mailsender - 使用GMail SMTP服務器從PHP頁面發送電子郵件




smtp class php (8)

我試圖通過一個PHP頁面通過GMail的SMTP服務器發送一封電子郵件,但是我得到這個錯誤:

身份驗證失敗[SMTP:SMTP服務器不支持身份驗證(代碼:250,響應:mx.google.com為您服務,[98.117.99.235] SIZE 35651584 8BITMIME STARTTLS ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES流水線]]

誰能幫忙? 這是我的代碼:

<?php
require_once "Mail.php";

$from = "Sandra Sender <[email protected]>";
$to = "Ramona Recipient <[email protected]>";
$subject = "Hi!";
$body = "Hi,\n\nHow are you?";

$host = "smtp.gmail.com";
$port = "587";
$username = "[email protected]";
$password = "testtest";

$headers = array ('From' => $from,
  'To' => $to,
  'Subject' => $subject);
$smtp = Mail::factory('smtp',
  array ('host' => $host,
    'port' => $port,
    'auth' => true,
    'username' => $username,
    'password' => $password));

$mail = $smtp->send($to, $headers, $body);

if (PEAR::isError($mail)) {
  echo("<p>" . $mail->getMessage() . "</p>");
 } else {
  echo("<p>Message successfully sent!</p>");
 }
?>

Gmail需要使用端口465,也是來自phpmailer的代碼:)


SwiftMailer可以使用外部服務器發送電子郵件。

這裡是一個顯示如何使用Gmail服務器的例子:

require_once "lib/Swift.php";
require_once "lib/Swift/Connection/SMTP.php";

//Connect to localhost on port 25
$swift =& new Swift(new Swift_Connection_SMTP("localhost"));


//Connect to an IP address on a non-standard port
$swift =& new Swift(new Swift_Connection_SMTP("217.147.94.117", 419));


//Connect to Gmail (PHP5)
$swift = new Swift(new Swift_Connection_SMTP(
    "smtp.gmail.com", Swift_Connection_SMTP::PORT_SECURE, Swift_Connection_SMTP::ENC_TLS));

使用phpMailer庫通過Gmail發送郵件請從Github下載庫文件

<?php
/**
 * This example shows settings to use when sending via Google's Gmail servers.
 */
//SMTP needs accurate times, and the PHP time zone MUST be set
//This should be done in your php.ini, but this is how to do it if you don't have access to that
date_default_timezone_set('Etc/UTC');
require '../PHPMailerAutoload.php';
//Create a new PHPMailer instance
$mail = new PHPMailer;
//Tell PHPMailer to use SMTP
$mail->isSMTP();
//Enable SMTP debugging
// 0 = off (for production use)
// 1 = client messages
// 2 = client and server messages
$mail->SMTPDebug = 2;
//Ask for HTML-friendly debug output
$mail->Debugoutput = 'html';
//Set the hostname of the mail server
$mail->Host = 'smtp.gmail.com';
// use
// $mail->Host = gethostbyname('smtp.gmail.com');
// if your network does not support SMTP over IPv6
//Set the SMTP port number - 587 for authenticated TLS, a.k.a. RFC4409 SMTP submission
$mail->Port = 587;
//Set the encryption system to use - ssl (deprecated) or tls
$mail->SMTPSecure = 'tls';
//Whether to use SMTP authentication
$mail->SMTPAuth = true;
//Username to use for SMTP authentication - use full email address for gmail
$mail->Username = "[email protected]";
//Password to use for SMTP authentication
$mail->Password = "yourpassword";
//Set who the message is to be sent from
$mail->setFrom('[email protected]', 'First Last');
//Set an alternative reply-to address
$mail->addReplyTo('[email protected]', 'First Last');
//Set who the message is to be sent to
$mail->addAddress('[email protected]', 'John Doe');
//Set the subject line
$mail->Subject = 'PHPMailer GMail SMTP test';
//Read an HTML message body from an external file, convert referenced images to embedded,
//convert HTML into a basic plain-text alternative body
$mail->msgHTML(file_get_contents('contents.html'), dirname(__FILE__));
//Replace the plain text body with one created manually
$mail->AltBody = 'This is a plain-text message body';
//Attach an image file
$mail->addAttachment('images/phpmailer_mini.png');
//send the message, check for errors
if (!$mail->send()) {
    echo "Mailer Error: " . $mail->ErrorInfo;
} else {
    echo "Message sent!";
}

問題中列出的代碼需要兩個更改

$host = "ssl://smtp.gmail.com";
$port = "465";

SSL連接需要使用端口465。


我不推薦Pear Mail。 它自2010年以來沒有更新過。還請閱讀源文件; 源代碼幾乎過時,用PHP 4風格編寫,並且發布了很多錯誤/錯誤(Google it)。 我正在使用Swift Mailer。

Swift Mailer集成到任何使用PHP 5編寫的Web應用程序中,提供靈活和優雅的面向對象的方法來發送具有多種功能的電子郵件。

使用SMTP,sendmail,postfix或您自己的自定義傳輸實施發送電子郵件。

支持需要用戶名和密碼和/或加密的服務器。

在不剝奪請求數據內容的情況下防止標頭注入攻擊。

發送符合MIME的HTML /多部分電子郵件。

使用事件驅動的插件來定制庫。

處理較大的附件和內存/嵌入式圖像,使用較少的內存。

它是一個免費且開放的源代碼,您可以下載Swift Mailer並上傳到您的服務器。 (功能列表從所有者網站複製)。

Gmail SSL / SMTP和Swift Mailer的工作示例在這裡...

// Swift Mailer Library
require_once '../path/to/lib/swift_required.php';

// Mail Transport
$transport = Swift_SmtpTransport::newInstance('ssl://smtp.gmail.com', 465)
    ->setUsername('[email protected]') // Your Gmail Username
    ->setPassword('my_secure_gmail_password'); // Your Gmail Password

// Mailer
$mailer = Swift_Mailer::newInstance($transport);

// Create a message
$message = Swift_Message::newInstance('Wonderful Subject Here')
    ->setFrom(array('[email protected]' => 'Sender Name')) // can be $_POST['email'] etc...
    ->setTo(array('[email protected]' => 'Receiver Name')) // your email / multiple supported.
    ->setBody('Here is the <strong>message</strong> itself. It can be text or <h1>HTML</h1>.', 'text/html');

// Send the message
if ($mailer->send($message)) {
    echo 'Mail sent successfully.';
} else {
    echo 'I am sure, your configuration are not correct. :(';
}

我希望這有幫助。 快樂編碼... :)


我也有這個問題。 我設置了正確的設置並啟用了不太安全的應用,但仍然無法使用。 最後,我啟用了此https://accounts.google.com/UnlockCaptcha ,它對我很有幫助。 我希望這可以幫助別人。


要在Ubuntu中安裝PEAR的Mail.php,請運行以下命令集:

    sudo apt-get install php-pear
    sudo pear install mail
    sudo pear install Net_SMTP
    sudo pear install Auth_SASL
    sudo pear install mail_mime

<?php
date_default_timezone_set('America/Toronto');

require_once('class.phpmailer.php');
//include("class.smtp.php"); // optional, gets called from within class.phpmailer.php if not already loaded

$mail             = new PHPMailer();

$body             = "gdssdh";
//$body             = eregi_replace("[\]",'',$body);

$mail->IsSMTP(); // telling the class to use SMTP
//$mail->Host       = "ssl://smtp.gmail.com"; // SMTP server
$mail->SMTPDebug  = 1;                     // enables SMTP debug information (for testing)
                                           // 1 = errors and messages
                                           // 2 = messages only
$mail->SMTPAuth   = true;                  // enable SMTP authentication
$mail->SMTPSecure = "ssl";                 // sets the prefix to the servier
$mail->Host       = "smtp.gmail.com";      // sets GMAIL as the SMTP server
$mail->Port       = 465;                   // set the SMTP port for the GMAIL server
$mail->Username   = "[email protected]";  // GMAIL username
$mail->Password   = "password";            // GMAIL password

$mail->SetFrom('[email protected]', 'PRSPS');

//$mail->AddReplyTo("[email protected]', 'First Last");

$mail->Subject    = "PRSPS password";

//$mail->AltBody    = "To view the message, please use an HTML compatible email viewer!"; // optional, comment out and test

$mail->MsgHTML($body);

$address = "[email protected]";
$mail->AddAddress($address, "user2");

//$mail->AddAttachment("images/phpmailer.gif");      // attachment
//$mail->AddAttachment("images/phpmailer_mini.gif"); // attachment

if(!$mail->Send()) {
  echo "Mailer Error: " . $mail->ErrorInfo;
} else {
  echo "Message sent!";
}

?>




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