iphone ios系统通讯录 - 以编程方式请求访问联系人




ios添加到现有联系人 (11)

使用iOS 6你必须要求这样的权限

requestAccessToEntityType:EKEntityTypeEvent completion:

自从更新到iOS 6后,我注意到我的代码将联系人添加到iPhone的通讯簿不再有效。 我相信这是一个与权限相关的问题,因为Apple在访问联系人之前需要用户许可(解决this问题)。

我预计该应用会自动请求访问联系人的权限,如下面的屏幕截图所示,但不会。 尝试添加联系人仅仅因ABAddressBookErrorDomain error 1失败。

我是否需要以编程方式启动对联系人请求对话框的访问? 这是如何完成的?


Swift 3.不要忘记导入联系人

func requestForContactAccess(completionHandler: @escaping (_ accessGranted: Bool) -> Void) {
    let authorizationStatus = CNContactStore.authorizationStatus(for: CNEntityType.contacts)
    switch authorizationStatus {
    case .authorized:
        completionHandler(true)
    case .denied, .notDetermined:
        self.contactStore.requestAccess(for: CNEntityType.contacts, completionHandler: { (access, accessError) -> Void in
            if access {
                completionHandler(access)
            } else {
                if authorizationStatus == CNAuthorizationStatus.denied {
                    DispatchQueue.main.async(execute: { () -> Void in
                        let message = "\(accessError!.localizedDescription)\n\nPlease allow the app to access your contacts through the Settings."
                        self.showMessage(message: message)
                    })
                }
            }
        })
    default:
        completionHandler(false)
    }
}

ABAddressBookRef addressBook = ABAddressBookCreate();

__block BOOL accessGranted = NO;
if (ABAddressBookRequestAccessWithCompletion != NULL) { // we're on iOS 6
    dispatch_semaphore_t sema = dispatch_semaphore_create(0);
    ABAddressBookRequestAccessWithCompletion(addressBook, ^(bool granted, CFErrorRef error) {
        accessGranted = granted;
        dispatch_semaphore_signal(sema);
    });
    dispatch_semaphore_wait(sema, DISPATCH_TIME_FOREVER);
    dispatch_release(sema);
}
else { // we're on iOS 5 or older
    accessGranted = YES;
}

if (accessGranted) {
    if(self.isContactsChanged)
    {
        {
            self.isContactsChanged=NO;
            CFArrayRef allPeople = ABAddressBookCopyArrayOfAllPeople(addressBook);
             ABAddressBookRegisterExternalChangeCallback(addressBook, addressBookChanged, self);

            int allPeopleCount = CFArrayGetCount(allPeople);

            NSMutableArray *contactArrTemp = [[NSMutableArray alloc]init];

            __block int noNumberCount=1;
            managedObjectContext = [(AppDelegate *)[[UIApplication sharedApplication] delegate] managedObjectContext];
            newMoc = [[NSManagedObjectContext alloc] init];
            [newMoc setPersistentStoreCoordinator:[[AppDelegate getAppDelegate] persistentStoreCoordinator]];
            [self DeleteAllPhoneContact];
            NSNotificationCenter *notify = [NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter];
            [notify addObserver:self
                       selector:@selector(mergeChanges:)
                           name:NSManagedObjectContextDidSaveNotification
                         object:newMoc];
            self.backgroundQueue = dispatch_queue_create("com.storephonecontacts.bgqueue", NULL);
            __block NSMutableDictionary *dic;
            __block NSString *strTime,*strName,*strMobile,*strEmail,*strNotes;
            __block NSDate *nsDate;
            dispatch_async(self.backgroundQueue, ^{

                NSMutableDictionary *dict =nil;
                for (int i = 0; i < allPeopleCount; i++)
                {

                    dic = [[NSMutableDictionary alloc]init];
                    ABRecordRef record = CFArrayGetValueAtIndex(allPeople,i);
                    NSDate *date = (NSDate*)ABRecordCopyValue(record, kABPersonCreationDateProperty);
                    nsDate = [date retain];

                    NSDateFormatter *formatterTime = [[NSDateFormatter alloc] init];
                    [formatterTime setDateFormat:@"hh.mm"];
                    NSString    *dateStrPhone = [formatterTime stringFromDate:date];
                    strTime = [dateStrPhone retain];
                    [formatterTime release];

                    NSString *name = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(record, kABPersonFirstNameProperty);
                    if([name length]>0)
                        name = [name stringByAppendingString:@" "];
                    NSString *name1 = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(record, kABPersonLastNameProperty);
                    if([name1 length]>0)
                    {
                        if([name length]>0)
                            name = [name stringByAppendingString:name1];
                        else
                            name = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(record, kABPersonLastNameProperty);
                    }
                    if([name length]>0)
                        strName = [name retain];
                    else
                        strName = [@"noName" retain];

                    //to save notes
                    NSString *notes = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(record, kABPersonNoteProperty);
                    if(notes == NULL){
                        strNotes = @"noNotes";
                    }
                    else{
                        strNotes = [notes retain];
                    }
                    //for image
                    if (!ABPersonHasImageData(record)){

                    }
                    else{
                        CFDataRef imageData = ABPersonCopyImageData(record);
                        UIImage *image = [UIImage imageWithData:(NSData *) imageData];
                        [dic setObject:image forKey:@"image"];
                        CFRelease(imageData);
                    }
                    //To set Mobile
                    NSMutableArray* mobileArray = [[NSMutableArray alloc] init];
                    ABMutableMultiValueRef multi = ABRecordCopyValue(record, kABPersonPhoneProperty);
                    if (ABMultiValueGetCount(multi) > 0) {
                        // collect all emails in array
                        for (CFIndex i = 0; i < ABMultiValueGetCount(multi); i++) {

                            CFStringRef mobileRef = ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(multi, i);
                            CFStringRef locLabel = ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(multi, i);
                            NSString *phoneLabel =(NSString*) ABAddressBookCopyLocalizedLabel(locLabel);

                            if([phoneLabel isEqualToString:@"mobile"])
                                [mobileArray addObject:(NSString *)mobileRef];
                            else if([phoneLabel isEqualToString:@"iPhone"])
                                [mobileArray addObject:(NSString *)mobileRef];
                            else if([phoneLabel isEqualToString:@"home"])
                                [mobileArray addObject:(NSString *)mobileRef];
                            else if([phoneLabel isEqualToString:@"work"])
                                [mobileArray addObject:(NSString *)mobileRef];
                            else if([phoneLabel isEqualToString:@"main"])
                                [mobileArray addObject:(NSString *)mobileRef];
                            else if([phoneLabel isEqualToString:@"other"])
                                [mobileArray addObject:(NSString *)mobileRef];
                            CFRelease(mobileRef);
                            CFRelease(locLabel);
                        }
                    }
                    CFRelease(multi);
                    if([mobileArray count]>0)
                        strMobile = [[mobileArray objectAtIndex:0]retain];
                    else{
                        NSString *str=[NSString stringWithFormat:@"noNumber%i",noNumberCount];
                        strMobile = [str retain];
                        noNumberCount++;
                    }
                    [mobileArray release];

                    //To set E-mail
                    NSMutableArray* emailArray = [[NSMutableArray alloc] init];
                    multi = ABRecordCopyValue(record, kABPersonEmailProperty);
                    if (ABMultiValueGetCount(multi) > 0) {
                        // collect all emails in array
                        for (CFIndex i = 0; i < ABMultiValueGetCount(multi); i++) {
                            CFStringRef emailRef = ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(multi, i);
                            [emailArray addObject:(NSString *)emailRef];
                            CFRelease(emailRef);
                        }
                    }

                    CFRelease(multi);
                    if([emailArray count]>0)
                        strEmail = [[emailArray objectAtIndex:0]retain];
                    else
                        strEmail = [@"noemail" retain];
                    [emailArray release];

                    bool addBool = NO;

                    if([strName isEqualToString:@"noName"]){
                        if([strEmail isEqualToString:@"noemail"]){

                        }
                        else{
                            [dic setObject:strEmail forKey:@"name"];
                            addBool = YES;
                        }

                        if(addBool == NO){
                            if([strMobile isEqualToString:@"noNumber"]){

                            }
                            else{
                                [dic setObject:strMobile forKey:@"name"];
                                addBool = YES;
                            }
                        }
                    }
                    else{
                        [dic setObject:strName forKey:@"name"];
                        addBool = YES;
                    }
                    [dic setObject:strEmail forKey:@"email"];
                    [dic setObject:strMobile forKey:@"mobile"];
                    [dic setObject:nsDate forKey:@"date"];
                    [dic setObject:strTime forKey:@"time"];
                    [dic setObject:strNotes forKey:@"notes"];

                    if(addBool == YES)
                        [contactArrTemp addObject:dic];

                    if([strMobile hasPrefix:@"0"]){
                        NSString *contactNumber=[strMobile stringByReplacingCharactersInRange:NSMakeRange(0, 1) withString:@""];
                        if(contactNumber.length>7)
                            [dic setObject:@"iPhone" forKey:@"ContactType"];

                    }
                    else {
                        if(strMobile.length>9)
                            [dic setObject:@"iPhone" forKey:@"ContactType"];

                    }
                    if(![[dic objectForKey:@"ContactType"] isKindOfClass:[NSNull class]] && [dic objectForKey:@"ContactType"])
                    {
                        [self InsertContactWithContactInfoDictionary:dic];
                    }
                    [strName release];
                    [nsDate release];
                    [strEmail release];
                    [strMobile release];
                    [strTime release];
                    [strNotes release];
                    [dic release];
                }
                dispatch_async(self.backgroundQueue, ^(void){ [self gcdDidFinishaddfebriteParsing:dict]; });
                dispatch_release(self.backgroundQueue);
                self.backgroundQueue=nil;
            });

        }
    }
    else
    {
        [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] postNotificationName:@"PhoneContactsSaved" object:nil userInfo:[NSDictionary dictionaryWithObject:[NSNumber numberWithBool:YES] forKey:@"Successful"]];
        [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] postNotificationName:@"updateContacts" object:nil userInfo:[NSDictionary dictionaryWithObject:@"success" forKey:@"update"]];
    }
}

Xcode5中iOS6.1上的yunas代码存在一些问题。 随着一些小适应它为我工作。

问题在于iOS 6中的ARC不允许dispatch_release(sema); 这是工作代码。 注意:我使用m_addressbook代替addressbook作为ABAddressBookRef!

ViewController.m

#import "ViewController.h"
#import <AddressBook/AddressBook.h>
#import <AddressBook/ABAddressBook.h>
#import <AddressBook/ABPerson.h>

@interface ViewController ()

@property (nonatomic, strong) NSMutableArray* contactList;

@end

@implementation ViewController

- (void)viewDidLoad
{
  [super viewDidLoad];

  ABAddressBookRef m_addressbook =  ABAddressBookCreateWithOptions(NULL, NULL);

  __block BOOL accessGranted = NO;
  if (ABAddressBookRequestAccessWithCompletion != NULL) { // we're on iOS 6
      dispatch_semaphore_t sema = dispatch_semaphore_create(0);
      dispatch_async(dispatch_get_global_queue(DISPATCH_QUEUE_PRIORITY_DEFAULT, 0), ^{
          @autoreleasepool {
              // Write your code here...
              // Fetch data from SQLite DB
          }
      });

      ABAddressBookRequestAccessWithCompletion(m_addressbook, ^(bool granted, CFErrorRef error) {
          accessGranted = granted;
          dispatch_semaphore_signal(sema);
      });
      dispatch_semaphore_wait(sema, DISPATCH_TIME_FOREVER);
  }
  else { // we're on iOS 5 or older
      accessGranted = YES;
  }

  if (accessGranted) {
  // do your stuff
  }
}

// ...

这对我来说是完美的伎俩!

在iOS6上,苹果推出新的隐私控制,用户可以通过每个应用程序控制联系人和日历的访问权限。 所以,在代码方面,你需要添加一些方法来请求权限。 在iOS5或之前,我们可以随时致电

ABAddressBookRef addressBook = ABAddressBookCreate();

要获得地址簿没有任何问题,但在iOS6中,如果您没有权限,则此调用将返回空指针。 那就是为什么我们需要改变方法来获取ABAddressBookRef。

__block BOOL accessGranted = NO;
if (ABAddressBookRequestAccessWithCompletion != NULL) { // we're on iOS 6
    dispatch_semaphore_t sema = dispatch_semaphore_create(0);
    ABAddressBookRequestAccessWithCompletion(addressBook, ^(bool granted, CFErrorRef error) {
        accessGranted = granted;
        dispatch_semaphore_signal(sema);
    });
    dispatch_semaphore_wait(sema, DISPATCH_TIME_FOREVER);
    dispatch_release(sema);   
}
else { // we're on iOS 5 or older
    accessGranted = YES;
}

if (accessGranted) {
    // Do whatever you want here.
}

在代码中,信号量用于阻塞直到响应,而ABAddressBookRequestAccessWithCompletion会在应用程序没有询问之前询问权限。 否则,只会按照设置 - 隐私 - 联系中的设置进行操作。

消息来源: http://programmerjoe.blogspot.com/2012/10/ios6-permissions-contacts.htmlhttp://programmerjoe.blogspot.com/2012/10/ios6-permissions-contacts.html


按照苹果网站上的文档 (向下滚动到页面中间的隐私), 必须先授予对地址簿的访问权限,然后才能以编程方式访问。 这是我最终做的。

  #import <AddressBookUI/AddressBookUI.h>

  // Request authorization to Address Book
  ABAddressBookRef addressBookRef = ABAddressBookCreateWithOptions(NULL, NULL);

  if (ABAddressBookGetAuthorizationStatus() == kABAuthorizationStatusNotDetermined) {
    ABAddressBookRequestAccessWithCompletion(addressBookRef, ^(bool granted, CFErrorRef error) {
      if (granted) {
          // First time access has been granted, add the contact
          [self _addContactToAddressBook];
      } else {
          // User denied access
          // Display an alert telling user the contact could not be added
      }
    });
  }
  else if (ABAddressBookGetAuthorizationStatus() == kABAuthorizationStatusAuthorized) {
    // The user has previously given access, add the contact
    [self _addContactToAddressBook];
  }
  else {
    // The user has previously denied access
    // Send an alert telling user to change privacy setting in settings app
  }

更新对于iOS 9和更高版本:

来自Apple网站:

重要

地址簿UI框架在iOS 9中已弃用。请改用ContactsUI框架中定义的API。 要了解更多信息,请参阅ContactsUI


在ios中获取地址簿

- (void)retreiveAllContacts
{
ABAddressBookRef addressBook = ABAddressBookCreateWithOptions(NULL, NULL);

CFArrayRef people = ABAddressBookCopyArrayOfAllPeople(addressBook);

if (!people) {
    return ;
}

CFMutableArrayRef peopleMutable = CFArrayCreateMutableCopy(kCFAllocatorDefault,
                                                           CFArrayGetCount(people),
                                                           people);

CFArraySortValues(peopleMutable,
                  CFRangeMake(0, CFArrayGetCount(peopleMutable)),
                  (CFComparatorFunction) ABPersonComparePeopleByName,
                  (void*) ABPersonGetSortOrdering());

NSMutableArray *contacts = [[NSMutableArray alloc] initWithCapacity:CFArrayGetCount(peopleMutable)];

for (CFIndex i = 0; i < CFArrayGetCount(peopleMutable); i++)
{

    ABRecordRef person = CFArrayGetValueAtIndex(peopleMutable, i);

    int32_t recId  =  ABRecordGetRecordID(person);

    NSString * abId = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%d", recId];

    ABMultiValueRef phoneNumbers = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonPhoneProperty);

    ABMultiValueRef emailIds = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonEmailProperty);


    NSString* firstName = (__bridge NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonFirstNameProperty);

    NSString* lastName = (__bridge NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonLastNameProperty);

    NSString* companyName = (__bridge NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonOrganizationProperty);

    NSString* displayName = [firstName ? firstName : @"" stringByAppendingFormat:@" %@", lastName ? lastName : @""];

    displayName = [displayName stringByTrimmingCharactersInSet:[NSCharacterSet characterSetWithCharactersInString:@" "]];


    NSMutableDictionary* contactInfo = [[NSMutableDictionary alloc] init];

    if(ABPersonHasImageData(person))
    {
        CFDataRef imageDataRef = ABPersonCopyImageDataWithFormat(person, kABPersonImageFormatThumbnail);

        NSData * imageData = (__bridge NSData *)imageDataRef;

        UIImage * thumbImage = [UIImage imageWithData:imageData];

        [contactInfo setObject:thumbImage forKey:@"picture"];
    }

    if(!firstName)
        firstName = @"";

    if (!lastName)
        lastName = @"";

    if(!displayName)
        displayName = @"";

    if(!companyName)
        companyName = @"";

   // [contactInfo setObject:[firstName capitalizedString] forKey:kFirstNameKey];

    //[contactInfo setObject:[lastName capitalizedString] forKey:kLastNameKey];

    [contactInfo setObject:[displayName capitalizedString] forKey:@"name"];

    [contactInfo setObject:abId forKey:@"ABID"];


  //  [contactInfo setObject:companyName forKey:kCompanyNameKey];

    NSMutableArray* phoneNumbersList = [[NSMutableArray alloc] init];

    for (CFIndex j=0; j < ABMultiValueGetCount(phoneNumbers); j++)
    {
        NSString* phone = (__bridge NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(phoneNumbers, j);

        CFStringRef localizedLabel = ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(phoneNumbers,j);

      //  NSString *phoneLabel =(__bridge NSString*) ABAddressBookCopyLocalizedLabel(localizedLabel);


        if( phone)
        {
            //                NSLog(@"validatedPhone: %@", validatedPhone);


            [phoneNumbersList addObject:phone];
        }

        if (localizedLabel) {
            //                            NSLog(@"localizedLabel: %@", localizedLabel);
            CFRelease(localizedLabel);
        }
    }

    if(phoneNumbers)
    {
        //                        NSLog(@"phoneNumbers: %@", phoneNumbers);

        CFRelease(phoneNumbers);

        //            NSLog(@"phoneNumbers Release: %@", phoneNumbers);

    }

    [contactInfo setObject:phoneNumbersList forKey:@"phoneNumbers"];

    NSMutableArray * emailList = [[NSMutableArray alloc] init];

    for (CFIndex j=0; j < ABMultiValueGetCount(emailIds); j++)
    {
        NSString* email = (__bridge NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(emailIds, j);

        CFStringRef localizedLabel = ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(emailIds, j);


        if(email)
        {


            [emailList addObject:email];
        }

    }

    if(emailIds)
    {
        CFRelease(emailIds);

    }

    if(emailList && [emailList count])
        [contactInfo setObject:emailList forKey:@"emails"];

    if ([phoneNumbersList count] > 0 || [emailList count] > 0) {
        [contacts addObject:contactInfo];
    }
}

//CFRelease();
CFRelease(people);

if([contacts count])
{
    [self createiOSContactsDataSourceWithFeed:contacts];
}

}

此代码显示了如何设置权限以及如何从手机获取所有联系人,并使用标签标签在列表中显示联系人

var contactStore = CNContactStore()
var contactArray = [CNContact]()

func getContacts()
{

    if CNContactStore.authorizationStatus(for: .contacts) == .notDetermined
    {

        contactStore.requestAccess(for: .contacts, completionHandler: { (authorized:Bool, error:Error?) in

            if authorized {



                let requestForContacts = CNContactFetchRequest(keysToFetch: [CNContactFormatter.descriptorForRequiredKeys(for: CNContactFormatterStyle.fullName), CNContactPhoneNumbersKey as CNKeyDescriptor, CNContactImageDataKey as CNKeyDescriptor, CNContactNicknameKey as CNKeyDescriptor])
                do{
                    try self.contactStore.enumerateContacts(with: requestForContacts) { (contacts : CNContact, stop: UnsafeMutablePointer<ObjCBool>) -> Void in
                        self.contactArray.append(contacts)
                        //print("hello")
                    }
                }
                catch {
                    print("EXCEPTION COUGHT")
                }
            }
        })
    }
    else if CNContactStore.authorizationStatus(for: .contacts) == .authorized
    {
        let requestForContacts = CNContactFetchRequest(keysToFetch: [CNContactFormatter.descriptorForRequiredKeys(for: CNContactFormatterStyle.fullName), CNContactPhoneNumbersKey as CNKeyDescriptor, CNContactImageDataKey as CNKeyDescriptor, CNContactNicknameKey as CNKeyDescriptor])
        do{
            try self.contactStore.enumerateContacts(with: requestForContacts) { (contacts : CNContact, stop: UnsafeMutablePointer<ObjCBool>) -> Void in
                self.contactArray.append(contacts)
            }
        }
        catch {

        }

    }
}

override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()
    // Do any additional setup after loading the view, typically from a nib.
    getContacts()

}

func tableView(_ tableView: UITableView, numberOfRowsInSection section: Int) -> Int
{
    //print(contactArray)
    return contactArray.count

}
func tableView(_ tableView: UITableView, cellForRowAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> UITableViewCell {

    let cell = tableView.dequeueReusableCell(withIdentifier: "defaultCell")

    if cell != nil{

        //var dig = String()
        var hmdig = [String]()

        let names = contactArray[indexPath.row]
        print(names)

        let name1 = names.givenName+" "+names.middleName+" "+names.familyName

        for number in names.phoneNumbers
        {
            let phoneNumber = number.value

            let dig = (phoneNumber.value(forKey: "digits") as? String)!
            hmdig.append(dig)

        }

        // Set the contact image.
        if let imageData = names.imageData
        {
            let myImage = cell?.viewWithTag(30) as! UIImageView
            myImage.image = UIImage(data: imageData)
        }


//            let niknm = names.nickname

        let nameLable1 = cell?.viewWithTag(10) as! UILabel
                nameLable1.text = name1

        let nameLable2 = cell?.viewWithTag(20) as? UILabel

            nameLable2?.text = hmdig.joined(separator: ",\n")

//           let nameLable3 = cell?.viewWithTag(40) as? UILabel
//                nameLable3?.text = niknm


        return cell!

    }
    else{

        return UITableViewCell()
    }
}

对于联系人框架:

- (void)checkPermissionForCNContacts
{
    switch ([CNContactStore authorizationStatusForEntityType:CNEntityTypeContacts])
    {
        case CNAuthorizationStatusNotDetermined:
        {
            [[[CNContactStore alloc] init] requestAccessForEntityType:CNEntityTypeContacts completionHandler:^(BOOL granted, NSError * _Nullable error) {
                if (granted == YES)
                    [self showCNContactPicker];
            }];
        }
            break;
        case CNAuthorizationStatusRestricted:
        case CNAuthorizationStatusDenied:
                // Show custom alert
            break;
        case CNAuthorizationStatusAuthorized:
            [self showCNContactPicker];
            break;
    }
}

如果任何人在iOS5的地址簿有问题,然后使用

ABAddressBookRef addressBook = ABAddressBookCreate(); 

没有了

ABAddressBookRef addressBook = ABAddressBookCreateWithOptions(NULL,NULL);

我正在使用Appirater评估我的应用程序

AppiRater中的这些链接

//对于ios6或更早版本

NSString * templateReviewURL = @“itms-apps://ax.itunes.apple.com/WebObjects/MZStore.woa/wa/viewContentsUserReviews?type = Purple + Software&id = APP_ID”;

//对于ios7

NSString * templateReviewURLiOS7 = @“itms-apps://itunes.apple.com/app/idAPP_ID”;

这些链接工作正常。

但是带我到应用程序的“详细信息”页面。

但它应该去“评级和评论”页面..

建议我任何想法

谢谢







iphone objective-c ios ios6 contacts