javascript - new - js获取文件类型




如何从FileList中删除文件 (7)

我正在使用HTML5构建一个拖放到上传的Web应用程序,我正在将文件放到div上,当然还要获取dataTransfer对象,它给了我FileList

现在我想删除一些文件,但我不知道如何,或者甚至可能。

我最好只想从FileList中删除它们; 我对他们毫无用处。 但是,如果那是不可能的,那么我是否应该在代码中写入与FileList交互的代码? 这似乎很麻烦。


可能有更优雅的方式来做到这一点,但这是我的解决方案。 随着Jquery

fileEle.value = "";
var parEle = $(fileEle).parent();
var newEle = $(fileEle).clone()
$(fileEle).remove();
parEle.append(newEle);

基本上你搞定了输入的值。 克隆它并将克隆放在旧克隆的位置。


如果您只想删除几个选定的文件:您不能。 您链接到的FileList包含一个注释:

HTMLInputElement接口[HTML5]具有只读的 FileList属性,[...]
[强调我的]

阅读一下HTML 5 Working Draft,我遇到了Common input元素API 。 看来你可以通过将input对象的value属性设置为空字符串来删除整个文件列表,如:

document.getElementById('multifile').value = "";

顺便说一句,文章使用来自Web应用程序的文件也可能是有意义的。


如果您的目标是常绿浏览器(Chrome,Firefox,Edge,但也可以在Safari 9+中使用),或者您可以支付polyfill,则可以使用Array.from()将FileList转换为数组:

let fileArray = Array.from(fileList);

然后像任何其他数组一样容易处理File的数组。


您可能希望创建一个数组并使用它而不是只读文件列表。

var myReadWriteList = new Array();
// user selects files later...
// then as soon as convenient... 
myReadWriteList = FileListReadOnly;

在此之后,您将根据列表而不是内置列表进行上传。 我不确定您正在使用的上下文,但我正在使用我发现的jquery插件,我必须做的是获取插件的源代码并使用<script>标签将其放入页面中。 然后在源代码上方添加了我的数组,以便它可以充当全局变量,插件可以引用它。

然后,这只是交换引用的问题。

我想这会让你再次添加拖放,如果内置列表是只读的那么你怎么能把删除的文件放到列表中呢?

:))


我知道这是一个老问题,但它在搜索引擎方面的排名很高。

无法删除FileList对象中的属性,但至少在Firefox 上可以更改它们 。 我解决这个问题的方法是将一个属性IsValid=true添加到那些通过check和IsValid=false文件中。

然后我只是遍历列表以确保只有具有IsValid=true的属性被添加到FormData


由于我们处于HTML5领域,这是我的解决方案。 要点是将文件推送到数组而不是将它们留在FileList中,然后使用XHR2将文件推送到FormData对象。 以下示例。

Node.prototype.replaceWith = function(node)
{
    this.parentNode.replaceChild(node, this);
};
if(window.File && window.FileList)
{
    var topicForm = document.getElementById("yourForm");
    topicForm.fileZone = document.getElementById("fileDropZoneElement");
    topicForm.fileZone.files = new Array();
    topicForm.fileZone.inputWindow = document.createElement("input");
    topicForm.fileZone.inputWindow.setAttribute("type", "file");
    topicForm.fileZone.inputWindow.setAttribute("multiple", "multiple");
    topicForm.onsubmit = function(event)
    {
        var request = new XMLHttpRequest();
        if(request.upload)
        {
            event.preventDefault();
            topicForm.ajax.value = "true";
            request.upload.onprogress = function(event)
            {
                var progress = event.loaded.toString() + " bytes transfered.";
                if(event.lengthComputable)
                progress = Math.round(event.loaded / event.total * 100).toString() + "%";
                topicForm.fileZone.innerHTML = progress.toString();
            };
            request.onload = function(event)
            {
                response = JSON.parse(request.responseText);
                // Handle the response here.
            };
            request.open(topicForm.method, topicForm.getAttribute("action"), true);
            var data = new FormData(topicForm);
            for(var i = 0, file; file = topicForm.fileZone.files[i]; i++)
                data.append("file" + i.toString(), file);
            request.send(data);
        }
    };
    topicForm.fileZone.firstChild.replaceWith(document.createTextNode("Drop files or click here."));
    var handleFiles = function(files)
    {
        for(var i = 0, file; file = files[i]; i++)
            topicForm.fileZone.files.push(file);
    };
    topicForm.fileZone.ondrop = function(event)
    {
        event.stopPropagation();
        event.preventDefault();
        handleFiles(event.dataTransfer.files);
    };
    topicForm.fileZone.inputWindow.onchange = function(event)
    {
        handleFiles(topicForm.fileZone.inputWindow.files);
    };
    topicForm.fileZone.ondragover = function(event)
    {
        event.stopPropagation();
        event.preventDefault();
    };
    topicForm.fileZone.onclick = function()
    {
        topicForm.fileZone.inputWindow.focus();
        topicForm.fileZone.inputWindow.click();
    };
}
else
    topicForm.fileZone.firstChild.replaceWith(document.createTextNode("It's time to update your browser."));

这是临时的,但我有同样的问题,我这样解决了。 在我的情况下,我是通过XMLHttp请求上传文件,因此我能够通过附加formdata发布FileList克隆数据。 功能是您可以根据需要多次拖放或选择多个文件(再次选择文件不会重置克隆的FileList),从(克隆)文件列表中删除您想要的任何文件,并通过xmlhttprequest提交任何内容离开那里。 这就是我所做的。 这是我在这里的第一篇文章,所以代码有点乱。 抱歉。 啊,我不得不使用jQuery代替$,因为它是在Joomla脚本中。

// some global variables
var clon = {};  // will be my FileList clone
var removedkeys = 0; // removed keys counter for later processing the request
var NextId = 0; // counter to add entries to the clone and not replace existing ones

jQuery(document).ready(function(){
    jQuery("#form input").change(function () {

    // making the clone
    var curFiles = this.files;
    // temporary object clone before copying info to the clone
    var temparr = jQuery.extend(true, {}, curFiles);
    // delete unnecessary FileList keys that were cloned
    delete temparr["length"];
    delete temparr["item"];

    if (Object.keys(clon).length === 0){
       jQuery.extend(true, clon, temparr);
    }else{
       var keysArr = Object.keys(clon);
       NextId = Math.max.apply(null, keysArr)+1; // FileList keys are numbers
       if (NextId < curFiles.length){ // a bug I found and had to solve for not replacing my temparr keys...
          NextId = curFiles.length;
       }
       for (var key in temparr) { // I have to rename new entries for not overwriting existing keys in clon
          if (temparr.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
             temparr[NextId] = temparr[key];
             delete temparr[key];
                // meter aca los cambios de id en los html tags con el nuevo NextId
                NextId++;
          }
       } 
       jQuery.extend(true, clon, temparr); // copy new entries to clon
    }

// modifying the html file list display

if (NextId === 0){
    jQuery("#filelist").html("");
    for(var i=0; i<curFiles.length; i++) {
        var f = curFiles[i];
        jQuery("#filelist").append("<p id=\"file"+i+"\" style=\'margin-bottom: 3px!important;\'>" + f.name + "<a style=\"float:right;cursor:pointer;\" onclick=\"BorrarFile("+i+")\">x</a></p>"); // the function BorrarFile will handle file deletion from the clone by file id
    }
}else{
    for(var i=0; i<curFiles.length; i++) {
        var f = curFiles[i];
        jQuery("#filelist").append("<p id=\"file"+(i+NextId-curFiles.length)+"\" style=\'margin-bottom: 3px!important;\'>" + f.name + "<a style=\"float:right;cursor:pointer;\" onclick=\"BorrarFile("+(i+NextId-curFiles.length)+")\">x</a></p>"); // yeap, i+NextId-curFiles.length actually gets it right
    }        
}
// update the total files count wherever you want
jQuery("#form p").text(Object.keys(clon).length + " file(s) selected");
    });
});

function BorrarFile(id){ // handling file deletion from clone
    jQuery("#file"+id).remove(); // remove the html filelist element
    delete clon[id]; // delete the entry
    removedkeys++; // add to removed keys counter
    if (Object.keys(clon).length === 0){
        jQuery("#form p").text(Object.keys(clon).length + " file(s) selected");
        jQuery("#fileToUpload").val(""); // I had to reset the form file input for my form check function before submission. Else it would send even though my clone was empty
    }else{
        jQuery("#form p").text(Object.keys(clon).length + " file(s) selected");
    }
}
// now my form check function

function check(){
    if( document.getElementById("fileToUpload").files.length == 0 ){
        alert("No file selected");
        return false;
    }else{
        var _validFileExtensions = [".pdf", ".PDF"]; // I wanted pdf files
        // retrieve input files
        var arrInputs = clon;

       // validating files
       for (var i = 0; i < Object.keys(arrInputs).length+removedkeys; i++) {
         if (typeof arrInputs[i]!="undefined"){
           var oInput = arrInputs[i];
           if (oInput.type == "application/pdf") {
               var sFileName = oInput.name;
               if (sFileName.length > 0) {
                   var blnValid = false;
                   for (var j = 0; j < _validFileExtensions.length; j++) {
                     var sCurExtension = _validFileExtensions[j];
                     if (sFileName.substr(sFileName.length - sCurExtension.length, sCurExtension.length).toLowerCase() == sCurExtension.toLowerCase()) {
                       blnValid = true;
                       break;
                     }
                   }
                  if (!blnValid) {
                    alert("Sorry, " + sFileName + " is invalid, allowed extensions are: " + _validFileExtensions.join(", "));
                    return false;
                  }
              }
           }else{
           alert("Sorry, " + arrInputs[0].name + " is invalid, allowed extensions are: " + _validFileExtensions.join(" or "));
           return false;
           }
         }
       }

    // proceed with the data appending and submission
    // here some hidden input values i had previously set. Now retrieving them for submission. My form wasn't actually even a form...
    var fecha = jQuery("#fecha").val();
    var vendor = jQuery("#vendor").val();
    var sku = jQuery("#sku").val();
    // create the formdata object
    var formData = new FormData();
    formData.append("fecha", fecha);
    formData.append("vendor", encodeURI(vendor));
    formData.append("sku", sku);
    // now appending the clone file data (finally!)
    var fila = clon; // i just did this because I had already written the following using the "fila" object, so I copy my clone again
    // the interesting part. As entries in my clone object aren't consecutive numbers I cannot iterate normally, so I came up with the following idea
    for (i = 0; i < Object.keys(fila).length+removedkeys; i++) { 
        if(typeof fila[i]!="undefined"){
            formData.append("fileToUpload[]", fila[i]); // VERY IMPORTANT the formdata key for the files HAS to be an array. It will be later retrieved as $_FILES['fileToUpload']['temp_name'][i]
        }
    }
    jQuery("#submitbtn").fadeOut("slow"); // remove the upload btn so it can't be used again
    jQuery("#drag").html(""); // clearing the output message element
    // start the request
    var xhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
    xhttp.addEventListener("progress", function(e) {
            var done = e.position || e.loaded, total = e.totalSize || e.total;
        }, false);
        if ( xhttp.upload ) {
            xhttp.upload.onprogress = function(e) {
                var done = e.position || e.loaded, total = e.totalSize || e.total;
                var percent = done / total;
                jQuery("#drag").html(Math.round(percent * 100) + "%");
            };
        }
      xhttp.onreadystatechange = function() {
        if (this.readyState == 4 && this.status == 200) {
         var respuesta = this.responseText;
         jQuery("#drag").html(respuesta);
        }
      };
      xhttp.open("POST", "your_upload_handler.php", true);  
      xhttp.send(formData);
    return true;
    }
};

现在这个html和样式。 我是一个很新手,但这一切对我来说真的很有用,并花了一些时间才弄明白。

<div id="form" class="formpos">
<!--    Select the pdf to upload:-->
  <input type="file" name="fileToUpload[]" id="fileToUpload" accept="application/pdf" multiple>
  <div><p id="drag">Drop your files here or click to select them</p>
  </div>
  <button id="submitbtn" onclick="return check()" >Upload</button>
// these inputs are passed with different names on the formdata. Be aware of that
// I was echoing this, so that's why I use the single quote for php variables
  <input type="hidden" id="fecha" name="fecha_copy" value="'.$fecha.'" />
  <input type="hidden" id="vendor" name="vendorname" value="'.$vendor.'" />
  <input type="hidden" id="sku" name="sku" value="'.$sku.'"" />
</div>
<h1 style="width: 500px!important;margin:20px auto 0px!important;font-size:24px!important;">File list:</h1>
<div id="filelist" style="width: 500px!important;margin:10px auto 0px!important;">Nothing selected yet</div>

风格。 我必须标记其中一些!重要的是覆盖Joomla的行为。

.formpos{
  width: 500px;
  height: 200px;
  border: 4px dashed #999;
  margin: 30px auto 100px;
 }
.formpos  p{
  text-align: center!important;
  padding: 80px 30px 0px;
  color: #000;
}
.formpos  div{
  width: 100%!important;
  height: 100%!important;
  text-align: center!important;
  margin-bottom: 30px!important;
}
.formpos input{
  position: absolute!important;
  margin: 0!important;
  padding: 0!important;
  width: 500px!important;
  height: 200px!important;
  outline: none!important;
  opacity: 0!important;
}
.formpos button{
  margin: 0;
  color: #fff;
  background: #16a085;
  border: none;
  width: 508px;
  height: 35px;
  margin-left: -4px;
  border-radius: 4px;
  transition: all .2s ease;
  outline: none;
}
.formpos button:hover{
  background: #149174;
  color: #0C5645;
}
.formpos button:active{
  border:0;
}

我希望这有帮助。





filelist