c# tag中文 - 如何處理名稱超過259個字符的文件?




title字數 網頁標題 (6)

.NET 4.6.2解決方案

使用\\?\C:\Verrrrrrrrrrrry long path語法,如此處所述。

.NET核心解決方案

它只是起作用,因為框架為您添加了長路徑語法。

Pre .NET 4.6.2解決方案

還可以使用帶有P / Invoke的長路徑語法和Win32 API函數的Unicode版本。命名文件,路徑和命名空間

Windows API具有許多函數,這些函數也具有Unicode版本,以允許擴展長度路徑,最大總路徑長度為32,767個字符。 這種類型的路徑由反斜杠分隔的組件組成,每個組件都取決於GetVolumeInformation函數的lpMaximumComponentLength參數中返回的值(此值通常為255個字符)。 要指定擴展長度路徑,請使用\\?\前綴。 例如, \\?\D:\very long path

閱讀此Microsoft支持頁面可能也很有趣。

Kim Hamilton在BCL團隊博客對.NET中的長路徑進行了非常廣泛的解釋,列出了處理這些路徑的一些問題,他聲稱這是直接在.NET中不支持這種語法的原因:

有幾個原因我們過去不願意添加長路徑,以及為什麼我們仍然要小心它... <...>。

<...> \\?\前綴不僅可以啟用長路徑; 它導致路徑被傳遞到文件系統,而Windows API只需要很少的修改。 結果是\\?\關閉Windows API執行的文件名規範化,包括刪除尾隨空格,擴展'。' 和'..',將相對路徑轉換為完整路徑,依此類推。<...>

<...>帶有\\?\前綴的長路徑可用於大多數與文件相關的 Windows API,但不能用於所有Windows API。 例如,如果文件名長於MAX_PATH,則LoadLibrary <...>將失敗。 <...>整個Windows API都有類似的例子; 存在一些變通方法,但它們是逐個案例的。

另一個因素<...>是與其他基於Windows的應用程序和Windows shell本身<...>的兼容性

因為這個問題變得越來越普遍,所以整個微軟都在努力解決這個問題。 事實上,作為一個及時的Vista插件,你會注意到一些改變,減少了達到MAX_PATH限制的可能性:許多特殊文件夾名稱縮短了,更有趣的是,shell使用自動路徑縮小功能<...>嘗試將它們擠壓成260個字符。

警告:您可能需要直接調用Windows API,因為我認為.NET Framework可能不支持這種路徑語法。

我正在開發一個應用程序,它遍歷某些目錄中的每個文件,並對這些文件執行某些操作。 其中,我必須檢索文件大小和修改此文件的日期。

一些文件全名(目錄+文件名)太長,我無法使用.NET Framework FileInfo ,它僅限於MAX_PATH (260個字符)。 許多Web資源建議通過P / Invoke使用本機Win32函數來訪問名稱太長的文件。

目前,Win32函數似乎出現了完全相同的問題。 例如, GetFileAttributesEx (kernel32.dll)失敗,Win32錯誤3 ERROR_PATH_NOT_FOUND為270字節的路徑。

可以從Notepad2成功打開同一個文件,並使用Windows資源管理器成功顯示(但Visual Studio 2010因為259個字符限制¹而無法打開它)。

當文件路徑長度為270個字符時,如何才能訪問文件?

筆記:

  • 刪除或忽略文件路徑長度超過259個字符的文件不是解決方案。

  • 我只是在尋找兼容Unicode的解決方案。

  • 該應用程序將在安裝了.NET Framework 4的Windows 2008 / Vista或更高版本下運行。

¹令人驚訝的是,Microsoft Word 2007失敗了,在沒有任何軟盤驅動器的計算機上抱怨“軟盤太小”,或者當剩下4 GB的RAM時,“RAM內存很低”,或者最後“防病毒軟件[...]需要更新”。 他們有一天會停止顯示至少在像Microsoft Office這樣的關鍵產品中出現這種愚蠢無意義的錯誤嗎?


GetFileAttributesExMSDN參考說:

在此函數的ANSI版本中,名稱僅限於MAX_PATH字符。 要將此限制擴展為32,767個寬字符,請調用該函數的Unicode版本並在路徑前加上“\\?\”。 有關更多信息,請參閱命名文件

因此,您希望使用GetFileAttributesExW並在路徑前加上“\\?\”


我用我正在編寫的應用程序遇到過這個問題。 當我接近達到260個字符的限制時,我會將網絡驅動器動態映射到完整路徑的某個段,從而顯著縮短完整路徑+文件名的長度。 這不是一個優雅的解決方案,但它完成了工作。


您可以嘗試使用Delimon庫,它是Microsoft TechNet上基於.NET Framework 4的庫,用於克服長文件名問題:

Delimon.Win32.I O Library(V4.0)。

它有自己的System.IO關鍵方法版本。 例如,您將替換:

System.IO.Directory.GetFiles

Delimon.Win32.IO.Directory.GetFiles

這將讓你處理長文件和文件夾。

來自網站:

Delimon.Win32.IO取代了System.IO的基本文件功能,並支持最多32,767個字符的文件和文件夾名稱。

此庫是在.NET Framework 4.0上編寫的,可以在x86和x64系統上使用。 標準System.IO命名空間的文件和文件夾限制可以使用文件名中包含260個字符且文件夾名稱中包含240個字符的文件(MAX_PATH通常配置為260個字符)。 通常,您使用標準.NET庫遇到System.IO.PathTooLongException錯誤。


我創建了自己的LongFileLongDirectory類來解決這個問題。 每當我正常使用System.IO.File時,我都會使用它。

可能有優化等,但它已經很好地工作多年了。

public static class LongFile
{
    private const int MAX_PATH = 260;

    public static bool Exists(string path)
    {
        if (path.Length < MAX_PATH) return System.IO.File.Exists(path);
        var attr = NativeMethods.GetFileAttributesW(GetWin32LongPath(path));
        return (attr != NativeMethods.INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES && ((attr & NativeMethods.FILE_ATTRIBUTE_ARCHIVE) == NativeMethods.FILE_ATTRIBUTE_ARCHIVE));
    }

    public static void Delete(string path)
    {
        if (path.Length < MAX_PATH) System.IO.File.Delete(path);
        else
        {
            bool ok = NativeMethods.DeleteFileW(GetWin32LongPath(path));
            if (!ok) ThrowWin32Exception();
        }
    }

    public static void AppendAllText(string path, string contents)
    {
        AppendAllText(path, contents, Encoding.Default);
    }

    public static void AppendAllText(string path, string contents, Encoding encoding)
    {
        if (path.Length < MAX_PATH)
        {
            System.IO.File.AppendAllText(path, contents, encoding);
        }
        else
        {
            var fileHandle = CreateFileForAppend(GetWin32LongPath(path));
            using (var fs = new System.IO.FileStream(fileHandle, System.IO.FileAccess.Write))
            {
                var bytes = encoding.GetBytes(contents);
                fs.Position = fs.Length;
                fs.Write(bytes, 0, bytes.Length);
            }
        }
    }

    public static void WriteAllText(string path, string contents)
    {
        WriteAllText(path, contents, Encoding.Default);
    }

    public static void WriteAllText(string path, string contents, Encoding encoding)
    {
        if (path.Length < MAX_PATH)
        {
            System.IO.File.WriteAllText(path, contents, encoding);
        }
        else
        {
            var fileHandle = CreateFileForWrite(GetWin32LongPath(path));

            using (var fs = new System.IO.FileStream(fileHandle, System.IO.FileAccess.Write))
            {
                var bytes = encoding.GetBytes(contents);
                fs.Write(bytes, 0, bytes.Length);
            }
        }
    }

    public static void WriteAllBytes(string path, byte[] bytes)
    {
        if (path.Length < MAX_PATH)
        {
            System.IO.File.WriteAllBytes(path, bytes);
        }
        else
        {
            var fileHandle = CreateFileForWrite(GetWin32LongPath(path));

            using (var fs = new System.IO.FileStream(fileHandle, System.IO.FileAccess.Write))
            {
                fs.Write(bytes, 0, bytes.Length);
            }
        }
    }

    public static void Copy(string sourceFileName, string destFileName)
    {
        Copy(sourceFileName, destFileName, false);
    }

    public static void Copy(string sourceFileName, string destFileName, bool overwrite)
    {
        if (sourceFileName.Length < MAX_PATH && (destFileName.Length < MAX_PATH)) System.IO.File.Copy(sourceFileName, destFileName, overwrite);
        else
        {
            var ok = NativeMethods.CopyFileW(GetWin32LongPath(sourceFileName), GetWin32LongPath(destFileName), !overwrite);
            if (!ok) ThrowWin32Exception();
        }
    }

    public static void Move(string sourceFileName, string destFileName)
    {
        if (sourceFileName.Length < MAX_PATH && (destFileName.Length < MAX_PATH)) System.IO.File.Move(sourceFileName, destFileName);
        else
        {
            var ok = NativeMethods.MoveFileW(GetWin32LongPath(sourceFileName), GetWin32LongPath(destFileName));
            if (!ok) ThrowWin32Exception();
        }
    }

    public static string ReadAllText(string path)
    {
        return ReadAllText(path, Encoding.Default);
    }

    public static string ReadAllText(string path, Encoding encoding)
    {
        if (path.Length < MAX_PATH) { return System.IO.File.ReadAllText(path, encoding); }
        var fileHandle = GetFileHandle(GetWin32LongPath(path));

        using (var fs = new System.IO.FileStream(fileHandle, System.IO.FileAccess.Read))
        {
            var data = new byte[fs.Length];
            fs.Read(data, 0, data.Length);
            return encoding.GetString(data);
        }
    }

    public static string[] ReadAllLines(string path)
    {
        return ReadAllLines(path, Encoding.Default);
    }

    public static string[] ReadAllLines(string path, Encoding encoding)
    {
        if (path.Length < MAX_PATH) { return System.IO.File.ReadAllLines(path, encoding); }
        var fileHandle = GetFileHandle(GetWin32LongPath(path));

        using (var fs = new System.IO.FileStream(fileHandle, System.IO.FileAccess.Read))
        {
            var data = new byte[fs.Length];
            fs.Read(data, 0, data.Length);
            var str = encoding.GetString(data);
            if (str.Contains("\r")) return str.Split(new[] { "\r\n" }, StringSplitOptions.None);
            return str.Split('\n');
        }
    }
    public static byte[] ReadAllBytes(string path)
    {
        if (path.Length < MAX_PATH) return System.IO.File.ReadAllBytes(path);
        var fileHandle = GetFileHandle(GetWin32LongPath(path));

        using (var fs = new System.IO.FileStream(fileHandle, System.IO.FileAccess.Read))
        {
            var data = new byte[fs.Length];
            fs.Read(data, 0, data.Length);
            return data;
        }
    }


    public static void SetAttributes(string path, FileAttributes attributes)
    {
        if (path.Length < MAX_PATH)
        {
            System.IO.File.SetAttributes(path, attributes);
        }
        else
        {
            var longFilename = GetWin32LongPath(path);
            NativeMethods.SetFileAttributesW(longFilename, (int)attributes);
        }
    }

    #region Helper methods

    private static SafeFileHandle CreateFileForWrite(string filename)
    {
        if (filename.Length >= MAX_PATH) filename = GetWin32LongPath(filename);
        SafeFileHandle hfile = NativeMethods.CreateFile(filename, (int)NativeMethods.FILE_GENERIC_WRITE, NativeMethods.FILE_SHARE_NONE, IntPtr.Zero, NativeMethods.CREATE_ALWAYS, 0, IntPtr.Zero);
        if (hfile.IsInvalid) ThrowWin32Exception();
        return hfile;
    }

    private static SafeFileHandle CreateFileForAppend(string filename)
    {
        if (filename.Length >= MAX_PATH) filename = GetWin32LongPath(filename);
        SafeFileHandle hfile = NativeMethods.CreateFile(filename, (int)NativeMethods.FILE_GENERIC_WRITE, NativeMethods.FILE_SHARE_NONE, IntPtr.Zero, NativeMethods.CREATE_NEW, 0, IntPtr.Zero);
        if (hfile.IsInvalid)
        {
            hfile = NativeMethods.CreateFile(filename, (int)NativeMethods.FILE_GENERIC_WRITE, NativeMethods.FILE_SHARE_NONE, IntPtr.Zero, NativeMethods.OPEN_EXISTING, 0, IntPtr.Zero);
            if (hfile.IsInvalid) ThrowWin32Exception();
        }
        return hfile;
    }

    internal static SafeFileHandle GetFileHandle(string filename)
    {
        if (filename.Length >= MAX_PATH) filename = GetWin32LongPath(filename);
        SafeFileHandle hfile = NativeMethods.CreateFile(filename, (int)NativeMethods.FILE_GENERIC_READ, NativeMethods.FILE_SHARE_READ, IntPtr.Zero, NativeMethods.OPEN_EXISTING, 0, IntPtr.Zero);
        if (hfile.IsInvalid) ThrowWin32Exception();
        return hfile;
    }

    internal static SafeFileHandle GetFileHandleWithWrite(string filename)
    {
        if (filename.Length >= MAX_PATH) filename = GetWin32LongPath(filename);
        SafeFileHandle hfile = NativeMethods.CreateFile(filename, (int)(NativeMethods.FILE_GENERIC_READ | NativeMethods.FILE_GENERIC_WRITE | NativeMethods.FILE_WRITE_ATTRIBUTES), NativeMethods.FILE_SHARE_NONE, IntPtr.Zero, NativeMethods.OPEN_EXISTING, 0, IntPtr.Zero);
        if (hfile.IsInvalid) ThrowWin32Exception();
        return hfile;
    }

    public static System.IO.FileStream GetFileStream(string filename, FileAccess access = FileAccess.Read)
    {
        var longFilename = GetWin32LongPath(filename);
        SafeFileHandle hfile;
        if (access == FileAccess.Write)
        {
            hfile = NativeMethods.CreateFile(longFilename, (int)(NativeMethods.FILE_GENERIC_READ | NativeMethods.FILE_GENERIC_WRITE | NativeMethods.FILE_WRITE_ATTRIBUTES), NativeMethods.FILE_SHARE_NONE, IntPtr.Zero, NativeMethods.OPEN_EXISTING, 0, IntPtr.Zero);
        }
        else
        {
            hfile = NativeMethods.CreateFile(longFilename, (int)NativeMethods.FILE_GENERIC_READ, NativeMethods.FILE_SHARE_READ, IntPtr.Zero, NativeMethods.OPEN_EXISTING, 0, IntPtr.Zero);
        }

        if (hfile.IsInvalid) ThrowWin32Exception();

        return new System.IO.FileStream(hfile, access);
    }


    [DebuggerStepThrough]
    public static void ThrowWin32Exception()
    {
        int code = Marshal.GetLastWin32Error();
        if (code != 0)
        {
            throw new System.ComponentModel.Win32Exception(code);
        }
    }

    public static string GetWin32LongPath(string path)
    {
        if (path.StartsWith(@"\\?\")) return path;

        if (path.StartsWith("\\"))
        {
            path = @"\\?\UNC\" + path.Substring(2);
        }
        else if (path.Contains(":"))
        {
            path = @"\\?\" + path;
        }
        else
        {
            var currdir = Environment.CurrentDirectory;
            path = Combine(currdir, path);
            while (path.Contains("\\.\\")) path = path.Replace("\\.\\", "\\");
            path = @"\\?\" + path;
        }
        return path.TrimEnd('.'); ;
    }

    private static string Combine(string path1, string path2)
    {
        return path1.TrimEnd('\\') + "\\" + path2.TrimStart('\\').TrimEnd('.'); ;
    }


    #endregion

    public static void SetCreationTime(string path, DateTime creationTime)
    {
        long cTime = 0;
        long aTime = 0;
        long wTime = 0;

        using (var handle = GetFileHandleWithWrite(path))
        {
            NativeMethods.GetFileTime(handle, ref cTime, ref aTime, ref wTime);
            var fileTime = creationTime.ToFileTimeUtc();
            if (!NativeMethods.SetFileTime(handle, ref fileTime, ref aTime, ref wTime))
            {
                throw new Win32Exception();
            }
        }
    }

    public static void SetLastAccessTime(string path, DateTime lastAccessTime)
    {
        long cTime = 0;
        long aTime = 0;
        long wTime = 0;

        using (var handle = GetFileHandleWithWrite(path))
        {
            NativeMethods.GetFileTime(handle, ref cTime, ref aTime, ref wTime);

            var fileTime = lastAccessTime.ToFileTimeUtc();
            if (!NativeMethods.SetFileTime(handle, ref cTime, ref fileTime, ref wTime))
            {
                throw new Win32Exception();
            }
        }
    }

    public static void SetLastWriteTime(string path, DateTime lastWriteTime)
    {
        long cTime = 0;
        long aTime = 0;
        long wTime = 0;

        using (var handle = GetFileHandleWithWrite(path))
        {
            NativeMethods.GetFileTime(handle, ref cTime, ref aTime, ref wTime);

            var fileTime = lastWriteTime.ToFileTimeUtc();
            if (!NativeMethods.SetFileTime(handle, ref cTime, ref aTime, ref fileTime))
            {
                throw new Win32Exception();
            }
        }
    }

    public static DateTime GetLastWriteTime(string path)
    {
        long cTime = 0;
        long aTime = 0;
        long wTime = 0;

        using (var handle = GetFileHandleWithWrite(path))
        {
            NativeMethods.GetFileTime(handle, ref cTime, ref aTime, ref wTime);

            return DateTime.FromFileTimeUtc(wTime);
        }
    }

}

和相應的LongDirectory

public class LongDirectory
{
    private const int MAX_PATH = 260;

    public static void CreateDirectory(string path)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(path)) return;
        if (path.Length < MAX_PATH)
        {
            System.IO.Directory.CreateDirectory(path);
        }
        else
        {
            var paths = GetAllPathsFromPath(GetWin32LongPath(path));
            foreach (var item in paths)
            {
                if (!LongExists(item))
                {
                    var ok = NativeMethods.CreateDirectory(item, IntPtr.Zero);
                    if (!ok)
                    {
                        ThrowWin32Exception();
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }

    public static void Delete(string path)
    {
        Delete(path, false);
    }

    public static void Delete(string path, bool recursive)
    {
        if (path.Length < MAX_PATH && !recursive)
        {
            System.IO.Directory.Delete(path, false);
        }
        else
        {
            if (!recursive)
            {
                bool ok = NativeMethods.RemoveDirectory(GetWin32LongPath(path));
                if (!ok) ThrowWin32Exception();
            }
            else
            {
                DeleteDirectories(new string[] { GetWin32LongPath(path) });
            }
        }
    }


    private static void DeleteDirectories(string[] directories)
    {
        foreach (string directory in directories)
        {
            string[] files = LongDirectory.GetFiles(directory, null, System.IO.SearchOption.TopDirectoryOnly);
            foreach (string file in files)
            {
                LongFile.Delete(file);
            }
            directories = LongDirectory.GetDirectories(directory, null, System.IO.SearchOption.TopDirectoryOnly);
            DeleteDirectories(directories);
            bool ok = NativeMethods.RemoveDirectory(GetWin32LongPath(directory));
            if (!ok) ThrowWin32Exception();
        }
    }

    public static bool Exists(string path)
    {
        if (path.Length < MAX_PATH) return System.IO.Directory.Exists(path);
        return LongExists(GetWin32LongPath(path));
    }

    private static bool LongExists(string path)
    {
        var attr = NativeMethods.GetFileAttributesW(path);
        return (attr != NativeMethods.INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES && ((attr & NativeMethods.FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY) == NativeMethods.FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY));
    }


    public static string[] GetDirectories(string path)
    {
        return GetDirectories(path, null, SearchOption.TopDirectoryOnly);
    }

    public static string[] GetDirectories(string path, string searchPattern)
    {
        return GetDirectories(path, searchPattern, SearchOption.TopDirectoryOnly);
    }

    public static string[] GetDirectories(string path, string searchPattern, System.IO.SearchOption searchOption)
    {
        searchPattern = searchPattern ?? "*";
        var dirs = new List<string>();
        InternalGetDirectories(path, searchPattern, searchOption, ref dirs);
        return dirs.ToArray();
    }

    private static void InternalGetDirectories(string path, string searchPattern, System.IO.SearchOption searchOption, ref List<string> dirs)
    {
        NativeMethods.WIN32_FIND_DATA findData;
        IntPtr findHandle = NativeMethods.FindFirstFile(System.IO.Path.Combine(GetWin32LongPath(path), searchPattern), out findData);

        try
        {
            if (findHandle != new IntPtr(-1))
            {

                do
                {
                    if ((findData.dwFileAttributes & System.IO.FileAttributes.Directory) != 0)
                    {
                        if (findData.cFileName != "." && findData.cFileName != "..")
                        {
                            string subdirectory = System.IO.Path.Combine(path, findData.cFileName);
                            dirs.Add(GetCleanPath(subdirectory));
                            if (searchOption == SearchOption.AllDirectories)
                            {
                                InternalGetDirectories(subdirectory, searchPattern, searchOption, ref dirs);
                            }
                        }
                    }
                } while (NativeMethods.FindNextFile(findHandle, out findData));
                NativeMethods.FindClose(findHandle);
            }
            else
            {
                ThrowWin32Exception();
            }
        }
        catch (Exception)
        {
            NativeMethods.FindClose(findHandle);
            throw;
        }
    }

    public static string[] GetFiles(string path)
    {
        return GetFiles(path, null, SearchOption.TopDirectoryOnly);
    }

    public static string[] GetFiles(string path, string searchPattern)
    {
        return GetFiles(path, searchPattern, SearchOption.TopDirectoryOnly);
    }


    public static string[] GetFiles(string path, string searchPattern, System.IO.SearchOption searchOption)
    {
        searchPattern = searchPattern ?? "*";

        var files = new List<string>();
        var dirs = new List<string> { path };

        if (searchOption == SearchOption.AllDirectories)
        {
            //Add all the subpaths
            dirs.AddRange(LongDirectory.GetDirectories(path, null, SearchOption.AllDirectories));
        }

        foreach (var dir in dirs)
        {
            NativeMethods.WIN32_FIND_DATA findData;
            IntPtr findHandle = NativeMethods.FindFirstFile(System.IO.Path.Combine(GetWin32LongPath(dir), searchPattern), out findData);

            try
            {
                if (findHandle != new IntPtr(-1))
                {

                    do
                    {
                        if ((findData.dwFileAttributes & System.IO.FileAttributes.Directory) == 0)
                        {
                            string filename = System.IO.Path.Combine(dir, findData.cFileName);
                            files.Add(GetCleanPath(filename));
                        }
                    } while (NativeMethods.FindNextFile(findHandle, out findData));
                    NativeMethods.FindClose(findHandle);
                }
            }
            catch (Exception)
            {
                NativeMethods.FindClose(findHandle);
                throw;
            }
        }

        return files.ToArray();
    }



    public static void Move(string sourceDirName, string destDirName)
    {
        if (sourceDirName.Length < MAX_PATH || destDirName.Length < MAX_PATH)
        {
            System.IO.Directory.Move(sourceDirName, destDirName);
        }
        else
        {
            var ok = NativeMethods.MoveFileW(GetWin32LongPath(sourceDirName), GetWin32LongPath(destDirName));
            if (!ok) ThrowWin32Exception();
        }
    }

    #region Helper methods



    [DebuggerStepThrough]
    public static void ThrowWin32Exception()
    {
        int code = Marshal.GetLastWin32Error();
        if (code != 0)
        {
            throw new System.ComponentModel.Win32Exception(code);
        }
    }

    public static string GetWin32LongPath(string path)
    {

        if (path.StartsWith(@"\\?\")) return path;

        var newpath = path;
        if (newpath.StartsWith("\\"))
        {
            newpath = @"\\?\UNC\" + newpath.Substring(2);
        }
        else if (newpath.Contains(":"))
        {
            newpath = @"\\?\" + newpath;
        }
        else
        {
            var currdir = Environment.CurrentDirectory;
            newpath = Combine(currdir, newpath);
            while (newpath.Contains("\\.\\")) newpath = newpath.Replace("\\.\\", "\\");
            newpath = @"\\?\" + newpath;
        }
        return newpath.TrimEnd('.');
    }

    private static string GetCleanPath(string path)
    {
        if (path.StartsWith(@"\\?\UNC\")) return @"\\" + path.Substring(8);
        if (path.StartsWith(@"\\?\")) return path.Substring(4);
        return path;
    }

    private static List<string> GetAllPathsFromPath(string path)
    {
        bool unc = false;
        var prefix = @"\\?\";
        if (path.StartsWith(prefix + @"UNC\"))
        {
            prefix += @"UNC\";
            unc = true;
        }
        var split = path.Split('\\');
        int i = unc ? 6 : 4;
        var list = new List<string>();
        var txt = "";

        for (int a = 0; a < i; a++)
        {
            if (a > 0) txt += "\\";
            txt += split[a];
        }
        for (; i < split.Length; i++)
        {
            txt = Combine(txt, split[i]);
            list.Add(txt);
        }

        return list;
    }

    private static string Combine(string path1, string path2)
    {
        return path1.TrimEnd('\\') + "\\" + path2.TrimStart('\\').TrimEnd('.');
    }


    #endregion
}

NativeMethods

internal static class NativeMethods
{
    internal const int FILE_ATTRIBUTE_ARCHIVE = 0x20;
    internal const int INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES = -1;

    internal const int FILE_READ_DATA = 0x0001;
    internal const int FILE_WRITE_DATA = 0x0002;
    internal const int FILE_APPEND_DATA = 0x0004;
    internal const int FILE_READ_EA = 0x0008;
    internal const int FILE_WRITE_EA = 0x0010;

    internal const int FILE_READ_ATTRIBUTES = 0x0080;
    internal const int FILE_WRITE_ATTRIBUTES = 0x0100;

    internal const int FILE_SHARE_NONE = 0x00000000;
    internal const int FILE_SHARE_READ = 0x00000001;

    internal const int FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY = 0x10;

    internal const long FILE_GENERIC_WRITE = STANDARD_RIGHTS_WRITE |
                                                FILE_WRITE_DATA |
                                                FILE_WRITE_ATTRIBUTES |
                                                FILE_WRITE_EA |
                                                FILE_APPEND_DATA |
                                                SYNCHRONIZE;

    internal const long FILE_GENERIC_READ = STANDARD_RIGHTS_READ |
                                            FILE_READ_DATA |
                                            FILE_READ_ATTRIBUTES |
                                            FILE_READ_EA |
                                            SYNCHRONIZE;



    internal const long READ_CONTROL = 0x00020000L;
    internal const long STANDARD_RIGHTS_READ = READ_CONTROL;
    internal const long STANDARD_RIGHTS_WRITE = READ_CONTROL;

    internal const long SYNCHRONIZE = 0x00100000L;

    internal const int CREATE_NEW = 1;
    internal const int CREATE_ALWAYS = 2;
    internal const int OPEN_EXISTING = 3;

    internal const int MAX_PATH = 260;
    internal const int MAX_ALTERNATE = 14;

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential, CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
    internal struct WIN32_FIND_DATA
    {
        public System.IO.FileAttributes dwFileAttributes;
        public FILETIME ftCreationTime;
        public FILETIME ftLastAccessTime;
        public FILETIME ftLastWriteTime;
        public uint nFileSizeHigh; //changed all to uint, otherwise you run into unexpected overflow
        public uint nFileSizeLow;  //|
        public uint dwReserved0;   //|
        public uint dwReserved1;   //v
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValTStr, SizeConst = MAX_PATH)]
        public string cFileName;
        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValTStr, SizeConst = MAX_ALTERNATE)]
        public string cAlternate;
    }


    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode, SetLastError = true)]
    internal static extern SafeFileHandle CreateFile(string lpFileName, int dwDesiredAccess, int dwShareMode, IntPtr lpSecurityAttributes, int dwCreationDisposition, int dwFlagsAndAttributes, IntPtr hTemplateFile);


    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode, SetLastError = true)]
    internal static extern bool CopyFileW(string lpExistingFileName, string lpNewFileName, bool bFailIfExists);


    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode, SetLastError = true)]
    internal static extern int GetFileAttributesW(string lpFileName);


    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode, SetLastError = true)]
    internal static extern bool DeleteFileW(string lpFileName);


    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode, SetLastError = true)]
    internal static extern bool MoveFileW(string lpExistingFileName, string lpNewFileName);


    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode, SetLastError = true)]
    internal static extern bool SetFileTime(SafeFileHandle hFile, ref long lpCreationTime, ref long lpLastAccessTime, ref long lpLastWriteTime);


    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode, SetLastError = true)]
    internal static extern bool GetFileTime(SafeFileHandle hFile, ref long lpCreationTime, ref long lpLastAccessTime, ref long lpLastWriteTime);


    [DllImport("kernel32", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode, SetLastError = true)]
    internal static extern IntPtr FindFirstFile(string lpFileName, out WIN32_FIND_DATA lpFindFileData);


    [DllImport("kernel32", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode, SetLastError = true)]
    internal static extern bool FindNextFile(IntPtr hFindFile, out WIN32_FIND_DATA lpFindFileData);


    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode, SetLastError = true)]
    internal static extern bool FindClose(IntPtr hFindFile);


    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode, SetLastError = true)]
    internal static extern bool RemoveDirectory(string path);


    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode, SetLastError = true)]
    internal static extern bool CreateDirectory(string lpPathName, IntPtr lpSecurityAttributes);


    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode, SetLastError = true)]
    internal static extern int SetFileAttributesW(string lpFileName, int fileAttributes);
}

你可以這樣做:

[[ ! -f "$FILE" ]] && echo "File doesn't exist"

要么

if [[ ! -f "$FILE" ]]; then
    echo "File doesn't exist"
fi

如果要同時檢查文件和文件夾,請使用-e選項而不是-f-e對常規文件,目錄,套接字,字符特殊文件,塊特殊文件等返回true。





c# windows file-io interop pinvoke