html - 網頁icon - 網頁標籤




如何為網站添加瀏覽器選項卡圖標(favicon)? (6)

我一直在網站上工作,我想在瀏覽器標籤上添加一個小圖標。

我怎樣才能做到這一點在HTML和代碼中我需要放置它(例如標題)? 我有一個我想要轉換為圖標的.png徽標文件。

相關: 瀏覽器選項卡上的HTML設置圖像


  1. 使用工具將您的PNG轉換為ico文件。 你可以搜索“favicon generator”,你可以找到許多在線工具。
  2. 將ico地址放在head並加上link -tag:

    <link rel="shortcut icon" href="http://sstatic.net//img/favicon.ico">
    

上面有很多複雜的解決方案。 為了我? 將圖像大小更改為32 x 32像素後,我使用GIMP保存原始PNG文件的副本。

只要確保將它保存為* .ico文件並使用

<link rel="shortcut icon" href="http://sstatic.net//img/favicon.ico">

以上所列


我已經為我的網站成功完成了這項工作。

只有例外,SeaMonkey瀏覽器需要在您的<head>插入HTML代碼; 而其他瀏覽器仍然會顯示favicon.ico而不插入HTML。 此外,除IE以外的任何瀏覽器都可以使用其他類型的圖像,而不僅僅是.ico格式。 我希望這有幫助。


我建議您嘗試http://faviconer.com將.PNG或.GIF轉換為.ICO文件。

您可以在一個.ICO文件中創建16x1632x32 (用於新視網膜顯示)。

IE和Firefox沒有問題


有許多不同的圖標,甚至可以為各種設備設置啟動畫面。 這個答案經歷瞭如何支持他們。

以下是我使用的相關鏈接以及我收集信息的一些片段。 查看我的博客 ,了解有關ASP.NET MVC Boilerplate項目模板的更多信息和更多信息,其中包含所有內置的功能(包括示例圖像文件)。

將以下標記添加到您的html頭部。 註釋掉的部分完全是可選的。 雖然未註釋的部分建議覆蓋所有圖標用法。 不要害怕,大多數情況下,如果它是評論幫助你。

<!-- Icons & Platform Specific Settings - Favicon generator used to generate the icons below http://realfavicongenerator.net/ -->
<!-- shortcut icon - It is best to add this icon to the root of your site and only use this link element if you move it somewhere else. This file contains the following sizes 16x16, 32x32 and 48x48. -->
<!--<link rel="shortcut icon" href="favicon.ico">-->
<!-- favicon-96x96.png - For Google TV. -->
<link rel="icon" type="image/png" href="/content/images/favicon-96x96.png" sizes="96x96">
<!-- favicon-16x16.png - The classic favicon, displayed in the tabs. -->
<link rel="icon" type="image/png" href="/content/images/favicon-16x16.png" sizes="16x16">
<!-- favicon-32x32.png - For Safari on Mac OS. -->
<link rel="icon" type="image/png" href="/content/images/favicon-32x32.png" sizes="32x32">

<!-- Android/Chrome -->
<!-- manifest-json - The location of the browser configuration file. It contains locations of icon files, name of the application and default device screen orientation. Note that the name field is mandatory.
    https://developer.chrome.com/multidevice/android/installtohomescreen. -->
<link rel="manifest" href="/content/icons/manifest.json">
<!-- theme-color - The colour of the toolbar in Chrome M39+
    http://updates.html5rocks.com/2014/11/Support-for-theme-color-in-Chrome-39-for-Android -->
<meta name="theme-color" content="#1E1E1E">
<!-- favicon-192x192.png - For Android Chrome M36 to M38 this HTML is used. M39+ uses the manifest.json file. -->
<link rel="icon" type="image/png" href="/content/icons/favicon-192x192.png" sizes="192x192">
<!-- mobile-web-app-capable - Run Android/Chrome version M31 to M38 in standalone mode, hiding the browser chrome. -->
<!-- <meta name="mobile-web-app-capable" content="yes"> -->

<!-- Apple Icons - You can move all these icons to the root of the site and remove these link elements, if you don't mind the clutter.
    https://developer.apple.com/library/safari/documentation/AppleApplications/Reference/SafariHTMLRef/Introduction.html#//apple_ref/doc/uid/30001261-SW1 -->
<!-- apple-mobile-web-app-title - The name of the application if pinned to the IOS start screen. -->
<!--<meta name="apple-mobile-web-app-title" content="">-->
<!-- apple-mobile-web-app-capable - Hide the browsers user interface on IOS, when the app is run in 'standalone' mode. Any links to other pages that are clicked whilst your app is in standalone mode will launch the full Safari browser. -->
<!--<meta name="apple-mobile-web-app-capable" content="yes">-->
<!-- apple-mobile-web-app-status-bar-style - default/black/black-translucent Styles the IOS status bar. Using black-translucent makes it transparent and overlays it on top of your site, so make sure you have enough margin. -->
<!--<meta name="apple-mobile-web-app-status-bar-style" content="black">-->
<!-- apple-touch-icon-57x57.png - Android Stock Browser and non-Retina iPhone and iPod Touch -->
<link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="57x57" href="/content/images/apple-touch-icon-57x57.png">
<!-- apple-touch-icon-114x114.png - iPhone (with 2× display) iOS = 6 -->
<link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="114x114" href="/content/images/apple-touch-icon-114x114.png">
<!-- apple-touch-icon-72x72.png - iPad mini and the first- and second-generation iPad (1× display) on iOS = 6 -->
<link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="72x72" href="/content/images/apple-touch-icon-72x72.png">
<!-- apple-touch-icon-144x144.png - iPad (with 2× display) iOS = 6 -->
<link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="144x144" href="/content/images/apple-touch-icon-144x144.png">
<!-- apple-touch-icon-60x60.png - Same as apple-touch-icon-57x57.png, for non-retina iPhone with iOS7. -->
<link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="60x60" href="/content/images/apple-touch-icon-60x60.png">
<!-- apple-touch-icon-120x120.png - iPhone (with 2× and 3 display) iOS = 7 -->
<link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="120x120" href="/content/images/apple-touch-icon-120x120.png">
<!-- apple-touch-icon-76x76.png - iPad mini and the first- and second-generation iPad (1× display) on iOS = 7 -->
<link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="76x76" href="/content/images/apple-touch-icon-76x76.png">
<!-- apple-touch-icon-152x152.png - iPad 3+ (with 2× display) iOS = 7 -->
<link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="152x152" href="/content/images/apple-touch-icon-152x152.png">
<!-- apple-touch-icon-180x180.png - iPad and iPad mini (with 2× display) iOS = 8 -->
<link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="180x180" href="/content/images/apple-touch-icon-180x180.png">

<!-- Apple Startup Images - These are shown when the page is loading if the site is pinned https://gist.github.com/tfausak/2222823 -->
<!-- apple-touch-startup-image-1536x2008.png - iOS 6 & 7 iPad (retina, portrait) -->
<link rel="apple-touch-startup-image"
      href="/content/images/apple-touch-startup-image-1536x2008.png"
      media="(device-width: 768px) and (device-height: 1024px) and (orientation: portrait) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 2)">
<!-- apple-touch-startup-image-1496x2048.png - iOS 6 & 7 iPad (retina, landscape) -->
<link rel="apple-touch-startup-image"
      href="/content/images/apple-touch-startup-image-1496x2048.png"
      media="(device-width: 768px) and (device-height: 1024px) and (orientation: landscape) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 2)">
<!-- apple-touch-startup-image-768x1004.png - iOS 6 iPad (portrait) -->
<link rel="apple-touch-startup-image"
      href="/content/images/apple-touch-startup-image-768x1004.png"
      media="(device-width: 768px) and (device-height: 1024px) and (orientation: portrait) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 1)">
<!-- apple-touch-startup-image-748x1024.png - iOS 6 iPad (landscape) -->
<link rel="apple-touch-startup-image"
      href="/content/images/apple-touch-startup-image-748x1024.png"
      media="(device-width: 768px) and (device-height: 1024px) and (orientation: landscape) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 1)">
<!-- apple-touch-startup-image-640x1096.png - iOS 6 & 7 iPhone 5 -->
<link rel="apple-touch-startup-image"
      href="/content/images/apple-touch-startup-image-640x1096.png"
      media="(device-width: 320px) and (device-height: 568px) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 2)">
<!-- apple-touch-startup-image-640x920.png - iOS 6 & 7 iPhone (retina) -->
<link rel="apple-touch-startup-image"
      href="/content/images/apple-touch-startup-image-640x920.png"
      media="(device-width: 320px) and (device-height: 480px) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 2)">
<!-- apple-touch-startup-image-320x460.png - iOS 6 iPhone -->
<link rel="apple-touch-startup-image"
      href="/content/images/apple-touch-startup-image-320x460.png"
      media="(device-width: 320px) and (device-height: 480px) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 1)">

<!-- Windows 8 Icons - If you add an RSS feed, revisit this page and regenerate the browserconfig.xml file. You will then have a cool live tile!
     browserconfig.xml - Windows 8.1 - Has been added to the root of the site. This points to the tile images and tile background colour. It contains the following images:
     mstile-70x70.png - For Windows 8.1 / IE11.
     mstile-144x144.png - For Windows 8 / IE10.
     mstile-150x150.png - For Windows 8.1 / IE11.
     mstile-310x310.png - For Windows 8.1 / IE11.
     mstile-310x150.png - For Windows 8.1 / IE11.
     See http://www.buildmypinnedsite.com/en and http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-gb/library/ie/dn255024%28v=vs.85%29.aspx. -->
<!-- application-name - Windows 8+ - The name of the application if pinned to the start screen. -->
<!--<meta name="application-name" content="">-->
<!-- msapplication-TileColor - Windows 8 - The tile colour which shows around your tile image (msapplication-TileImage). -->
<meta name="msapplication-TileColor" content="#5cb95c">
<!-- msapplication-TileImage - Windows 8 - The tile image. -->
<meta name="msapplication-TileImage" content="/content/images/mstile-144x144.png">

我的browserconfig.xml文件。 上面的完整解釋。

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<browserconfig>
  <msapplication>
    <tile>
      <square70x70logo src="/Content/Images/mstile-70x70.png"/>
      <square150x150logo src="/Content/Images/mstile-150x150.png"/>
      <square310x310logo src="/Content/Images/mstile-310x310.png"/>
      <wide310x150logo src="/Content/Images/mstile-310x150.png"/>
      <TileColor>#5cb95c</TileColor>
    </tile>
  </msapplication>
</browserconfig>

我的manifest.json文件。 上面的完整解釋。

{
    "name": "ASP.NET MVC Boilerplate (Required! Update This)",
    "icons": [
        {
            "src": "\/Content\/icons\/android-chrome-36x36.png",
            "sizes": "36x36",
            "type": "image\/png",
            "density": "0.75"
        },
        {
            "src": "\/Content\/icons\/android-chrome-48x48.png",
            "sizes": "48x48",
            "type": "image\/png",
            "density": "1.0"
        },
        {
            "src": "\/Content\/icons\/android-chrome-72x72.png",
            "sizes": "72x72",
            "type": "image\/png",
            "density": "1.5"
        },
        {
            "src": "\/Content\/icons\/android-chrome-96x96.png",
            "sizes": "96x96",
            "type": "image\/png",
            "density": "2.0"
        },
        {
            "src": "\/Content\/icons\/android-chrome-144x144.png",
            "sizes": "144x144",
            "type": "image\/png",
            "density": "3.0"
        },
        {
            "src": "\/Content\/icons\/android-chrome-192x192.png",
            "sizes": "192x192",
            "type": "image\/png",
            "density": "4.0"
        }
    ]
}

項目中的文件列表(請注意,如果您決定將其中的一些文件放在項目的根目錄中以避免使用上述元標記,則這些文件的名稱很重要):

favicon.ico
browserconfig.xml
Content/Images/
    android-chrome-144x144.png
    android-chrome-192x192.png
    android-chrome-36x36.png
    android-chrome-48x48.png
    android-chrome-72x72.png
    android-chrome-96x96.png
    apple-touch-icon.png
    apple-touch-icon-57x57.png
    apple-touch-icon-60x60.png
    apple-touch-icon-72x72.png
    apple-touch-icon-76x76.png
    apple-touch-icon-114x114.png
    apple-touch-icon-120x120.png
    apple-touch-icon-144x144.png
    apple-touch-icon-152x152.png
    apple-touch-icon-180x180.png
    apple-touch-icon-precomposed.png (180x180)
    favicon-16x16.png
    favicon-32x32.png
    favicon-96x96.png
    favicon-192x192.png
    manifest.json
    mstile-70x70.png
    mstile-144x144.png
    mstile-150x150.png
    mstile-310x150.png
    mstile-310x310.png
    apple-touch-startup-image-1536x2008.png
    apple-touch-startup-image-1496x2048.png
    apple-touch-startup-image-768x1004.png
    apple-touch-startup-image-748x1024.png
    apple-touch-startup-image-640x1096.png
    apple-touch-startup-image-640x920.png
    apple-touch-startup-image-320x460.png

總開銷

如果您不支持1.5KB的啟動畫面,那麼您將取消3KB額外HTML的評論。 如果您在HTML內容上使用GZIP壓縮(現在每個人都應該這樣做),那麼每個請求將為您留出大約634字節的開銷,以支持所有平台或446字節,而無需啟動屏幕。 我個人認為它值得支持IOS,Android和Windows設備,但它是您的選擇,我只是給出了選擇!

關於當前Web圖標/閃屏/設置情況的注意事項

使用供應商特定的圖標,啟動畫面和用於控制Web瀏覽器或固定圖標的特殊標籤的這種情況非常荒謬。 在一個完美的世界裡,我們都會使用一個favicon.svg文件,它可以在任何尺寸上看起來很好,並且可以放在頁面的根目錄下。 只有FireFox在撰寫本文時支持這一點(請參閱CanIUse.com )。

但是,圖標不是目前唯一的設置,還有其他幾個供應商特定的設置(如上所示),但favicon.svg文件將覆蓋大多數使用情況。

更新

已更新為包含新的Android / Chrome版本M39 + favicon /主題選項。 有趣的是,他們對微軟採取了類似的方法,但使用的是JSON文件而不是XML。


要讓Chrome顯示頁面圖標(favicon),您需要從託管服務器上檢查您的網站,或者您可以在您的PC上開發和測試您的網站時使用本地主機。





favicon