preprocessor中文 宏返回它在C中給出的參數數量?




preprocessor中文 (3)

這個問題在這裡已有答案:

是否可以編寫一個返回其參數數量的C宏?

我想要的東西:

foo(1) -> 1
foo(cat, dog) -> 2
foo(red, green, blue) -> 3

如果這個宏可以用##這樣的方式定義,那就更好了

foo(1) -> bar1(1)
foo(cat, dog) -> bar2(cat, dog)
foo(red, green, blue) -> car3(red, green, blue)

謝謝!

編輯:我真的想要一個宏,而不是一個函數。 使用功能的建議將被低估。


我意識到這是一個非常古老的問題,但由於沒有人回答“獎金”來將數字添加到函數名稱中,這裡有一個例子,Jonathan的答案簡化為9 args。 它假定您已預定義編號的函數,或將其用作定義它們的基礎。

#define MKFN(fn,...) MKFN_N(fn,##__VA_ARGS__,9,8,7,6,5,4,3,2,1,0)(__VA_ARGS__)
#define MKFN_N(fn,n0,n1,n2,n3,n4,n5,n6,n7,n8,n,...) fn##n
#define myfunc(...) MKFN(myfunc,##__VA_ARGS__)
myfunc();
myfunc(a,b,c,d,e,f);

//gcc -E this.c
//myfunc0();
//myfunc6(a,b,c,d,e,f);

在我看到這些類型的函數的地方是在Linux內核的系統調用中,但由於第一個參數是系統調用號(通常定義為__NR_something),因此數字將被關閉,所以這裡有一個例子來說明這一點。

#define MKFN(fn,...) MKFN_N(fn,##__VA_ARGS__,9,8,7,6,5,4,3,2,1,0)(__VA_ARGS__)
#define MKFN_N(fn,NR,n0,n1,n2,n3,n4,n5,n6,n7,n8,n,...) fn##n
#define syscall(...) MKFN(syscall,##__VA_ARGS__)
syscall(__NR_fork);
syscall(77,a,b,c,d,e,f);//fake example

我使用以下宏:

#define NUMARGS(...)  (sizeof((int[]){__VA_ARGS__})/sizeof(int))

請注意,它僅適用於C99,因為C89不支持可變參數宏。 雖然它不適用於零參數。

但是如果你使用GCC,你可以使用稍微修改過的宏:

#define NUMARGS(...)  (sizeof((int[]){0, ##__VA_ARGS__})/sizeof(int)-1)

即使對於零參數,它也能正常工作,因為當您粘貼空的__VA_ARGS__時,GCC的預處理器會刪除額外的逗號。


它可以完成 - 該機制在2006年1月的comp.std.c新聞組中得到了解釋。最近在SO 2124339上有另一個關於此問題的問題。

我把代碼藏起來,以防萬一......

#ifndef JLSS_ID_NARG_H
#define JLSS_ID_NARG_H

/*
** http://groups.google.com/group/comp.std.c/browse_thread/thread/77ee8c8f92e4a3fb/346fc464319b1ee5?pli=1
**
**    Newsgroups: comp.std.c
**    From: Laurent Deniau <[email protected]>
**    Date: Mon, 16 Jan 2006 18:43:40 +0100
**    Subject: __VA_NARG__
**
**    A year ago, I was asking here for an equivalent of __VA_NARG__ which
**    would return the number of arguments contained in __VA_ARGS__ before its
**    expansion. In fact my problem at that time (detecting for a third
**    argument) was solved by the solution of P. Mensonides. But I was still
**    thinking that the standard should have provided such a facilities rather
**    easy to compute for cpp.
**
**    This morning I had to face again the same problem, that is knowing the
**    number of arguments contained in __VA_ARGS__ before its expansion (after
**    its expansion can always be achieved if you can do it before). I found a
**    simple non-iterative solution which may be of interest here as an answer
**    to who will ask in the future for a kind of __VA_NARG__ in the standard
**    and I post it for archiving. May be some more elegant-efficient solution
**    exists?
**
**    Returns NARG, the number of arguments contained in __VA_ARGS__ before
**    expansion as far as NARG is >0 and <64 (cpp limits):
**
**    #define PP_NARG( ...) PP_NARG_(__VA_ARGS__,PP_RSEQ_N())
**    #define PP_NARG_(...) PP_ARG_N(__VA_ARGS__)
**    #define PP_ARG_N(_1,_2,_3,_4,_5,_6,_7,_8,_9,[..],_61,_62,_63,N,...) N
**    #define PP_RSEQ_N() 63,62,61,60,[..],9,8,7,6,5,4,3,2,1,0
**
**    [..] stands for the continuation of the sequence omitted here for
**    lisibility.
**
**    PP_NARG(A) -> 1
**    PP_NARG(A,B) -> 2
**    PP_NARG(A,B,C) -> 3
**    PP_NARG(A,B,C,D) -> 4
**    PP_NARG(A,B,C,D,E) -> 5
**    PP_NARG(A1,A2,[..],A62,A63) -> 63
**
** ======
**
**    Newsgroups: comp.std.c
**    From: Roland Illig <[email protected]>
**    Date: Fri, 20 Jan 2006 12:58:41 +0100
**    Subject: Re: __VA_NARG__
**
**    Laurent Deniau wrote:
**    > This morning I had to face again the same problem, that is knowing the
**    > number of arguments contained in __VA_ARGS__ before its expansion (after
**    > its expansion can always be achieved if you can do it before). I found a
**    > simple non-iterative solution which may be of interest here as an answer
**    > to who will ask in the future for a kind of __VA_NARG__ in the standard
**    > and I post it for archiving. May be some more elegant-efficient solution
**    > exists?
**
**    Thanks for this idea. I really like it.
**
**    For those that only want to copy and paste it, here is the expanded version:
**
** // Some test cases
** PP_NARG(A) -> 1
** PP_NARG(A,B) -> 2
** PP_NARG(A,B,C) -> 3
** PP_NARG(A,B,C,D) -> 4
** PP_NARG(A,B,C,D,E) -> 5
** PP_NARG(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,0,    //  1..10
**         1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,0,    // 11..20
**         1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,0,    // 21..30
**         1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,0,    // 31..40
**         1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,0,    // 41..50
**         1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,0,    // 51..60
**         1,2,3) -> 63
**
**Note: using PP_NARG() without arguments would violate 6.10.3p4 of ISO C99.
*/

/* The PP_NARG macro returns the number of arguments that have been
** passed to it.
*/

#define PP_NARG(...) \
    PP_NARG_(__VA_ARGS__,PP_RSEQ_N())
#define PP_NARG_(...) \
    PP_ARG_N(__VA_ARGS__)
#define PP_ARG_N( \
     _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9,_10, \
    _11,_12,_13,_14,_15,_16,_17,_18,_19,_20, \
    _21,_22,_23,_24,_25,_26,_27,_28,_29,_30, \
    _31,_32,_33,_34,_35,_36,_37,_38,_39,_40, \
    _41,_42,_43,_44,_45,_46,_47,_48,_49,_50, \
    _51,_52,_53,_54,_55,_56,_57,_58,_59,_60, \
    _61,_62,_63,  N, ...) N
#define PP_RSEQ_N() \
    63,62,61,60,                   \
    59,58,57,56,55,54,53,52,51,50, \
    49,48,47,46,45,44,43,42,41,40, \
    39,38,37,36,35,34,33,32,31,30, \
    29,28,27,26,25,24,23,22,21,20, \
    19,18,17,16,15,14,13,12,11,10, \
     9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0

#endif /* JLSS_ID_NARG_H */

只要參數不超過64個,它就可以正常工作。 這是我使用的測試代碼:

#include "narg.h"
#include <stdio.h>

#define PRINT(pp_narg)     printf("%2d = %s\n", pp_narg, # pp_narg)

#ifndef lint
/* Prevent over-aggressive optimizers from eliminating ID string */
extern const char jlss_id_narg_c[];
const char  jlss_id_narg_c[] = "@(#)$Id: narg.c,v 1.2 2010/01/24 18:12:05 jleffler Exp $";
#endif  /* lint */

int
main(void)
{
    PRINT(PP_NARG(A));
    PRINT(PP_NARG(A, B));
    PRINT(PP_NARG(A, B, C));
    PRINT(PP_NARG(A, B, C, D));
    PRINT(PP_NARG(A, B, C, D, E));

    PRINT(PP_NARG(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, // 1..10
                  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, // 11..20
                  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, // 21..30
                  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, // 31..40
                  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, // 41..50
                  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, // 51..60
                  1, 2, 3));

    /**
    ** If the number of arguments to PP_NARG() is greater than 63, the
    ** 64th argument is returned.  This is well-defined behaviour, but
    ** not exactly what was intended.
    */
    PRINT(PP_NARG(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, // 1..10
                  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, // 11..20
                  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, // 21..30
                  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, // 31..40
                  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, // 41..50
                  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, // 51..60
                  1, 2, 3, -123456789));

    PRINT(PP_NARG(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, // 1..10
                  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, // 11..20
                  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, // 21..30
                  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, // 31..40
                  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, // 41..50
                  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, // 51..60
                  1, 2, 3, -123456789, -987654321));

    return(0);
}




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