angular doc set - 文件上傳角度?




5 Answers

Angular 2為上傳文件提供了很好的支持。 任何第三方庫不是必需的。

<input type="file" (change)="fileChange($event)" placeholder="Upload file" accept=".pdf,.doc,.docx">

fileChange(event) {
    let fileList: FileList = event.target.files;
    if(fileList.length > 0) {
        let file: File = fileList[0];
        let formData:FormData = new FormData();
        formData.append('uploadFile', file, file.name);
        let headers = new Headers();
        /** In Angular 5, including the header Content-Type can invalidate your request */
        headers.append('Content-Type', 'multipart/form-data');
        headers.append('Accept', 'application/json');
        let options = new RequestOptions({ headers: headers });
        this.http.post(`${this.apiEndPoint}`, formData, options)
            .map(res => res.json())
            .catch(error => Observable.throw(error))
            .subscribe(
                data => console.log('success'),
                error => console.log(error)
            )
    }
}

使用@ angular / core“:”〜2.0.0“和@ angular / http:”〜2.0.0“

title subscribe

我知道這是一個非常普遍的問題,但我無法上傳Angular 2中的文件。我試過了

1) http://valor-software.com/ng2-file-upload/

2) http://ng2-uploader.com/home

...但失敗了。 有沒有人上傳過Angular的文件? 你用什麼方法? 如何做? 如果提供任何示例代碼或演示鏈接,它將非常感激。




從上面的答案我用Angular 5.x來構建這個

只需調用uploadFile(url, file).subscribe()來觸發上傳

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import {HttpClient, HttpParams, HttpRequest, HttpEvent} from '@angular/common/http';
import {Observable} from "rxjs";

@Injectable()
export class UploadService {

  constructor(private http: HttpClient) { }

  // file from event.target.files[0]
  uploadFile(url: string, file: File): Observable<HttpEvent<any>> {

    let formData = new FormData();
    formData.append('upload', file);

    let params = new HttpParams();

    const options = {
      params: params,
      reportProgress: true,
    };

    const req = new HttpRequest('POST', url, formData, options);
    return this.http.request(req);
  }
}

在你的組件中像這樣使用它

  // At the drag drop area
  // (drop)="onDropFile($event)"
  onDropFile(event: DragEvent) {
    event.preventDefault();
    this.uploadFile(event.dataTransfer.files);
  }

  // At the drag drop area
  // (dragover)="onDragOverFile($event)"
  onDragOverFile(event) {
    event.stopPropagation();
    event.preventDefault();
  }

  // At the file input element
  // (change)="selectFile($event)"
  selectFile(event) {
    this.uploadFile(event.target.files);
  }

  uploadFile(files: FileList) {
    if (files.length == 0) {
      console.log("No file selected!");
      return

    }
    let file: File = files[0];

    this.upload.uploadFile(this.appCfg.baseUrl + "/api/flash/upload", file)
      .subscribe(
        event => {
          if (event.type == HttpEventType.UploadProgress) {
            const percentDone = Math.round(100 * event.loaded / event.total);
            console.log(`File is ${percentDone}% loaded.`);
          } else if (event instanceof HttpResponse) {
            console.log('File is completely loaded!');
          }
        },
        (err) => {
          console.log("Upload Error:", err);
        }, () => {
          console.log("Upload done");
        }
      )
  }



在Angular 2+中,將Content-Type留空是非常重要的 。 如果您將'Content-Type'設置為'multipart / form-data',則上傳不起作用!

upload.component.html

<input type="file" (change)="fileChange($event)" name="file" />

upload.component.ts

export class UploadComponent implements OnInit {
    constructor(public http: Http) {}

    fileChange(event): void {
        const fileList: FileList = event.target.files;
        if (fileList.length > 0) {
            const file = fileList[0];

            const formData = new FormData();
            formData.append('file', file, file.name);

            const headers = new Headers();
            // It is very important to leave the Content-Type empty
            // do not use headers.append('Content-Type', 'multipart/form-data');
            headers.append('Authorization', 'Bearer ' + 'eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9....');
            const options = new RequestOptions({headers: headers});

            this.http.post('https://api.mysite.com/uploadfile', formData, options)
                 .map(res => res.json())
                 .catch(error => Observable.throw(error))
                 .subscribe(
                     data => console.log('success'),
                     error => console.log(error)
                 );
        }
    }
}



這個簡單的解決方案適用於我: file-upload.component.html

<div>
  <input type="file" #fileInput placeholder="Upload file..." />
  <button type="button" (click)="upload()">Upload</button>
</div>

然後使用XMLHttpRequest直接在組件中上傳。

import { Component, OnInit, ViewChild } from '@angular/core';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-file-upload',
  templateUrl: './file-upload.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./file-upload.component.css']
})
export class FileUploadComponent implements OnInit {

  @ViewChild('fileInput') fileInput;

  constructor() { }

  ngOnInit() {
  }

  private upload() {
    const fileBrowser = this.fileInput.nativeElement;
    if (fileBrowser.files && fileBrowser.files[0]) {
      const formData = new FormData();
      formData.append('files', fileBrowser.files[0]);
      const xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
      xhr.open('POST', '/api/Data/UploadFiles', true);
      xhr.onload = function () {
        if (this['status'] === 200) {
            const responseText = this['responseText'];
            const files = JSON.parse(responseText);
            //todo: emit event
        } else {
          //todo: error handling
        }
      };
      xhr.send(formData);
    }
  }

}

如果您使用的是dotnet core,則參數名稱必須與字段名稱匹配。 這種情況下的文件:

[HttpPost("[action]")]
public async Task<IList<FileDto>> UploadFiles(List<IFormFile> files)
{
  return await _binaryService.UploadFilesAsync(files);
}

這個答案是http://blog.teamtreehouse.com/uploading-files-ajax

編輯 :上傳後,您必須清除文件上傳,以便用戶可以選擇一個新文件。 而不是使用XMLHttpRequest,也許最好使用fetch:

private addFileInput() {
    const fileInputParentNative = this.fileInputParent.nativeElement;
    const oldFileInput = fileInputParentNative.querySelector('input');
    const newFileInput = document.createElement('input');
    newFileInput.type = 'file';
    newFileInput.multiple = true;
    newFileInput.name = 'fileInput';
    const uploadfiles = this.uploadFiles.bind(this);
    newFileInput.onchange = uploadfiles;
    oldFileInput.parentNode.replaceChild(newFileInput, oldFileInput);
  }

  private uploadFiles() {
    this.onUploadStarted.emit();
    const fileInputParentNative = this.fileInputParent.nativeElement;
    const fileInput = fileInputParentNative.querySelector('input');
    if (fileInput.files && fileInput.files.length > 0) {
      const formData = new FormData();
      for (let i = 0; i < fileInput.files.length; i++) {
        formData.append('files', fileInput.files[i]);
      }

      const onUploaded = this.onUploaded;
      const onError = this.onError;
      const addFileInput = this.addFileInput.bind(this);
      fetch('/api/Data/UploadFiles', {
        credentials: 'include',
        method: 'POST',
        body: formData,
      }).then((response: any) => {
        if (response.status !== 200) {
          const error = `An error occured. Status: ${response.status}`;
          throw new Error(error);
        }
        return response.json();
      }).then(files => {
        onUploaded.emit(files);
        addFileInput();
      }).catch((error) => {
        onError.emit(error);
      });
    }

https://github.com/yonexbat/cran/blob/master/cranangularclient/src/app/file-upload/file-upload.component.ts




用表單域上傳圖像

SaveFileWithData(article: ArticleModel,picture:File): Observable<ArticleModel> 
{

    let headers = new Headers();
    // headers.append('Content-Type', 'multipart/form-data');
    // headers.append('Accept', 'application/json');

let requestoptions = new RequestOptions({
  method: RequestMethod.Post,
  headers:headers
    });



let formData: FormData = new FormData();
if (picture != null || picture != undefined) {
  formData.append('files', picture, picture.name);
}
 formData.append("article",JSON.stringify(article));

return this.http.post("url",formData,requestoptions)
  .map((response: Response) => response.json() as ArticleModel);
} 

在我的情況下,我需要C#中的.NET Web Api

// POST: api/Articles
[ResponseType(typeof(Article))]
public async Task<IHttpActionResult> PostArticle()
{
    Article article = null;
    try
    {

        HttpPostedFile postedFile = null;
        var httpRequest = HttpContext.Current.Request;

        if (httpRequest.Files.Count == 1)
        {
            postedFile = httpRequest.Files[0];
            var filePath = HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("~/" + postedFile.FileName);
            postedFile.SaveAs(filePath);
        }
        var json = httpRequest.Form["article"];
         article = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject <Article>(json);

        if (!ModelState.IsValid)
        {
            return BadRequest(ModelState);
        }

        article.CreatedDate = DateTime.Now;
        article.CreatedBy = "Abbas";

        db.articles.Add(article);
        await db.SaveChangesAsync();
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        int a = 0;
    }
    return CreatedAtRoute("DefaultApi", new { id = article.Id }, article);
}



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