    private readonly ContentPresenter contentPresenter;

    #endregion

    #region Constructor

    /// <summary>
    /// Initializes a new instance of the <see cref="WatermarkAdorner"/> class
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="adornedElement"><see cref="UIElement"/> to be adorned</param>
    /// <param name="watermark">The watermark</param>
    public WatermarkAdorner(UIElement adornedElement, object watermark) :
       base(adornedElement)
    {
        this.IsHitTestVisible = false;

        this.contentPresenter = new ContentPresenter();
        this.contentPresenter.Content = watermark;
        this.contentPresenter.Opacity = 0.5;
        this.contentPresenter.Margin = new Thickness(Control.Margin.Left + Control.Padding.Left, Control.Margin.Top + Control.Padding.Top, 0, 0);

        if (this.Control is ItemsControl && !(this.Control is ComboBox))
        {
            this.contentPresenter.VerticalAlignment = VerticalAlignment.Center;
            this.contentPresenter.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Center;
        }

        // Hide the control adorner when the adorned element is hidden
        Binding binding = new Binding("IsVisible");
        binding.Source = adornedElement;
        binding.Converter = new BooleanToVisibilityConverter();
        this.SetBinding(VisibilityProperty, binding);
    }

    #endregion

    #region Protected Properties

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets the number of children for the <see cref="ContainerVisual"/>.
    /// </summary>
    protected override int VisualChildrenCount
    {
        get { return 1; }
    }

    #endregion

    #region Private Properties

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets the control that is being adorned
    /// </summary>
    private Control Control
    {
        get { return (Control)this.AdornedElement; }
    }

    #endregion

    #region Protected Overrides

    /// <summary>
    /// Returns a specified child <see cref="Visual"/> for the parent <see cref="ContainerVisual"/>.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="index">A 32-bit signed integer that represents the index value of the child <see cref="Visual"/>. The value of index must be between 0 and <see cref="VisualChildrenCount"/> - 1.</param>
    /// <returns>The child <see cref="Visual"/>.</returns>
    protected override Visual GetVisualChild(int index)
    {
        return this.contentPresenter;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Implements any custom measuring behavior for the adorner.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="constraint">A size to constrain the adorner to.</param>
    /// <returns>A <see cref="Size"/> object representing the amount of layout space needed by the adorner.</returns>
    protected override Size MeasureOverride(Size constraint)
    {
        // Here's the secret to getting the adorner to cover the whole control
        this.contentPresenter.Measure(Control.RenderSize);
        return Control.RenderSize;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// When overridden in a derived class, positions child elements and determines a size for a <see cref="FrameworkElement"/> derived class. 
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="finalSize">The final area within the parent that this element should use to arrange itself and its children.</param>
    /// <returns>The actual size used.</returns>
    protected override Size ArrangeOverride(Size finalSize)
    {
        this.contentPresenter.Arrange(new Rect(finalSize));
        return finalSize;
    }

    #endregion
}

Теперь вы можете поместить водяной знак на любой текстовый блок следующим образом:

<AdornerDecorator>
   <TextBox x:Name="SearchTextBox">
      <controls:WatermarkService.Watermark>
         <TextBlock>Type here to search text</TextBlock>
      </controls:WatermarkService.Watermark>
   </TextBox>
</AdornerDecorator>

Водяной знак может быть любым, что вы хотите (текст, изображения ...). Помимо работы с TextBox, этот водяной знак также работает для ComboBoxes и ItemControls.

Этот код был адаптирован из этого сообщения в блоге .


Эта библиотека имеет водяной знак.

Пакет Nuget

Использование образца:

<TextBox adorners:Watermark.Text="Write something here" 
         adorners:Watermark.TextStyle="{StaticResource AdornerTextStyle}"
         adorners:Watermark.VisibleWhen="EmptyAndNotKeyboardFocused"/>

Привет, я поставил эту задачу в поведении. поэтому вам просто нужно добавить что-то вроде этого в текстовое поле

<i:Interaction.Behaviors>
         <Behaviors:TextBoxWatermarkBehavior Label="Test Watermark" LabelStyle="{StaticResource StyleWatermarkLabel}"/>
</i:Interaction.Behaviors>

вы можете найти мой блог here


Вот глубокая реализация:

public static object CloneObject(object opSource)
{
    //grab the type and create a new instance of that type
    Type opSourceType = opSource.GetType();
    object opTarget = CreateInstanceOfType(opSourceType);

    //grab the properties
    PropertyInfo[] opPropertyInfo = opSourceType.GetProperties(BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.Instance);

    //iterate over the properties and if it has a 'set' method assign it from the source TO the target
    foreach (PropertyInfo item in opPropertyInfo)
    {
        if (item.CanWrite)
        {
            //value types can simply be 'set'
            if (item.PropertyType.IsValueType || item.PropertyType.IsEnum || item.PropertyType.Equals(typeof(System.String)))
            {
                item.SetValue(opTarget, item.GetValue(opSource, null), null);
            }
            //object/complex types need to recursively call this method until the end of the tree is reached
            else
            {
                object opPropertyValue = item.GetValue(opSource, null);
                if (opPropertyValue == null)
                {
                    item.SetValue(opTarget, null, null);
                }
                else
                {
                    item.SetValue(opTarget, CloneObject(opPropertyValue), null);
                }
            }
        }
    }
    //return the new item
    return opTarget;
}






c# wpf textbox watermark hint