mysql分组 - sql server分组查询




MySQL GROUP BY两列 (2)

我试图在这里按多列分组 - 每个表一个。
在这种情况下,我希望通过将他们当前的投资组合和现金加在一起来为每个客户找到最高的投资组合价值,但客户可能有多个投资组合,因此我需要为每个客户提供最佳投资组合。

目前,通过下面的代码,我为每个顶级投资组合多次获得相同的客户(它不是按客户ID分组)。

SELECT clients.id, clients.name, portfolios.id, SUM ( portfolios.portfolio +  portfolios.cash ) AS total
FROM clients, portfolios
WHERE clients.id = portfolios.client_id
GROUP BY portfolios.id, clients.id
ORDER BY total DESC
LIMIT 30 

在组上使用Concat将起作用

SELECT clients.id, clients.name, portfolios.id, SUM ( portfolios.portfolio + portfolios.cash ) AS total
FROM clients, portfolios
WHERE clients.id = portfolios.client_id
GROUP BY CONCAT(portfolios.id, "-", clients.id)
ORDER BY total DESC
LIMIT 30

首先,让我们制作一些测试数据:

create table client (client_id integer not null primary key auto_increment,
                     name varchar(64));
create table portfolio (portfolio_id integer not null primary key auto_increment,
                        client_id integer references client.id,
                        cash decimal(10,2),
                        stocks decimal(10,2));
insert into client (name) values ('John Doe'), ('Jane Doe');
insert into portfolio (client_id, cash, stocks) values (1, 11.11, 22.22),
                                                       (1, 10.11, 23.22),
                                                       (2, 30.30, 40.40),
                                                       (2, 40.40, 50.50);

如果您不需要投资组合ID,那将很容易:

select client_id, name, max(cash + stocks)
from client join portfolio using (client_id)
group by client_id

+-----------+----------+--------------------+
| client_id | name     | max(cash + stocks) |
+-----------+----------+--------------------+
|         1 | John Doe |              33.33 | 
|         2 | Jane Doe |              90.90 | 
+-----------+----------+--------------------+

由于您需要投资组合ID,因此事情变得更加复杂。 让我们分步进行。 首先,我们将编写一个子查询,返回每个客户端的最大投资组合值:

select client_id, max(cash + stocks) as maxtotal
from portfolio
group by client_id

+-----------+----------+
| client_id | maxtotal |
+-----------+----------+
|         1 |    33.33 | 
|         2 |    90.90 | 
+-----------+----------+

然后我们将查询投资组合表,但是使用一个连接到前一个子查询,以便只保留那些组合的总值是客户端的最大值:

 select portfolio_id, cash + stocks from portfolio 
 join (select client_id, max(cash + stocks) as maxtotal 
       from portfolio
       group by client_id) as maxima
 using (client_id)
 where cash + stocks = maxtotal

+--------------+---------------+
| portfolio_id | cash + stocks |
+--------------+---------------+
|            5 |         33.33 | 
|            6 |         33.33 | 
|            8 |         90.90 | 
+--------------+---------------+

最后,我们可以加入客户端表(就像你一样),以便包含每个客户端的名称:

select client_id, name, portfolio_id, cash + stocks
from client
join portfolio using (client_id)
join (select client_id, max(cash + stocks) as maxtotal
      from portfolio 
      group by client_id) as maxima
using (client_id)
where cash + stocks = maxtotal

+-----------+----------+--------------+---------------+
| client_id | name     | portfolio_id | cash + stocks |
+-----------+----------+--------------+---------------+
|         1 | John Doe |            5 |         33.33 | 
|         1 | John Doe |            6 |         33.33 | 
|         2 | Jane Doe |            8 |         90.90 | 
+-----------+----------+--------------+---------------+

请注意,这会为John Doe返回两行,因为他有两个具有完全相同总值的投资组合。 要避免这种情况并选择任意顶级投资组合,请在GROUP BY子句上进行标记:

select client_id, name, portfolio_id, cash + stocks
from client
join portfolio using (client_id)
join (select client_id, max(cash + stocks) as maxtotal
      from portfolio 
      group by client_id) as maxima
using (client_id)
where cash + stocks = maxtotal
group by client_id, cash + stocks

+-----------+----------+--------------+---------------+
| client_id | name     | portfolio_id | cash + stocks |
+-----------+----------+--------------+---------------+
|         1 | John Doe |            5 |         33.33 | 
|         2 | Jane Doe |            8 |         90.90 | 
+-----------+----------+--------------+---------------+




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