# r r图例 - 在基本图形中绘制绘图区域外的图例？

`````` set.seed(1) # just to get the same random numbers
par(xpd=FALSE) # this is usually the default

plot(1:3, rnorm(3), pch = 1, lty = 1, type = "o", ylim=c(-2,2), bty='L')
# this legend gets clipped:
legend(2.8,0,c("group A", "group B"), pch = c(1,2), lty = c(1,2))

# so turn off clipping:
par(xpd=TRUE)
legend(2.8,-1,c("group A", "group B"), pch = c(1,2), lty = c(1,2))
``````
r画图标注 r语言图例位置

``````plot(1:3, rnorm(3), pch = 1, lty = 1, type = "o", ylim=c(-2,2))
lines(1:3, rnorm(3), pch = 2, lty = 2, type="o")
legend(1,-1,c("group A", "group B"), pch = c(1,2), lty = c(1,2))
``````

``````par(fig=c(0, 1, 0, 1), oma=c(0, 0, 0, 0), mar=c(0, 0, 0, 0), new=TRUE)
``````

``````plot(0, 0, type='n', bty='n', xaxt='n', yaxt='n')
``````

``````legend("bottomright", ...)
``````

``````add_legend <- function(...) {
opar <- par(fig=c(0, 1, 0, 1), oma=c(0, 0, 0, 0),
mar=c(0, 0, 0, 0), new=TRUE)
on.exit(par(opar))
plot(0, 0, type='n', bty='n', xaxt='n', yaxt='n')
legend(...)
}
``````

``````par(mar = c(5, 4, 1.4, 0.2))
plot(rnorm(50), rnorm(50), col=c("steelblue", "indianred"), pch=20)
``````

``````add_legend("topright", legend=c("Foo", "Bar"), pch=20,
col=c("steelblue", "indianred"),
horiz=TRUE, bty='n', cex=0.8)
``````

``````par(oma=c(0, 0, 0, 5))
plot(1:3, rnorm(3), pch=1, lty=1, type="o", ylim=c(-2,2))
lines(1:3, rnorm(3), pch=2, lty=2, type="o")
legend(par('usr')[2], par('usr')[4], bty='n', xpd=NA,
c("group A", "group B"), pch=c(1, 2), lty=c(1,2))
``````

``````dev.off() # to reset the graphics pars to defaults
par(mar=c(par('mar')[1:3], 0)) # optional, removes extraneous right inner margin space
plot.new()
l <- legend(0, 0, bty='n', c("group A", "group B"),
plot=FALSE, pch=c(1, 2), lty=c(1, 2))
# calculate right margin width in ndc
w <- grconvertX(l\$rect\$w, to='ndc') - grconvertX(0, to='ndc')
par(omd=c(0, 1-w, 0, 1))
plot(1:3, rnorm(3), pch=1, lty=1, type="o", ylim=c(-2, 2))
lines(1:3, rnorm(3), pch=2, lty=2, type="o")
legend(par('usr')[2], par('usr')[4], bty='n', xpd=NA,
c("group A", "group B"), pch=c(1, 2), lty=c(1, 2))
``````

``````layout(matrix(c(1,2), nrow = 1), widths = c(0.7, 0.3))
par(mar = c(5, 4, 4, 2) + 0.1)
plot(1:3, rnorm(3), pch = 1, lty = 1, type = "o", ylim=c(-2,2))
lines(1:3, rnorm(3), pch = 2, lty = 2, type="o")
par(mar = c(5, 0, 4, 2) + 0.1)
plot(1:3, rnorm(3), pch = 1, lty = 1, ylim=c(-2,2), type = "n", axes = FALSE, ann = FALSE)
legend(1, 1, c("group A", "group B"), pch = c(1,2), lty = c(1,2))
``````

### Tags

r   plot   legend