xcode - xcuserdata - xcuserstate




Git忽略Xcode项目的文件 (13)

GitXcode结合使用时,应将哪些文件包含在.gitignore中?



Mods:请不要批准修改此答案。 到目前为止,每个编辑都是不正确的,并导致数据丢失。 请单独留下这个答案!

如果你想编辑这个答案...不要。 首先阅读全部内容 - 您可以通过简单的方式制作自己的分支,如果这还不够,请对其进行评论。

我以前使用顶级投票答案,但它需要一些清理,所以在这里它重新为Xcode 4做了一些改进。

我已经研究过这个列表中的每个文件,但其中有几个文件不存在于Apple的官方xcode文档中,所以我不得不继续使用Apple邮件列表。

Apple继续添加未记录的文件,可能会破坏我们的实时项目。 这恕我直言是不可接受的,我现在开始每次他们这样记录错误。 我知道他们并不在乎,但也许会让他们中的一个更加公平地对待开发者。

如果您需要自定义,请点击这里: https://gist.github.com/3786883https://gist.github.com/3786883

#########################
# .gitignore file for Xcode4 and Xcode5 Source projects
#
# Apple bugs, waiting for Apple to fix/respond:
#
#    15564624 - what does the xccheckout file in Xcode5 do? Where's the documentation?
#
# Version 2.6
# For latest version, see: http://.com/questions/49478/git-ignore-file-for-xcode-projects
#
# 2015 updates:
# - Fixed typo in "xccheckout" line - thanks to @lyck for pointing it out!
# - Fixed the .idea optional ignore. Thanks to @hashier for pointing this out
# - Finally added "xccheckout" to the ignore. Apple still refuses to answer support requests about this, but in practice it seems you should ignore it.
# - minor tweaks from Jona and Coeur (slightly more precise xc* filtering/names)
# 2014 updates:
# - appended non-standard items DISABLED by default (uncomment if you use those tools)
# - removed the edit that an SO.com moderator made without bothering to ask me
# - researched CocoaPods .lock more carefully, thanks to Gokhan Celiker
# 2013 updates:
# - fixed the broken "save personal Schemes"
# - added line-by-line explanations for EVERYTHING (some were missing)
#
# NB: if you are storing "built" products, this WILL NOT WORK,
# and you should use a different .gitignore (or none at all)
# This file is for SOURCE projects, where there are many extra
# files that we want to exclude
#
#########################

#####
# OS X temporary files that should never be committed
#
# c.f. http://www.westwind.com/reference/os-x/invisibles.html

.DS_Store

# c.f. http://www.westwind.com/reference/os-x/invisibles.html

.Trashes

# c.f. http://www.westwind.com/reference/os-x/invisibles.html

*.swp

#
# *.lock - this is used and abused by many editors for many different things.
#    For the main ones I use (e.g. Eclipse), it should be excluded 
#    from source-control, but YMMV.
#   (lock files are usually local-only file-synchronization on the local FS that should NOT go in git)
# c.f. the "OPTIONAL" section at bottom though, for tool-specific variations!
#
# In particular, if you're using CocoaPods, you'll want to comment-out this line:
*.lock


#
# profile - REMOVED temporarily (on double-checking, I can't find it in OS X docs?)
#profile


####
# Xcode temporary files that should never be committed
# 
# NB: NIB/XIB files still exist even on Storyboard projects, so we want this...

*~.nib


####
# Xcode build files -
#
# NB: slash on the end, so we only remove the FOLDER, not any files that were badly named "DerivedData"

DerivedData/

# NB: slash on the end, so we only remove the FOLDER, not any files that were badly named "build"

build/


#####
# Xcode private settings (window sizes, bookmarks, breakpoints, custom executables, smart groups)
#
# This is complicated:
#
# SOMETIMES you need to put this file in version control.
# Apple designed it poorly - if you use "custom executables", they are
#  saved in this file.
# 99% of projects do NOT use those, so they do NOT want to version control this file.
#  ..but if you're in the 1%, comment out the line "*.pbxuser"

# .pbxuser: http://lists.apple.com/archives/xcode-users/2004/Jan/msg00193.html

*.pbxuser

# .mode1v3: http://lists.apple.com/archives/xcode-users/2007/Oct/msg00465.html

*.mode1v3

# .mode2v3: http://lists.apple.com/archives/xcode-users/2007/Oct/msg00465.html

*.mode2v3

# .perspectivev3: http://.com/questions/5223297/xcode-projects-what-is-a-perspectivev3-file

*.perspectivev3

#    NB: also, whitelist the default ones, some projects need to use these
!default.pbxuser
!default.mode1v3
!default.mode2v3
!default.perspectivev3


####
# Xcode 4 - semi-personal settings
#
# Apple Shared data that Apple put in the wrong folder
# c.f. http://.com/a/19260712/153422
#     FROM ANSWER: Apple says "don't ignore it"
#     FROM COMMENTS: Apple is wrong; Apple code is too buggy to trust; there are no known negative side-effects to ignoring Apple's unofficial advice and instead doing the thing that actively fixes bugs in Xcode
# Up to you, but ... current advice: ignore it.
*.xccheckout

#
#
# OPTION 1: ---------------------------------
#     throw away ALL personal settings (including custom schemes!
#     - unless they are "shared")
# As per build/ and DerivedData/, this ought to have a trailing slash
#
# NB: this is exclusive with OPTION 2 below
xcuserdata/

# OPTION 2: ---------------------------------
#     get rid of ALL personal settings, but KEEP SOME OF THEM
#     - NB: you must manually uncomment the bits you want to keep
#
# NB: this *requires* git v1.8.2 or above; you may need to upgrade to latest OS X,
#    or manually install git over the top of the OS X version
# NB: this is exclusive with OPTION 1 above
#
#xcuserdata/**/*

#     (requires option 2 above): Personal Schemes
#
#!xcuserdata/**/xcschemes/*

####
# Xcode 4 workspaces - more detailed
#
# Workspaces are important! They are a core feature of Xcode - don't exclude them :)
#
# Workspace layout is quite spammy. For reference:
#
# /(root)/
#   /(project-name).xcodeproj/
#     project.pbxproj
#     /project.xcworkspace/
#       contents.xcworkspacedata
#       /xcuserdata/
#         /(your name)/xcuserdatad/
#           UserInterfaceState.xcuserstate
#     /xcshareddata/
#       /xcschemes/
#         (shared scheme name).xcscheme
#     /xcuserdata/
#       /(your name)/xcuserdatad/
#         (private scheme).xcscheme
#         xcschememanagement.plist
#
#

####
# Xcode 4 - Deprecated classes
#
# Allegedly, if you manually "deprecate" your classes, they get moved here.
#
# We're using source-control, so this is a "feature" that we do not want!

*.moved-aside

####
# OPTIONAL: Some well-known tools that people use side-by-side with Xcode / iOS development
#
# NB: I'd rather not include these here, but gitignore's design is weak and doesn't allow
#     modular gitignore: you have to put EVERYTHING in one file.
#
# COCOAPODS:
#
# c.f. http://guides.cocoapods.org/using/using-cocoapods.html#what-is-a-podfilelock
# c.f. http://guides.cocoapods.org/using/using-cocoapods.html#should-i-ignore-the-pods-directory-in-source-control
#
#!Podfile.lock
#
# RUBY:
#
# c.f. http://yehudakatz.com/2010/12/16/clarifying-the-roles-of-the-gemspec-and-gemfile/
#
#!Gemfile.lock
#
# IDEA:
#
# c.f. https://www.jetbrains.com/objc/help/managing-projects-under-version-control.html?search=workspace.xml
# 
#.idea/workspace.xml
#
# TEXTMATE:
#
# -- UNVERIFIED: c.f. http://.com/a/50283/153422
#
#tm_build_errors

####
# UNKNOWN: recommended by others, but I can't discover what these files are
#

下面是我使用Xcode自动创建.gitignore和.gitattributes文件的脚本......我把它和其他一些人的东西一起砍了。 玩的开心!

Xcode-Git-User-Script

没有保证......我吸收了大部分 - 所以使用在自己的危险


使用gitignore.io生成并添加mac,cocoaPods文件,如下图所示:

## Mac
.DS_Store

## cocoaPods
Pod

## Build generated
build/
DerivedData/

## Various settings
*.pbxuser
!default.pbxuser
*.mode1v3
!default.mode1v3
*.mode2v3
!default.mode2v3
*.perspectivev3
!default.perspectivev3
xcuserdata/

## Other
*.moved-aside
*.xccheckout
*.xcscmblueprint

### Xcode Patch ###
*.xcodeproj/*
!*.xcodeproj/project.pbxproj
!*.xcodeproj/xcshareddata/
!*.xcworkspace/contents.xcworkspacedata
/*.gcno

对于XCode 5我添加:

####
# Xcode 5 - VCS metadata
#
*.xccheckout

从贝里克的答案


对于Xcode 4,我还补充道:

YourProjectName.xcodeproj/xcuserdata/*
YourProjectName.xcodeproj/project.xcworkspace/xcuserdata/*

我们确实发现,即使添加.gitignore和.gitattribte,* .pbxproj文件也可能会损坏。 所以我们有一个简单的计划。

每个在办公室编码的人都会放弃对该文件所做的更改。 在提交中,我们简单地提到添加到源文件中的文件。 然后推送到服务器。 我们的集成管理器比拉取并查看提交详细信息并将这些文件添加到资源中。

一旦他更新了远程,每个人都会有一份工作副本。 如果缺少某些东西,我们会通知他添加它,然后再拉一次。

这对我们来说没有任何问题。


我使用以下在gitignore.io中生成的.gitignore文件:

### Xcode ###
build/
*.pbxuser
!default.pbxuser
*.mode1v3
!default.mode1v3
*.mode2v3
!default.mode2v3
*.perspectivev3
!default.perspectivev3
xcuserdata
*.xccheckout
*.moved-aside
DerivedData
*.xcuserstate


### Objective-C ###
# Xcode
#
build/
*.pbxuser
!default.pbxuser
*.mode1v3
!default.mode1v3
*.mode2v3
!default.mode2v3
*.perspectivev3
!default.perspectivev3
xcuserdata
*.xccheckout
*.moved-aside
DerivedData
*.hmap
*.ipa
*.xcuserstate

# CocoaPods
#
# We recommend against adding the Pods directory to your .gitignore. However
# you should judge for yourself, the pros and cons are mentioned at:
# http://guides.cocoapods.org/using/using-cocoapods.html#should-i-ignore-the-pods-directory-in-source-control
#
Pods/

我已经添加:

xcuserstate
xcsettings

并将我的.gitignore文件放在我的项目的根目录下。

承诺并推动之后。 然后我跑了:

git rm --cached UserInterfaceState.xcuserstate WorkspaceSettings.xcsettings

与下面的文件夹一起埋入:

<my_project_name>/<my_project_name>.xcodeproj/project.xcworkspace/xcuserdata/<my_user_name>.xcuserdatad/

然后我跑了git commit并再次推送


我推荐使用joe来生成.gitignore文件。

对于iOS项目运行以下命令:

$ joe g osx,xcode > .gitignore

它会产生这个.gitignore

.DS_Store
.AppleDouble
.LSOverride

Icon
._*

.DocumentRevisions-V100
.fseventsd
.Spotlight-V100
.TemporaryItems
.Trashes
.VolumeIcon.icns

.AppleDB
.AppleDesktop
Network Trash Folder
Temporary Items
.apdisk

build/
DerivedData

*.pbxuser
!default.pbxuser
*.mode1v3
!default.mode1v3
*.mode2v3
!default.mode2v3
*.perspectivev3
!default.perspectivev3
xcuserdata

*.xccheckout
*.moved-aside
*.xcuserstate

我正在使用AppCode和XCode。 所以.idea/应该被忽略。

将此添加到Adam的.gitignore

####
# AppCode
.idea/

最好的,

gitignore.io

去选择你的语言,然后它会给你的文件。


添加.gitignore文件

MAC OS X + XCode + Swift

这是如何,我已经将.gitignore文件添加到我的Swift项目

  1. 选择您在XCode中的项目并右键单击 - > 新建组 - >将其命名为“ Git
  2. 选择Git文件夹并右键单击 - > 添加新文件
  3. iOS选项卡 - >选择其他 - > 空文件

  1. 在这里提供文件名“ .gitignore

  1. 确认文件名称和类型

这是结果结构

  1. 打开文件并通过以下代码
# file

#########################################################################
#                                                                       #
#       Title         - .gitignore file                                 #
#       For           - MAC OSX , Xcode7 and Swift Source projects      #
#       Updated by    - Ramdhan Choudhary                               #
#       Updated on    - 13 - November - 2015                            #
#                                                                       #
#########################################################################

########### Xcode ###########
# Xcode temporary files that should never be committed

## Build generated
build/
DerivedData

# NB: NIB/XIB files still exist even on Storyboard projects, so we want this
*~.nib
*.swp

## Various settings
*.pbxuser
!default.pbxuser
*.mode1v3
!default.mode1v3
*.mode2v3
!default.mode2v3
*.perspectivev3
!default.perspectivev3
xcuserdata

## Other
*.xccheckout
*.moved-aside
*.xcuserstate
*.xcscmblueprint
*.xcscheme

########### OSX ###########
# OS X temporary files that should never be committed

.DS_Store
.AppleDouble
.LSOverride

# Icon must end with two \r
Icon


# Thumbnails
._*

# Files that might appear in the root of a volume
.DocumentRevisions-V100
.fseventsd
.Spotlight-V100
.TemporaryItems
.Trashes
.VolumeIcon.icns

# Directories potentially created on remote AFP share
.AppleDB
.AppleDesktop
Network Trash Folder
Temporary Items
.apdisk

########## Obj-C/Swift specific ##########
*.hmap
*.ipa

# CocoaPods
#
# We recommend against adding the Pods directory to your .gitignore. However
# you should judge for yourself, the pros and cons are mentioned at:
# https://guides.cocoapods.org/using/using-cocoapods.html#should-i-check-the-pods-directory-into-source-control
#
# Pods/

# Carthage
#
# Add this line if you want to avoid checking in source code from Carthage dependencies.
# Carthage/Checkouts

Carthage/Build

# fastlane
#
# It is recommended to not store the screenshots in the git repo. Instead, use fastlane to re-generate the

fastlane/report.xml
fastlane/screenshots

,他的回答帮了我很多,但我仍然不得不添加更多的条目,因为我想要.gitignore

MAC OS X + XCode + Swift

参考文献: thishttps://github.com/github/gitignore/blob/master/Swift.gitignore





gitignore