c# - example - 如何從像素字節數組(現場視頻顯示)創建一個BitmapImage



c# webcam example (1)

我需要在WPF控件上顯示實時圖像。 我正在尋找使用WPF做到這一點的最快方法。

我使用其dll API( AVT )從相機捕捉圖像。

該圖像是由dll寫的,相機上升一個IntPtr的回調到一個名為tFrame的圖像結構(如下所述)。 像素數據存儲在ImageBuffer屬性中,並且是一個InPtr到一個字節數組。

我知道如何從像素字節數組創建一個位圖,而不是BitmapImage。 所以可以創建一個位圖,然後從中創建一個BitmapImagem。 這裡有一種方法可以從內存上的位圖創建一個BitmapImage 。 但我想直接從數據源(tFrame)創建BitmapImage 。 我怎樣才能做到這一點?

我知道BitmapImage有一個CopyPixels方法,但是它有一個SetPixels。

public struct tFrame
{
    public IntPtr AncillaryBuffer;
    public uint AncillaryBufferSize;
    public uint AncillarySize;
    public tBayerPattern BayerPattern;
    public uint BitDepth;
    public tFrameCtx Context;
    public tImageFormat Format;
    public uint FrameCount;
    public uint Height;
    public IntPtr ImageBuffer;
    public uint ImageBufferSize;
    public uint ImageSize;
    public uint RegionX;
    public uint RegionY;
    public tErr Status;
    public uint TimestampHi;
    public uint TimestampLo;
    public uint Width;
}

這裡是我如何從像素字節數組創建一個位圖。 這是在WinForm版本的軟件中使用的。

private void CreateBitmap(tFrame frame)
{
    //This sample is for a 8bpp captured image
    PixelFormat pxFormat = PixelFormat.Format8bppIndexed;

    //STRIDE
    //[https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1983781/why-does-bitmapsource-create-throw-an-argumentexception/1983886#1983886][3]
    //float bitsPerPixel = System.Drawing.Image.GetPixelFormatSize(format);
    int bitsPerPixel = ((int)pxFormat >> 8) & 0xFF;
    //Number of bits used to store the image data per line (only the valid data)
    int validBitsPerLine = ((int)frame.Width) * bitsPerPixel;
    //4 bytes for every int32 (32 bits)
    int stride = ((validBitsPerLine + 31) / 32) * 4;

    Bitmap bmp = new Bitmap((int)frame.Width, (int)frame.Height, stride, pxFormat, frame.ImageBuffer);
}

編輯1:

由於dr.mo,現在我能夠顯示60 FPS的圖像與〜3%的CPU使用率! 我正在做的是:

//@ UI Thread
public WriteableBitmap wbm = new WriteableBitmap(1024, 1024, (double)96, (double)96, System.Windows.Media.PixelFormats.Gray8, null);
this.wbBackBuffer = this.wbm.BackBuffer;

//This can be called by a timer in the UI thread or at the grab Thread for every image, the CPU usage is almost the same.
void UpdateDisplayImage()
{
wbm.Lock();
wbm.AddDirtyRect(new Int32Rect(0, 0, wbm.PixelWidth, wbm.PixelHeight));
wbm.Unlock();
}

//@ Grab Thread
//Update the backbuffer with new camera image data.
UpdateBackBuffer(...);

/// <summary>
/// [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.windows.media.imaging.writeablebitmap.aspx]
/// </summary>
public void UpdateBackBuffer(IntPtr pData, int w, int h, int ch)
{
    //Can not acess wbm from outside UI thread
    //CopyMemory(wbm.BackBuffer, pData, (uint)(w * h * ch));
    //I dont know if it is safe to write to it buffer like this:
    CopyMemory(this.wbBackBuffer, pData, (uint)(w * h * ch));
}

這應該做的伎倆。 它超快。

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Data;
using System.Windows.Documents;
using System.Windows.Input;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Imaging;
using System.Windows.Navigation;
using System.Windows.Shapes;

using System.Drawing;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.IO;
using System.ComponentModel;


public class MakeBitmapSource
{
    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", EntryPoint = "RtlMoveMemory")]
    public static extern void CopyMemory(IntPtr Destination, IntPtr Source, uint Length);



    public static BitmapSource FromNativePointer(IntPtr pData, int w, int h, int ch)
    {
        PixelFormat format = PixelFormats.Default;

        if (ch == 1) format = PixelFormats.Gray8; //grey scale image 0-255
        if (ch == 3) format = PixelFormats.Bgr24; //RGB
        if (ch == 4) format = PixelFormats.Bgr32; //RGB + alpha


        WriteableBitmap wbm = new WriteableBitmap(w, h, 96, 96, format, null);
        CopyMemory(wbm.BackBuffer, pData, (uint)(w * h * ch));

        wbm.Lock();
        wbm.AddDirtyRect(new Int32Rect(0, 0, wbm.PixelWidth, wbm.PixelHeight));
        wbm.Unlock();

        return wbm;
    }

    public static BitmapSource FromArray(byte[] data, int w, int h, int ch)
    {
        PixelFormat format = PixelFormats.Default;

        if (ch == 1) format = PixelFormats.Gray8; //grey scale image 0-255
        if (ch == 3) format = PixelFormats.Bgr24; //RGB
        if (ch == 4) format = PixelFormats.Bgr32; //RGB + alpha


        WriteableBitmap wbm = new WriteableBitmap(w, h, 96, 96, format, null);
        wbm.WritePixels(new Int32Rect(0, 0, w, h), data, ch * w, 0);

        return wbm;
    }
}




bitmapimage