node.js json - 如何在node.js中創建HTTP POST請求?




9 Answers

以下是使用node.js向Google Compiler API發出POST請求的示例:

// We need this to build our post string
var querystring = require('querystring');
var http = require('http');
var fs = require('fs');

function PostCode(codestring) {
  // Build the post string from an object
  var post_data = querystring.stringify({
      'compilation_level' : 'ADVANCED_OPTIMIZATIONS',
      'output_format': 'json',
      'output_info': 'compiled_code',
        'warning_level' : 'QUIET',
        'js_code' : codestring
  });

  // An object of options to indicate where to post to
  var post_options = {
      host: 'closure-compiler.appspot.com',
      port: '80',
      path: '/compile',
      method: 'POST',
      headers: {
          'Content-Type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded',
          'Content-Length': Buffer.byteLength(post_data)
      }
  };

  // Set up the request
  var post_req = http.request(post_options, function(res) {
      res.setEncoding('utf8');
      res.on('data', function (chunk) {
          console.log('Response: ' + chunk);
      });
  });

  // post the data
  post_req.write(post_data);
  post_req.end();

}

// This is an async file read
fs.readFile('LinkedList.js', 'utf-8', function (err, data) {
  if (err) {
    // If this were just a small part of the application, you would
    // want to handle this differently, maybe throwing an exception
    // for the caller to handle. Since the file is absolutely essential
    // to the program's functionality, we're going to exit with a fatal
    // error instead.
    console.log("FATAL An error occurred trying to read in the file: " + err);
    process.exit(-2);
  }
  // Make sure there's data before we post it
  if(data) {
    PostCode(data);
  }
  else {
    console.log("No data to post");
    process.exit(-1);
  }
});

我更新了代碼以顯示如何從文件發布數據,而不是硬編碼字符串。 它使用async fs.readFile命令來實現此目的,並在成功讀取後發布實際代碼。 如果出現錯誤,則拋出該錯誤,如果沒有數據,則該過程以負值退出以指示失敗。

request formdata

如何使用node.js中的數據創建出站HTTP POST請求?




您可以使用請求庫。 https://www.npmjs.com/package/request

var request = require('request');

發布JSON數據:

var myJSONObject = { ... };
request({
    url: "http://josiahchoi.com/myjson",
    method: "POST",
    json: true,   // <--Very important!!!
    body: myJSONObject
}, function (error, response, body){
    console.log(response);
});

發布xml數據:

var myXMLText = '<xml>...........</xml>'
request({
    url: "http://josiahchoi.com/myjson",
    method: "POST",
    headers: {
        "content-type": "application/xml",  // <--Very important!!!
    },
    body: myXMLText
}, function (error, response, body){
    console.log(response);
});



你也可以使用Requestify ,這是一個非常酷且簡單的HTTP客戶端,我為nodeJS +寫的它支持緩存。

只需執行以下操作:

    var requestify = require('requestify');

    requestify.post('http://example.com', {
        hello: 'world'
    })
    .then(function(response) {
        // Get the response body (JSON parsed or jQuery object for XMLs)
        response.getBody();
    });



這是我用來提出請求的最簡單方法:使用'request'模塊。

安裝'request'模塊的命令:

$ npm install request

示例代碼:

var request = require('request')

var options = {
  method: 'post',
  body: postData, // Javascript object
  json: true, // Use,If you are sending JSON data
  url: url,
  headers: {
    // Specify headers, If any
  }
}

request(options, function (err, res, body) {
  if (err) {
    console.log('Error :', err)
    return
  }
  console.log(' Body :', body)

});

你也可以使用Node.js內置的'http'模塊來發出請求。




var https = require('https');


/**
 * HOW TO Make an HTTP Call - POST
 */
// do a POST request
// create the JSON object
jsonObject = JSON.stringify({
    "message" : "The web of things is approaching, let do some tests to be ready!",
    "name" : "Test message posted with node.js",
    "caption" : "Some tests with node.js",
    "link" : "http://www.youscada.com",
    "description" : "this is a description",
    "picture" : "http://youscada.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/logo2.png",
    "actions" : [ {
        "name" : "youSCADA",
        "link" : "http://www.youscada.com"
    } ]
});

// prepare the header
var postheaders = {
    'Content-Type' : 'application/json',
    'Content-Length' : Buffer.byteLength(jsonObject, 'utf8')
};

// the post options
var optionspost = {
    host : 'graph.facebook.com',
    port : 443,
    path : '/youscada/feed?access_token=your_api_key',
    method : 'POST',
    headers : postheaders
};

console.info('Options prepared:');
console.info(optionspost);
console.info('Do the POST call');

// do the POST call
var reqPost = https.request(optionspost, function(res) {
    console.log("statusCode: ", res.statusCode);
    // uncomment it for header details
//  console.log("headers: ", res.headers);

    res.on('data', function(d) {
        console.info('POST result:\n');
        process.stdout.write(d);
        console.info('\n\nPOST completed');
    });
});

// write the json data
reqPost.write(jsonObject);
reqPost.end();
reqPost.on('error', function(e) {
    console.error(e);
});



我找到了一個視頻,介紹如何實現這一點: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nuw48-u3Yrghttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nuw48-u3Yrg

它使用默認的“http”模塊以及“querystring”和“stringbuilder”模塊。 應用程序從網頁獲取兩個數字(使用兩個文本框),並在提交時返回這兩個數字的總和(以及將值保存在文本框中)。 這是我能在其他地方找到的最好例子。

var http = require("http");
var qs = require("querystring");
var StringBuilder = require("stringbuilder");

var port = 9000;

function getCalcHtml(req, resp, data) {
    var sb = new StringBuilder({ newline: "\r\n" });
    sb.appendLine("<html>");
    sb.appendLine(" <body>");
    sb.appendLine("     <form method='post'>");
    sb.appendLine("         <table>");
    sb.appendLine("             <tr>");
    sb.appendLine("                 <td>Enter First No: </td>");

    if (data && data.txtFirstNo) {
        sb.appendLine("                 <td><input type='text' id='txtFirstNo' name='txtFirstNo' value='{0}'/></td>", data.txtFirstNo);
    }
    else {
        sb.appendLine("                 <td><input type='text' id='txtFirstNo' name='txtFirstNo' /></td>");
    }

    sb.appendLine("             </tr>");
    sb.appendLine("             <tr>");
    sb.appendLine("                 <td>Enter Second No: </td>");

    if (data && data.txtSecondNo) {
        sb.appendLine("                 <td><input type='text' id='txtSecondNo' name='txtSecondNo' value='{0}'/></td>", data.txtSecondNo);
    }
    else {
        sb.appendLine("                 <td><input type='text' id='txtSecondNo' name='txtSecondNo' /></td>");
    }

    sb.appendLine("             </tr>");
    sb.appendLine("             <tr>");
    sb.appendLine("                 <td><input type='submit' value='Calculate' /></td>");
    sb.appendLine("             </tr>");

    if (data && data.txtFirstNo && data.txtSecondNo) {
        var sum = parseInt(data.txtFirstNo) + parseInt(data.txtSecondNo);
        sb.appendLine("             <tr>");
        sb.appendLine("                 <td>Sum: {0}</td>", sum);
        sb.appendLine("             </tr>");
    }

    sb.appendLine("         </table>");
    sb.appendLine("     </form>")
    sb.appendLine(" </body>");
    sb.appendLine("</html>");
    sb.build(function (err, result) {
        resp.write(result);
        resp.end();
    });
}

function getCalcForm(req, resp, data) {
    resp.writeHead(200, { "Content-Type": "text/html" });
    getCalcHtml(req, resp, data);
}

function getHome(req, resp) {
    resp.writeHead(200, { "Content-Type": "text/html" });
    resp.write("<html><html><head><title>Home</title></head><body>Want to some calculation? Click <a href='/calc'>here</a></body></html>");
    resp.end();
}

function get404(req, resp) {
    resp.writeHead(404, "Resource Not Found", { "Content-Type": "text/html" });
    resp.write("<html><html><head><title>404</title></head><body>404: Resource not found. Go to <a href='/'>Home</a></body></html>");
    resp.end();
}

function get405(req, resp) {
    resp.writeHead(405, "Method not supported", { "Content-Type": "text/html" });
    resp.write("<html><html><head><title>405</title></head><body>405: Method not supported</body></html>");
    resp.end();
}

http.createServer(function (req, resp) {
    switch (req.method) {
        case "GET":
            if (req.url === "/") {
                getHome(req, resp);
            }
            else if (req.url === "/calc") {
                getCalcForm(req, resp);
            }
            else {
                get404(req, resp);
            }
            break;
        case "POST":
            if (req.url === "/calc") {
                var reqBody = '';
                req.on('data', function (data) {
                    reqBody += data;
                    if (reqBody.length > 1e7) { //10MB
                        resp.writeHead(413, 'Request Entity Too Large', { 'Content-Type': 'text/html' });
                        resp.end('<!doctype html><html><head><title>413</title></head><body>413: Request Entity Too Large</body></html>');
                    }
                });
                req.on('end', function () {
                    var formData = qs.parse(reqBody);
                    getCalcForm(req, resp, formData);
                });
            }
            else {
                get404(req, resp);
            }
            break;
        default:
            get405(req, resp);
            break;
    }
}).listen(port);



這是我的POSTGET解決方案。

關於Post方法:

如果主體是JSON對象,那麼使用JSON.stringify反序列化它並且可能相應地設置Content-Lenght標頭是很重要的:

      var bodyString=JSON.stringify(body)
      var _headers = {
        'Content-Length': Buffer.byteLength(bodyString)
      };

在寫入請求之前:

request.write( bodyString );

關於GetPost方法:

timeout可以作為socket斷開連接發生,因此您必須註冊其處理程序,如:

request.on('socket', function (socket) {
        socket.setTimeout( self.timeout );
        socket.on('timeout', function() {
            request.abort();
            if(timeout) return timeout( new Error('request timed out') );
        });
    });

request處理程序是

       request.on('timeout', function () {
          // Timeout happend. Server received request, but not handled it
          // (i.e. doesn't send any response or it took to long).
          // You don't know what happend.
          // It will emit 'error' message as well (with ECONNRESET code).
          req.abort();
          if(timeout) return timeout( new Error('request timed out') );
        });

我強烈建議註冊這兩個處理程序。

響應正文被分塊,因此您必須在data處理程序中連接塊:

      var body = '';
      response.on('data', function(d) {
          body += d;
      });

endbody將包含整個答復機構:

      response.on('end', function() {
        try {
            var jsonResponse=JSON.parse(body);
            if(success) return success( jsonResponse );
        } catch(ex) { // bad json
          if(error) return error(ex.toString());
        }
      });

因為你不能確定它實際上是一個格式良好的json,並且在請求時無法確定它,所以用一個try ... catch來捕獲JSON.parse是安全的。

模塊: SimpleAPI

/**
 * Simple POST and GET
 * @author Loreto Parisi (loretoparisi at gmail dot com)
*/
(function() {

  var SimpleAPI;

  SimpleAPI = (function() {

    var qs = require('querystring');

    /**
     * API Object model
     * @author Loreto Parisi (loretoparisi at gmail dot com)
     */
    function SimpleAPI(host,port,timeout,ssl,debug,json) {

      this.host=host;
      this.port=port;
      this.timeout=timeout;
      /** true to use ssl - defaults to true */
      this.ssl=ssl || true;
      /** true to console log */
      this.debug=debug;
      /** true to parse response as json - defaults to true */
      this.json= (typeof(json)!='undefined')?json:true;
      this.requestUrl='';
      if(ssl) { // use ssl
          this.http = require('https');
      } else { // go unsafe, debug only please
          this.http = require('http');
      }
    }

    /**
     * HTTP GET
     * @author Loreto Parisi (loretoparisi at gmail dot com)
     */
    SimpleAPI.prototype.Get = function(path, headers, params, success, error, timeout) {

      var self=this;
      if(params) {
        var queryString=qs.stringify(params);
        if( queryString ) {
          path+="?"+queryString;
        }
      }
      var options = {
        headers : headers,
        hostname: this.host,
        path: path,
        method: 'GET'
      };
      if(this.port && this.port!='80') { // port only if ! 80
        options['port']=this.port;
      }
      if(self.debug) {
        console.log( "SimpleAPI.Get", headers, params, options );
      }
      var request=this.http.get(options, function(response) {

          if(self.debug) { // debug
            console.log( JSON.stringify(response.headers) );
          }

          // Continuously update stream with data
          var body = '';
          response.on('data', function(d) {
              body += d;
          });
          response.on('end', function() {
            try {
              if(self.json) {
                var jsonResponse=JSON.parse(body);
                if(success) return success( jsonResponse );
              }
              else {
                if(success) return success( body );
              }
            } catch(ex) { // bad json
              if(error) return error( ex.toString() );
            }
          });
        });
        request.on('socket', function (socket) {
            socket.setTimeout( self.timeout );
            socket.on('timeout', function() {
                request.abort();
                if(timeout) return timeout( new Error('request timed out') );
            });
        });
        request.on('error', function (e) {
          // General error, i.e.
          //  - ECONNRESET - server closed the socket unexpectedly
          //  - ECONNREFUSED - server did not listen
          //  - HPE_INVALID_VERSION
          //  - HPE_INVALID_STATUS
          //  - ... (other HPE_* codes) - server returned garbage
          console.log(e);
          if(error) return error(e);
        });
        request.on('timeout', function () {
          // Timeout happend. Server received request, but not handled it
          // (i.e. doesn't send any response or it took to long).
          // You don't know what happend.
          // It will emit 'error' message as well (with ECONNRESET code).
          req.abort();
          if(timeout) return timeout( new Error('request timed out') );
        });

        self.requestUrl = (this.ssl?'https':'http') + '://' + request._headers['host'] + request.path;
        if(self.debug) {
          console.log("SimpleAPI.Post",self.requestUrl);
        }
        request.end();
    } //RequestGet

    /**
     * HTTP POST
     * @author Loreto Parisi (loretoparisi at gmail dot com)
     */
    SimpleAPI.prototype.Post = function(path, headers, params, body, success, error, timeout) {
      var self=this;

      if(params) {
        var queryString=qs.stringify(params);
        if( queryString ) {
          path+="?"+queryString;
        }
      }
      var bodyString=JSON.stringify(body)
      var _headers = {
        'Content-Length': Buffer.byteLength(bodyString)
      };
      for (var attrname in headers) { _headers[attrname] = headers[attrname]; }

      var options = {
        headers : _headers,
        hostname: this.host,
        path: path,
        method: 'POST',
        qs : qs.stringify(params)
      };
      if(this.port && this.port!='80') { // port only if ! 80
        options['port']=this.port;
      }
      if(self.debug) {
        console.log( "SimpleAPI.Post\n%s\n%s", JSON.stringify(_headers,null,2), JSON.stringify(options,null,2) );
      }
      if(self.debug) {
        console.log("SimpleAPI.Post body\n%s", JSON.stringify(body,null,2) );
      }
      var request=this.http.request(options, function(response) {

          if(self.debug) { // debug
            console.log( JSON.stringify(response.headers) );
          }

          // Continuously update stream with data
          var body = '';
          response.on('data', function(d) {
              body += d;
          });
          response.on('end', function() {
            try {
                console.log("END", body);
                var jsonResponse=JSON.parse(body);
                if(success) return success( jsonResponse );
            } catch(ex) { // bad json
              if(error) return error(ex.toString());
            }
          });

        });

        request.on('socket', function (socket) {
            socket.setTimeout( self.timeout );
            socket.on('timeout', function() {
                request.abort();
                if(timeout) return timeout( new Error('request timed out') );
            });
        });
        request.on('error', function (e) {
          // General error, i.e.
          //  - ECONNRESET - server closed the socket unexpectedly
          //  - ECONNREFUSED - server did not listen
          //  - HPE_INVALID_VERSION
          //  - HPE_INVALID_STATUS
          //  - ... (other HPE_* codes) - server returned garbage
          console.log(e);
          if(error) return error(e);
        });
        request.on('timeout', function () {
          // Timeout happend. Server received request, but not handled it
          // (i.e. doesn't send any response or it took to long).
          // You don't know what happend.
          // It will emit 'error' message as well (with ECONNRESET code).
          req.abort();
          if(timeout) return timeout( new Error('request timed out') );
        });

        self.requestUrl = (this.ssl?'https':'http') + '://' + request._headers['host'] + request.path;
        if(self.debug) {
          console.log("SimpleAPI.Post",self.requestUrl);
        }

        request.write( bodyString );
        request.end();

    } //RequestPost

    return SimpleAPI;

  })();

  module.exports = SimpleAPI

}).call(this);

用法:

// Parameters
// domain: example.com
// ssl:true, port:80
// timeout: 30 secs
// debug: true
// json response:true
var api = new SimpleAPI('posttestserver.com', 80, 1000 * 10, true, true, true); 

var headers = {
    'Content-Type' : 'application/json',
    'Accept' : 'application/json' 
};
var params = {
  "dir" : "post-test"
};
var method = 'post.php';

api.Post(method, headers, params, body
    , function(response) { // success
       console.log( response );
    }
    , function(error) { // error
      console.log( error.toString() );
    }
    , function(error) { // timeout
       console.log( new Error('timeout error') );
    });



你可以通過使用“ Requestify ”來簡化這個過程:

以下是如何獲取它:

var requestify = require('requestify'); 

獲取請求:

requestify.get('http://example.com').then(function(response) {
    // Get the response body
    response.getBody();
});

並將請求發佈到Json中:

requestify.post('http://example.com', {
        hello: 'world'
    })
    .then(function(response) {
        // Get the response body (JSON parsed or jQuery object for XMLs)
        response.getBody();

        // Get the raw response body
        response.body;
    });



簡單方案:

 var data = {
        "host":"127.1.1.1",
        "port":9008
    }

request.post( baseUrl + '/peers/connect',
        {
            json: data,  // your payload data placed here
            headers: {
                'X-Api-Key': 'dajzmj6gfuzmbfnhamsbuxivc', // if authentication needed
                'Content-Type': 'application/json' 
            }
        }, function (error, response, body) {
            if (error) {
                callback(error, null)
            } else {
                callback(error, response.body)
            }
        });



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