android layout - 錯誤:<item>標記需要一個'drawable'屬性或定義drawable的子標記



res studio (9)

錯誤與xml的格式有關,你設置的類似

android:background="@drawable/item_bg_selector"

錯誤告訴你的是它應該是這樣的

android:drawable="@drawable/item_bg_selector"

我在drawable文件夾中創建了一個狀態列表選擇器文件item_bg_selector.xml ,如下所示:

<selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
  <item android:state_selected="true" 
      android:drawable="@drawable/item_background_selected" />
  <item android:state_focused="true" 
      android:drawable="@drawable/item_background_selected" />
  <item android:state_pressed="true" 
      android:drawable="@drawable/item_background_selected" />
  <item android:drawable="@android:color/transparent"/>
</selector>

然後我定義一個樣式元素

<style name="Item">
    <item name="android:layout_width">wrap_content</item>
    <item name="android:layout_height">wrap_content</item>
    <item name="android:background">@drawable/item_bg_selector</item>
</style>

然後我嘗試創建一個像這樣的ImageButton

    <ImageButton style="@style/Item"
        android:id="@id/btn_home"
    android:src="@drawable/home_button" />

Eclipse在“ Event Details窗口中不斷給出以下錯誤:

Failed to parse file /path/to/projectdir/res/drawable/item_bg_selector.xml

異常跟踪如下:

org.xmlpull.v1.XmlPullParserException: Binary XML file line #16: <item> tag requires a 'drawable' attribute or child tag defining a drawable
    at android.graphics.drawable.StateListDrawable.inflate(StateListDrawable.java:167)
    at android.graphics.drawable.Drawable.createFromXmlInner(Drawable.java:787)
    at android.graphics.drawable.Drawable.createFromXml(Drawable.java:728)
    at com.android.layoutlib.bridge.impl.ResourceHelper.getDrawable(ResourceHelper.java:208)
    at com.android.layoutlib.bridge.android.BridgeTypedArray.getDrawable(BridgeTypedArray.java:731)
    at android.view.View.<init>(View.java:1885)
    at android.widget.ImageView.<init>(ImageView.java:112)
    at android.widget.ImageButton.<init>(ImageButton.java:85)
    at android.widget.ImageButton.<init>(ImageButton.java:81)
    at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:39)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:27)
    at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:513)
    at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java:500)
    at com.android.layoutlib.bridge.android.BridgeInflater.onCreateView(BridgeInflater.java:84)
    at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:563)
    at com.android.layoutlib.bridge.android.BridgeInflater.createViewFromTag(BridgeInflater.java:129)
    at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:618)
    at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:621)
    at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:407)
    at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:296)
    at com.android.layoutlib.bridge.impl.RenderSessionImpl.inflate(RenderSessionImpl.java:279)
    at com.android.layoutlib.bridge.Bridge.createSession(Bridge.java:318)
    at com.android.ide.common.rendering.LayoutLibrary.createSession(LayoutLibrary.java:325)
    at com.android.ide.eclipse.adt.internal.editors.layout.gle2.RenderService.createRenderSession(RenderService.java:372)
    at com.android.ide.eclipse.adt.internal.editors.layout.gle2.GraphicalEditorPart.renderWithBridge(GraphicalEditorPart.java:1317)
    at com.android.ide.eclipse.adt.internal.editors.layout.gle2.GraphicalEditorPart.recomputeLayout(GraphicalEditorPart.java:1071)
    at com.android.ide.eclipse.adt.internal.editors.layout.gle2.GraphicalEditorPart.activated(GraphicalEditorPart.java:897)
    at com.android.ide.eclipse.adt.internal.editors.layout.LayoutEditor.pageChange(LayoutEditor.java:384)
    at org.eclipse.ui.part.MultiPageEditorPart$2.widgetSelected(MultiPageEditorPart.java:290)
    at org.eclipse.swt.widgets.TypedListener.handleEvent(TypedListener.java:234)
    at org.eclipse.swt.widgets.EventTable.sendEvent(EventTable.java:84)
    at org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Display.sendEvent(Display.java:3783)
    at org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Widget.sendEvent(Widget.java:1375)
    at org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Widget.sendEvent(Widget.java:1398)
    at org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Widget.sendEvent(Widget.java:1383)
    at org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Widget.notifyListeners(Widget.java:1195)
    at org.eclipse.swt.custom.CTabFolder.setSelection(CTabFolder.java:2743)
    at org.eclipse.swt.custom.CTabFolder.onMouse(CTabFolder.java:1429)
    at org.eclipse.swt.custom.CTabFolder$1.handleEvent(CTabFolder.java:257)
    at org.eclipse.swt.widgets.EventTable.sendEvent(EventTable.java:84)
    at org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Display.sendEvent(Display.java:3783)
    at org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Widget.sendEvent(Widget.java:1375)
    at org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Widget.sendEvent(Widget.java:1398)
    at org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Widget.sendEvent(Widget.java:1383)
    at org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Widget.notifyListeners(Widget.java:1195)
    at org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Display.runDeferredEvents(Display.java:3629)
    at org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Display.readAndDispatch(Display.java:3284)
    at org.eclipse.ui.internal.Workbench.runEventLoop(Workbench.java:2640)
    at org.eclipse.ui.internal.Workbench.runUI(Workbench.java:2604)
    at org.eclipse.ui.internal.Workbench.access$4(Workbench.java:2438)
    at org.eclipse.ui.internal.Workbench$7.run(Workbench.java:671)
    at org.eclipse.core.databinding.observable.Realm.runWithDefault(Realm.java:332)
    at org.eclipse.ui.internal.Workbench.createAndRunWorkbench(Workbench.java:664)
    at org.eclipse.ui.PlatformUI.createAndRunWorkbench(PlatformUI.java:149)
    at org.eclipse.ui.internal.ide.application.IDEApplication.start(IDEApplication.java:115)
    at org.eclipse.equinox.internal.app.EclipseAppHandle.run(EclipseAppHandle.java:196)
    at org.eclipse.core.runtime.internal.adaptor.EclipseAppLauncher.runApplication(EclipseAppLauncher.java:110)
    at org.eclipse.core.runtime.internal.adaptor.EclipseAppLauncher.start(EclipseAppLauncher.java:79)
    at org.eclipse.core.runtime.adaptor.EclipseStarter.run(EclipseStarter.java:369)
    at org.eclipse.core.runtime.adaptor.EclipseStarter.run(EclipseStarter.java:179)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
    at org.eclipse.equinox.launcher.Main.invokeFramework(Main.java:620)
    at org.eclipse.equinox.launcher.Main.basicRun(Main.java:575)
    at org.eclipse.equinox.launcher.Main.run(Main.java:1408)

現在,問題在於錯誤在哪裡? drawables存在於文件夾中。 tag具有drawable屬性。 我已經交叉檢查了近15次,但仍然無法找到問題。 我相信這是一個非常簡單的問題(如果有的話)。 任何解決這個問題的工作也值得讚賞。

另外: item_bg_selector.xml中的第16 item_bg_selector.xml對應於我發布的文件中頂部的第三行。 那是

<selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
  <item android:state_selected="true" 
line16 ----> android:drawable="@drawable/item_background_selected" />

最後,我知道它只是ADT的一個問題,它實際上在設備上運行良好。 這對應於問題21046


我也遇到了同樣的問題。

我剛剛用-clean重新啟動了eclipse,並做了一個project -> Clean了有問題的項目,錯誤已經消失。


如果Activity有額外的LinearLayout ,則activity_main.xml文件中會出現相同的錯誤。 刪除它可以解決問題。

清潔和其他事情沒有幫助。


我通過將圖像直接複製到文件系統(Mac上的Finder)而不是通過Android Studio來實現它。


重新啟動Eclipse並清理項目對我有用。


我有同樣的錯誤並切換屬性的順序 (正如在這個問題的答案中建議的那樣)讓drawable第一個解決了問題。

在你的情況下將切換:

  <item android:state_selected="true" 
   android:drawable="@drawable/item_background_selected" />

至:

  <item android:drawable="@drawable/item_background_selected"
   android:state_selected="true" />

我有這個問題,因為當重命名前棒棒糖設備的選擇器時,我忘了在drawable-v21文件夾中重命名同名的波紋。


傳遞一個空字符串似乎對我有用。 當我執行以下操作時,我得到資產目錄中的文件列表:

AssetManager aMan = appContext.getAssets();
String[] filelist = aMan.list("");




android layout imagebutton statelistdrawable