java - progressdialog使用 - progressdialog过时




使用Android下载文件,并在ProgressDialog中显示进度 (8)

权限

  <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />
  <uses-permission 
   android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />

使用HttpURLConnection

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URL;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.Dialog;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.Window;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.ProgressBar;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class DownloadFileUseHttpURLConnection extends Activity {

ProgressBar pb;
Dialog dialog;
int downloadedSize = 0;
int totalSize = 0;
TextView cur_val;
String dwnload_file_path =  
"http://coderzheaven.com/sample_folder/sample_file.png";
@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.main);

    Button b = (Button) findViewById(R.id.b1);
    b.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
        @Override
        public void onClick(View v) {
             showProgress(dwnload_file_path);

                new Thread(new Runnable() {
                    public void run() {
                         downloadFile();
                    }
                  }).start();
        }
    });
}

void downloadFile(){

    try {
        URL url = new URL(dwnload_file_path);
        HttpURLConnection urlConnection = (HttpURLConnection)   
 url.openConnection();

        urlConnection.setRequestMethod("GET");
        urlConnection.setDoOutput(true);

        //connect
        urlConnection.connect();

        //set the path where we want to save the file           
        File SDCardRoot = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(); 
        //create a new file, to save the downloaded file 
        File file = new File(SDCardRoot,"downloaded_file.png");

        FileOutputStream fileOutput = new FileOutputStream(file);

        //Stream used for reading the data from the internet
        InputStream inputStream = urlConnection.getInputStream();

        //this is the total size of the file which we are downloading
        totalSize = urlConnection.getContentLength();

        runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
            public void run() {
                pb.setMax(totalSize);
            }               
        });

        //create a buffer...
        byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
        int bufferLength = 0;

        while ( (bufferLength = inputStream.read(buffer)) > 0 ) {
            fileOutput.write(buffer, 0, bufferLength);
            downloadedSize += bufferLength;
            // update the progressbar //
            runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
                public void run() {
                    pb.setProgress(downloadedSize);
                    float per = ((float)downloadedSize/totalSize) *     
                    100;
                    cur_val.setText("Downloaded " + downloadedSize +  

                    "KB / " + totalSize + "KB (" + (int)per + "%)" );
                }
            });
        }
        //close the output stream when complete //
        fileOutput.close();
        runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
            public void run() {
                // pb.dismiss(); // if you want close it..
            }
        });         

    } catch (final MalformedURLException e) {
        showError("Error : MalformedURLException " + e);        
        e.printStackTrace();
    } catch (final IOException e) {
        showError("Error : IOException " + e);          
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
    catch (final Exception e) {
        showError("Error : Please check your internet connection " +  
e);
    }       
}

void showError(final String err){
    runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
        public void run() {
            Toast.makeText(DownloadFileDemo1.this, err,  
      Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
        }
    });
}

void showProgress(String file_path){
    dialog = new Dialog(DownloadFileDemo1.this);
    dialog.requestWindowFeature(Window.FEATURE_NO_TITLE);
    dialog.setContentView(R.layout.myprogressdialog);
    dialog.setTitle("Download Progress");

    TextView text = (TextView) dialog.findViewById(R.id.tv1);
    text.setText("Downloading file from ... " + file_path);
    cur_val = (TextView) dialog.findViewById(R.id.cur_pg_tv);
    cur_val.setText("Starting download...");
    dialog.show();

     pb = (ProgressBar)dialog.findViewById(R.id.progress_bar);
     pb.setProgress(0);
            pb.setProgressDrawable(
      getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.green_progress));  
  }
}

我正在尝试编写一个更新的简单应用程序。 为此,我需要一个简单的函数,可以下载一个文件并在ProgressDialog 显示当前ProgressDialog 。 我知道如何做ProgressDialog ,但我不确定如何显示当前的进度以及如何首先下载文件。


不要忘记用新的File (“/ mnt / sdcard / ...”)替换“/ sdcard ...”,否则你会得到一个FileNotFoundException


在我开始学习android开发的时候,我已经了解到ProgressDialog是一条ProgressDialog的路。 ProgressDialogsetProgress方法可以在文件被下载时调用以更新进度级别。

我在许多应用程序中看到的最好的方法是,他们自定义此进度对话框的属性,以提供比股票版本更好的进度对话框。 很好地保持用户参与像青蛙,大象或可爱的猫/小狗一些动画。 进度对话框中的任何动画都会吸引用户,并且他们不想等待很长时间。

我将在ProgressDialog上撰写一篇博文,并尽快与大家分享。

编辑: 在Android下载文件时显示进度条


如果你要从互联网上下载东西,不要忘记给清单文件添加权限!

<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.example.helloandroid"
    android:versionCode="1"
    android:versionName="1.0">

        <uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="10" />

        <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"></uses-permission>
        <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"></uses-permission>
        <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE"></uses-permission>
        <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE"></uses-permission>

        <application 
            android:icon="@drawable/icon" 
            android:label="@string/app_name" 
            android:debuggable="true">

        </application>

</manifest>

我修改了AsyncTask类来处理相同上下文中的progressDialog创建。我认为下面的代码将更加可重用。 (它可以从任何活动只是传递上下文,目标文件,对话框消息)

public static class DownloadTask extends AsyncTask<String, Integer, String> {
    private ProgressDialog mPDialog;
    private Context mContext;
    private PowerManager.WakeLock mWakeLock;
    private File mTargetFile;
    //Constructor parameters :
    // @context (current Activity)
    // @targetFile (File object to write,it will be overwritten if exist)
    // @dialogMessage (message of the ProgresDialog)
    public DownloadTask(Context context,File targetFile,String dialogMessage) {
        this.mContext = context;
        this.mTargetFile = targetFile;
        mPDialog = new ProgressDialog(context);

        mPDialog.setMessage(dialogMessage);
        mPDialog.setIndeterminate(true);
        mPDialog.setProgressStyle(ProgressDialog.STYLE_HORIZONTAL);
        mPDialog.setCancelable(true);
        // reference to instance to use inside listener
        final DownloadTask me = this;
        mPDialog.setOnCancelListener(new DialogInterface.OnCancelListener() {
            @Override
            public void onCancel(DialogInterface dialog) {
                me.cancel(true);
            }
        });
        Log.i("DownloadTask","Constructor done");
    }

    @Override
    protected String doInBackground(String... sUrl) {
        InputStream input = null;
        OutputStream output = null;
        HttpURLConnection connection = null;
        try {
            URL url = new URL(sUrl[0]);
            connection = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
            connection.connect();

            // expect HTTP 200 OK, so we don't mistakenly save error report
            // instead of the file
            if (connection.getResponseCode() != HttpURLConnection.HTTP_OK) {
                return "Server returned HTTP " + connection.getResponseCode()
                        + " " + connection.getResponseMessage();
            }
            Log.i("DownloadTask","Response " + connection.getResponseCode());

            // this will be useful to display download percentage
            // might be -1: server did not report the length
            int fileLength = connection.getContentLength();

            // download the file
            input = connection.getInputStream();
            output = new FileOutputStream(mTargetFile,false);

            byte data[] = new byte[4096];
            long total = 0;
            int count;
            while ((count = input.read(data)) != -1) {
                // allow canceling with back button
                if (isCancelled()) {
                    Log.i("DownloadTask","Cancelled");
                    input.close();
                    return null;
                }
                total += count;
                // publishing the progress....
                if (fileLength > 0) // only if total length is known
                    publishProgress((int) (total * 100 / fileLength));
                output.write(data, 0, count);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            return e.toString();
        } finally {
            try {
                if (output != null)
                    output.close();
                if (input != null)
                    input.close();
            } catch (IOException ignored) {
            }

            if (connection != null)
                connection.disconnect();
        }
        return null;
    }
    @Override
    protected void onPreExecute() {
        super.onPreExecute();
        // take CPU lock to prevent CPU from going off if the user
        // presses the power button during download
        PowerManager pm = (PowerManager) mContext.getSystemService(Context.POWER_SERVICE);
        mWakeLock = pm.newWakeLock(PowerManager.PARTIAL_WAKE_LOCK,
                getClass().getName());
        mWakeLock.acquire();

        mPDialog.show();

    }

    @Override
    protected void onProgressUpdate(Integer... progress) {
        super.onProgressUpdate(progress);
        // if we get here, length is known, now set indeterminate to false
        mPDialog.setIndeterminate(false);
        mPDialog.setMax(100);
        mPDialog.setProgress(progress[0]);

    }

    @Override
    protected void onPostExecute(String result) {
        Log.i("DownloadTask", "Work Done! PostExecute");
        mWakeLock.release();
        mPDialog.dismiss();
        if (result != null)
            Toast.makeText(mContext,"Download error: "+result, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
        else
            Toast.makeText(mContext,"File Downloaded", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    }
}

我发现this博客文章非常有帮助,它使用loopJ来下载文件,它只有一个简单的功能,对一些新的android家伙会有帮助。


我的个人建议是使用进度对话框并在执行前建立起来,或者在OnPreExecute()启动,如果使用进度对话框的水平样式进度条,经常发布进度。 剩下的部分是优化doInBackground的算法。


是的,上面的代码可以工作。但是如果你在更新你的progressbarAsynctask onProgressUpdate ,并且你按下了返回按钮或者完成了你的活动, AsyncTask失去你的UI跟踪。当你回到你的活动时,即使下载正在运行背景你将看不到进度条上的更新。 因此OnResume()尝试运行一个像runOnUIThread这样的线程, runOnUIThread使用一个计时器任务来更新您的progressbar并使用AsyncTask运行背景中的值进行更新。

private void updateProgressBar(){
    Runnable runnable = new updateProgress();
    background = new Thread(runnable);
    background.start();
}

public class updateProgress implements Runnable {
    public void run() {
        while(Thread.currentThread()==background)
            //while (!Thread.currentThread().isInterrupted()) {
            try {
                Thread.sleep(1000); 
                Message msg = new Message();
                progress = getProgressPercentage();        
                handler.sendMessage(msg);
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                Thread.currentThread().interrupt();
            } catch (Exception e) {
        }
    }
}

private Handler handler = new Handler(){
    @Override
    public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
        progress.setProgress(msg.what);
    }
};

不要忘记当ur活动不可见时销毁线程。

private void destroyRunningThreads() {
    if (background != null) {
        background.interrupt();
        background=null;
    }
}




android-asynctask