studio android imageView:設置拖動和捏縮放參數




drag event android (6)

您可以使用以下代碼來限制底部和右側

float maxX = minX+viewWidth; 
int offsetY = 80;
        float maxY = minY+viewHeight-offsetY;
       if(x>maxX){
           mPosX = maxX;
       }
       if(x<minX){
           mPosX = minX;
       }
       if(y>maxY){
           mPosY = maxY;
       }
       if(y<minY){
           mPosY = minY;
       }

我目前正在為Android(我的第一個應用程序)開發一個應用程序,它允許用戶查看地鐵地圖,並能夠捏縮放和拖動。

我目前正在修改Hello Android,3rd Edition中的代碼,並進行了縮放縮放和拖動工作。 我正在使用Matrix作為我的佈局比例。

但是我現在有3個問題:

  1. 我嘗試了很多東西來限制拖動參數,但我似乎無法阻止它被拖出父視圖(並且實際上可以從視圖中消失)。 我已經嘗試在XML文件中設置佈局參數,它只是不起作用。

  2. 我可以捏縮放,但我又遇到了麻煩,限制了變焦量。 我正在嘗試設置max_zoom和min_zoom以限制縮放值(我將在之後發布我的代碼)

  3. 我也難以嘗試在我的圖像上映射坐標,以便人們可以點擊某些部分(這一點的全部內容是讓用戶點擊地圖上的一個工作站並查看有關它的信息)

我有一種感覺我遇到了麻煩,因為我正在使用矩陣比例。

這是我目前的代碼:

Touch.java

package org.example.touch;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.graphics.Bitmap;
import android.graphics.Matrix;
import android.graphics.PointF;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.FloatMath;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.MotionEvent;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnTouchListener;
import android.widget.GridView;
import android.widget.ImageView;

public class Touch extends Activity implements OnTouchListener {
private static final String TAG = "Touch";

private static final float MIN_ZOOM = 1.0f;
private static final float MAX_ZOOM = 5.0f;

// These matrices will be used to move and zoom image
Matrix matrix = new Matrix();
Matrix savedMatrix = new Matrix();

// We can be in one of these 3 states
static final int NONE = 0;
static final int DRAG = 1;
static final int ZOOM = 2;
int mode = NONE;

// Remember some things for zooming
PointF start = new PointF();
PointF mid = new PointF();
float oldDist = 1f;

@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
   super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
   setContentView(R.layout.main);
   ImageView view = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageView);
   //view.setLayoutParams(new GridView.LayoutParams(85, 85));
   view.setScaleType(ImageView.ScaleType.FIT_CENTER);
   view.setOnTouchListener(this);   
}

public boolean onTouch(View v, MotionEvent event) {
   ImageView view = (ImageView) v;
   view.setScaleType(ImageView.ScaleType.MATRIX);
   float scale;

   // Dump touch event to log
   dumpEvent(event);

   // Handle touch events here...
   switch (event.getAction() & MotionEvent.ACTION_MASK) {

   case MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN: //first finger down only
      savedMatrix.set(matrix);
      start.set(event.getX(), event.getY());
      Log.d(TAG, "mode=DRAG" );
      mode = DRAG;
      break;
   case MotionEvent.ACTION_UP: //first finger lifted
   case MotionEvent.ACTION_POINTER_UP: //second finger lifted
      mode = NONE;
      Log.d(TAG, "mode=NONE" );
      break;
   case MotionEvent.ACTION_POINTER_DOWN: //second finger down
      oldDist = spacing(event);
      Log.d(TAG, "oldDist=" + oldDist);
      if (oldDist > 5f) {
         savedMatrix.set(matrix);
         midPoint(mid, event);
         mode = ZOOM;
         Log.d(TAG, "mode=ZOOM" );
      }
      break;

   case MotionEvent.ACTION_MOVE: 
      if (mode == DRAG) { //movement of first finger
         matrix.set(savedMatrix);
         if (view.getLeft() >= -392){
            matrix.postTranslate(event.getX() - start.x, event.getY() - start.y);
         }
      }
      else if (mode == ZOOM) { //pinch zooming
         float newDist = spacing(event);
         Log.d(TAG, "newDist=" + newDist);
         if (newDist > 5f) {
            matrix.set(savedMatrix);
            scale = newDist / oldDist; **//thinking i need to play around with this value to limit it**
            matrix.postScale(scale, scale, mid.x, mid.y);
         }
      }
      break;
   }

   // Perform the transformation
   view.setImageMatrix(matrix);

   return true; // indicate event was handled
}

private float spacing(MotionEvent event) {
   float x = event.getX(0) - event.getX(1);
   float y = event.getY(0) - event.getY(1);
   return FloatMath.sqrt(x * x + y * y);
}

private void midPoint(PointF point, MotionEvent event) {
   float x = event.getX(0) + event.getX(1);
   float y = event.getY(0) + event.getY(1);
   point.set(x / 2, y / 2);
}

/** Show an event in the LogCat view, for debugging */
private void dumpEvent(MotionEvent event) {
   String names[] = { "DOWN" , "UP" , "MOVE" , "CANCEL" , "OUTSIDE" ,
      "POINTER_DOWN" , "POINTER_UP" , "7?" , "8?" , "9?" };
   StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
   int action = event.getAction();
   int actionCode = action & MotionEvent.ACTION_MASK;
   sb.append("event ACTION_" ).append(names[actionCode]);
   if (actionCode == MotionEvent.ACTION_POINTER_DOWN
         || actionCode == MotionEvent.ACTION_POINTER_UP) {
      sb.append("(pid " ).append(
      action >> MotionEvent.ACTION_POINTER_ID_SHIFT);
      sb.append(")" );
   }
   sb.append("[" );
   for (int i = 0; i < event.getPointerCount(); i++) {
      sb.append("#" ).append(i);
      sb.append("(pid " ).append(event.getPointerId(i));
      sb.append(")=" ).append((int) event.getX(i));
      sb.append("," ).append((int) event.getY(i));
      if (i + 1 < event.getPointerCount())
         sb.append(";" );
   }
   sb.append("]" );
   Log.d(TAG, sb.toString());
}
}

main.xml(相當簡單,沒有什麼真正複雜):

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<FrameLayout
  xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
  android:layout_width="fill_parent"
  android:layout_height="fill_parent" >
<ImageView android:id="@+id/imageView"
     android:layout_width="fill_parent"
     android:layout_height="fill_parent"
     android:src="@drawable/map"
     android:scaleType="matrix" >
</ImageView>
</FrameLayout>

AndroidManifest.xml(僅添加主題,因此沒有標題欄並且是全屏)

<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
  package="org.example.touch"
  android:versionCode="7"
  android:versionName="1.0" >
<application android:icon="@drawable/icon" android:label="@string/app_name" android:theme="@android:style/Theme.NoTitleBar.Fullscreen" >
  <activity android:name=".Touch"
        android:label="@string/app_name" >
     <intent-filter>
        <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
        <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
     </intent-filter>
  </activity>
</application>
<uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="3" android:targetSdkVersion="7" />
</manifest>

另一個可能適用於某些選項的選項是使用內置縮放控件的WebView

WebView webView = new WebView(this);
webView.setBackgroundColor(0xff000000);
webView.setScrollBarStyle(WebView.SCROLLBARS_OUTSIDE_OVERLAY);
webView.getSettings().setBuiltInZoomControls(true);
webView.getSettings().setSupportZoom(true);
//webView.getSettings().setDisplayZoomControls(false);  // API 11
webView.loadDataWithBaseURL(null, getHtml(), "text/html", "UTF-8", null);
mainView.addView(webView, -1, -2);


以下是捏縮放和平移的完整代碼(Touch.java有一些可以實際使用的修改)

public class Touch implements OnTouchListener {  

 // These matrices will be used to move and zoom image  
public static Matrix matrix = new Matrix();  
public static Matrix savedMatrix = new Matrix();  

 // We can be in one of these 3 states  
 static final int NONE = 0;  
 static final int DRAG = 1;  
 static final int ZOOM = 2;
private static final float MAX_ZOOM = (float) 3;
private static final float MIN_ZOOM = 1;  
 int mode = NONE;  

 // Remember some things for zooming  
 PointF start = new PointF();  
 PointF mid = new PointF();  
 float oldDist = 1f;  

 int width,height;

 @Override  
 public boolean onTouch(View v, MotionEvent event) {


  ImageView view = (ImageView) v;
  Rect bounds = view.getDrawable().getBounds();

  width = bounds.right - bounds.left;
  height = bounds.bottom - bounds.top;
  // Dump touch event to log  
  dumpEvent(event);  

  // Handle touch events here...  
  switch (event.getAction() & MotionEvent.ACTION_MASK) {  
  case MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN:  
   savedMatrix.set(matrix);  
   start.set(event.getX(), event.getY());  
   mode = DRAG;  
   break;  
  case MotionEvent.ACTION_POINTER_DOWN:  
   oldDist = spacing(event);  
   if (oldDist > 10f) {  
    savedMatrix.set(matrix);  
    midPoint(mid, event);  
    mode = ZOOM;  
   }  
   break;  
  case MotionEvent.ACTION_UP:  
  case MotionEvent.ACTION_POINTER_UP:  
   mode = NONE;  
   break;  
  case MotionEvent.ACTION_MOVE:  
   if (mode == DRAG) {  
    // ...      
    matrix.set(savedMatrix);  
    matrix.postTranslate(event.getX() - start.x, event.getY() - start.y);      
   } else if (mode == ZOOM) {  
    float newDist = spacing(event);  
    if (newDist > 10f) {  
     matrix.set(savedMatrix);  
     float scale = newDist / oldDist;  
     matrix.postScale(scale, scale, mid.x, mid.y);  
    }  
   }  
   break;  
  }  
//----------------------------------------------------
  limitZoom(matrix);
  limitDrag( matrix);
//----------------------------------------------------  
  view.setImageMatrix(matrix);  
  return true; // indicate event was handled  
 }  

 /** Show an event in the LogCat view, for debugging */  
 private void dumpEvent(MotionEvent event) {  
  String names[] = { "DOWN", "UP", "MOVE", "CANCEL", "OUTSIDE",  
    "POINTER_DOWN", "POINTER_UP", "7?", "8?", "9?" };  
  StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();  
  int action = event.getAction();  
  int actionCode = action & MotionEvent.ACTION_MASK;  
  sb.append("event ACTION_").append(names[actionCode]);  
  if (actionCode == MotionEvent.ACTION_POINTER_DOWN  
    || actionCode == MotionEvent.ACTION_POINTER_UP) {  
   sb.append("(pid ").append(  
     action >> MotionEvent.ACTION_POINTER_ID_SHIFT);  
   sb.append(")");  
  }  
  sb.append("[");  
  for (int i = 0; i < event.getPointerCount(); i++) {  
   sb.append("#").append(i);  
   sb.append("(pid ").append(event.getPointerId(i));  
   sb.append(")=").append((int) event.getX(i));  
   sb.append(",").append((int) event.getY(i));  
   if (i + 1 < event.getPointerCount())  
    sb.append(";");  
  }  
  sb.append("]");  
 }  

 /** Determine the space between the first two fingers */  
 private float spacing(MotionEvent event) {  
  float x = event.getX(0) - event.getX(1);  
  float y = event.getY(0) - event.getY(1);  
  return FloatMath.sqrt(x * x + y * y);  
 }  

 /** Calculate the mid point of the first two fingers */  
 private void midPoint(PointF point, MotionEvent event) {  
  float x = event.getX(0) + event.getX(1);  
  float y = event.getY(0) + event.getY(1);  
  point.set(x / 2, y / 2);  
 }  

 private void limitZoom(Matrix m) {

        float[] values = new float[9];
        m.getValues(values);
        float scaleX = values[Matrix.MSCALE_X];
        float scaleY = values[Matrix.MSCALE_Y];
        if(scaleX > MAX_ZOOM) {
            scaleX = MAX_ZOOM;
        } else if(scaleX < MIN_ZOOM) {
            scaleX = MIN_ZOOM;
        }

        if(scaleY > MAX_ZOOM) {
            scaleY = MAX_ZOOM;
        } else if(scaleY < MIN_ZOOM) {
            scaleY = MIN_ZOOM;
        }

        values[Matrix.MSCALE_X] = scaleX;
        values[Matrix.MSCALE_Y] = scaleY; 
        m.setValues(values);
    }


 private void limitDrag(Matrix m) {

        float[] values = new float[9];
        m.getValues(values);
        float transX = values[Matrix.MTRANS_X];
        float transY = values[Matrix.MTRANS_Y];
        float scaleX = values[Matrix.MSCALE_X];
        float scaleY = values[Matrix.MSCALE_Y];
//--- limit moving to left ---
        float minX = (-width + 0) * (scaleX-1); 
        float minY = (-height + 0) * (scaleY-1);
//--- limit moving to right ---     
        float maxX=minX+width*(scaleX-1);
        float maxY=minY+height*(scaleY-1);
        if(transX>maxX){transX = maxX;}
        if(transX<minX){transX = minX;}
        if(transY>maxY){transY = maxY;}
        if(transY<minY){transY = minY;}
        values[Matrix.MTRANS_X] = transX;
        values[Matrix.MTRANS_Y] = transY; 
        m.setValues(values);
    }

}

我知道這已經過時了,但我正在考慮這樣做,並且有一個非常好的解決方案。 在切換語句之後和設置矩陣之前,您可以限制縮放,如下所示:

private void limitZoom(Matrix m) {

    float[] values = new float[9];
    m.getValues(values);
    float scaleX = values[Matrix.MSCALE_X];
    float scaleY = values[Matrix.MSCALE_Y];
    if(scaleX > MAX_ZOOM) {
        scaleX = MAX_ZOOM;
    } else if(scaleX < MIN_ZOOM) {
        scaleX = MIN_ZOOM;
    }

    if(scaleY > MAX_ZOOM) {
        scaleY = MAX_ZOOM;
    } else if(scaleY < MIN_ZOOM) {
        scaleY = MIN_ZOOM;
    }

    values[Matrix.MSCALE_X] = scaleX;
    values[Matrix.MSCALE_Y] = scaleY; 
    m.setValues(values);
}

我還在研究如何限制翻譯,但這應該適用於縮放限制。

編輯:這是限制翻譯的解決方案。 就像一張紙條,我這樣做是為了全屏圖像視圖,這就是我在限制因素中使用顯示寬度和高度的原因,但你可以輕鬆地使用視圖的寬度和高度。

private void limitDrag(Matrix m) {
    float[] values = new float[9];
    m.getValues(values);
    float transX = values[Matrix.MTRANS_X];
    float transY = values[Matrix.MTRANS_Y];
    float scaleX = values[Matrix.MSCALE_X];
    float scaleY = values[Matrix.MSCALE_Y];

    ImageView iv = (ImageView)findViewById(R.id.photo_view);
    Rect bounds = iv.getDrawable().getBounds();
    int viewWidth = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().widthPixels;
    int viewHeight = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().heightPixels;

    int width = bounds.right - bounds.left;
    int height = bounds.bottom - bounds.top;

    float minX = (-width + 20) * scaleX; 
    float minY = (-height + 20) * scaleY;

    if(transX > (viewWidth - 20)) {
        transX = viewWidth - 20;
    } else if(transX < minX) {
        transX = minX;
    }

    if(transY > (viewHeight - 80)) {
        transY = viewHeight - 80;
    } else if(transY < minY) {
        transY = minY;
    }

    values[Matrix.MTRANS_X] = transX;
    values[Matrix.MTRANS_Y] = transY; 
    m.setValues(values);
}

再次,這將在您的switch語句之後,在您在視圖中設置圖像的矩陣之前。 我也將縮放限制分解為一個功能,並在上面反映出來。






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