c# to - 從System.Drawing.Bitmap加載WPF BitmapImage




stream dispose (9)

我從這些資源建立起來。 https://stackoverflow.com/a/7035036 https://stackoverflow.com/a/1470182/360211

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Runtime.ConstrainedExecution;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Security;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Interop;
using System.Windows.Media.Imaging;
using Microsoft.Win32.SafeHandles;

namespace WpfHelpers
{
    public static class BitmapToBitmapSource
    {
        public static BitmapSource ToBitmapSource(this Bitmap source)
        {
            using (var handle = new SafeHBitmapHandle(source))
            {
                return Imaging.CreateBitmapSourceFromHBitmap(handle.DangerousGetHandle(),
                    IntPtr.Zero, Int32Rect.Empty,
                    BitmapSizeOptions.FromEmptyOptions());
            }
        }

        [DllImport("gdi32")]
        private static extern int DeleteObject(IntPtr o);

        private sealed class SafeHBitmapHandle : SafeHandleZeroOrMinusOneIsInvalid
        {
            [SecurityCritical]
            public SafeHBitmapHandle(Bitmap bitmap)
                : base(true)
            {
                SetHandle(bitmap.GetHbitmap());
            }

            [ReliabilityContract(Consistency.WillNotCorruptState, Cer.Success)]
            protected override bool ReleaseHandle()
            {
                return DeleteObject(handle) > 0;
            }
        }
    }
}

我有一個System.Drawing.Bitmap的實例,並希望以System.Windows.Media.Imaging.BitmapImage的形式提供給我的WPF應用程序。

對此最好的方法是什麼?


最簡單的是,如果你可以直接從文件中創建WPF位圖。

否則,你將不得不使用System.Windows.Interop.Imaging.CreateBitmapSourceFromHBitmap。


感謝Hallgrim,這裡是我結束的代碼:

ScreenCapture = System.Windows.Interop.Imaging.CreateBitmapSourceFromHBitmap(
   bmp.GetHbitmap(), 
   IntPtr.Zero, 
   System.Windows.Int32Rect.Empty, 
   BitmapSizeOptions.FromWidthAndHeight(width, height));

我也結束了綁定到BitmapSource,而不是像我原來的問題


我知道這已被回答,但這裡有幾個擴展方法(用於.NET 3.0+)進行轉換。 :)

        /// <summary>
    /// Converts a <see cref="System.Drawing.Image"/> into a WPF <see cref="BitmapSource"/>.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="source">The source image.</param>
    /// <returns>A BitmapSource</returns>
    public static BitmapSource ToBitmapSource(this System.Drawing.Image source)
    {
        System.Drawing.Bitmap bitmap = new System.Drawing.Bitmap(source);

        var bitSrc = bitmap.ToBitmapSource();

        bitmap.Dispose();
        bitmap = null;

        return bitSrc;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Converts a <see cref="System.Drawing.Bitmap"/> into a WPF <see cref="BitmapSource"/>.
    /// </summary>
    /// <remarks>Uses GDI to do the conversion. Hence the call to the marshalled DeleteObject.
    /// </remarks>
    /// <param name="source">The source bitmap.</param>
    /// <returns>A BitmapSource</returns>
    public static BitmapSource ToBitmapSource(this System.Drawing.Bitmap source)
    {
        BitmapSource bitSrc = null;

        var hBitmap = source.GetHbitmap();

        try
        {
            bitSrc = System.Windows.Interop.Imaging.CreateBitmapSourceFromHBitmap(
                hBitmap,
                IntPtr.Zero,
                Int32Rect.Empty,
                BitmapSizeOptions.FromEmptyOptions());
        }
        catch (Win32Exception)
        {
            bitSrc = null;
        }
        finally
        {
            NativeMethods.DeleteObject(hBitmap);
        }

        return bitSrc;
    }

和NativeMethods類(為了安撫FxCop)

    /// <summary>
/// FxCop requires all Marshalled functions to be in a class called NativeMethods.
/// </summary>
internal static class NativeMethods
{
    [DllImport("gdi32.dll")]
    [return: MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.Bool)]
    internal static extern bool DeleteObject(IntPtr hObject);
}

您可以通過編寫自定義位圖源,在兩個名稱空間(媒體和繪圖)之間共享像素數據。 轉換將立即發生並且不會分配額外的內存。 如果你不想明確地創建你的位圖副本,這是你想要的方法。

class SharedBitmapSource : BitmapSource, IDisposable
{
    #region Public Properties

    /// <summary>
    /// I made it public so u can reuse it and get the best our of both namespaces
    /// </summary>
    public Bitmap Bitmap { get; private set; }

    public override double DpiX { get { return Bitmap.HorizontalResolution; } }

    public override double DpiY { get { return Bitmap.VerticalResolution; } }

    public override int PixelHeight { get { return Bitmap.Height; } }

    public override int PixelWidth { get { return Bitmap.Width; } }

    public override System.Windows.Media.PixelFormat Format { get { return ConvertPixelFormat(Bitmap.PixelFormat); } }

    public override BitmapPalette Palette { get { return null; } }

    #endregion

    #region Constructor/Destructor

    public SharedBitmapSource(int width, int height,System.Drawing.Imaging.PixelFormat sourceFormat)
        :this(new Bitmap(width,height, sourceFormat) ) { }

    public SharedBitmapSource(Bitmap bitmap)
    {
        Bitmap = bitmap;
    }

    // Use C# destructor syntax for finalization code.
    ~SharedBitmapSource()
    {
        // Simply call Dispose(false).
        Dispose(false);
    }

    #endregion

    #region Overrides

    public override void CopyPixels(Int32Rect sourceRect, Array pixels, int stride, int offset)
    {
        BitmapData sourceData = Bitmap.LockBits(
        new Rectangle(sourceRect.X, sourceRect.Y, sourceRect.Width, sourceRect.Height),
        ImageLockMode.ReadOnly,
        Bitmap.PixelFormat);

        var length = sourceData.Stride * sourceData.Height;

        if (pixels is byte[])
        {
            var bytes = pixels as byte[];
            Marshal.Copy(sourceData.Scan0, bytes, 0, length);
        }

        Bitmap.UnlockBits(sourceData);
    }

    protected override Freezable CreateInstanceCore()
    {
        return (Freezable)Activator.CreateInstance(GetType());
    }

    #endregion

    #region Public Methods

    public BitmapSource Resize(int newWidth, int newHeight)
    {
        Image newImage = new Bitmap(newWidth, newHeight);
        using (Graphics graphicsHandle = Graphics.FromImage(newImage))
        {
            graphicsHandle.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
            graphicsHandle.DrawImage(Bitmap, 0, 0, newWidth, newHeight);
        }
        return new SharedBitmapSource(newImage as Bitmap);
    }

    public new BitmapSource Clone()
    {
        return new SharedBitmapSource(new Bitmap(Bitmap));
    }

    //Implement IDisposable.
    public void Dispose()
    {
        Dispose(true);
        GC.SuppressFinalize(this);
    }

    #endregion

    #region Protected/Private Methods

    private static System.Windows.Media.PixelFormat ConvertPixelFormat(System.Drawing.Imaging.PixelFormat sourceFormat)
    {
        switch (sourceFormat)
        {
            case System.Drawing.Imaging.PixelFormat.Format24bppRgb:
                return PixelFormats.Bgr24;

            case System.Drawing.Imaging.PixelFormat.Format32bppArgb:
                return PixelFormats.Pbgra32;

            case System.Drawing.Imaging.PixelFormat.Format32bppRgb:
                return PixelFormats.Bgr32;

        }
        return new System.Windows.Media.PixelFormat();
    }

    private bool _disposed = false;

    protected virtual void Dispose(bool disposing)
    {
        if (!_disposed)
        {
            if (disposing)
            {
                // Free other state (managed objects).
            }
            // Free your own state (unmanaged objects).
            // Set large fields to null.
            _disposed = true;
        }
    }

    #endregion
}

// at class level;
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.DllImport("gdi32.dll")]
public static extern bool DeleteObject(IntPtr hObject);    // https://.com/a/1546121/194717


/// <summary> 
/// Converts a <see cref="System.Drawing.Bitmap"/> into a WPF <see cref="BitmapSource"/>. 
/// </summary> 
/// <remarks>Uses GDI to do the conversion. Hence the call to the marshalled DeleteObject. 
/// </remarks> 
/// <param name="source">The source bitmap.</param> 
/// <returns>A BitmapSource</returns> 
public static System.Windows.Media.Imaging.BitmapSource ToBitmapSource(this System.Drawing.Bitmap source)
{
    var hBitmap = source.GetHbitmap();
    var result = System.Windows.Interop.Imaging.CreateBitmapSourceFromHBitmap(hBitmap, IntPtr.Zero, System.Windows.Int32Rect.Empty, System.Windows.Media.Imaging.BitmapSizeOptions.FromEmptyOptions());

    DeleteObject(hBitmap);

    return result;
}

我來到這個問題,因為我試圖做同樣的事情,但在我的情況下,位圖來自資源/文件。 我發現最好的解決方案如下面的鏈接所述:

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.windows.media.imaging.bitmapimage.aspx

// Create the image element.
Image simpleImage = new Image();    
simpleImage.Width = 200;
simpleImage.Margin = new Thickness(5);

// Create source.
BitmapImage bi = new BitmapImage();
// BitmapImage.UriSource must be in a BeginInit/EndInit block.
bi.BeginInit();
bi.UriSource = new Uri(@"/sampleImages/cherries_larger.jpg",UriKind.RelativeOrAbsolute);
bi.EndInit();
// Set the image source.
simpleImage.Source = bi;

我在一家影像供應商工作,並為我們的圖像格式編寫了一個適用於WPF的適配器,類似於System.Drawing.Bitmap。

我寫這個知識庫給我們的客戶解釋:

http://www.atalasoft.com/kb/article.aspx?id=10156

那裡有代碼。 你需要用Bitmap替換AtalaImage,並且做我們正在做的等價物 - 它應該是非常簡單的。


First of definition. For me unmanaged resource means some class, which implements IDisposable interface or something created with usage of calls to dll. GC doesn't know how to deal with such objects. If class has for example only value types, then I don't consider this class as class with unmanaged resources. For my code I follow next practices:

  1. If created by me class uses some unmanaged resources then it means that I should also implement IDisposable interface in order to clean memory.
  2. Clean objects as soon as I finished usage of it.
  3. In my dispose method I iterate over all IDisposable members of class and call Dispose.
  4. In my Dispose method call GC.SuppressFinalize(this) in order to notify garbage collector that my object was already cleaned up. I do it because calling of GC is expensive operation.
  5. As additional precaution I try to make possible calling of Dispose() multiple times.
  6. Sometime I add private member _disposed and check in method calls did object was cleaned up. And if it was cleaned up then generate ObjectDisposedException
    Following template demonstrates what I described in words as sample of code:

public class SomeClass : IDisposable
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// As usually I don't care was object disposed or not
        /// </summary>
        public void SomeMethod()
        {
            if (_disposed)
                throw new ObjectDisposedException("SomeClass instance been disposed");
        }

        public void Dispose()
        {
            Dispose(true);
        }

        private bool _disposed;

        protected virtual void Dispose(bool disposing)
        {
            if (_disposed)
                return;
            if (disposing)//we are in the first call
            {
            }
            _disposed = true;
        }
    }




c# wpf bitmap