java - read - poi excel 2013




如何讀寫excel文件 (12)

.csv或POI肯定會這樣做,但您應該了解Andy Khan的JExcelApi 。 我認為這是迄今為止與Excel一起工作的最好的Java庫。

我想用3列和N行從Java讀取和寫入Excel文件,在每個單元格中打印一個字符串。 任何人都可以給我這個簡單的代碼片段? 我需要使用任何外部庫還是Java有內置支持?

我想要做到以下幾點:

for(i=0; i <rows; i++)
     //read [i,col1] ,[i,col2], [i,col3]

for(i=0; i<rows; i++)
    //write [i,col1], [i,col2], [i,col3]

Apache POI可以為你做到這一點。 特別是HSSF模塊。 快速指南最有用。 以下是如何做你想做的 - 專門創建一張表並寫出來。

    Workbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
    //Workbook wb = new XSSFWorkbook();
    CreationHelper createHelper = wb.getCreationHelper();
    Sheet sheet = wb.createSheet("new sheet");

    // Create a row and put some cells in it. Rows are 0 based.
    Row row = sheet.createRow((short)0);
    // Create a cell and put a value in it.
    Cell cell = row.createCell(0);
    cell.setCellValue(1);

    // Or do it on one line.
    row.createCell(1).setCellValue(1.2);
    row.createCell(2).setCellValue(
         createHelper.createRichTextString("This is a string"));
    row.createCell(3).setCellValue(true);

    // Write the output to a file
    FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
    wb.write(fileOut);
    fileOut.close();

你也可以考慮JExcelApi 。 我發現它比POI設計得更好。 這裡有一個教程。


使用春天apache poi回購

if (fileName.endsWith(".xls")) {



File myFile = new File("file location" + fileName);
                FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(myFile);

                org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Workbook workbook = null;
                try {
                    workbook = WorkbookFactory.create(fis);
                } catch (InvalidFormatException e) {

                    e.printStackTrace();
                }


                org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Sheet sheet = workbook.getSheetAt(0);


                Iterator<Row> rowIterator = sheet.iterator();


                while (rowIterator.hasNext()) {
                    Row row = rowIterator.next();

                    Iterator<Cell> cellIterator = row.cellIterator();
                    while (cellIterator.hasNext()) {

                        Cell cell = cellIterator.next();
                        switch (cell.getCellType()) {
                        case Cell.CELL_TYPE_STRING:
                            System.out.print(cell.getStringCellValue());
                            break;
                        case Cell.CELL_TYPE_BOOLEAN:
                            System.out.print(cell.getBooleanCellValue());
                            break;
                        case Cell.CELL_TYPE_NUMERIC:
                            System.out.print(cell.getNumericCellValue());
                            break;
                        }
                        System.out.print(" - ");
                    }
                    System.out.println();
                }
            }

如果您需要在Java中使用Office文檔進行更多操作,請按照上述提供POI。

為了簡單的讀取/寫入您請求的Excel文檔,您可以使用CSV格式(也如上所述):

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.FileReader;
import java.io.FileWriter;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.util.Scanner;

public class CsvWriter {
 public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException {

  String fileName = "test.xls";

  PrintWriter out = new PrintWriter(new FileWriter(fileName));
  out.println("a,b,c,d");
  out.println("e,f,g,h");
  out.println("i,j,k,l");
  out.close();

  BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new FileReader(fileName));
  String line = null;
  while ((line = in.readLine()) != null) {

   Scanner scanner = new Scanner(line);
   String sep = "";
   while (scanner.hasNext()) {
    System.out.println(sep + scanner.next());
    sep = ",";
   }
  }
  in.close();
 }
}

我編輯了最有投票的一個有點因為它並沒有完全計算空白列或行很好,所以這裡是我的代碼我測試它,現在可以在任何一個Excel文件的任何部分獲得任何單元格。 現在你也可以在填充的列之間有空格列,它會讀取它們

  try {
POIFSFileSystem fs = new POIFSFileSystem(new FileInputStream(Dir));
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook(fs);
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.getSheetAt(0);
HSSFRow row;
HSSFCell cell;

int rows; // No of rows
rows = sheet.getPhysicalNumberOfRows();

int cols = 0; // No of columns
int tmp = 0;
int cblacks=0;

// This trick ensures that we get the data properly even if it doesn't start from first few rows
for(int i = 0; i <= 10 || i <= rows; i++) {
    row = sheet.getRow(i);
    if(row != null) {
        tmp = sheet.getRow(i).getPhysicalNumberOfCells();
        if(tmp >= cols) cols = tmp;else{rows++;cblacks++;}
    }

    cols++;
}
cols=cols+cblacks;
for(int r = 0; r < rows; r++) {
    row = sheet.getRow(r);
    if(row != null) {
        for(int c = 0; c < cols; c++) {
            cell = row.getCell(c);
            if(cell != null) {
                System.out.print(cell+"\n");//Your Code here
            }
        }
    }
}} catch(Exception ioe) {
ioe.printStackTrace();}

為了從.xlsx工作簿讀取數據,我們需要使用XSSFworkbook類。

XSSFWorkbook xlsxBook = new XSSFWorkbook(fis);

XSSFSheet sheet = xlsxBook.getSheetAt(0); 等等

我們需要使用Apache-poi 3.9 @ http://poi.apache.org/

有關示例的詳細信息,請訪問: http : //java-recent.blogspot.in


為了閱讀xlsx文件,我們可以使用Apache POI庫試試這個:

public static void readXLSXFile() throws IOException
    {
        InputStream ExcelFileToRead = new FileInputStream("C:/Test.xlsx");
        XSSFWorkbook  wb = new XSSFWorkbook(ExcelFileToRead);

        XSSFWorkbook test = new XSSFWorkbook(); 

        XSSFSheet sheet = wb.getSheetAt(0);
        XSSFRow row; 
        XSSFCell cell;

        Iterator rows = sheet.rowIterator();

        while (rows.hasNext())
        {
            row=(XSSFRow) rows.next();
            Iterator cells = row.cellIterator();
            while (cells.hasNext())
            {
                cell=(XSSFCell) cells.next();

                if (cell.getCellType() == XSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING)
                {
                    System.out.print(cell.getStringCellValue()+" ");
                }
                else if(cell.getCellType() == XSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_NUMERIC)
                {
                    System.out.print(cell.getNumericCellValue()+" ");
                }
                else
                {
                    //U Can Handel Boolean, Formula, Errors
                }
            }
            System.out.println();
        }

    }

試試Apache POI HSSF 。 這裡有一個關於如何讀取excel文件的例子:

try {
    POIFSFileSystem fs = new POIFSFileSystem(new FileInputStream(file));
    HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook(fs);
    HSSFSheet sheet = wb.getSheetAt(0);
    HSSFRow row;
    HSSFCell cell;

    int rows; // No of rows
    rows = sheet.getPhysicalNumberOfRows();

    int cols = 0; // No of columns
    int tmp = 0;

    // This trick ensures that we get the data properly even if it doesn't start from first few rows
    for(int i = 0; i < 10 || i < rows; i++) {
        row = sheet.getRow(i);
        if(row != null) {
            tmp = sheet.getRow(i).getPhysicalNumberOfCells();
            if(tmp > cols) cols = tmp;
        }
    }

    for(int r = 0; r < rows; r++) {
        row = sheet.getRow(r);
        if(row != null) {
            for(int c = 0; c < cols; c++) {
                cell = row.getCell((short)c);
                if(cell != null) {
                    // Your code here
                }
            }
        }
    }
} catch(Exception ioe) {
    ioe.printStackTrace();
}

在文檔頁面上,您還有如何寫入excel文件的示例。


請使用Apache POI庫並嘗試此操作。

public class TakingDataFromExcel {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
    try
    {
        FileInputStream x = new FileInputStream(new File("/Users/rajesh/Documents/rajesh.xls"));

        //Create Workbook instance holding reference to .xlsx file
        Workbook workbook = new HSSFWorkbook(x);

        //Get first/desired sheet from the workbook
        Sheet sheet = workbook.getSheetAt(0);

        //Iterate through each rows one by one
        for (Iterator<Row> iterator = sheet.iterator(); iterator.hasNext();) {
            Row row = (Row) iterator.next();
            for (Iterator<Cell> iterator2 = row.iterator(); iterator2
                    .hasNext();) {
                Cell cell = (Cell) iterator2.next();
                System.out.println(cell.getStringCellValue());              
            }               
        }         
        x.close();
    }
    catch (Exception e)
    {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
   }
}

這會將一個JTable寫入一個可以輕鬆導入到Excel中的製表符分隔文件。 這工作。

如果將Excel工作表另存為XML文檔,則還可以使用代碼為EXCEL構建XML文件。 我用這個詞做了這個,所以你不必使用第三方軟件包。

這可以讓代碼將JTable取出,然後只寫一個分隔到任何文本文件的選項卡,然後導入到Excel中。 我希望這有幫助。

碼:

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileWriter;
import java.io.IOException;
import javax.swing.JTable;
import javax.swing.table.TableModel;

public class excel {
    String columnNames[] = { "Column 1", "Column 2", "Column 3" };

    // Create some data
    String dataValues[][] =
    {
        { "12", "234", "67" },
        { "-123", "43", "853" },
        { "93", "89.2", "109" },
        { "279", "9033", "3092" }
    };

    JTable table;

    excel() {
        table = new JTable( dataValues, columnNames );
    }


    public void toExcel(JTable table, File file){
        try{
            TableModel model = table.getModel();
            FileWriter excel = new FileWriter(file);

            for(int i = 0; i < model.getColumnCount(); i++){
                excel.write(model.getColumnName(i) + "\t");
            }

            excel.write("\n");

            for(int i=0; i< model.getRowCount(); i++) {
                for(int j=0; j < model.getColumnCount(); j++) {
                    excel.write(model.getValueAt(i,j).toString()+"\t");
                }
                excel.write("\n");
            }

            excel.close();

        }catch(IOException e){ System.out.println(e); }
    }

    public static void main(String[] o) {
        excel cv = new excel();
        cv.toExcel(cv.table,new File("C:\\Users\\itpr13266\\Desktop\\cs.tbv"));
    }
}

首先將所有這些jar文件添加到您的項目類路徑中:

  1. POI暫存器,3.7-20101029
  2. POI-3.2-FINAL-20081019
  3. POI-3.7-20101029
  4. POI-例子-3.7-20101029
  5. POI-OOXML-3.7-20101029
  6. POI-OOXML-架構 - 3.7-20101029
  7. XMLBeans的-2.3.0
  8. dom4j的-1.6.1

用於寫入excel文件的代碼:

public static void main(String[] args) {
    //Blank workbook
    XSSFWorkbook workbook = new XSSFWorkbook();

    //Create a blank sheet
    XSSFSheet sheet = workbook.createSheet("Employee Data");

    //This data needs to be written (Object[])
    Map<String, Object[]> data = new TreeMap<String, Object[]>();
    data.put("1", new Object[]{"ID", "NAME", "LASTNAME"});
    data.put("2", new Object[]{1, "Amit", "Shukla"});
    data.put("3", new Object[]{2, "Lokesh", "Gupta"});
    data.put("4", new Object[]{3, "John", "Adwards"});
    data.put("5", new Object[]{4, "Brian", "Schultz"});

    //Iterate over data and write to sheet
    Set<String> keyset = data.keySet();

    int rownum = 0;
    for (String key : keyset) 
    {
        //create a row of excelsheet
        Row row = sheet.createRow(rownum++);

        //get object array of prerticuler key
        Object[] objArr = data.get(key);

        int cellnum = 0;

        for (Object obj : objArr) 
        {
            Cell cell = row.createCell(cellnum++);
            if (obj instanceof String) 
            {
                cell.setCellValue((String) obj);
            }
            else if (obj instanceof Integer) 
            {
                cell.setCellValue((Integer) obj);
            }
        }
    }
    try 
    {
        //Write the workbook in file system
        FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(new File("C:\\Documents and Settings\\admin\\Desktop\\imp data\\howtodoinjava_demo.xlsx"));
        workbook.write(out);
        out.close();
        System.out.println("howtodoinjava_demo.xlsx written successfully on disk.");
    } 
    catch (Exception e)
    {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
}

從excel文件讀取代碼

/*
* To change this template, choose Tools | Templates
* and open the template in the editor.
*/

public static void main(String[] args) {
    try {
        FileInputStream file = new FileInputStream(new File("C:\\Documents and Settings\\admin\\Desktop\\imp data\\howtodoinjava_demo.xlsx"));

        //Create Workbook instance holding reference to .xlsx file
        XSSFWorkbook workbook = new XSSFWorkbook(file);

        //Get first/desired sheet from the workbook
        XSSFSheet sheet = workbook.getSheetAt(0);

        //Iterate through each rows one by one
        Iterator<Row> rowIterator = sheet.iterator();
        while (rowIterator.hasNext())
        {
            Row row = rowIterator.next();
            //For each row, iterate through all the columns
            Iterator<Cell> cellIterator = row.cellIterator();

            while (cellIterator.hasNext()) 
            {
                Cell cell = cellIterator.next();
                //Check the cell type and format accordingly
                switch (cell.getCellType()) 
                {
                    case Cell.CELL_TYPE_NUMERIC:
                        System.out.print(cell.getNumericCellValue() + "\t");
                        break;
                    case Cell.CELL_TYPE_STRING:
                        System.out.print(cell.getStringCellValue() + "\t");
                        break;
                }
            }
            System.out.println("");
        }
        file.close();
    } catch (Exception e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
}






excel