使用Java讀取/寫入Windows註冊表




registry (16)

如何使用Java讀取/寫入Windows註冊表?



Java本機訪問(JNA)是用於使用本機庫的優秀項目,並且通過Advapi32UtilAdvapi32支持平台庫(platform.jar)中的Windows註冊表。

更新:下面是一些片段,其中包含一些使用JNA使用JNA 3.4.1使用Windows註冊表的簡單方法,

import com.sun.jna.platform.win32.Advapi32Util;
import com.sun.jna.platform.win32.WinReg;

public class WindowsRegistrySnippet {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Read a string
        String productName = Advapi32Util.registryGetStringValue(
            WinReg.HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE, "SOFTWARE\\Microsoft\\Windows NT\\CurrentVersion", "ProductName");
        System.out.printf("Product Name: %s\n", productName);

        // Read an int (& 0xFFFFFFFFL for large unsigned int)
        int timeout = Advapi32Util.registryGetIntValue(
            WinReg.HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE, "SOFTWARE\\Microsoft\\Windows NT\\CurrentVersion\\Windows", "ShutdownWarningDialogTimeout");
        System.out.printf("Shutdown Warning Dialog Timeout: %d (%d as unsigned long)\n", timeout, timeout & 0xFFFFFFFFL);

        // Create a key and write a string
        Advapi32Util.registryCreateKey(WinReg.HKEY_CURRENT_USER, "SOFTWARE\\");
        Advapi32Util.registrySetStringValue(WinReg.HKEY_CURRENT_USER, "SOFTWARE\\", "url", "http://.com/a/6287763/277307");

        // Delete a key
        Advapi32Util.registryDeleteKey(WinReg.HKEY_CURRENT_USER, "SOFTWARE\\");
    }
}

As has been noted, the Preferences API uses the registry to store preferences, but cannot be used to access the whole registry.

However, a pirate called David Croft has worked out that it's possible to use methods in Sun's implementation of the Preferences API for reading the Windows registry from Java without JNI . There are some dangers to that, but it is worth a look.



In response to David answer - I would do some enhancements:

import java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.logging.Level;
import java.util.logging.Logger;
import java.util.prefs.Preferences;

public class WinRegistry {

    public static final int HKEY_CURRENT_USER = 0x80000001,
            HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE = 0x80000002,
            REG_SUCCESS = 0,
            REG_NOTFOUND = 2,
            REG_ACCESSDENIED = 5,
            KEY_ALL_ACCESS = 0xf003f,
            KEY_READ = 0x20019;
    private static final Preferences userRoot = Preferences.userRoot(),
            systemRoot = Preferences.systemRoot();
    private static final Class<? extends Preferences> userClass = userRoot.getClass();
    private static Method regOpenKey,
            regCloseKey,
            regQueryValueEx,
            regEnumValue,
            regQueryInfoKey,
            regEnumKeyEx,
            regCreateKeyEx,
            regSetValueEx,
            regDeleteKey,
            regDeleteValue;

    static {
        try {
            (regOpenKey = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegOpenKey", new Class[]{int.class, byte[].class, int.class})).setAccessible(true);
            (regCloseKey = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegCloseKey", new Class[]{int.class})).setAccessible(true);
            (regQueryValueEx = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegQueryValueEx", new Class[]{int.class, byte[].class})).setAccessible(true);
            (regEnumValue = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegEnumValue", new Class[]{int.class, int.class, int.class})).setAccessible(true);
            (regQueryInfoKey = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegQueryInfoKey1", new Class[]{int.class})).setAccessible(true);
            (regEnumKeyEx = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegEnumKeyEx", new Class[]{int.class, int.class, int.class})).setAccessible(true);
            (regCreateKeyEx = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegCreateKeyEx", new Class[]{int.class, byte[].class})).setAccessible(true);
            (regSetValueEx = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegSetValueEx", new Class[]{int.class, byte[].class, byte[].class})).setAccessible(true);
            (regDeleteValue = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegDeleteValue", new Class[]{int.class, byte[].class})).setAccessible(true);
            (regDeleteKey = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegDeleteKey", new Class[]{int.class, byte[].class})).setAccessible(true);
        } catch (NoSuchMethodException | SecurityException ex) {
            Logger.getLogger(WinRegistry.class.getName()).log(Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Read a value from key and value name
     *
     * @param hkey HKEY_CURRENT_USER/HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
     * @param key
     * @param valueName
     * @return the value
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException
     * @throws IllegalAccessException
     * @throws InvocationTargetException
     */
    public static String readString(int hkey, String key, String valueName) throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException {

        switch (hkey) {
            case HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE:
                return readString(systemRoot, hkey, key, valueName);
            case HKEY_CURRENT_USER:
                return readString(userRoot, hkey, key, valueName);
            default:
                throw new IllegalArgumentException("hkey=" + hkey);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Read value(s) and value name(s) form given key
     *
     * @param hkey HKEY_CURRENT_USER/HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
     * @param key
     * @return the value name(s) plus the value(s)
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException
     * @throws IllegalAccessException
     * @throws InvocationTargetException
     */
    public static Map<String, String> readStringValues(int hkey, String key) throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException {

        switch (hkey) {
            case HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE:
                return readStringValues(systemRoot, hkey, key);
            case HKEY_CURRENT_USER:
                return readStringValues(userRoot, hkey, key);
            default:
                throw new IllegalArgumentException("hkey=" + hkey);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Read the value name(s) from a given key
     *
     * @param hkey HKEY_CURRENT_USER/HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
     * @param key
     * @return the value name(s)
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException
     * @throws IllegalAccessException
     * @throws InvocationTargetException
     */
    public static List<String> readStringSubKeys(int hkey, String key) throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException {

        switch (hkey) {
            case HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE:
                return readStringSubKeys(systemRoot, hkey, key);
            case HKEY_CURRENT_USER:
                return readStringSubKeys(userRoot, hkey, key);
            default:
                throw new IllegalArgumentException("hkey=" + hkey);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Create a key
     *
     * @param hkey HKEY_CURRENT_USER/HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
     * @param key
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException
     * @throws IllegalAccessException
     * @throws InvocationTargetException
     */
    public static void createKey(int hkey, String key) throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException {

        int[] ret;
        switch (hkey) {
            case HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE:
                ret = createKey(systemRoot, hkey, key);
                regCloseKey.invoke(systemRoot, new Object[]{ret[0]});
                break;
            case HKEY_CURRENT_USER:
                ret = createKey(userRoot, hkey, key);
                regCloseKey.invoke(userRoot, new Object[]{ret[0]});
                break;
            default:
                throw new IllegalArgumentException("hkey=" + hkey);
        }

        if (ret[1] != REG_SUCCESS) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("rc=" + ret[1] + " key=" + key);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Write a value in a given key/value name
     *
     * @param hkey
     * @param key
     * @param valueName
     * @param value
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException
     * @throws IllegalAccessException
     * @throws InvocationTargetException
     */
    public static void writeStringValue(int hkey, String key, String valueName, String value) throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException {

        switch (hkey) {
            case HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE:
                writeStringValue(systemRoot, hkey, key, valueName, value);
                break;
            case HKEY_CURRENT_USER:
                writeStringValue(userRoot, hkey, key, valueName, value);
                break;
            default:
                throw new IllegalArgumentException("hkey=" + hkey);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Delete a given key
     *
     * @param hkey
     * @param key
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException
     * @throws IllegalAccessException
     * @throws InvocationTargetException
     */
    public static void deleteKey(int hkey, String key) throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException {

        int rc = -1;
        switch (hkey) {
            case HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE:
                rc = deleteKey(systemRoot, hkey, key);
                break;
            case HKEY_CURRENT_USER:
                rc = deleteKey(userRoot, hkey, key);
        }

        if (rc != REG_SUCCESS) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("rc=" + rc + " key=" + key);
        }
    }

    /**
     * delete a value from a given key/value name
     *
     * @param hkey
     * @param key
     * @param value
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException
     * @throws IllegalAccessException
     * @throws InvocationTargetException
     */
    public static void deleteValue(int hkey, String key, String value) throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException {

        int rc = -1;
        switch (hkey) {
            case HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE:
                rc = deleteValue(systemRoot, hkey, key, value);
                break;
            case HKEY_CURRENT_USER:
                rc = deleteValue(userRoot, hkey, key, value);
        }

        if (rc != REG_SUCCESS) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("rc=" + rc + " key=" + key + " value=" + value);
        }
    }

    private static int deleteValue(Preferences root, int hkey, String key, String value) throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException {

        int[] handles = (int[]) regOpenKey.invoke(root, new Object[]{hkey, toCstr(key), KEY_ALL_ACCESS});
        if (handles[1] != REG_SUCCESS) {
            return handles[1];//Can be REG_NOTFOUND, REG_ACCESSDENIED
        }
        int rc = ((Integer) regDeleteValue.invoke(root, new Object[]{handles[0], toCstr(value)}));
        regCloseKey.invoke(root, new Object[]{handles[0]});
        return rc;
    }

    private static int deleteKey(Preferences root, int hkey, String key) throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException {

        int rc = ((Integer) regDeleteKey.invoke(root, new Object[]{hkey, toCstr(key)}));
        return rc;  //Can be REG_NOTFOUND, REG_ACCESSDENIED, REG_SUCCESS
    }

    private static String readString(Preferences root, int hkey, String key, String value) throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException {

        int[] handles = (int[]) regOpenKey.invoke(root, new Object[]{hkey, toCstr(key), KEY_READ});
        if (handles[1] != REG_SUCCESS) {
            return null;
        }
        byte[] valb = (byte[]) regQueryValueEx.invoke(root, new Object[]{handles[0], toCstr(value)});
        regCloseKey.invoke(root, new Object[]{handles[0]});
        return (valb != null ? new String(valb).trim() : null);
    }

    private static Map<String, String> readStringValues(Preferences root, int hkey, String key) throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException {

        HashMap<String, String> results = new HashMap<>();
        int[] handles = (int[]) regOpenKey.invoke(root, new Object[]{hkey, toCstr(key), KEY_READ});
        if (handles[1] != REG_SUCCESS) {
            return null;
        }
        int[] info = (int[]) regQueryInfoKey.invoke(root, new Object[]{handles[0]});

        int count = info[0]; //Count  
        int maxlen = info[3]; //Max value length
        for (int index = 0; index < count; index++) {
            byte[] name = (byte[]) regEnumValue.invoke(root, new Object[]{handles[0], index, maxlen + 1});
            String value = readString(hkey, key, new String(name));
            results.put(new String(name).trim(), value);
        }
        regCloseKey.invoke(root, new Object[]{handles[0]});
        return results;
    }

    private static List<String> readStringSubKeys(Preferences root, int hkey, String key) throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException {

        List<String> results = new ArrayList<>();
        int[] handles = (int[]) regOpenKey.invoke(root, new Object[]{hkey, toCstr(key), KEY_READ});
        if (handles[1] != REG_SUCCESS) {
            return null;
        }
        int[] info = (int[]) regQueryInfoKey.invoke(root, new Object[]{handles[0]});

        int count = info[0];//Count
        int maxlen = info[3]; //Max value length
        for (int index = 0; index < count; index++) {
            byte[] name = (byte[]) regEnumKeyEx.invoke(root, new Object[]{handles[0], index, maxlen + 1});
            results.add(new String(name).trim());
        }
        regCloseKey.invoke(root, new Object[]{handles[0]});
        return results;
    }

    private static int[] createKey(Preferences root, int hkey, String key) throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException {

        return (int[]) regCreateKeyEx.invoke(root, new Object[]{hkey, toCstr(key)});
    }

    private static void writeStringValue(Preferences root, int hkey, String key, String valueName, String value) throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException {

        int[] handles = (int[]) regOpenKey.invoke(root, new Object[]{hkey, toCstr(key), KEY_ALL_ACCESS});
        regSetValueEx.invoke(root, new Object[]{handles[0], toCstr(valueName), toCstr(value)});
        regCloseKey.invoke(root, new Object[]{handles[0]});
    }

    private static byte[] toCstr(String str) {

        byte[] result = new byte[str.length() + 1];
        for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) {
            result[i] = (byte) str.charAt(i);
        }
        result[str.length()] = 0;
        return result;
    }
}

My previous edit to @David's answer was rejected. Here is some useful information about it.

This "magic" works because Sun implements the Preferences class for Windows as part of JDK, but it is package private . Parts of the implementation use JNI.

The implementation is selected at runtime using a factory method here: http://grepcode.com/file/repository.grepcode.com/java/root/jdk/openjdk/7-b147/java/util/prefs/Preferences.java#Preferences.0factory

The real question: Why doesn't OpenJDK expose this API to public?


The java.util.prefs package provides a way for applications to store and retrieve user and system preferences and data configuration. These preference data will be stored persistently in an implementation-dependent backing stored. For example in Windows operating system in will stored in Windows registry.

To write and read these data we use the java.util.prefs.Preferences class. Below code shows how to read and write to the HKCU and HKLM in the registry.

import java.util.prefs.Preferences;

public class RegistryDemo {
    public static final String PREF_KEY = "org.username";
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //
        // Write Preferences information to HKCU (HKEY_CURRENT_USER),
        // HKCU\Software\JavaSoft\Prefs\org.username
        //
        Preferences userPref = Preferences.userRoot();
        userPref.put(PREF_KEY, "xyz");

        //
        // Below we read back the value we've written in the code above.
        //
        System.out.println("Preferences = "
                + userPref.get(PREF_KEY, PREF_KEY + " was not found."));

        //
        // Write Preferences information to HKLM (HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE),
        // HKLM\Software\JavaSoft\Prefs\org.username
        //
        Preferences systemPref = Preferences.systemRoot();
        systemPref.put(PREF_KEY, "xyz");

        //
        // Read back the value we've written in the code above.
        //
        System.out.println("Preferences = "
                + systemPref.get(PREF_KEY, PREF_KEY + " was not found."));
    }
}

The Preferences API approach does not give you access to all the branches of the registry. In fact, it only gives you access to where the Preferences API stores its, well, preferences. It's not a generic registry handling API, like .NET's

To read/write every key I guess JNI or an external tool would be the approach to take, as Mark shows.



This uses the same Java internal APIs as in share , but I've rewritten it completely. It's shorter now and nicer to use. I also added support for HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT and other hives. It still has some of the other limitations though (such as no DWORD support and no Unicode support) which are due to the underlying API and are sadly unavoidable with this approach. Still, if you only need basic string reading/writing and don't want to load a native DLL, it's handy.

I'm sure you can figure out how to use it.

Public domain. 玩的開心。

import java.util.*;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;

/**
 * Simple registry access class implemented using some private APIs
 * in java.util.prefs. It has no other prerequisites.
 */
public final class WindowsRegistry {
    /**
     * Tells if the Windows registry functions are available.
     * (They will not be available when not running on Windows, for example.)
     */
    public static boolean isAvailable() {
        return initError == null;
    }



    /** Reads a string value from the given key and value name. */
    public static String readValue(String keyName, String valueName) {
        try (Key key = Key.open(keyName, KEY_READ)) {
            return fromByteArray(invoke(regQueryValueEx, key.handle, toByteArray(valueName)));
        }
    }



    /** Returns a map of all the name-value pairs in the given key. */
    public static Map<String,String> readValues(String keyName) {
        try (Key key = Key.open(keyName, KEY_READ)) {
            int[] info = invoke(regQueryInfoKey, key.handle);
            checkError(info[INFO_ERROR_CODE]);
            int count = info[INFO_COUNT_VALUES];
            int maxlen = info[INFO_MAX_VALUE_LENGTH] + 1;
            Map<String,String> values = new HashMap<>();
            for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
                String valueName = fromByteArray(invoke(regEnumValue, key.handle, i, maxlen));
                values.put(valueName, readValue(keyName, valueName));
            }
            return values;
        }
    }



    /** Returns a list of the names of all the subkeys of a key. */
    public static List<String> readSubkeys(String keyName) {
        try (Key key = Key.open(keyName, KEY_READ)) {
            int[] info = invoke(regQueryInfoKey, key.handle);
            checkError(info[INFO_ERROR_CODE]);
            int count = info[INFO_COUNT_KEYS];
            int maxlen = info[INFO_MAX_KEY_LENGTH] + 1;
            List<String> subkeys = new ArrayList<>(count);
            for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
                subkeys.add(fromByteArray(invoke(regEnumKeyEx, key.handle, i, maxlen)));
            }
            return subkeys;
        }
    }



    /** Writes a string value with a given key and value name. */
    public static void writeValue(String keyName, String valueName, String value) {
        try (Key key = Key.open(keyName, KEY_WRITE)) {
            checkError(invoke(regSetValueEx, key.handle, toByteArray(valueName), toByteArray(value)));
        }
    }



    /** Deletes a value within a key. */
    public static void deleteValue(String keyName, String valueName) {
        try (Key key = Key.open(keyName, KEY_WRITE)) {
            checkError(invoke(regDeleteValue, key.handle, toByteArray(valueName)));
        }
    }



    /**
     * Deletes a key and all values within it. If the key has subkeys, an
     * "Access denied" error will be thrown. Subkeys must be deleted separately.
     */
    public static void deleteKey(String keyName) {
        checkError(invoke(regDeleteKey, keyParts(keyName)));
    }



    /**
     * Creates a key. Parent keys in the path will also be created if necessary.
     * This method returns without error if the key already exists.
     */
    public static void createKey(String keyName) {
        int[] info = invoke(regCreateKeyEx, keyParts(keyName));
        checkError(info[INFO_ERROR_CODE]);
        invoke(regCloseKey, info[INFO_HANDLE]);
    }



    /**
     * The exception type that will be thrown if a registry operation fails.
     */
    public static class RegError extends RuntimeException {
        public RegError(String message, Throwable cause) {
            super(message, cause);
        }
    }





    // *************
    // PRIVATE STUFF
    // *************

    private WindowsRegistry() {}


    // Map of registry hive names to constants from winreg.h
    private static final Map<String,Integer> hives = new HashMap<>();
    static {
        hives.put("HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT",   0x80000000); hives.put("HKCR", 0x80000000);
        hives.put("HKEY_CURRENT_USER",   0x80000001); hives.put("HKCU", 0x80000001);
        hives.put("HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE",  0x80000002); hives.put("HKLM", 0x80000002);
        hives.put("HKEY_USERS",          0x80000003); hives.put("HKU",  0x80000003);
        hives.put("HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG", 0x80000005); hives.put("HKCC", 0x80000005);
    }


    // Splits a path such as HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft into a pair of
    // values used by the underlying API: An integer hive constant and a byte array
    // of the key path within that hive.
    private static Object[] keyParts(String fullKeyName) {
        int x = fullKeyName.indexOf('\\');
        String hiveName = x >= 0 ? fullKeyName.substring(0, x)  : fullKeyName;
        String keyName  = x >= 0 ? fullKeyName.substring(x + 1) : "";
        Integer hkey = hives.get(hiveName);
        if (hkey == null) throw new RegError("Unknown registry hive: " + hiveName, null);
        return new Object[] { hkey, toByteArray(keyName) };
    }


    // Type encapsulating a native handle to a registry key
    private static class Key implements AutoCloseable {
        final int handle;

        private Key(int handle) {
            this.handle = handle;
        }

        static Key open(String keyName, int accessMode) {
            Object[] keyParts = keyParts(keyName);
            int[] ret = invoke(regOpenKey, keyParts[0], keyParts[1], accessMode);
            checkError(ret[INFO_ERROR_CODE]);
            return new Key(ret[INFO_HANDLE]);
        }

        @Override
        public void close() {
            invoke(regCloseKey, handle);
        }
    }


    // Array index constants for results of regOpenKey, regCreateKeyEx, and regQueryInfoKey
    private static final int
        INFO_HANDLE = 0,
        INFO_COUNT_KEYS = 0,
        INFO_ERROR_CODE = 1,
        INFO_COUNT_VALUES = 2,
        INFO_MAX_KEY_LENGTH = 3,
        INFO_MAX_VALUE_LENGTH = 4;


    // Registry access mode constants from winnt.h
    private static final int
        KEY_READ = 0x20019,
        KEY_WRITE = 0x20006;


    // Error constants from winerror.h
    private static final int
        ERROR_SUCCESS = 0,
        ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND = 2,
        ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED = 5;

    private static void checkError(int e) {
        if (e == ERROR_SUCCESS) return;
        throw new RegError(
            e == ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND ? "Key not found" :
            e == ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED ? "Access denied" :
            ("Error number " + e), null);
    }


    // Registry access methods in java.util.prefs.WindowsPreferences
    private static final Method
        regOpenKey = getMethod("WindowsRegOpenKey", int.class, byte[].class, int.class),
        regCloseKey = getMethod("WindowsRegCloseKey", int.class),
        regQueryValueEx = getMethod("WindowsRegQueryValueEx", int.class, byte[].class),
        regQueryInfoKey = getMethod("WindowsRegQueryInfoKey", int.class),
        regEnumValue = getMethod("WindowsRegEnumValue", int.class, int.class, int.class),
        regEnumKeyEx = getMethod("WindowsRegEnumKeyEx", int.class, int.class, int.class),
        regSetValueEx = getMethod("WindowsRegSetValueEx", int.class, byte[].class, byte[].class),
        regDeleteValue = getMethod("WindowsRegDeleteValue", int.class, byte[].class),
        regDeleteKey = getMethod("WindowsRegDeleteKey", int.class, byte[].class),
        regCreateKeyEx = getMethod("WindowsRegCreateKeyEx", int.class, byte[].class);

    private static Throwable initError;

    private static Method getMethod(String methodName, Class<?>... parameterTypes) {
        try {
            Method m = java.util.prefs.Preferences.systemRoot().getClass()
                .getDeclaredMethod(methodName, parameterTypes);
            m.setAccessible(true);
            return m;
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            initError = t;
            return null;
        }
    }

    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    private static <T> T invoke(Method method, Object... args) {
        if (initError != null)
            throw new RegError("Registry methods are not available", initError);
        try {
            return (T)method.invoke(null, args);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new RegError(null, e);
        }
    }


    // Conversion of strings to/from null-terminated byte arrays.
    // There is no support for Unicode; sorry, this is a limitation
    // of the underlying methods that Java makes available.
    private static byte[] toByteArray(String str) {
        byte[] bytes = new byte[str.length() + 1];
        for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++)
            bytes[i] = (byte)str.charAt(i);
        return bytes;
    }

    private static String fromByteArray(byte[] bytes) {
        if (bytes == null) return null;
        char[] chars = new char[bytes.length - 1];
        for (int i = 0; i < chars.length; i++)
            chars[i] = (char)((int)bytes[i] & 0xFF);
        return new String(chars);
    }
}

One day, Java will have a built-in foreign function interface for easy access to native APIs, and this sort of hack will be unnecessary.


Yes, using the java.util.Preferences API, since the Windows implementation of it uses the Registry as a backend.

In the end it depends on what you're wanting to do: storing preferences for your app is what the Preferences does just great. If you're wanting to actually change registry keys not having to do with your app, you'll need some JNI app, as described by Mark (shameless steal here):

From a quick google: Check the WinPack for JNIWrapper. It has full Windows Registry access support including Reading and Writing.

The WinPack Demo has Registry Viewer implemented as an example.

Check at http://www.teamdev.com/jniwrapper/winpack/#registry_access

和...

There is also try JNIRegistry @ http://www.trustice.com/java/jnireg/

There is also the option of invoking an external app, which is responsible for reading / writing the registry.


Yet another library...

https://code.google.com/p/java-registry/

This one launches reg.exe under the covers, reading/writing to temporary files. I didn't end up using it, but it looks like a pretty comprehensive implementation. If I did use it, I might dive in and add some better management of the child processes.


You could try WinRun4J . This is a windows java launcher and service host but it also provides a library for accessing the registry.

(btw I work on this project so let me know if you have any questions)


你實際上並不需要第三方軟件包。 Windows對所有註冊表操作都有一個reg實用程序。 要獲得命令格式,請轉到DOS propmt並輸入:

reg /?

您可以通過Runtime類調用reg

Runtime.getRuntime().exec("reg <your parameters here>");

使用上面的命令編輯密鑰並添加新密鑰很簡單。 要閱讀註冊表,你需要得到註冊表的輸出,這有點棘手。 代碼如下:

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.StringWriter;

/**
 * @author Oleg Ryaboy, based on work by Miguel Enriquez 
 */
public class WindowsReqistry {

    /**
     * 
     * @param location path in the registry
     * @param key registry key
     * @return registry value or null if not found
     */
    public static final String readRegistry(String location, String key){
        try {
            // Run reg query, then read output with StreamReader (internal class)
            Process process = Runtime.getRuntime().exec("reg query " + 
                    '"'+ location + "\" /v " + key);

            StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(process.getInputStream());
            reader.start();
            process.waitFor();
            reader.join();
            String output = reader.getResult();

            // Output has the following format:
            // \n<Version information>\n\n<key>\t<registry type>\t<value>
            if( ! output.contains("\t")){
                    return null;
            }

            // Parse out the value
            String[] parsed = output.split("\t");
            return parsed[parsed.length-1];
        }
        catch (Exception e) {
            return null;
        }

    }

    static class StreamReader extends Thread {
        private InputStream is;
        private StringWriter sw= new StringWriter();

        public StreamReader(InputStream is) {
            this.is = is;
        }

        public void run() {
            try {
                int c;
                while ((c = is.read()) != -1)
                    sw.write(c);
            }
            catch (IOException e) { 
        }
        }

        public String getResult() {
            return sw.toString();
        }
    }
    public static void main(String[] args) {

        // Sample usage
        String value = WindowsReqistry.readRegistry("HKCU\\Software\\Microsoft\\Windows\\CurrentVersion\\" 
                 + "Explorer\\Shell Folders", "Personal");
        System.out.println(value);
    }
}

我已經增加了David最初發布的純Java代碼,以允許從64位JVM訪問註冊表的32位部分,反之亦然。 我不認為其他任何答案都能解決這個問題。

這裡是:

/**
 * Pure Java Windows Registry access.
 * Modified by [email protected](828681) to add support for
 * reading (and writing but not creating/deleting keys) the 32-bits
 * registry view from a 64-bits JVM (KEY_WOW64_32KEY)
 * and 64-bits view from a 32-bits JVM (KEY_WOW64_64KEY).
 *****************************************************************************/

import java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.prefs.Preferences;

public class WinRegistry {
  public static final int HKEY_CURRENT_USER = 0x80000001;
  public static final int HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE = 0x80000002;
  public static final int REG_SUCCESS = 0;
  public static final int REG_NOTFOUND = 2;
  public static final int REG_ACCESSDENIED = 5;

  public static final int KEY_WOW64_32KEY = 0x0200;
  public static final int KEY_WOW64_64KEY = 0x0100;

  private static final int KEY_ALL_ACCESS = 0xf003f;
  private static final int KEY_READ = 0x20019;
  private static Preferences userRoot = Preferences.userRoot();
  private static Preferences systemRoot = Preferences.systemRoot();
  private static Class<? extends Preferences> userClass = userRoot.getClass();
  private static Method regOpenKey = null;
  private static Method regCloseKey = null;
  private static Method regQueryValueEx = null;
  private static Method regEnumValue = null;
  private static Method regQueryInfoKey = null;
  private static Method regEnumKeyEx = null;
  private static Method regCreateKeyEx = null;
  private static Method regSetValueEx = null;
  private static Method regDeleteKey = null;
  private static Method regDeleteValue = null;

  static {
    try {
      regOpenKey     = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegOpenKey",     new Class[] { int.class, byte[].class, int.class });
      regOpenKey.setAccessible(true);
      regCloseKey    = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegCloseKey",    new Class[] { int.class });
      regCloseKey.setAccessible(true);
      regQueryValueEx= userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegQueryValueEx",new Class[] { int.class, byte[].class });
      regQueryValueEx.setAccessible(true);
      regEnumValue   = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegEnumValue",   new Class[] { int.class, int.class, int.class });
      regEnumValue.setAccessible(true);
      regQueryInfoKey=userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegQueryInfoKey1",new Class[] { int.class });
      regQueryInfoKey.setAccessible(true);
      regEnumKeyEx   = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegEnumKeyEx",   new Class[] { int.class, int.class, int.class });  
      regEnumKeyEx.setAccessible(true);
      regCreateKeyEx = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegCreateKeyEx", new Class[] { int.class, byte[].class });
      regCreateKeyEx.setAccessible(true);  
      regSetValueEx  = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegSetValueEx",  new Class[] { int.class, byte[].class, byte[].class });  
      regSetValueEx.setAccessible(true); 
      regDeleteValue = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegDeleteValue", new Class[] { int.class, byte[].class });  
      regDeleteValue.setAccessible(true); 
      regDeleteKey   = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegDeleteKey",   new Class[] { int.class, byte[].class });  
      regDeleteKey.setAccessible(true); 
    }
    catch (Exception e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
  }

  private WinRegistry() {  }

  /**
   * Read a value from key and value name
   * @param hkey   HKEY_CURRENT_USER/HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
   * @param key
   * @param valueName
   * @param wow64  0 for standard registry access (32-bits for 32-bit app, 64-bits for 64-bits app)
   *               or KEY_WOW64_32KEY to force access to 32-bit registry view,
   *               or KEY_WOW64_64KEY to force access to 64-bit registry view
   * @return the value
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException
   * @throws IllegalAccessException
   * @throws InvocationTargetException
   */
  public static String readString(int hkey, String key, String valueName, int wow64) 
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException,
    InvocationTargetException 
  {
    if (hkey == HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE) {
      return readString(systemRoot, hkey, key, valueName, wow64);
    }
    else if (hkey == HKEY_CURRENT_USER) {
      return readString(userRoot, hkey, key, valueName, wow64);
    }
    else {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("hkey=" + hkey);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Read value(s) and value name(s) form given key 
   * @param hkey  HKEY_CURRENT_USER/HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
   * @param key
   * @param wow64  0 for standard registry access (32-bits for 32-bit app, 64-bits for 64-bits app)
   *               or KEY_WOW64_32KEY to force access to 32-bit registry view,
   *               or KEY_WOW64_64KEY to force access to 64-bit registry view
   * @return the value name(s) plus the value(s)
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException
   * @throws IllegalAccessException
   * @throws InvocationTargetException
   */
  public static Map<String, String> readStringValues(int hkey, String key, int wow64) 
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException 
  {
    if (hkey == HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE) {
      return readStringValues(systemRoot, hkey, key, wow64);
    }
    else if (hkey == HKEY_CURRENT_USER) {
      return readStringValues(userRoot, hkey, key, wow64);
    }
    else {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("hkey=" + hkey);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Read the value name(s) from a given key
   * @param hkey  HKEY_CURRENT_USER/HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
   * @param key
   * @param wow64  0 for standard registry access (32-bits for 32-bit app, 64-bits for 64-bits app)
   *               or KEY_WOW64_32KEY to force access to 32-bit registry view,
   *               or KEY_WOW64_64KEY to force access to 64-bit registry view
   * @return the value name(s)
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException
   * @throws IllegalAccessException
   * @throws InvocationTargetException
   */
  public static List<String> readStringSubKeys(int hkey, String key, int wow64) 
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException 
  {
    if (hkey == HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE) {
      return readStringSubKeys(systemRoot, hkey, key, wow64);
    }
    else if (hkey == HKEY_CURRENT_USER) {
      return readStringSubKeys(userRoot, hkey, key, wow64);
    }
    else {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("hkey=" + hkey);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Create a key
   * @param hkey  HKEY_CURRENT_USER/HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
   * @param key
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException
   * @throws IllegalAccessException
   * @throws InvocationTargetException
   */
  public static void createKey(int hkey, String key) 
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException 
  {
    int [] ret;
    if (hkey == HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE) {
      ret = createKey(systemRoot, hkey, key);
      regCloseKey.invoke(systemRoot, new Object[] { new Integer(ret[0]) });
    }
    else if (hkey == HKEY_CURRENT_USER) {
      ret = createKey(userRoot, hkey, key);
      regCloseKey.invoke(userRoot, new Object[] { new Integer(ret[0]) });
    }
    else {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("hkey=" + hkey);
    }
    if (ret[1] != REG_SUCCESS) {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("rc=" + ret[1] + "  key=" + key);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Write a value in a given key/value name
   * @param hkey
   * @param key
   * @param valueName
   * @param value
   * @param wow64  0 for standard registry access (32-bits for 32-bit app, 64-bits for 64-bits app)
   *               or KEY_WOW64_32KEY to force access to 32-bit registry view,
   *               or KEY_WOW64_64KEY to force access to 64-bit registry view
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException
   * @throws IllegalAccessException
   * @throws InvocationTargetException
   */
  public static void writeStringValue
    (int hkey, String key, String valueName, String value, int wow64) 
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException 
  {
    if (hkey == HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE) {
      writeStringValue(systemRoot, hkey, key, valueName, value, wow64);
    }
    else if (hkey == HKEY_CURRENT_USER) {
      writeStringValue(userRoot, hkey, key, valueName, value, wow64);
    }
    else {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("hkey=" + hkey);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Delete a given key
   * @param hkey
   * @param key
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException
   * @throws IllegalAccessException
   * @throws InvocationTargetException
   */
  public static void deleteKey(int hkey, String key) 
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException 
  {
    int rc = -1;
    if (hkey == HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE) {
      rc = deleteKey(systemRoot, hkey, key);
    }
    else if (hkey == HKEY_CURRENT_USER) {
      rc = deleteKey(userRoot, hkey, key);
    }
    if (rc != REG_SUCCESS) {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("rc=" + rc + "  key=" + key);
    }
  }

  /**
   * delete a value from a given key/value name
   * @param hkey
   * @param key
   * @param value
   * @param wow64  0 for standard registry access (32-bits for 32-bit app, 64-bits for 64-bits app)
   *               or KEY_WOW64_32KEY to force access to 32-bit registry view,
   *               or KEY_WOW64_64KEY to force access to 64-bit registry view
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException
   * @throws IllegalAccessException
   * @throws InvocationTargetException
   */
  public static void deleteValue(int hkey, String key, String value, int wow64) 
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException 
  {
    int rc = -1;
    if (hkey == HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE) {
      rc = deleteValue(systemRoot, hkey, key, value, wow64);
    }
    else if (hkey == HKEY_CURRENT_USER) {
      rc = deleteValue(userRoot, hkey, key, value, wow64);
    }
    if (rc != REG_SUCCESS) {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("rc=" + rc + "  key=" + key + "  value=" + value);
    }
  }

  //========================================================================
  private static int deleteValue(Preferences root, int hkey, String key, String value, int wow64)
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException 
  {
    int[] handles = (int[]) regOpenKey.invoke(root, new Object[] {
        new Integer(hkey), toCstr(key), new Integer(KEY_ALL_ACCESS | wow64)
    });
    if (handles[1] != REG_SUCCESS) {
      return handles[1];  // can be REG_NOTFOUND, REG_ACCESSDENIED
    }
    int rc =((Integer) regDeleteValue.invoke(root, new Object[] { 
          new Integer(handles[0]), toCstr(value) 
          })).intValue();
    regCloseKey.invoke(root, new Object[] { new Integer(handles[0]) });
    return rc;
  }

  //========================================================================
  private static int deleteKey(Preferences root, int hkey, String key) 
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException 
  {
    int rc =((Integer) regDeleteKey.invoke(root, new Object[] {
        new Integer(hkey), toCstr(key)
    })).intValue();
    return rc;  // can REG_NOTFOUND, REG_ACCESSDENIED, REG_SUCCESS
  }

  //========================================================================
  private static String readString(Preferences root, int hkey, String key, String value, int wow64)
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException 
  {
    int[] handles = (int[]) regOpenKey.invoke(root, new Object[] {
        new Integer(hkey), toCstr(key), new Integer(KEY_READ | wow64)
    });
    if (handles[1] != REG_SUCCESS) {
      return null; 
    }
    byte[] valb = (byte[]) regQueryValueEx.invoke(root, new Object[] {
        new Integer(handles[0]), toCstr(value)
    });
    regCloseKey.invoke(root, new Object[] { new Integer(handles[0]) });
    return (valb != null ? new String(valb).trim() : null);
  }

  //========================================================================
  private static Map<String,String> readStringValues(Preferences root, int hkey, String key, int wow64)
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException 
  {
    HashMap<String, String> results = new HashMap<String,String>();
    int[] handles = (int[]) regOpenKey.invoke(root, new Object[] {
        new Integer(hkey), toCstr(key), new Integer(KEY_READ | wow64)
    });
    if (handles[1] != REG_SUCCESS) {
      return null;
    }
    int[] info = (int[]) regQueryInfoKey.invoke(root, new Object[] {
        new Integer(handles[0])
    });

    int count  = info[2]; // count  
    int maxlen = info[3]; // value length max
    for(int index=0; index<count; index++)  {
      byte[] name = (byte[]) regEnumValue.invoke(root, new Object[] {
          new Integer(handles[0]), new Integer(index), new Integer(maxlen + 1)
      });
      String value = readString(hkey, key, new String(name), wow64);
      results.put(new String(name).trim(), value);
    }
    regCloseKey.invoke(root, new Object[] { new Integer(handles[0]) });
    return results;
  }

  //========================================================================
  private static List<String> readStringSubKeys(Preferences root, int hkey, String key, int wow64)
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException 
  {
    List<String> results = new ArrayList<String>();
    int[] handles = (int[]) regOpenKey.invoke(root, new Object[] {
        new Integer(hkey), toCstr(key), new Integer(KEY_READ | wow64) 
        });
    if (handles[1] != REG_SUCCESS) {
      return null;
    }
    int[] info = (int[]) regQueryInfoKey.invoke(root, new Object[] {
        new Integer(handles[0])
    });

    int count  = info[0]; // Fix: info[2] was being used here with wrong results. Suggested by davenpcj, confirmed by Petrucio
    int maxlen = info[3]; // value length max
    for(int index=0; index<count; index++)  {
      byte[] name = (byte[]) regEnumKeyEx.invoke(root, new Object[] {
          new Integer(handles[0]), new Integer(index), new Integer(maxlen + 1)
          });
      results.add(new String(name).trim());
    }
    regCloseKey.invoke(root, new Object[] { new Integer(handles[0]) });
    return results;
  }

  //========================================================================
  private static int [] createKey(Preferences root, int hkey, String key)
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException 
  {
    return (int[]) regCreateKeyEx.invoke(root, new Object[] {
      new Integer(hkey), toCstr(key)
    });
  }

  //========================================================================
  private static void writeStringValue(Preferences root, int hkey, String key, String valueName, String value, int wow64)
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException 
  {
    int[] handles = (int[]) regOpenKey.invoke(root, new Object[] {
        new Integer(hkey), toCstr(key), new Integer(KEY_ALL_ACCESS | wow64)
    });
    regSetValueEx.invoke(root, new Object[] { 
          new Integer(handles[0]), toCstr(valueName), toCstr(value) 
          }); 
    regCloseKey.invoke(root, new Object[] { new Integer(handles[0]) });
  }

  //========================================================================
  // utility
  private static byte[] toCstr(String str) {
    byte[] result = new byte[str.length() + 1];

    for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) {
      result[i] = (byte) str.charAt(i);
    }
    result[str.length()] = 0;
    return result;
  }
}

我知道這個問題是舊的,但它是谷歌第一個“Java讀/寫入註冊表”的搜索結果。 最近我發現了這個驚人的代碼:

  • 可以讀取/寫入註冊表的任何部分。
  • 不使用JNI。
  • 不使用任何第三方/外部應用程序工作。
  • 不要使用WINDOWS API(直接)

這是純粹的Java代碼。

它通過實際訪問java.util.prefs.Preferences類中的私有方法來使用反射來工作。 這個類的內部是複雜的,但類本身非常容易使用。

例如,下面的代碼從註冊表中獲取確切的窗口分佈:

String value = WinRegistry.readString (
    WinRegistry.HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE,                             //HKEY
   "SOFTWARE\\Microsoft\\Windows NT\\CurrentVersion",           //Key
   "ProductName");                                              //ValueName
    System.out.println("Windows Distribution = " + value);          

這是原來的課程。 只需複制粘貼它,它應該工作:

import java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.prefs.Preferences;

public class WinRegistry {
  public static final int HKEY_CURRENT_USER = 0x80000001;
  public static final int HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE = 0x80000002;
  public static final int REG_SUCCESS = 0;
  public static final int REG_NOTFOUND = 2;
  public static final int REG_ACCESSDENIED = 5;

  private static final int KEY_ALL_ACCESS = 0xf003f;
  private static final int KEY_READ = 0x20019;
  private static final Preferences userRoot = Preferences.userRoot();
  private static final Preferences systemRoot = Preferences.systemRoot();
  private static final Class<? extends Preferences> userClass = userRoot.getClass();
  private static final Method regOpenKey;
  private static final Method regCloseKey;
  private static final Method regQueryValueEx;
  private static final Method regEnumValue;
  private static final Method regQueryInfoKey;
  private static final Method regEnumKeyEx;
  private static final Method regCreateKeyEx;
  private static final Method regSetValueEx;
  private static final Method regDeleteKey;
  private static final Method regDeleteValue;

  static {
    try {
      regOpenKey = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegOpenKey",
          new Class[] { int.class, byte[].class, int.class });
      regOpenKey.setAccessible(true);
      regCloseKey = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegCloseKey",
          new Class[] { int.class });
      regCloseKey.setAccessible(true);
      regQueryValueEx = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegQueryValueEx",
          new Class[] { int.class, byte[].class });
      regQueryValueEx.setAccessible(true);
      regEnumValue = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegEnumValue",
          new Class[] { int.class, int.class, int.class });
      regEnumValue.setAccessible(true);
      regQueryInfoKey = userClass.getDeclaredMethod("WindowsRegQueryInfoKey1",
          new Class[] { int.class });
      regQueryInfoKey.setAccessible(true);
      regEnumKeyEx = userClass.getDeclaredMethod(  
          "WindowsRegEnumKeyEx", new Class[] { int.class, int.class,  
              int.class });  
      regEnumKeyEx.setAccessible(true);
      regCreateKeyEx = userClass.getDeclaredMethod(  
          "WindowsRegCreateKeyEx", new Class[] { int.class,  
              byte[].class });  
      regCreateKeyEx.setAccessible(true);  
      regSetValueEx = userClass.getDeclaredMethod(  
          "WindowsRegSetValueEx", new Class[] { int.class,  
              byte[].class, byte[].class });  
      regSetValueEx.setAccessible(true); 
      regDeleteValue = userClass.getDeclaredMethod(  
          "WindowsRegDeleteValue", new Class[] { int.class,  
              byte[].class });  
      regDeleteValue.setAccessible(true); 
      regDeleteKey = userClass.getDeclaredMethod(  
          "WindowsRegDeleteKey", new Class[] { int.class,  
              byte[].class });  
      regDeleteKey.setAccessible(true); 
    }
    catch (Exception e) {
      throw new RuntimeException(e);
    }
  }

  private WinRegistry() {  }

  /**
   * Read a value from key and value name
   * @param hkey   HKEY_CURRENT_USER/HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
   * @param key
   * @param valueName
   * @return the value
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException
   * @throws IllegalAccessException
   * @throws InvocationTargetException
   */
  public static String readString(int hkey, String key, String valueName) 
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException,
    InvocationTargetException 
  {
    if (hkey == HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE) {
      return readString(systemRoot, hkey, key, valueName);
    }
    else if (hkey == HKEY_CURRENT_USER) {
      return readString(userRoot, hkey, key, valueName);
    }
    else {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("hkey=" + hkey);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Read value(s) and value name(s) form given key 
   * @param hkey  HKEY_CURRENT_USER/HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
   * @param key
   * @return the value name(s) plus the value(s)
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException
   * @throws IllegalAccessException
   * @throws InvocationTargetException
   */
  public static Map<String, String> readStringValues(int hkey, String key) 
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException,
    InvocationTargetException 
  {
    if (hkey == HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE) {
      return readStringValues(systemRoot, hkey, key);
    }
    else if (hkey == HKEY_CURRENT_USER) {
      return readStringValues(userRoot, hkey, key);
    }
    else {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("hkey=" + hkey);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Read the value name(s) from a given key
   * @param hkey  HKEY_CURRENT_USER/HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
   * @param key
   * @return the value name(s)
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException
   * @throws IllegalAccessException
   * @throws InvocationTargetException
   */
  public static List<String> readStringSubKeys(int hkey, String key) 
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException,
    InvocationTargetException 
  {
    if (hkey == HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE) {
      return readStringSubKeys(systemRoot, hkey, key);
    }
    else if (hkey == HKEY_CURRENT_USER) {
      return readStringSubKeys(userRoot, hkey, key);
    }
    else {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("hkey=" + hkey);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Create a key
   * @param hkey  HKEY_CURRENT_USER/HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
   * @param key
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException
   * @throws IllegalAccessException
   * @throws InvocationTargetException
   */
  public static void createKey(int hkey, String key) 
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException,
    InvocationTargetException 
  {
    int [] ret;
    if (hkey == HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE) {
      ret = createKey(systemRoot, hkey, key);
      regCloseKey.invoke(systemRoot, new Object[] { new Integer(ret[0]) });
    }
    else if (hkey == HKEY_CURRENT_USER) {
      ret = createKey(userRoot, hkey, key);
      regCloseKey.invoke(userRoot, new Object[] { new Integer(ret[0]) });
    }
    else {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("hkey=" + hkey);
    }
    if (ret[1] != REG_SUCCESS) {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("rc=" + ret[1] + "  key=" + key);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Write a value in a given key/value name
   * @param hkey
   * @param key
   * @param valueName
   * @param value
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException
   * @throws IllegalAccessException
   * @throws InvocationTargetException
   */
  public static void writeStringValue
    (int hkey, String key, String valueName, String value) 
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException,
    InvocationTargetException 
  {
    if (hkey == HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE) {
      writeStringValue(systemRoot, hkey, key, valueName, value);
    }
    else if (hkey == HKEY_CURRENT_USER) {
      writeStringValue(userRoot, hkey, key, valueName, value);
    }
    else {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("hkey=" + hkey);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Delete a given key
   * @param hkey
   * @param key
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException
   * @throws IllegalAccessException
   * @throws InvocationTargetException
   */
  public static void deleteKey(int hkey, String key) 
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException,
    InvocationTargetException 
  {
    int rc = -1;
    if (hkey == HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE) {
      rc = deleteKey(systemRoot, hkey, key);
    }
    else if (hkey == HKEY_CURRENT_USER) {
      rc = deleteKey(userRoot, hkey, key);
    }
    if (rc != REG_SUCCESS) {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("rc=" + rc + "  key=" + key);
    }
  }

  /**
   * delete a value from a given key/value name
   * @param hkey
   * @param key
   * @param value
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException
   * @throws IllegalAccessException
   * @throws InvocationTargetException
   */
  public static void deleteValue(int hkey, String key, String value) 
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException,
    InvocationTargetException 
  {
    int rc = -1;
    if (hkey == HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE) {
      rc = deleteValue(systemRoot, hkey, key, value);
    }
    else if (hkey == HKEY_CURRENT_USER) {
      rc = deleteValue(userRoot, hkey, key, value);
    }
    if (rc != REG_SUCCESS) {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("rc=" + rc + "  key=" + key + "  value=" + value);
    }
  }

  // =====================

  private static int deleteValue
    (Preferences root, int hkey, String key, String value)
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException,
    InvocationTargetException 
  {
    int[] handles = (int[]) regOpenKey.invoke(root, new Object[] {
        new Integer(hkey), toCstr(key), new Integer(KEY_ALL_ACCESS) });
    if (handles[1] != REG_SUCCESS) {
      return handles[1];  // can be REG_NOTFOUND, REG_ACCESSDENIED
    }
    int rc =((Integer) regDeleteValue.invoke(root,  
        new Object[] { 
          new Integer(handles[0]), toCstr(value) 
          })).intValue();
    regCloseKey.invoke(root, new Object[] { new Integer(handles[0]) });
    return rc;
  }

  private static int deleteKey(Preferences root, int hkey, String key) 
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException,
    InvocationTargetException 
  {
    int rc =((Integer) regDeleteKey.invoke(root,  
        new Object[] { new Integer(hkey), toCstr(key) })).intValue();
    return rc;  // can REG_NOTFOUND, REG_ACCESSDENIED, REG_SUCCESS
  }

  private static String readString(Preferences root, int hkey, String key, String value)
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException,
    InvocationTargetException 
  {
    int[] handles = (int[]) regOpenKey.invoke(root, new Object[] {
        new Integer(hkey), toCstr(key), new Integer(KEY_READ) });
    if (handles[1] != REG_SUCCESS) {
      return null; 
    }
    byte[] valb = (byte[]) regQueryValueEx.invoke(root, new Object[] {
        new Integer(handles[0]), toCstr(value) });
    regCloseKey.invoke(root, new Object[] { new Integer(handles[0]) });
    return (valb != null ? new String(valb).trim() : null);
  }

  private static Map<String,String> readStringValues
    (Preferences root, int hkey, String key)
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException,
    InvocationTargetException 
  {
    HashMap<String, String> results = new HashMap<String,String>();
    int[] handles = (int[]) regOpenKey.invoke(root, new Object[] {
        new Integer(hkey), toCstr(key), new Integer(KEY_READ) });
    if (handles[1] != REG_SUCCESS) {
      return null;
    }
    int[] info = (int[]) regQueryInfoKey.invoke(root,
        new Object[] { new Integer(handles[0]) });

    int count = info[0]; // count  
    int maxlen = info[3]; // value length max
    for(int index=0; index<count; index++)  {
      byte[] name = (byte[]) regEnumValue.invoke(root, new Object[] {
          new Integer
            (handles[0]), new Integer(index), new Integer(maxlen + 1)});
      String value = readString(hkey, key, new String(name));
      results.put(new String(name).trim(), value);
    }
    regCloseKey.invoke(root, new Object[] { new Integer(handles[0]) });
    return results;
  }

  private static List<String> readStringSubKeys
    (Preferences root, int hkey, String key)
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException,
    InvocationTargetException 
  {
    List<String> results = new ArrayList<String>();
    int[] handles = (int[]) regOpenKey.invoke(root, new Object[] {
        new Integer(hkey), toCstr(key), new Integer(KEY_READ) 
        });
    if (handles[1] != REG_SUCCESS) {
      return null;
    }
    int[] info = (int[]) regQueryInfoKey.invoke(root,
        new Object[] { new Integer(handles[0]) });

    int count  = info[0]; // Fix: info[2] was being used here with wrong results. Suggested by davenpcj, confirmed by Petrucio
    int maxlen = info[3]; // value length max
    for(int index=0; index<count; index++)  {
      byte[] name = (byte[]) regEnumKeyEx.invoke(root, new Object[] {
          new Integer
            (handles[0]), new Integer(index), new Integer(maxlen + 1)
          });
      results.add(new String(name).trim());
    }
    regCloseKey.invoke(root, new Object[] { new Integer(handles[0]) });
    return results;
  }

  private static int [] createKey(Preferences root, int hkey, String key)
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException,
    InvocationTargetException 
  {
    return  (int[]) regCreateKeyEx.invoke(root,
        new Object[] { new Integer(hkey), toCstr(key) });
  }

  private static void writeStringValue 
    (Preferences root, int hkey, String key, String valueName, String value) 
    throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException,
    InvocationTargetException 
  {
    int[] handles = (int[]) regOpenKey.invoke(root, new Object[] {
        new Integer(hkey), toCstr(key), new Integer(KEY_ALL_ACCESS) });

    regSetValueEx.invoke(root,  
        new Object[] { 
          new Integer(handles[0]), toCstr(valueName), toCstr(value) 
          }); 
    regCloseKey.invoke(root, new Object[] { new Integer(handles[0]) });
  }

  // utility
  private static byte[] toCstr(String str) {
    byte[] result = new byte[str.length() + 1];

    for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) {
      result[i] = (byte) str.charAt(i);
    }
    result[str.length()] = 0;
    return result;
  }
}

我無法找到並授予此代碼的原始作者。 如果你發現任何細節,請添加評論,我會在這裡添加它。







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