java poi讀取excel read - 如何讀寫excel文件




9 Answers

試試Apache POI HSSF 。 這裡有一個關於如何讀取excel文件的例子:

try {
    POIFSFileSystem fs = new POIFSFileSystem(new FileInputStream(file));
    HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook(fs);
    HSSFSheet sheet = wb.getSheetAt(0);
    HSSFRow row;
    HSSFCell cell;

    int rows; // No of rows
    rows = sheet.getPhysicalNumberOfRows();

    int cols = 0; // No of columns
    int tmp = 0;

    // This trick ensures that we get the data properly even if it doesn't start from first few rows
    for(int i = 0; i < 10 || i < rows; i++) {
        row = sheet.getRow(i);
        if(row != null) {
            tmp = sheet.getRow(i).getPhysicalNumberOfCells();
            if(tmp > cols) cols = tmp;
        }
    }

    for(int r = 0; r < rows; r++) {
        row = sheet.getRow(r);
        if(row != null) {
            for(int c = 0; c < cols; c++) {
                cell = row.getCell((short)c);
                if(cell != null) {
                    // Your code here
                }
            }
        }
    }
} catch(Exception ioe) {
    ioe.printStackTrace();
}

在文檔頁面上,您還有如何寫入excel文件的示例。

2013

我想用3列和N行從Java讀取和寫入Excel文件,在每個單元格中打印一個字符串。 任何人都可以給我這個簡單的代碼片段? 我需要使用任何外部庫還是Java有內置支持?

我想要做到以下幾點:

for(i=0; i <rows; i++)
     //read [i,col1] ,[i,col2], [i,col3]

for(i=0; i<rows; i++)
    //write [i,col1], [i,col2], [i,col3]



首先將所有這些jar文件添加到您的項目類路徑中:

  1. POI暫存器,3.7-20101029
  2. POI-3.2-FINAL-20081019
  3. POI-3.7-20101029
  4. POI-例子-3.7-20101029
  5. POI-OOXML-3.7-20101029
  6. POI-OOXML-架構 - 3.7-20101029
  7. XMLBeans的-2.3.0
  8. dom4j的-1.6.1

用於寫入excel文件的代碼:

public static void main(String[] args) {
    //Blank workbook
    XSSFWorkbook workbook = new XSSFWorkbook();

    //Create a blank sheet
    XSSFSheet sheet = workbook.createSheet("Employee Data");

    //This data needs to be written (Object[])
    Map<String, Object[]> data = new TreeMap<String, Object[]>();
    data.put("1", new Object[]{"ID", "NAME", "LASTNAME"});
    data.put("2", new Object[]{1, "Amit", "Shukla"});
    data.put("3", new Object[]{2, "Lokesh", "Gupta"});
    data.put("4", new Object[]{3, "John", "Adwards"});
    data.put("5", new Object[]{4, "Brian", "Schultz"});

    //Iterate over data and write to sheet
    Set<String> keyset = data.keySet();

    int rownum = 0;
    for (String key : keyset) 
    {
        //create a row of excelsheet
        Row row = sheet.createRow(rownum++);

        //get object array of prerticuler key
        Object[] objArr = data.get(key);

        int cellnum = 0;

        for (Object obj : objArr) 
        {
            Cell cell = row.createCell(cellnum++);
            if (obj instanceof String) 
            {
                cell.setCellValue((String) obj);
            }
            else if (obj instanceof Integer) 
            {
                cell.setCellValue((Integer) obj);
            }
        }
    }
    try 
    {
        //Write the workbook in file system
        FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(new File("C:\\Documents and Settings\\admin\\Desktop\\imp data\\howtodoinjava_demo.xlsx"));
        workbook.write(out);
        out.close();
        System.out.println("howtodoinjava_demo.xlsx written successfully on disk.");
    } 
    catch (Exception e)
    {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
}

從excel文件讀取代碼

/*
* To change this template, choose Tools | Templates
* and open the template in the editor.
*/

public static void main(String[] args) {
    try {
        FileInputStream file = new FileInputStream(new File("C:\\Documents and Settings\\admin\\Desktop\\imp data\\howtodoinjava_demo.xlsx"));

        //Create Workbook instance holding reference to .xlsx file
        XSSFWorkbook workbook = new XSSFWorkbook(file);

        //Get first/desired sheet from the workbook
        XSSFSheet sheet = workbook.getSheetAt(0);

        //Iterate through each rows one by one
        Iterator<Row> rowIterator = sheet.iterator();
        while (rowIterator.hasNext())
        {
            Row row = rowIterator.next();
            //For each row, iterate through all the columns
            Iterator<Cell> cellIterator = row.cellIterator();

            while (cellIterator.hasNext()) 
            {
                Cell cell = cellIterator.next();
                //Check the cell type and format accordingly
                switch (cell.getCellType()) 
                {
                    case Cell.CELL_TYPE_NUMERIC:
                        System.out.print(cell.getNumericCellValue() + "\t");
                        break;
                    case Cell.CELL_TYPE_STRING:
                        System.out.print(cell.getStringCellValue() + "\t");
                        break;
                }
            }
            System.out.println("");
        }
        file.close();
    } catch (Exception e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
}



.csv或POI肯定會這樣做,但您應該了解Andy Khan的JExcelApi 。 我認為這是迄今為止與Excel一起工作的最好的Java庫。




為了閱讀xlsx文件,我們可以使用Apache POI庫試試這個:

public static void readXLSXFile() throws IOException
    {
        InputStream ExcelFileToRead = new FileInputStream("C:/Test.xlsx");
        XSSFWorkbook  wb = new XSSFWorkbook(ExcelFileToRead);

        XSSFWorkbook test = new XSSFWorkbook(); 

        XSSFSheet sheet = wb.getSheetAt(0);
        XSSFRow row; 
        XSSFCell cell;

        Iterator rows = sheet.rowIterator();

        while (rows.hasNext())
        {
            row=(XSSFRow) rows.next();
            Iterator cells = row.cellIterator();
            while (cells.hasNext())
            {
                cell=(XSSFCell) cells.next();

                if (cell.getCellType() == XSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING)
                {
                    System.out.print(cell.getStringCellValue()+" ");
                }
                else if(cell.getCellType() == XSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_NUMERIC)
                {
                    System.out.print(cell.getNumericCellValue()+" ");
                }
                else
                {
                    //U Can Handel Boolean, Formula, Errors
                }
            }
            System.out.println();
        }

    }



一個簡單的CSV文件應該就足夠了




當然,你會發現下面的代碼有用並且易於閱讀和編寫。 這是一個util類,你可以在你的主要方法中使用,然後你很好地使用下面的所有方法。

     public class ExcelUtils {
     private static XSSFSheet ExcelWSheet;
     private static XSSFWorkbook ExcelWBook;
     private static XSSFCell Cell;
     private static XSSFRow Row;
     File fileName = new File("C:\\Users\\satekuma\\Pro\\Fund.xlsx");
     public void setExcelFile(File Path, String SheetName) throws Exception                

    try {
        FileInputStream ExcelFile = new FileInputStream(Path);
        ExcelWBook = new XSSFWorkbook(ExcelFile);
        ExcelWSheet = ExcelWBook.getSheet(SheetName);
    } catch (Exception e) {
        throw (e);
    }

}


      public static String getCellData(int RowNum, int ColNum) throws Exception {

    try {
        Cell = ExcelWSheet.getRow(RowNum).getCell(ColNum);
        String CellData = Cell.getStringCellValue();
        return CellData;
    } catch (Exception e) {

        return "";

    }

}
public static void setCellData(String Result, int RowNum, int ColNum, File Path) throws Exception {

    try {
        Row = ExcelWSheet.createRow(RowNum - 1);
        Cell = Row.createCell(ColNum - 1);
        Cell.setCellValue(Result);
        FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream(Path);
        ExcelWBook.write(fileOut);
        fileOut.flush();
        fileOut.close();
    } catch (Exception e) {

        throw (e);

    }

}

}



如果列號正在變化,你可以使用這個

package com.org.tests;
import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.*;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;

public class ExcelSimpleTest 
{   
    String path;
    public FileInputStream fis = null;
    private XSSFWorkbook workbook = null;
    private XSSFSheet sheet = null;
    private XSSFRow row   =null;
    private XSSFCell cell = null;

    public ExcelSimpleTest() throws IOException
    {
        path = System.getProperty("user.dir")+"\\resources\\Book1.xlsx";
        fis = new FileInputStream(path); 
        workbook = new XSSFWorkbook(fis);
        sheet = workbook.getSheetAt(0);
    }
    public void ExelWorks()
    {
        int index = workbook.getSheetIndex("Sheet1");
        sheet = workbook.getSheetAt(index);
        int rownumber=sheet.getLastRowNum()+1;  

        for (int i=1; i<rownumber; i++ )
        {
            row = sheet.getRow(i);
            int colnumber = row.getLastCellNum();
            for (int j=0; j<colnumber; j++ )
            {
                cell = row.getCell(j);
                System.out.println(cell.getStringCellValue());
            }
        }
    }   
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException 
    {
        ExcelSimpleTest excelwork = new ExcelSimpleTest();
        excelwork.ExelWorks();
    }
}

相應的mavendependency可以在here找到




請使用Apache POI庫並嘗試此操作。

public class TakingDataFromExcel {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
    try
    {
        FileInputStream x = new FileInputStream(new File("/Users/rajesh/Documents/rajesh.xls"));

        //Create Workbook instance holding reference to .xlsx file
        Workbook workbook = new HSSFWorkbook(x);

        //Get first/desired sheet from the workbook
        Sheet sheet = workbook.getSheetAt(0);

        //Iterate through each rows one by one
        for (Iterator<Row> iterator = sheet.iterator(); iterator.hasNext();) {
            Row row = (Row) iterator.next();
            for (Iterator<Cell> iterator2 = row.iterator(); iterator2
                    .hasNext();) {
                Cell cell = (Cell) iterator2.next();
                System.out.println(cell.getStringCellValue());              
            }               
        }         
        x.close();
    }
    catch (Exception e)
    {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
   }
}



如果您需要在Java中使用Office文檔進行更多操作,請按照上述提供POI。

為了簡單的讀取/寫入您請求的Excel文檔,您可以使用CSV格式(也如上所述):

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.FileReader;
import java.io.FileWriter;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.util.Scanner;

public class CsvWriter {
 public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException {

  String fileName = "test.xls";

  PrintWriter out = new PrintWriter(new FileWriter(fileName));
  out.println("a,b,c,d");
  out.println("e,f,g,h");
  out.println("i,j,k,l");
  out.close();

  BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new FileReader(fileName));
  String line = null;
  while ((line = in.readLine()) != null) {

   Scanner scanner = new Scanner(line);
   String sep = "";
   while (scanner.hasNext()) {
    System.out.println(sep + scanner.next());
    sep = ",";
   }
  }
  in.close();
 }
}



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Tags

java   excel